American Civil Rights Institute
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Thursday, March 25, 1999
Contact: Kevin Nguyen
POLL INDICATES 4 IN 5 FLORIDA VOTERS OPPOSE RACIAL PREFERENCES
SACRAMENTO - A survey released today by the American Civil Rights Institute
(ACRI) indicates that an overwhelming majority of Floridians support a ban on race- and
gender-based preferences and discrimination in government programs. The poll,
conducted by the nationally prominent firm Zogby International, showed strong, broad-
based support for a voter initiative, legislation or executive order by Governor Jeb Bush
which would eliminate race and sex as factors in public contracting, employment and
"Floridians across all demographic lines reject race and gender preferences and embrace
equal treatment under the law," said Ward Connerly, Chairman of ACRI. "Those who
deny this mandate will be blindsided by this grassroots popular sentiment."
Here are a few highlights from the Florida poll:
Approximately four out of every five likely voters in Florida (83%) - including
nearly the same percentage of blacks (79%), Hispanics (80%) and women (82%) -
support a law that would prohibit government discrimination and preferential
treatment on the basis of race, color, gender, ethnicity or national origin in public
contracting, employment and education. The Florida poll is consistent with a 1997
Zogby International survey of the nation which showed four out of five Americans
(83%) - including almost the same percentage of blacks (79%) - supporting the
elimination of preferences,
With no discernible racial or gender gap, such a measure in Florida would enjoy
the same overwhelming support across partisan (82% of Democrats, 84% of
Republicans, 84% of Independents), geographic (80% in the Panhandle, 82% in
West Florida, 87% in East Florida, 83% in the Miami area) and religious lines
(86% of Catholics, 84% of Protestants, 96% of Jews). There were similar results
among all education levels and age and income; brackets.
Governor Jeb Bush to eliminate race and sex preferences.
Nearly nine in ten (88%) Florida voters - including 74% of blacks - say that race
should not be a factor in admission to a public university or college. Similarly, a
Zogby International poll two years ago found the same level of support across the
nation (87%) for such a ban, with 76% of black Americans in support.
Nine out of ten (89%) Floridians - and four in five (80%) black Floridians - do
not want race or sex to be a factor in who gets hired for government jobs,
consistent with the 1997 Zogby poll which found 90% of Americans and 82% of
black Americans concurring.
Two in three (66%) white Floridians believe there is less discrimination now then
there was a generation ago, while 7% feel ther6 is more discrimination. Three out
of five (59%) black Floridians said there is less discrimination, with 16%
expressing ;there is more discrimination.
The poll, conducted February 17-18, surveyed 603 likely voters in Florida. The margin
of error is +/-4%. A list of questions and results is attached in the executive and narrative
summary. The report published by Zogby International can be obtained by calling Kevin
Nguyen at ACRI (916/444-2278). .
ACRI is a nonprofit research and education organization working to inform the public
about the problems with racial and gender preferences.
P.O. Box 188350. Sacramento, CA 95818
916 444-227S 916 444-2279 fax
Civil Rights Poll
American Civil Rights Institute
John Zogby, President '
John Bruce, Systems Manager
Rebecca Wittman, Managing Editor
March 24, 1999
© Copyright 1999 by Zogby International
Methodology and Sample Characteristics
The survey of 603 likely voters in the state of Florida was conducted Wednesday, February 17
and Thursday, February 18, 1999. All calls were made from Zogby International headquarters in Utica,
New York- The margin of sampling error is +/-4%.
Slight weights were applied to region, party, and gender to more accurately reflect the voting
patterns in Florida.
A. General Sample
Characteristic Frequency Percent
Total 603 100.0
Panhandle 154 25.5
West 180 29.9
East 206 34.2
Miami 63 10.4
Democrat 279 46.3
Republican 247 41.0
/No party 76 12.7
18-29 85 14.3
30-49 195 32.6
50-64 160 26.8
65+ 158 26.3
Hispanic 437 73.1
Hispanic 65 10.9
American 67 11.1
Asian/Other 7 1.1
Other/mixed 23 3.9
Roman Catholic 170 28.7
Protestant 242 40.7
Jewish 27 4.5
affiliation 155 26.1
high school 48 8.0
High school 117 19.5
Some college 208 34.7
graduate+ 227 37.9
$15,000 80 14.9
$15-24,999 66 12.3
$25-34,999 90 16.6
$35-49,999 100 18.5
$50-74,999 106 19.6
$75,000 or more 97 18.1
Male 289 48.0
Female 314 52.0
I. Executive Summary
Following are some highlights from the survey:
1. As a group, those with less than a high school education appear to be opposed to any attempts that seem to dismantle or restrict affirmative action programs.
2. While support for many of these initiatives and programs is strong across the board, support is strongest in the Western and Eastern parts of the state. Residents living in the Panhandle and in Miami are less likely to favor such proposals
3. There appears to be no significant differences between men and women.
4. Interestingly, two groups which seem to be in favor of some sort of affirmative action programs (or at the very least are not opposed to such programs) - those with less than a high school education and those earning less than $15,000 a year-are the most likely to say there is less racial discrimination now than a generation ago.
II. Narrative Summary
Would you support or oppose a voter initiative that reads: "The government shall not discriminate against, or grant preferential treatment to, any individual or group on the basis or race, color, gender, ethnicity, or national origin in the operation of public employment, public contracting or public education?"
Overwhelmingly, likely voters throughout Florida support a law that would ban discrimination against or preferential treatment to any individual or group on the basis of race, color, gender, ethnicity, or national origin. Over four in five (83.2%) support such a law,|over one in ten (12.4%) would oppose the law, and less than one in twenty (4.5%) are not sure.
Support is strongest for such an initiative in the East (85 9%), among the youngest voters (91.1%), high school graduates (88.9%), and men (85%). However, support is also very strong among groups who would supposedly benefit from such a law - women] (81,5%), African Americans (78.5%), Hispanics (79.8%), and Asians (72.8%).
Would you support or oppose a legislative bill or an executive order by Governor Jeb Bush, which would eliminate race or sex as a factor in granting preferential treatment to any individual or group in the operation of public employment, public education, or public contracting?
Three in four (77.2%) would support such a bill, while about one in six (17.5%) would oppose it, and 5.2% are undecided.
Majorities of all sub-groups agree, especially Republicans (81.6%) and Independents (87.7%) and voters 29 and under (94.3%).
Thinking of things in Florida today compared to perhaps a generation ago in the I960 's, would you say that racial discrimination is less now, the same, or more now?
More than three in five (64.2%) of those surveyed say racial discrimination is less now than a generation ago, while 13.8% say it is the same, and under one in ten (8.6%) say there is more discrimination now. More than one in ten (13.4%) are not sure.
A majority in all sub-groups agree, except Independents where 48.1% agree.
Do you agree or disagree that race should be a factor in student admissions to a public university or college?
Nearly nine in ten (87.8%) voters say race should not be a factor in admission to a public university or college, while 10.4% say it should be, and 1.8% are not sure.
Again, nearly universal agreement among all the sub-groups. Among those with less than a high school education, however, voters are evenly divided (50.8% disagree and 47.5% agree).
The Tallahassee-based Lincoln Center for Public Service announced last month that it studied admissions policies at Florida's public graduate universities and found that blacks are being admitted -with lower grades and test scores than whites and Hispanics. Knowing that, are you more inclined or less inclined to favor the use of race as a factor in college admissions?
Two in three (66.1%) say they would be less inclined; just over one in five (21.5%) would be more inclined; and 12.4% are not sure.
Among the regions, those in the West (71.9%) are the most likely to be less inclined, while those in Miami (56.2%) are the least likely. A majority of those with less than a high school education (53.5%) say they would be more inclined and African Americans are evenly divided ( 44.1% would be less inclined; 40.5% more inclined).
Should race or sex be a factor in who gets hired for government jobs?
An overwhelmingly 88.7% say "no" race nor sex should be a factor in who gets hired for government jobs, while 10.3% feel it should be taken into consideration, and 1% are not sure.
A majority in each sub-group follows the overall pattern except one. Again, the only sub-group to go against the tide and say race and sex should be a factor are those with less than a high school education, where 52-3% say "yes" and 45.9% say "no."
Zogby International is revered nationally and internationally for its opinion research capabilities. The firm conducts multi-phased surveys for banking institutions, insurance companies, hospitals and medical centers, retailers and developers, religious institutions, cultural organizations, and a variety of public and private groups. The firm's commitment to excellence is reflected in its devotion to precision in sampling, survey instrument design, and readable analysis.
Following is a very brief list of some of our clients:
United Nations, Office of the General Secretary, (GlobalPoll, 22 nations)
Bureau of the Census, USA
Philip Morris EEMA,
MCI Telecommunications, Frontier Cellular, Chrysler Corporation
Data Base Marketing (South Korea)
USA Today, Reuters North America and Latin America, New York Post, Fox
Television Network, Gannett News Service, Cincinnati Post, St. Louis Post
Dispatch, Buffalo News and daily newspapers in Syracuse, Albany,
Rochester, Binghamton, Utica, Watertown, Ithaca, and Poughkeepsie,
Campaigns & Elections, Bulletin News Network
Savings Bank of Utica, National Bank and Trust Company, Herkimer County
Trust, First Source Federal Credit Union
" Blue Cross and Blue Shield
St. Jude's Children's Research Hospital, Scranton Medical Center, Cortland
Memorial Hospital, St. Lukes Memorial Hospital, Slocum Dickson Medical
Center, St. Elizabeth Medical Center, Bassett Healthcare, Northeast Medical
Catholic Diocese of Syracuse
ACCESS of Dearborn- MI, Munson-Williams-Proctor Institute (museum)
New World Foundation, North Country Tracking Service
New York State Department of Labor
Utica Transit Authority
Welch-Allyn (medical manufacturers)
American Chamber of Commerce for Egypt
American Civil Rights Institute
Oneida Indian Nation
National Association of Manufacturers
Labor Research Institute
State Farm Insurance
Zogby International studies have been conducted throughout the United States, Canada, and into Latin America, the Middle East and Eastern Europe. Of special significance are customer satisfaction surveys, which follow a Zogby International copyrighted design.
The firm has had an outstanding record of accuracy since 1984 polling for media and candidates - more than 95% of the firm's polling has come within 1% of the actual outcome on election day. This has consistently been the story since 1984, but most notably in its recent polling for Reuters News Agency,
Zogby International was the only pollster to accurately predict the liberal victory in popular vote in Quebec in 1998
Zogby International was the only pollster to accurately predict the razor-thin Whitman victory in New Jersey in 1997
Zogby International was the only pollster nationwide to accurately call the 1996 Presidential race
Zogby International was the only pollster to correctly call the New Jersey 1996 Senate race
Zogby International was one of only three pollsters nationwide to correctly call the New Hampshire primary
Zogby International was the only firm nationwide to indicate a Forbes win in Arizona
Zogby International was the only firm to correctly call the Pataki upset victory over Cuomo in the New York State gubernatorial race in 1994
Zogby International was the only firm to correctly call the New York State primary for attorney general in 1994 John Zogby is retained by the Canadian Broadcasting Company as political analyst and commentator on United States politics, and is a frequent commentator on the British Broadcasting Corporation.
Zogby polls has been praised as the "Prince of Pollsters" (Mary Matalin) and "America's Pollmaster" (Barry Farber). We are "well-regarded" and "among the most accurate", says the New York Post. We have been referred to as "respected and pioneering" (Albany Times Union), "the most reliable pollster" (New York Governor George Pataki), and "Zogby is renowned for his accurate election-day forecasts" (Investors Business Daily) The firm has been praised by both the left and the right, from the Washington Post ("the maverick pollster who beat us all") to Rush Limbaugh ("my favorite pollster")- USA Today noted "at least one pollster was right on target in 1996" (referring to our work for Reuters) and the Seattle Post Intelligencer called us "the landslide election winner of the polling contest of 1996." Named the "big winner" of 1996 by Esquire Magazine, Business Week and other publications, John Zogby was recently designated "the winner again" by the Houston Chronicle for his New Jersey prediction in 1997.
During the past 14 years, Zogby International has had extensive experience in foreign markets
and has gained international acclaim for its work. The firm has an established network of field
operations in Latin America, Europe and Asia.
A sample of the Research and Polls that have been conducted include:
**Reuters/Zogby Latin America Confidence Index: An ongoing series of opinion leaders
surveys in Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, Chile and Venezuela.
**Data Base Marketing: conducted research in the United States on behalf of South
**GFK: Conduct monthly omnibus polls in conjunction with this London and Berlin based
**The Royal Jordanian Bank: Market and attitudinal research.
**United Artists of Egypt: Market assessment of optimum places to hold concerts and
drama performances. Eight of 10 performances in North American cities sold out.
**Canada: Tracked the 1997 elections on behalf of Reuters News agency. Our results were
within two percentage points of actual vote. The only pollster to correctly predict the
Liberal Party victory.
**Brazil: Establishment of the Reuters/Zogby Business Confidence Index which measures
business officials attitudes toward employment, interest rates, overall health of the
economy; every six months
**The West Bank and Gaza: Continually track polls of Palestinians on issues.
**Phillip Morris: Conducted seminars in surveying and market research practices for 38
country representatives from Eastern Europe, Africa, and the Middle East.
**John Zogby has been a keynote speaker on polling invocations such as The United
Nations, McGill University in Montreal, and in Rio de Janeiro.
**Featured panelist at the annual convention of the American Association for Public
Opinion Research, following his successful polling of the 1996 presidential primaries and
general election. He is a member of the Worid Association for Public Opinion Research.
**The American Chamber of Commerce for Egypt.
Recent speaking engagements and appearances:
The Seattle Chamber of Commerce: John was a featured speaker at the 1998 Study Mission to Washington D.C. on May 16, 1998. He presented Predicting the Political Winners and Trends: 1998 and beyond.
The Center for Policy Analysis on Palestine: John was a panelist at the Center's symposium on "United States - Israeli Relations: Real Crisis or Smoke and Mirrors?" June 5, 1998.
The American Academy of Physicians.
Center for Strategic International Study
Associated General Contractors of America
New York State Women in Communication and Energy.
The National Association of Manufacturers, May, 1998
Reuters/Zogby International co-sponsored seminar in Washington D. C.
Reuters/Zogby International co-sponsored seminar in Utica, N. Y.
Political trends and predicted winners was presented in 1998 to:
The NYS Business Council, May, 1998 ,
The Community Bankers of NYS, May, 1998
The Syracuse (NY) Chamber of Commerce, February, 1998
Conference/or Corporate and Government Affairs Professionals
Over 31 countries in Europe, Eastern Europe, the Middle East and Africa were
present at the conference where research methodologies was presented. The
information was presented in two parts in Vienna, Austria (11/97) and Montreux,
Symposium on Arab Americans, Center for Contemporary Arab Studies, Georgetown
University. Demographics of Arab Americans (4/97)
Community Visioning: Techniques presented at the Adirondack Communities 2000
Council and The Greater Hazelton Chamber of Commerce, May, 1998
In addition appearances have been made at the prestigious City Club of Cincinnati,
the Metro Women's Club of Minneapolis, the American Medical Association Annual
Conference, the American Association of Family Practitioners and the NYS
Association of Election Commissioners.
President & CEO
John Zogby, President and CEO of Zogby International, is by all accounts the hottest
pollster in the United States today.
"All hail Zogby, the maverick predictor who beat us all." proclaimed the Washington
Post in November 1996 after Zogby alone called the presidential election with pinpoint accuracy.
Zogby has been political pollster for Reuters America, the New York Post, Fox News,
Gannett News Service, the Albany tunes Union, the Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, the
Syracuse Herald, and nearly every daily newspaper in New York State.
He has been praised as the 'the most accurate pollster" (Seattle Post Intelligencer,
Cleveland Plain Dealer, USA Today), "respected" and '"pioneering" (Albany Times Union), "the
pace setter in the polling business" (New York Post), and '"the big winner in 1996" (Campaigns
and Elections, L. Brent Bozell, and the O'Leaiy/Kamber Report).
Following his correct call in the 1997 New Jersey gubernatorial election, the Houston
Chronicle exclaimed, "and the winner again is John Zogby." Mary Matalin, host other own
national radio show, calls Zogby the "prince ofpollsters."
Zogby holds degrees in history from LeMoyne College and Syracuse University, He has
taught history and political science at the State University of New York and Utica College. He
presently is an adjunct professor history and sociology at Hamilton Colleges Arthur Levitt Public
Affairs Center, where he teaches a seminar in survey research and methodology.
A frequent lecturer, he has addressed conventions of the American Medical Association
and the American Academy of Family Physicians, local groups like the prestigious City Club of
Cleveland and the Metropolitan Women's Club of Minneapolis, as well as national and state
gatherings of labor, public advocacy, and public administration groups. He is listed with Leading
Authorities, a top speakers bureau in Washington, DC.
He has polled, researched and consulted for a wide spectrum of business media,
government, and political groups including Philip Morris, MCI, Reuters America, and the US
Zogby has polled and conducted focus groups throughout the US since 1984. He has polled
Canada and Brazil, and is under agreement to conduct public opinion analysis in Latin America,
Eastern Europe, and the Middle East
He is married to Kathleen Zogby, a special education teacher, and has three sons, Jonathan,
Benjamin, and Jeremy. In addition to Zogby's years of coaching Little League Baseball, AYSO
Soccer, and CYO Basketball, the Zogby men are a frequent foursome at the Hamilton College
Note: The above scan of the original documents may contain errors. Please advise at firstname.lastname@example.org if you detect any errors.
THIS AUTHOR'S PREMISE
The stupider you are, the less educated you are, the less money you make, the blacker you are, the more likely you are to support aa and to be a democrat:
Once reminded that discrimination against White men has already taken place, then: