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This is where I keep my reference information on Affirmative Action in colleges. If you want my summary writings, check out my Hu's on First editorials page

Basically my findings are that Affirmative Action generally means racial preferences for under-represented groups, and sometimes means preferences that aren't under-represented such as Asians in law school (Stanford, University of Washington), or in the general university (University of Minnesota). At the most selective schools such as MIT, Harvard or Stanford, the chance of admission was typically 1.5 to 2 times greater with much lower academic scores and grades for favored groups.

This is contrary to the once popular notion that affirmative action was never about preferences but about treating students equally regardless of race. As laws such as Prop 1209 and Initiative 200 directly banned preferences, the defence has moved from denying the presence of prefernces to arguing that such preferences are neccesary to maintain "diversity" in the spirit of the 1978 Bakke decision, however later decisions such as Hopwood have effectively struck down even this "diversity" justification for discrimination.

In many schools, the goal which was sometimes achieved was based on population (many elite law and medical schools were equal or over 11-12% balck population in late 80s) or high school graduate (UCLA and Berekeley). University of Washington had over 28% Asian law students in mid 90's despite state population only 5%.

In some cases there was evidence for bias against groups relative to whites, the so-called Asian quotas, such as UCLA and Berkeley in 1984, Brown in 1982, Harvard in 1983 (which oddly enough seemed to also include the under-represented but growing Hispanic population).

The Color of Meritocracy \clipim\99\09\29\color.htm La Griffe du Lion explains why colleges need preferences to increase numbers of minorities and why so many Jews and Asians are found at Harvard based on cognitive IQ distribution. A bit technical, but generally along the lines of what I've found based on SAT distributions.

Admissions Preference Spectrum - white = 1.0
--------------------------------
 7.0 Asians U Minnesota  9/99 CEOUSA
 5.0 Hispanic U Minnesota 9/99 CEOUSA
 3.0 Black U Minnesota 9/99 CEOUSA
 1.5-2.0 MIT Harvard Stanford "minority"
-1.2 Harvard UCLA Asian 1984
-2.0 UC Berkeley Filipino 1994

Links

bulletNational Center for Policy Analysis

College Affirmative Action

@@Asian American http://www.ncpa.org/pd/affirm/pdaa/pdaa34.html National Center for Policy Analysis \clip\98\16\asiaafac.txt WITHOUT PREFERENCES, ASIAN-AMERICANS GAIN ADMISSION * Even though they make up only about 15 percent of all California high school students, Asians make up about 50 percent of the pool of eligible students. * The system is required to admit the top 12.5 percent of California high school graduates, and fully 32 percent of all Asian-Americans graduating from the state's high schools fit into that category in 1990 @@Administration SB Woo notes the ratio of [administrators / (faculty + professionals)], broken down to races, is a measure of the opportunity enjoyed by American citizens of different races. Nationwide, that ratio for blacks (non-Hispanic) is 0.21. That is, for every 100 black faculty and professionals there are 21 black administrators. The ratio for Native American is 0.20; for white (non-Hispanic) is 0.16; and for Hispanic is 0.15. However, it is only 0.06 for Asian American. @@business schools WSJ July 6, 1994 "Business and Race" Top ranked business schools graduated 5.4% of MBA's compared to just 3% of all business schools. according to a survey by the Journal of blacks in Higher Education. University of Michagan was rated as the best for Blacks based on the high percentage of students (15%) and faculty (4$) @@Caltech admissions Affirmative Action for blacks dropped sometime between 1991 and 1993 4% / 2.0 admit rate Black -> 2% / 1.0 admit rate DOC922:CALTECH.DOC Cal Tech Dean of Admissions doc922:caltech.prn doc932:caltech.xls 91 admissions doc932:caltech3.doc doc932:caltech.txt doc937:caltec93.xls 93 vs 91 admissions @@Class Rank - Top 10% z42\clipim\2000\05\16\tenpct.efx Wall Street Journal May 15, 2000 Some High Schools Finagle to Cram Kids Into Top 10% of Class. Some schools have more than 10% of kids in their top 10%, kids in elite schools complain they must do better than kids in worse schools. @@College Admissions \priv\96\06\texpriv.txt Date: Wed, 3 Jul 1996 01:59:23 -0400 From: NewsHound@sjmercury.com (NewsHound) Texas Private Colleges to Revise Programs because of Affirmative Action Decision By Sylvia Moreno, The Dallas Morning News. One program awarded scholarships sole on the basis of race, another was similar to banned U Texas system. \priv\96b\05\goodafac.txt - James Q Wilson shows that race is the decisive factor TNR doc90:prolet.doc - College & Jobs & elite doc\94\15\blakpass.txt - Passing a student just because he is black? @@Colorado PREFERENCES IN COLORADO COLLEGES LOWER GRADUATION RATES \clip\98\16\colorado.txt National Center for Policy Analysis http://www.ncpa.org/pd/affirm/pdaa/pdaa31.html Source: Robert Lerner and Althea K. Nagai, "Racial Preferences in Colorado Higher Education," Center for Equal Opportunity, 815 15th Street, N.W., Suite 928, Washington, DC 20005, (202) 639-0803. @@Engineering NACME says research should be tied to racial quotas, 6 of top 10 producig colleges are predominantly black @@Evidence of Effectiveness There is very little evidence that affirmative action actually improves the quality of education. Studies actually show that blacks actually learn more in predominantly black institutions. STUDIES SHOW BLACKS LEARN MORE IN BLACK, NOT DIVERSE COLLEGES! http://www.leconsulting.com/arthurhu/99/07/colldiv.txt From: "Albert Himoe" To: Date: Sat, 5 Jun 1999 00:11:01 -0500 Diversity and Critical Thinking: Analysis of the Gurin Report The Gurin Report (Gurin, 1999) was prepared in support of the University of Michigan's defense of a lawsuit, which was filed on behalf of white students who believed that they were denied admission to the University of Michigan on account of their race. The University admitted that their admission standards are more lenient for "underrepresented minorities", but defends itself by claiming educational benefits of "diversity". Gurin P. The report is online at http://www.umich.edu/~newsinfo/Admission/Expert/summ.html [Himoe basically says the data is nonexistent, inconsistent or outright made up] the question was whether black students learn better at historically black or predominantly white colleges. ...There was no significant difference between learning gains of black students attending white colleges or those attending black college in reading, math, critical thinking, or science reasoning. However, in writing skills, blacks students attending black colleges scored 14 percentile points [0.35 SD] better than their counterparts attending the more "diverse" predominately white colleges. This study provides no support for the value of diversity [in the person of white students] on the learning of black students. If anything, the effect is negative. The following is my analysis the Gurin Report, which purports to show empirically the value of "diversity" in higher education. @@exclusion affirmative-action.exclusion \clip\97\12\leo.txt Who said PC is passe? BY JOHN LEO U.S. News & World Report 5/12/97 Cal State Montery Bay requires comparing literature of at least 3 different groups, of which two must be non-Eurocentric, but the bookstore carries no literature by white authors. \priv\95\04\mincours.txt - PLF is university which was minority-only englishcourses. d:\priv\95\01\nowhite.txt - Cal Poly admitted no white men to some majors @@Gap STUDY AFAC BLACKS GOT AHEAD, BUT GRADES, SAT LOWER, AND GPAS WERE LOWER EVEN WITH SAME SAT SCORES \clip\98\12\collout.txt Elite Colleges' Race-Sensitive Policies Opened Doors to Black Success, Says Broad New Study Chronicle of Higher Education, September 9, 1998 http://www.chronicle.com/daily/98/09/98090901n.htm "One chart, for example, shows that black students who scored between 1250 and 1299 on the SAT had a 74-per-cent chance of gaining admission to the five colleges. White students with the same scores stood only a 23-per-cent chance of getting in. See @@graduation outcomes - lower GPA even with same SAT scores, on average 23rd percentile GPA. WHITE ADMIT RATE WOULD ONLY RISE FROM 25 TO 27 PERCENT W/O PREFERENCES \clip\98\12\collout.txt http://www.nytimes.com/yr/mo/day/news/national/affirm-impact.html September 9, 1998 Study of Affirmative Action at Top Schools Cites Far-Reaching Benefits By ETHAN BRONNER Bowen and Bok point out that if more than half of the blacks accepted at selective colleges had been rejected, the probability of acceptance for another white applicant would rise only 2 percent, to 27 percent from 25 percent. \clip\98\12\ntlbok.txt The National Review on Bok-Bowen study http://www.nationalreview.com/daily/nr091098.html National Review, September 10, 1998 Preferences in Black and Whitewash Derek Bok and William G. Bowen have just come out with a book, The Shape of the River, defending the racially discriminatory practices in which they engaged as the presidents, respectively, of Harvard and Princeton. "The study, in fact, says that blacks admitted to universities which use preferences have lower grades and graduation rates than most students--which is more than many institutions of higher learning, including Princeton, were willing to say before the passage of Proposition 209." @@Georgia JUSTICE DEPT SAYS OVERWHELMING EVIDENCE FOR RACE PREFERENCE z46\clip\20000\10\overw.txt [The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, 11.1.2000] Feds fight for UGA affirmative action By Bill Rankin Atlanta Journal-Constitution Staff Writer U.S. Justice Department has asserted to the federal appeals court in Atlanta that the University of Georgia's race-conscious admissions program is constitutional and "enhances the quality of education provided to all students." @@Grade Weighting \clip\97\28\berkgrad.txt Copyright 1997 Associated Press. All rights reserved. 11/27/1997 13:44 EST Law School Changes Admissions Policy (Berkeley law stops weighting grades from better universities to help minorities) http://www.leconsulting.com/arthurhu/index/collafac.htm#graduation Affirmative action advocates claim that outcomes are just or nearly as good as other students, but this simply isn't true. In every field, black drop out rates are 2 to 4 times worse than whites, the fact that overall rates are small for all races at the best schools hides this ratio. Summary - ranked by Black ratio ------------------------------------ Law School No Degree W1.00 B-2.00 Fail to Grad U-MIT W1.00 B-2.00 Fail to Grad U-Berk W1.00 B-2.50 Fail to Graduate Med W1.00 B-3.00 Fail to Graduate Law W1.00 B-3.00 Med Honors W1.00 B-3.00 Fail Med Board W1.00 B-4.25 %%bok MORE SELECTIVE COLLEGES HAVE HIGHER BLACK GRAD RATE \clip\98\12\bowstud.txt "They found that the black dropout rate for the elite institutions practicing affirmative action was 25 percent, much lower than the national black dropout average of 60 percent. The more selective the college, the lower the black dropout rate." [but it's still consistently double the white dropout rate!] September 9, 1998 The New York Times Study of Affirmative Action at Top Schools Cites Far-Reaching Benefits by Ethan Bronner http://www.nytimes.com/yr/mo/day/news/national/affirm-impact.html STUDY AFAC BLACKS GOT AHEAD, BUT GRADES, SAT LOWER, AND GPAS WERE LOWER EVEN WITH SAME SAT SCORES \clip\98\12\collout.txt Elite Colleges' Race-Sensitive Policies Opened Doors to Black Success, Says Broad New Study Chronicle of Higher Education, September 9, 1998 http://www.chronicle.com/daily/98/09/98090901n.htm "Black students with the lowest SAT scores had the best chance of graduating if they attended the most-selective colleges." "One chart, for example, shows that black students who scored between 1250 and 1299 on the SAT had a 74-per-cent chance of gaining admission to the five colleges. White students with the same scores stood only a 23-per-cent chance of getting in. The average cumulative G.P.A. for black students who matriculated at the 28 colleges in 1989 was 2.61 on a 4.0 scale, compared with 3.15 for white students. The average black matriculant was ranked at the 23rd percentile -- or the bottom quarter -- of the class. White students with SAT scores above 1300, for example, were ranked in the top 40 per cent, on average, of their classes. Black students with the same scores were in the bottom 40 per cent of their classes. " BLACK MED EXAMINERS, MED GRADUATION ONLY 1/2 RATE OF WHITES http://www.fringeweb.com/politics.html#AffirmativeAction According to the Journal of the American Medical Association, September 7, 1994, Vol. 272, No.9 the pass rate for black women was 44% on the national board of medical examiners step 1 exam required to become a physician. For white women it was 84%. The four year percentage graduation rates for black medical students is now about 52% verse about 90% for the others. Interestingly, when the study looked at entering students with the same academic background the success rates were the same and independent of race. "We Have Yet to Begin Dialogue on Race" Abagail Thernstrom Seattle Post Intelligencer 11/25/97 p. A11 Blacks are 2.5 times more likely to drop out at Berkeley. %%Medical WSJ: GOOD ENOUGH ISN'T THE SAME AS JUST AS GOOD F101597-1 Doctored Affirmative Action Data Gail Heriot (prof law University of San Diego) Wall Street Journal Oct 15, 1997. Contrary to the JAMA claim that affirmative action doctors were just as good, grades were much lower, regular admits were 3 times more likely to join the honors society, 8 times more likely to fail the National Board of Examiners medical exam. Failure rate is low, but 3 times higher for minorities. 1994 JAMA study shows 51.1% of blacks vs. 12.3% of white med students failed part I, students with comparable credentials scored about as well. Doctors who take 3 attempts aren't as likely to keep studying to stay on top. Study found little difference in likelihood to serve minorities. Let's attack merit! BY JOHN LEO US News and World Report 11/18/97 \clip\97\27\leomerit.txt Linda Wightman, The Threat to Diversity in Legal Education found: 21.9 percent of black law students entering schools in 1990-1991 failed to get a degree, compared with 9.7 percent of whites. blacks admitted under racial preferences were about three times more likely to drop out. And the affirmative-action group had a shockingly high attrition rate--43.2 percent either didn't finish law school or didn't pass the bar. %%Undergraduate RACE GRADUATION RATES ARE CONSISTENT WITH SAT SCORES \clip\98\16\ucsd.txt http://www.ceousa.org/ucsd.html CENTER FOR EQUAL OPPORTUNITY Racial Preferences in Undergraduate Admissions at the University of California, San Diego, 1995 by Robert Lerner, Ph.D. and Althea K. Nagai, Ph.D. Lerner and Nagai Quantitative Consulting Although we do not have the evidence necessary for a complete test of this hypothesis, UCSD has provided some information allowing us a partial test. The class entering in 1989 had the following five-year graduation rates for groupings of students with similar combined SAT scores: 41 percent of the African Americans entering in 1988 graduated in five years, as did 41 percent of those entering in 1989 48 percent of Hispanics entering in 1988 graduated in five years, as did 50 percent of those entering in 1989 67 percent of Asian Americans entering in 1988 graduated in five years, as did 72 percent of those entering in 1989 71 percent of whites entering in 1988 graduated in five years, as did 76 percent of those entering in 1989 black 540+490 = 1030, grad rate is 48% white 640+550 = 1490, grad rate is 71% 35 percent of those with combined SAT scores of 800 or less graduated in five years black=1030 / 48% 58 percent of those with combined SAT scores of 801-1000 graduated in five years 73 percent of those with combined SAT scores of 1001-1200 graduated in five years 74 percent of those with combined SAT scores of 1201-1400 graduated in five years white=1490 / 71% 79 percent of those with combined SAT scores of 1401 or more graduated in five years The entering class of 1989 had the following five-year graduation rates for groupings of students with similar GPAs: 53 percent of those with GPAs of 3.29 or less graduated in five years 64 percent of those with GPAs of 3.30-3.49 graduated in five years 71 percent of those with GPAs of 3.50-3.69 graduated in five years 72 percent of those with GPAs of 3.70-3.89 graduated in five years 78 percent of those with GPAs of 3.90 or higher graduated in five years The percentage difference between the top and bottom grouping of SAT scores is 44 percent. The percentage difference between the top and bottom grouping of GPAs is 25 percent. The larger size of the former difference relative to the latter means that it is likely that combined SAT scores are a better predictor of completion rates than are grades. @@Graglia (Professor, U Texas) "This Texas law professor has a right to be an idiot" Molly Ivans Seattle Times Sept 22, 1997 p. B7 "in an uproar since the Hopwood decision(which overturned the UT Law School's practice of assigning applicants to two different applicant pools based soley on the color of their skin)" \images\972\1228\ivans.tif Austin Review E-Mail Edition (National Focus) Graglia Continues to Draw Fire from Left By: Brent Tantillo, Publisher @@Harvard "A Victim of Preference" Newsweek Sept 30, 1991 p. 56 Carter was turned down for Harvard Law School, but accepted when they found out that he was Black. (F070297) \doc\95\12\sinommis.txt filed 10-6-95 "Harvard's Sins of Ommision" Elena Newman (Wash. DC) The Weekly Standard Oct 9, 1995 p. 22 The Consortium for Financing Higher Education shows black at Harvard score SAT 1290, 100 points below whites. The gap at Berkeley is more like 300 points. Minorities are selected without competition to a minimum instead of "best" standard, and all minorities get full scholarships regardless of need. @@law school Summary: - Most law school affirmative action statements no long claim to be color blind, or to admit without regard to color or gender. - No law school releases breakdowns of applicants vs. admitted, or test score breakdowns by race. - Test scores of minorities at Georgetown, U Texas and UCLA were shown to be in the bottom 1% of white or Asians. Whites = 95, but Blacks = 71 to get into top schools. White 95 is needed for 98% chance of acceptance into at least 1 college, but black can get same chance with 54 percentile score. Asians also have lower score to get 99% chance of acceptance. Survey conducted by LSAT people shows top schools all have large differences in test scores, and in first year grades. Median LSAT pctile Ad Median=White admit percentile W B A H W B A H U Texas 70 39 * 18 50 0.16 * 0.70 UCLA 95 71 92 71 50 0.26 30 0.26 $Georgetown* * * * 50 < 1 * * $no blacks had scores equal to or lower than 100 white student files Decision Profile: Score needed for 99% chance of admission to at least 1 law school with 3.75+ GPA 1988-89 Approx. Percentile Prob White Black Mex Asian 99% 99 54 54 98 97% 95 54 54 92 White with 95-99 percentile score has same chance of admission by at least one college as black or Mexican with a 54th percentile scores, - LSAT studies show no difference in predictive ability between minorities and whites, the only colleges where whites and Blacks got comparable grades were schools with low standards with comparable test scores. In '94 U Texas ordered to admit Blacks from same pool as Whites. In '94 UC Berkeley found to violate the law, but admitted no wrongdoing. [[Seattle University \priv\95\04\washbar - Seattle U law students pass bar at higher than average rates, aff action is reverse discrimination. http://www.leconsulting.com/arthurhu/index/afact.htm#university-of-california-system [[University of California \clip\98\11\boalt.txt Number of Black Law Students at Boalt Law School Rebounds http://www.latimes.com/HOME/NEWS/STATE/t000075305.html Los Angeles Times, August 18, 1998 Number of Black Law Students Rebounds Boalt Hall's first-year class in the two years since the ban on affirmative action in admissions. 1997 1998 Asian 47 50 Black 1 9 Latino 14 24 Am. Indian 0 2 White/Other 178 160 Declined to state 28 30 Total 268 275 1997 1998 Men 130 124 Women 138 151 Source: University of California Official UC By the Numbers MINORITIES DOWN BY ONLY 20% SYSTEM WIDE, MORE WILL GRADUATE, WHITES STILL UNDER-REPRESENTED, ASIANS NEGATIVELY AFFECTING WHITES \clip\98\07\conseq.txt http://interactive.wsj.com/edition/current/summaries/editorl.htm Wall Street Journal, April 7, 1998 The Consequences Of Colorblindness By STEPHAN THERNSTROM and ABIGAIL THERNSTROM "Race-neutral admissions policies are indeed having a disproportionate racial impact--they are negatively affecting the state's most "privileged" racial group [WHITES]. " DECLINE IS ILLUSION AT TOP CAMPUSES, ACTUALLY DISTRIBUTING MINORITIES EQUALLY THROUGH SYSTEM \clip\98\07\uccamp.txt http://www.sacbee.com/news/beetoday/newsroom/cap/040398/cap05.html Overall decline in blacks, Latinos entering UC less than at Cal, UCLA By Brad Hayward, Sacramento Bee Staff Writer (Published April 3, 1998 Despite big declines among some minorities reported at UC Berkeley and UCLA this week, the University of California system as a whole has seen a less dramatic drop in the number of African Americans and Latinos admitted as freshmen this year, according to new figures released Thursday. \clip\08\07\uc2000.txt http://www.latimes.com/HOME/NEWS/STATE/t000031775.1.html Friday, April 3, 1998, Los Angeles Times UC to Offer Admission to 2,000 Initially Rejected Education: Qualified students will be referred to less popular campuses. Effect on class' racial makeup unknown. Today's (4/1/98) Los Angeles Times article on the Berkely and UCLA freshman class acceptances can be found at: http://www.latimes.com/HOME/NEWS/STATE/UPDATES/lat_affirm0401.htm The New York Times offers a table with statistics on all the U of California Schools: http://forums.nytimes.com/yr/mo/day/news/national/calif-admissions-text.html Based on the NYTIMES data, for all University of California schools, the percentages of acceptances by race and ethnicity are as follows: 1997 1998 Black 3.6% 2.5% Asian 32.4% 32.0% American Indian 0.8% 0.6% Filipino* 2.2% 2.3% White/other 41.8% 36.8% Hispanic 13.2% 10.8% Did not report 6.0% 14.9% total # 89284 91407 Note that the University of California schools do not include the California State universities. UCLA, UCB: 40% of "NO-RACE" ARE WHITE, 40% ASIAN \clip\98\07\latuc.txt http://www.latinolink.com/news/news98/0331nucl.htm Report Sees Drop in Latino, Black Students at UCLA BY SHARLINE CHIANG 1998 Los Angeles Daily News LOS ANGELES, March 31, 1998 -- Admissions of African-American, Latino and American Indian students to UCLA dropped by 36 percent for the coming school year http://www.nytimes.com/yr/mo/day/news/national/calif-admissions-educ.html \clip\98\07\nyadmit.txt New York Times April 1, 1998 California's Elite Public Colleges Report Big Drop in Minority Enrollment Table - freshman class 2002, 2001 broken down by race, Filipino \clip\98\07\nyt\calif-admissions-text.html http://www.latimes.com/HOME/NEWS/FRONT/t000031083.html \clip\98\07\laadm.txt Los Angeles Times TOP STORY Wednesday, April 1, 1998 Wednesday, April 1, 1998 Acceptance of Blacks, Latinos to UC Plunges Education: In first freshman class since affirmative action was ended, Berkeley and UCLA see dramatic drop-offs. Campuses will now launch campaigns to persuade students to attend. By KENNETH R. WEISS, MARY CURTIUS, Times Staff Writers Number of Students Enrolled (admitted?) 1997 1998 % Change UCLA African American 488 280 -42.6% American Indian 81 46 -43.2% Latino 1497 1,001 -33.1% Asian American 4,154 4187 +0.8% White 3,383 3209 -5.1% Declined to state 569 1463 +157.1% UC Berkeley African American 562 191 -66.0% American Indian 69 27 -60.8% Latino 1,266 600 -52.6% Asian American 2,925 2998 +2.4% White 2,725 2674 -1.8% Declined to state 496 1237 +149.4% Sources: UCLA, UC Berkeley Researched by NONA YATES / Los Angeles Times http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/chronicle/archive/1998/03/31/MN74003.DTL UC Berkeley To See Drop In Minorities Students get figures showing 64% decline Pamela Burdman, Chronicle Staff Writer March 31, 1998 The number of blacks, Mexican Americans and American Indians in the first freshman class admitted to the University of California at Berkeley without affirmative action dropped by almost two- thirds, according to figures released by a group of students yesterday. UNDERGRADUATE MINORITY ADMISSIONS DOWN AT BERKELEY, UCLA http://www.seattletimes.com/news/nation-world/html98/affi_040198.html \clip\98\07\fewfresh.txt Seattle Times April 1, 1998 UC admits fewer minority freshmen by Rene Sanchez The Washington Post BERKELEY, Calif. - The University of California's two premier campuses say their first undergraduate classes will have an extraordinarily low number of black and Hispanic students because affirmative action has ended. 2% black, 5% hispanic. NO BLACKS ACCEPT BERKELEY LAW SCHOOL, UCLA GETS 10 \clip\97\16\ucsign.txt http://www.seattletimes.com/extra/browse/html97/skul_062797.html The Seattle Times Company Friday, June 27, 1997 Affirmative-action ban cuts University of California law-school sign-ups by Amy Wallace Los Angeles Times Not one of the 14 black students admitted this year to the University of California at Berkeley's Boalt Hall law school has decided to enroll, officials said yesterday, prompting the school's dean to call the numbers "a total wipeout." A UC official calls it the resegregation, but segregation is assignment by race, not lack of racial balance. UC DOWNPLAYS GRADES FROM MOSTLY BLACK LAW SCHOOLS = DISCRIMINATION? \clip\97\08\lowgrad.txt Los Angeles Times Thursday, March 20, 1997 UC Accused of Bias in Admissions Education: Civil rights groups allege in federal complaint that university has retained graduate school requirements that favor whites and men. Comment - Predominantly black law schools have much lower test score standards, thus their grades won't be the same as grades from elite schools. The fact that elite schools aren't predominantly minority (in fact, because of affirmative action, many of the best schools reflect the US population of blacks) doesn't mean they are discriminating on the basis of race. This is just more goofiness. By KENNETH R. WEISS, Times Staff Writer d:\doc\web\96\08\indx0101.txt UCLA AND BEREKELEY PICK NEW LEADERS TO HEAD DIVERSITY MOVEMENT c:\clip\97\07\ucjob.txt New York Times March 7, 1997 University of California Goes Far Afield to Fill 2 Top Jobs "and highly divisive decision by the regents to end the system's aggressive affirmative action plan, which had helped make the University of California's campuses among the most diverse in the world." [Or simply campuses with so few whites, they meet the federal definition of segregation?] \clip\96\12\quotback.txt AP 28-Dec-1996 20:25 EST REF5518 Racial Quotas Back At UC Berkeley LOS ANGELES (AP) -- The University of California system will again use race and gender in evaluating applicants next fall now that a judge has blocked the state's voter-approved ban on affirmative action programs. Comment - even the AP is calling race based admission what they really are - QUOTAS regardless of academic merit when test scores and grades and even income don't matter, but skin color and surname do. Now the judge has changed the law from making racial preferences from merely legal, but optional to making it unconstitutional to admit without regard to race. \clip\96\05\lessdiv.txt The San Francisco Chronicle Wednesday, October 2, 1996 Page A1 1996 San Francisco Chronicle Number of Non-Asian Minorities Expected to Plunge at Cal, UCLA Pamela Burdman, Chronicle Staff Writer Comment: High numbers were a deception,new policies will insure more even distribution of minorities across the system, whites are the most under-represented group at UCLA and Cal \doc\96\04\uc1.gif, uc2.gif Fall 1994 Admitted Freshmen Profile by SAT and grade point average and UC campus Ranked by Chance of admission with SAT 490-790 Percent - Campus 11.0 Berkeley 17.7 UCLA 35.5 San Diego 41.2 Irvine 44.9 Davis 60.3 Riverside 66.5 Santa Barbara 71.4 Santa Cruz \doc\96\03\UCSATRK.wk1 UC Campuses Ranked by 1990 SAT Average Admission profile Non-Engineering 1990 SAT Fall 1994 SAT Composite Verbal Math Comp Diff 490-790 1400-160UC Campus 11.0% 92.8%Berkeley 554 631 1185 178 17.7% 95.5%UCLA 520 597 1117 110 35.5% 97.7%San Diego 510 600 1110 103 44.9% 98.3%Davis 510 597 1107 100 71.4% 99.0%Santa Cruz 520 563 1083 76 66.5% 97.6%Santa Barbar 499 580 1079 72 41.2% 96.7%Irvine 464 566 1030 23 60.3% 97.1%Riverside 465 542 1007 0 Source: Fall 1995 Information Digest (UC Office of the President) US News and Report America's Best Colleges 1990 \doc\96\03\UCTOPBOT.wk1 Black at Berkeley is at 8th percentile, at UCLA diversity admit is at 14th percentile, they would be at 40th percentile, or about average at Riverside. Berkeley 16161 NonEngineering 6887 490-790 800-990 1000-1191200-1391400-160Overall Apply 653 2475 5907 5749 1377 17965 Accepted 72 584 1578 3375 1278 7178 Rate 11.0% 23.6% 26.7% 58.7% 92.8% 40.0% Ac Pctile Engineering 490-790 800-990 1000-1191200-1391400-160Overall Apply 87 296 860 1120 400 3020 Accepted 1 12 166 614 368 1195 Rate 1.1% 4.1% 19.3% 54.8% 92.0% 39.6% Ac Pctile 490-790 800-990 1000-1191200-1391400-160Overall Apply 740 2771 6767 6869 1777 20985 Accepted 73 596 1744 3989 1646 8373 Rate 9.9% 21.5% 25.8% 58.1% 92.6% 39.9% % of cla 0.9% 7.1% 20.8% 47.6% 19.7% pctile 0.9% 8.0% 28.8% 76.5% 100.0% Black/Hispanic White/Asian SAT Averages by Race W1256 B994 H1032 A1293 UCLA 18833 NonEngineering 10038 490-790 800-990 1000-1191200-1391400-160Overall Apply 1234 4044 7327 5211 1017 21206 Accepted 219 1419 3182 4247 971 10393 Rate 17.7% 35.1% 43.4% 81.5% 95.5% 49.0% Ac Pctile Engineering 490-790 800-990 1000-1191200-1391400-160Overall Apply 119 264 718 805 190 2349 Accepted 0 7 343 710 186 1252 Rate 0.0% 2.7% 47.8% 88.2% 97.9% 53.3% Ac Pctile 490-790 800-990 1000-1191200-1391400-160Overall Apply 1353 4308 8045 6016 1207 23555 Accepted 219 1426 3525 4957 1157 11645 Rate 16.2% 33.1% 43.8% 82.4% 95.9% 49.4% % of cla 1.9% 12.2% 30.3% 42.6% 9.9% pctile 1.9% 14.1% 44.4% 87.0% 100.0% Diversity SAT = Diversity = 14th percentile is about the same as 1000 for black or Hispanic Fall 1994 UCLA Office of Academic Planning and Budget Verbal Math Comb GPA Chinese 587 696 1283 4.15 White 578 658 1236 4.08 NatAm 518 583 1101 3.66 Mexican 465 536 1001 3.72 Black 474 525 999 3.57 Riverside NonEngineering 490-790 800-990 1000-1191200-1391400-160Overall Apply 896 2339 2691 1060 105 9015 Accepted 540 1809 2337 1005 102 6244 Rate 60.3% 77.3% 86.8% 94.8% 97.1% 69.3% Ac Pctile Engineering 490-790 800-990 1000-1191200-1391400-160Overall Apply 68 176 236 105 13 735 Accepted 53 131 194 96 13 530 Rate 77.9% 74.4% 82.2% 91.4% 100.0% 72.1% Ac Pctile 490-790 800-990 1000-1191200-1391400-160Overall Apply 964 2515 2927 1165 118 9750 Accepted 593 1940 2531 1101 115 6774 Rate 61.5% 77.1% 86.5% 94.5% 97.5% 69.5% % of cla 8.8% 28.6% 37.4% 16.3% 1.7% pctile 8.8% 37.4% 74.8% 91.0% 100.0% UC Berkeley Black = UCLA Diversity admit = 38 percentile, near Riverside average \priv\96\04\UCDROP.HTM Minority applications to UC are down, while Whites and Asians are up \doc\96\02\ucb95.txt Asian Week Feb 23, 1996 p. 12 "More Asians, Whites Applying to UC Berkeley" UCB freshmen are 37%Asian, 30%W 16%Latino 7%Black 2%NativeAm, Applications, A+10 W+8 L+3 B-1, comments that proposed policy banning race may account for change. >>\priv\96\02\wilsuc.txt Wilson re-enters fray over UC policy SJM 1/25/96 Governer tells UC president not to delay start of race-blind admissions. \priv\95\18\puffed.doc New Republic Nov 20, 1995 p. 7 Jorge Amselle of the Center for Equal Opportunity points out 14% of blacks and 17% of Hispanics had incomes over $75,000, with 3.4 vs. 4.0 GPA, 288 points lower GPA, grad rate of 51% vs. 81% for whites. Rosin counters students have good GPA and are in top 15% (but not as good as whites and Asians), and average income is only half that of whites (but still very well off, why does anybody over $75,000 need affirmative action?) \doc\95\10\regafac.txt - official statement of Regents action to end use of race as admissions criterion. \doc\95\11\barexam.txt - UC Los Angeles 90% pass rate overall, but only 30% pass rate for affirmative action groups in bar exam \priv\95\09\takeall.txt - Time mag UC ends preferences \priv\95\09\ucfallot.txt UC FACES fallout on affirmative action vote SFE 7/24/95 Clinton administration threatens review of UC. \priv\95\09\leted.txt SFC 7/25/95 Letters mostly supportive of decision to end affirmative action at UC \priv\95\09\sfsueuc.txt S.F. Plans To Sue UC Over Vote / Supervisors denounce affirmative action ban (SFC 7/25/95) San Francisco supervisors say that it's illegal to be color-blind. \priv\95\09\ucthreat.txt PAGE ONE -- White House Retreats on UC Review / University won't move quickly, Peltason says (SFC 7/25/95) White house threatens review because of UC ending of affirmative action. \priv\95\09\howadmit.txt How UC Admission Works / Process is murky, complicated, competitive - Irvine and David admit all who are UC eligible. \doc\95\08\favish.zip - zip file with documents \ \priv\95\07\favish4.txt - compuserve location of Favish lawsuit against UCLA. Claims that statement of nondiscrimination amounts to consumer fraud since races figures very much in admissions \doc\95\13\favish2.txt - more on favish, claims UC will weasel their way around directive to drop diversity ucla.dbf"> - Dbase file of actual admission results and test scores for UCLA law school uclalaw.wk1 - added percentile ranks ucla1.wk1 Median accepted Med White Admit Group LSAT rejectedPercentiAdmit Reject Total Rate White 94.5 75.2 50.00% 764 2069 2833 27.0% Black 70.7 32.9 0.26% 100 386 486 20.6% Asian 92.3 66.1 30.00% 206 845 1051 19.6% Asians have a slight, but not a large advantage over whites. Only 7 Blacks scored equal or above white average 94.5 percentile, 2 were rejected with low GPA's GPA LSAT RACE ADMIT_STAT LSAT_PRCNT Accepted------------------------ 2061 3.07 43 B A 94.5 2586 3.66 43 B A 94.5 877 3.38 47 B A 99.0 3203 3.05 47 B A 99.0 4991 3.82 48 B A 99.5 Rejected------------------------- 3289 2.69 43 B R 94.5 3794 2.17 44 B R 96.1 Note - only two accepted whites had scores as low as black median Two blacks with nearly perfect LSATs were rejected, some whites with black median were accepted. No whites below the black median were accepted. Only 5 out of 100 admitted blacks had test scores equal or above the white median, compared to only 2 out 764 whites who scored below the black median. http://www.leconsulting.com/arthurhu/index/afact.htm#umich [[University of Michigan MINORITIES GET 20 POINTS JUST FOR SKIN COLOR z47\doc\web\2000\12\umich.txt The NAS filed an amicus brief on the part of the student in the MIchigan suit (available at our website, www.nas.org, and issued this press release after the recent verdict, which said that previous affirmative action policy at the school had been unconstitutional, but present policy of adding 20 points out of a possible 150 to the application score for a minority, is constitutional. RACE PREFS OK WITH FEDERAL JUDGE z47\clip\2000\12\umich.txt http://cnews.tribune.com/news/tribune/story/0,1235,tribune-nation-85311,00.html Michigan affirmative action policy upheld By Jim Suhr The Associated Press December 13, 2000 4:39 p.m. CST DETROIT (AP) -- In a case that may wind up before the Supreme Court, a federal judge today upheld the University of Michigan's use of affirmative action in admissions, saying there is ``solid evidence'' that a racially diverse campus is good for education. \clip\98\15\http://www.chronicle.com/weekly/v45/i10/10a03201.htm Chronicle of Higher Education, 10/30/98 issue U. of Michigan Prepares to Defend Admissions Policy in Court But lawsuits compel officials to confront tough questions about actual educational benefits most of the black residents are concentrated in mid-size, semi-industrial cities such as Flint, Grand Rapids, Kalamazoo, Lansing, and Saginaw. although black freshmen were much more likely to have come from integrated settings, the largest share, 42 per cent, attended high schools where members of minorities were the majority. \clip\97\24\michpref.txt NY times October 14, 1997 Group Suing University of Michigan Over Diversity By ETHAN BRONNER The University of Michigan, which has doubled its minority enrollment over the last decade through a strenuous diversification effort, is the object of a federal lawsuit to be filed on Tuesday asserting that its admissions policies are unconstitutional because they discriminate against whites. Center for Individual Rights press materials. On October 14, 1997, CIR filed suit against the University of Michigan, contending its affirmative action policies illegally discriminate on the basis of race. According to internal, UM documents, many admissions decisions are made on the basis of grades and standardized test scores. During 1995 and 1996, UM operated a "dual" system, according to which different numerical criteria were applied based on race. Within certain combinations of test score and grades, minority applicants were accepted whereas majority candidates were automatically rejected. Examination of the 1996 grid reveals the following: In ten cells in which the GPA was 3.2 and above but the SAT score was below 1000, minority applicants were accepted by clerks, whereas majority applicants were rejected. In four cells in which the GPA was between 3.0 and 3.3 and the SAT scores were between 850 - 1000, minority applicants could be accepted whereas majority candidates were AUTOMATICALLY REJECTED BY CLERKS. In nine mid-range cells in which the GPA was above 3.0 and the SAT was above 1090, minority candidates were accepted, whereas majority candidates were AUTOMATICALLY postponed for further review. \clip\97\24\racebase.txt Copyright 1997 Associated Press. All rights reserved. 10/14/1997 19:01 EST Race-Based Admissions Challenged (U Michigan) By JIM SUHR Associated Press Writer CENTER FOR INDIV RIGHTS SUES U MICH FOR DISCRIMINATING AGAINST WHITES clip\97\23\umich.txt http://search.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/WAPO/19971014/V000956-101497-idx.html Race-Based Admissions Challenged By Jim Suhr Associated Press Writer Tuesday, October 14, 1997; 12:27 p.m. EDT DETROIT (AP) -- A federal lawsuit filed today challenges race-based admissions at the University of Michigan, saying the policy discriminates against whites. [[University of Texas, also Hopwood affirmative-action.law-school.U-Texas \priv\96b\06\racequot.txt Return-Path: Date: Tue, 2 Jul 1996 09:07:04 -0400 Subject: [86] RACE QUOTA EXEMPTIONS TO STAND \priv\96b\06\reject.txt Supreme Court rejects U Texas program Nine states and the District of Columbia also had supported Texas' appeal in friend-of-the-court briefs.The nine states that also sided with Texas are Arizona, Hawaii, Iowa, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Mexico, Oklahoma and West Virginia. \priv\96b\06\*.txt - search these for supreme court \priv\96b\06\studmull.txt whites can't wait to reapply \doc\96\03\usbarrac.txt "U.S. Court Bars Race As Admissions Factor" David G. Savage Los Angeles Times March 20, 1996. Cheryl J. Hopwood grew up poor in New Jersey and worked her way through college. With a 3.8 GPA and 83 percentile LSAT, she was rejected in 1992 even though that was better than 3 of 4 admitted blacks and 52 out of 55 admitted Latino students. Applicantions were color-coded by race, and put into separate evaluation systems insulated from direct competition. Faculty members even wrote memos which conceded that it amounted to a quota system \doc\96\02\texasrul.txt "Texas ruling could affect admissions practices here" John Iwasaki Seattle Post Intelligencer march 21, 1996 p. B2. 5th Circuit Cout of Appeals rolled back the Bakke ruling which allowed race to be a factor in admissions. It currently affects only Texas, Louisiana and Mississipi, but sets a precedent which could be used elsewhere. Officials fear it will bring back segregated campuses. d:\doc\95\05\utexas.wk1 - Analysis of U Texas quotas and admissions Median vs. Approx 1991 Admit rates by Race White Percentil LSAT percentile White 34.70% 50.00% 70 Black 87.50% 0.16% 39 Hispanic 84.10% 0.70% 18 Nearly all Blacks and Hispanics are admitted, but they fall well below or at the worst white admitted. The school is at the 75 percentile, but blacks are only at the 20th percentile in national LSAT scores. The school was found guilty of discrimination against whites, but will likely be allowed to keep similar standards with a change in procedure. [[University of Washington, Seattle WA The University of Washington boasts a number of departments that are 35-50% minority in a state that is only 13% nonwhite, yet is committed to increasing numbers still further. Their policy wavers on whether to increase all numbers of color, regardless of whether Asian or even other minorities exceed the state population it serves. The law school in 1997 was sued for for discrimination, it admitted 42% minority in a state that is less than 15% minority, every race except whites are over parity, only whites are under-represented. Federal Judge Limits Scope of U. of Washington Affirmative-Action Suit http://www.chronicle.com/daily/99/02/99021101n.htm By DOUGLAS LEDERMAN "A federal judge on Wednesday narrowed the scope of an affirmative-action lawsuit against the University of Washington's law school, ruling that a voter-approved ban on racial preferences had made much of the case moot. But the judge agreed to consider whether the university's now-abandoned admissions policy illegally discriminated against three white applicants, so the case still has significant national import. ... In his ruling Wednesday, Judge Thomas S. Zilly declared that the passage of Initiative 200, a referendum approved by 59 per cent of Washington State voters in November, had made moot the parts of the lawsuit seeking to insure that the law school did not continue to use racial preferences in admission. ... Judge Zilly agreed, however, to decide whether the admissions policy used to admit Ms. Smith and the two other named plaintiffs, Angela Rock and Michael Pyle, was legal, and whether they were entitled to damages if they were wronged." Masugi truth about preferences U Wash Medical School by Jerry Cook, scatter graph of gpa/test scores \clip\97\14\uwrank.txt FACTS ABOUT THE UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON Seattle Times Sept 24, 1995 p. A1 MINORITIES AS PERCENTAGE OF UNDERGRADUATE ENROLLMENT, 1994-95 28.3% (up from 19.8%, 1985-86) SAT AVERAGE, INCOMING FRESHMEN, 1994-95: Verbal 480, Math 566 (down 2.4% and up 0.9%, respectively, from 492 and 561 in 1984-85) . "Reverse bias case going class action"Seattle Times 5/30/97 Seattle p. B2 - A Seattle woman's reverse-discrimination lawsuit against the University of Washington Law School is being expanded into a class action suit to include two more plaintiffs. Meanwhile, UW lawyers filed papers in federal court today disputing her claim that she was turned down for admission because she is white. [UW said it was consistent with bakke, but bakke is no longer operative] U WASH LAW SCHOOL SUIT EXPANDED TO CLASS ACTION SUIT, UW COUNTERS RACE "CONSISTENT" WITH SUPREME COURT RULINGS \clip\97\14\suit.txt "Suit against UW Law School amended to class-action case" Seattle Times May 31, 1997 p. A10 [Comment - the Supreme Court has never supported affirmative action beyond population parity, UW law school is well over WA state population for Asians, Blacks and Hispanics, with classes over 42% in a state under 15% minority, only Whites are under-represented] __Katuria Smith sues U Wash Law School__ \clip\97\13\revbias.txt http://www.seattletimes.com/sbin/iarecord?NS-search-set=/33850/aaaa004Gi85004c&NS-doc-offset=2& The Seattle Times Company Local News : Friday, March 21, 1997 Reverse-bias lawsuit at UW could define role of race for all schools by Marsha King Seattle Times staff reporter The reverse-discrimination lawsuit filed against the University of Washington Law School this month has become part of a coordinated national campaign against affirmative-action admission practices. Diversity rhetoric can't hide UW's discriminatory policy \clip\97\07\katur.txt http://www.seattletimes.com/extra/browse/html97/malk_031197.html Copyright 1997 The Seattle Times Company Tuesday, March 11, 1997 by Michelle Malkin Seattle Times editorial columnist Katuria Smith is very disadvantaged, but didn't make it in because she is white, even with 94th percentile test scores. Suing the law school with the Center for Individual Rights. >>\priv\95\17\affifact.doc "Affirmative action supported by facts" Seattle Post Intelligencer Nov 19, 1995 p. E2 Whites also benefit from lower standards. WHITES BENEFIT FROM PREFERENCES, BUT NOT BECAUSE OF RACE \doc\95\14\whitbeni.txt - Students Admitted Under Special Admissions in Washington 4 year colleges W50.1%(1.00) B12.3%(6.85) H12.3%(4.83) N4.3%(4.37) White have the largest percentage, but proportionally 7 times less likely to benefit than blacks. Asians are nearly as equal, but are not under-represented. \priv\95\13\uwimport.htm - income, out of state at U Wash \doc\95\11\uwminor.txt "UW's minority enrollment rises, but timely graduation a problem" John Iwasaki Seattle Post Intelligencer July 21, 1995 - Only 26 qualified blacks in all Washington state - HEC recommended enrollment proportional to population - Graduation rates "unacceptable" - Assumption that lowering admission standards would identify more sucessful students was "incorrect" Admitted below normal standards: 70% Black Native American 60% Hispanic 30% Asian MANY UW PROGRAMS HAVE OVER-REPRESENTED MINORITIES, BUT STILL COMMITED TO "INCREASING NUMBERS" \doc\97\03\uwmin.txt Office of Minority Affairs People of Color and Diversity (report) University of Washington March 1995 Departent of Sociology is 50% minority, but report complains that they could not recruit enough minorites. Department of social work is 43% minority in the Masters program. Many departments use over-represented Asians in order to inflate their claims of high numbers of minority students, there was no attempt to identify where minorities were Pct School ------------------------------- 50% Sociology 43% Social Work Undergrad 43% Law School 35% Dentistry 28% Undergraduate 24% Pharmacy 14% State Minority Population 8.7% Ladder Faculty Non Asian minority Pct School ------------------------------ 16% Law 1994 11% Medicine (1994) (2/3 WAMI region) --- parity -------------------- 10% State non-Asian minority 9% Business School non-Asian minority (parity) 3.5% Dentistry \doc\95\09\uwlaw35.txt - UW Law has increased from 10% to 35% minoirity in 1990-95 even though state is only 14% minority, national only 25% "U.W Dean Wallace Loh Accepts Colorado Position" Northwest Asian Weekly June 10, 1995 p. 1 \priv\95\03\uwlaw.doc - UW law school justification for racial preferences, letter cites inequities. WHITES ARE THE ONLY UNDER-REPRESENTED RACE AT UW LAW SCHOOL 1994 9)\doc\94\12\uwashlaw.wk1 - whites only under-represented minority! 1994 admissions University of Washington Law School white black hisp asian natAm AsN Filipino total Percent 0.64 0.07 0.04 0.21 0.05 0.17 0.03 1.00 State 0.87 0.03 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.02 0.01 Index 0.74 2.91 1.23 9.63 2.03 11.71 5.01 Index White index is vs. population, White=1.00 for other races Minority = 13% Under-represented minority = 10% Asians and Filipinos are likely to be favored, since they are only 3% of national admissions or LSAT scores that high. \doc\95\10\uwlawpf.wk1 \doc\95\10\uslawad.wk1 Admission rates @@LSAT \doc\95\13\lsat.wk1 1993-94 law school applicants White Black Hisp Asian NatAm Number 63,990 9,969 6,250 5,435 702 Percent 71.4% 11.1% 7.0% 6.1% 0.8% US Pop 66.8% 15.0% 14.0% 3.5% 0.7% Rate 1.07 0.74 0.50 1.73 1.12 Index 1.00 -1.44 -2.14 1.62 1.05 Group Unknown Other Total Hisp Chic PuertoR Number 94 2,320 89,633 2,974 1,543 1,733 Percent 0.1% 2.6% 100.0% 3.3% 1.7% 1.9% \doc\95\0\lsat - LSAT score distribution \doc\95\13\lsat.wk1 1988-89 LSAT scores LSAT scores 1988-89 Source: Minority Databook, Law School Admissions Services P.O. Box 40 Newtown PA Number of persons in test score range Law School Admissions Test (LSAT) Score total White Black Asian Mex 10 13 1,864 330 698 69 36 14 17 2,468 931 862 96 54 18 21 4,498 2,478 1,087 179 100 22 25 7,899 5,447 1,135 290 147 26 29 12,332 9,725 912 399 176 30 33 17,248 14,653 673 506 173 34 37 18,301 16,039 419 561 123 38 41 13,735 12,258 189 467 58 42 45 6,430 5,688 52 262 30 46 48 1,177 1,044 7 52 2 No Score 1,275 520 124 #N/A68 7 Total 87,227 69,113 6,158 2,949 906 Total sco 85952 68593 6034 2881 899 Only 7 blacks in entire country scored as well as top 1000 whites. Percentage of Total within range total White Black Asian Mex 10 13 1,864 17.70% 37.45% 3.70% 1.93% 14 17 2,468 37.72% 34.93% 3.89% 2.19% 18 21 4,498 55.09% 24.17% 3.98% 2.22% 22 25 7,899 68.96% 14.37% 3.67% 1.86% 26 29 12,332 78.86% 7.40% 3.24% 1.43% 30 33 17,248 84.95% 3.90% 2.93% 1.00% 34 37 18,301 87.64% 2.29% 3.07% 0.67% 38 41 13,735 89.25% 1.38% 3.40% 0.42% 42 45 6,430 88.46% 0.81% 4.07% 0.47% 46 48 1,177 88.70% 0.59% 4.42% 0.17% No Score 1,275 40.78% 9.73% 5.33% 0.55% Total 87,227 79.23% 7.06% 3.38% 1.04% 1990 Pop 0.95 0.72 0.15 0.03 0.05 Parity 110% -234% 102% -530% Blacks down by 1/2, Mexican by 1/5 Asians are NOT underrepresented in LSAT or new law students Blacks are 7% of all LSAT but only 1/2% at top range! Relative Distribution Percentage of group compared to white percentage Blacks are 24 times more likely to be at bottom, 5/12 at top Asians are 4.9 more at bottom, but also 1.2 at top Mexicans are 8 at bottom, 1/8 at top White Black Asian Mex 0.48% 10 13 23.74 4.90 8.32 1.35% 14 17 10.39 2.42 4.42 3.59% 18 21 4.92 1.69 3.08 7.88% 22 25 2.34 1.25 2.06 14.07% 26 29 1.05 0.96 1.38 21.20% 30 33 0.52 0.81 0.90 23.21% 34 37 0.29 0.82 0.59 17.74% 38 41 0.17 0.89 0.36 8.23% 42 45 0.10 1.08 0.40 1.51% 46 48 0.08 1.17 0.15 75.79% Vs. Pop 42.77% 102.41% 18.88% 0.75% No Score 0.43 0.49 0.01 Distribution Percentage divided by total in race (Asians 10-13 are 2% of all Asian) total White Black Asian Mex 10 13 1,864 0.48% 11.33% 2.34% 3.97% 14 17 2,468 1.35% 14.00% 3.26% 5.96% 18 21 4,498 3.59% 17.65% 6.07% 11.04% 22 25 7,899 7.88% 18.43% 9.83% 16.23% 26 29 12,332 14.07% 14.81% 13.53% 19.43% 30 33 17,248 21.20% 10.93% 17.16% 19.09% 34 37 18,301 23.21% 6.80% 19.02% 13.58% 38 41 13,735 17.74% 3.07% 15.84% 6.40% 42 45 6,430 8.23% 0.84% 8.88% 3.31% 46 48 1,177 1.51% 0.11% 1.76% 0.22% No Score 1,275 0.75% 2.01% 2.31% 0.77% Total 87,227 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! Percentile 48.93% of whites score above 34-37 10 13 total White Black Asian Mex 14 17 1,864 0.48% 11.57% 2.40% 4.00% 18 21 2,468 1.84% 25.85% 5.73% 10.01% 22 25 4,498 5.45% 43.87% 11.94% 21.13% 26 29 7,899 13.39% 62.68% 22.01% 37.49% 30 33 12,332 27.57% 77.79% 35.86% 57.06% 34 37 17,248 48.93% 88.95% 53.42% 76.31% 38 41 18,301 72.31% 95.89% 72.89% 89.99% 42 45 13,735 90.19% 99.02% 89.10% 96.44% 46 48 6,430 98.48% 99.88% 98.20% 99.78% 1,177 100.00% 100.00% 100.00% 100.00% Race Norming Scores: To admit a class that has equal distribution of blacks and whites at all levels scores must be normalized. Thus at a score of 45 is better than 96.4% of whites, but 99.7% of blacks. To get 96.4% of blacks, we have to go down to a score of 39. Thus, to get equal the same number of whites and blacks as the LSAT pool as a whole, when admitting whites at the 96th percentile, blacks must be admitted at the 77th percentile. Note that a study done by the LSAS concluded that a 96th percentile black is as good as a 96th percentile white, and a 77th black is in no way comparable to a 96th percentile white, even though he or she might still have a good chance of graduating. A survey of schools showed that blacks did not have a comparable graduation rate at schools were the black average score was significantly lower than whites (which was nearly all schools), but the graduation rate was comparable when test scores were comparable. Most law schools do not claim to admit to equal academic standards - they proudly state that they seek diversity, and students with test scores far below average will be admitted if they "add to diversity". Score Percentil R-Norm Blacks will be admitted at LSAT score White Black Which is equivalent 1 1 to white percentile 48 99.5% 100.0% 44 94.3% 47 99.0% 99.9% 42 90.2% 46 98.5% 99.9% 41 85.7% 45 96.4% 99.7% 39 76.8% 44 94.3% 99.5% 37 66.5% 43 92.3% 99.2% 36 60.6% 42 90.2% 99.0% 35 54.8% 41 85.7% 98.2% #N/A 40 81.3% 97.5% #N/A 39 76.8% 96.7% #N/A 38 72.3% 95.9% #N/A 37 66.5% 94.2% #N/A 36 60.6% 92.4% #N/A 35 54.8% 90.7% #N/A 34 48.9% 88.9% #N/A Decision Profile: Score needed for 99% chance of admission to at least 1 law school with 3.75+ GPA 1988-89 LSAT White Black Mex Asian 99% 48 35.5 35.5 47 97% 46 35.5 35.5 42.5 Approx. Pctile White Black Mex Asian 99% 99 54 54 98 97% 95 54 54 92 White with 95-99 percentile score has same chance of admission by at least one college as black or Mexican with a 54th percentile scores, which matches up with 95/70 breakdown found at UCLA and U Texas. This indicates this mismatch occurs at nearly all top law schools. \priv\95\04\lawt1, lawt2.txt - LSAT ranked by college US News 1995 ranking of Law Schools by U.S. News Survey Employed Median 6 mos. '94 LSAT after Rank/School score grad 1 Yale University 171 98% 2 Harvard University 169 95% 2 Stanford University 168 97% 4 University of Chicago 169 98% 5 Columbia University 169 97% 6 New York University 167 97% 7 University of Virginia 166 97% 8 Duke University 168 97% 8 University of California at Berkeley 166 92% 8 University of Michigan at Ann Arbor 166 87% 11 Northwestern University 164 93% 11 University of Pennsylvania 165 97% 13 Georgetown University 167 93% 14 Cornell Law School 165 93% 15 University of Southern California 164 93% 16 Vanderbilt University 164 97% 17 University of Texas at Austin 164 96% 18 University of Minnesota at Twin Cities 163 97% 19 University of Iowa 161 93% 20 University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign 162 94% 21 Washington and Lee University 164 91% 22 George Washington University 162 89% 23 University of Wisconsin at Madison 161 89% 24 University of California at Los Angeles 163 80% 95th percentile --------------------------------------------------- 25 Emory University 163 89% 26 Boston College 163 83% 27 University of Georgia 163 97% 28 College of William & Mary (Marshall-Wythe) 164 92% 29 Washington University 162 95% 30 University of California at Davis 164 81% 30 University of Arizona 162 94% 32 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 163 86% 33 Fordham University 163 94% 34 University of Washington 163 67% LSAT GPA 3.55 162 88 pct-------------------------------------------- 35 Boston University 162 77% 36 University of Utah 161 90% 37 Indiana University at Bloomington 159 91% 38 Ohio State University 160 85% 39 University of Notre Dame 163 92% 40 University of Oregon 161 88% 41 Rutgers University School of Law at Newark 158 89% 42 University of Cincinnati 161 90% 42 University of Houston 160 90% 44 Wake Forest University 162 85% 45 University of California, Hastings 162 75% 46 University of Connecticut 160 77% 47 University of Colorado at Boulder 165 73% 48 Brigham Young University (J. Reuben Clark) 160 82% 49 University of Tennessee at Knoxville 159 89% 50 Tulane University 160 71% A minority admitted to Stanford, Harvard or Yale has the same test score as the average student from: lawt2.txt fourth tier (about 65-75th percentile) UCLA Santa Clara University 158 63% Seattle University 158 64% Seton Hall University 155 83% Southern Illinois University at Carbondale 155 82% Stetson University 155 81% Suffolk University 156 88% Syracuse University 154 78% Texas Tech University 158 90% @@medical school exam \priv\95\04\usmed.txt best medical schools @@Merit \clip\97\12\leo.txt Who said PC is passe? BY JOHN LEO U.S. News & World Report 5/12/97 Latino UCLA tutor was rejected because he didn't see a lot of "institutional racism on campus" and would have been the kind of person who stressed "learning" which is only 50% of the job compared to "validating the feelings of students". @@Military Academies \clip\98\16\milacad.txt http://www.ncpa.org/pi/edu/june98a.html National Center for Policy Analysis Nov 1998 Preferences at Military Academies Opponents of racial preferences in college admissions are turning their attention to admissions policies at the nation's military service academies. The Center for Equal Opportunity has released a study charging that both West Point and the U.S. Naval Academy admit black and Hispanic students with grades and test scores lower on average than those of the white students admitted. According to the report, median SAT scores for white students admitted to the Naval Academy in 1995 were 580 on verbal and 670 on math -- versus 510 verbal and 590 math for blacks admitted. @@MIT admissions ASIANS STUCK AT 26-28% AT MIT SINCE 1992 chart at \clipim\98\01\mitasin.gif show that MIT admissions office data put MIT asian applicants peaking in 1995 at nearly 2,000 admits peaked at about 600 in 1992, and admits at about 300. By contrast, Asians increased from 30% at the late 1980s to nearly 40-50% at UC Berkeley. When Asians hit a ceiling at UC in the 1980s, it was evidence of quotas. Could the same be at MIT? CAMITALK (Chinese at MIT) Mar 1998 newsletter. MIT SAYS WOMEN OK WITH LOWER MATH SAT SCORES http://www.usnews.com/usnews/issue/970901/1TEST.HTM \clip\97\29\testmert.txt US News and World Report Sept 1, 1997 p. 95 The test of merit fails that standard The SAT disqualifies some students who could make the grade BY THOMAS TOCH AND MARNA WALTHALL UNDER-MINORITIES AT MIT GRADUATE AT A LOWER RATE, BUT 75%-80% ARE SUCCESSFUL VS. 85% An Interview with Paul Gray '54 MIT News Technology Review July 1997 MIT1 (F070297, text) IN 1996, WHITES ARE THE MOST UNDER-REPRESENTED RACE VS US POPULATION \doc\96\04\mit95.wk1 All of the affirmative action groups have the highest admission rates. By 1996, whites have become the most under-represented minority due to affirmative action preferences and competition from Asians. At 28%, MIT has the highest percentages of Asians for a school which draws from a national pool. Ranked by Admit Rate Mexican 211 107 58 50.7% 1.92 PuertoRi 96 44 27 45.8% 1.74 AfAm 332 138 66 41.6% 1.58 NatAm 49 17 5 34.7% 1.32 Asian 1942 577 317 29.7% 1.13 SpanAm 141 38 16 27.0% 1.02 White/None 4060 1071 548 26.4% 1.00 All 7958 2013 1118 25.3% -1.04 Internatio 1127 121 81 10.7% -2.46 MIT 1996 Admits PercentUs Pop Parity Asian 27.2% 11.54 NatAm 1.6% 3.47 PuertoRi 2.3% 3.07 Mexican 6.5% 1.44 UnderMin 18.5% 1.24 AfAm 7.8% 1.06 White/None 48.5% 1.00 <- Whites most under-represented ------------------------- White vs.pop 0.66 \doc\95\14\mit98.htm March 18, 1994 class of 1998 was 43% women, 14% minority, 6% international, 28% Asian, 1% Spanish Am. 20% of men in Elect Eng, but only 10% of women \doc\95\14\mitwom40.htm 40%, highest ever admitted into class of 1998 "there were more women in the stronger part of the applicant pool." \doc\95\14\mitwom45.htm - MIT admitted 45% women, minorities 9% of applicant pool, 14% of admits March 24, 1995. \doc\95\14\mitadmis.htm 1995, minorities drop to 14%, Asians drop by 1 to 28%, women up to 42%, record high. \doc\95\14\mitwomn.htm MIT women earned their admissions, 42% women in 1995 \doc\95\14\mitafac.htm MIT affirms affirmative action, notes that in hiring staff, all groups are under-represented unlike over-represented Asian students. \doc\95\05\MIT9394.wk1 - MIT registrations 93-94 Noteable: Minorities were nearly 50% (46%) of freshme. Women were 1/3 of entering freshmen. Overall, including graduates, MIT is only 15% AsianAmerican, 25% minority doc932\mit.xlw,mitrate MIT admissions doc\94\8\mit.xlw 1994 MIT admissions and history doc\census\state.wk1 - MIT compared with US states MIT projections 1988 - undergrad 92-93 W56% B6% H9% A28% 1%NA 11-13Jewish? Tech Review April 95 - Boston Globe Jan 15, 1995 by John Powers undergrad 35% female, 30% Asian 15% BH or NA Math SAT average is 740, 90% in top 5% of class Asians are in "limbo" not under-represented, expected to succeed, other minorities aren't expected to succeed. @@New Hampshire \doc\web\98\10\unh.txt Arthur Hu NEW HAMPSHIRE DIVERSITY GOALS FOUNDED ON "DEFICIENCY OF COLOR", NOT SIMPLY REFLECTING POPULATION New Hampshire is a state that is 98% white, with only 2.7% minorities and 0.6% blacks. Yet the university president has acceded to demands that the university admit 3% blacks and 7.5% minorities by 2005 because "our most striking deficiency as a community is in students and faculty of color". In other words, they seek to remedy the state's sadly lacking "diversity" not just mirror it. This is a "problem" faced by many overwhelmingly white states and cities. 1990 Population of New Hampshire: white nhwhite black AmInd As/PI Other Hispanic New Hampshire 98.0% 97.3% 0.6% 0.2% 0.8% 0.3% 1.0% Goals and Current Status Minority Undergraduate Students Goals Current Status 1995 3.0% 1994 3.0% (312/10,268) 2000 5.0% 1995 3.3% (329/9,980) 2005 7.5% 1996 3.4% (342/10,057) State Population 2.7% Black Student Union / President Goals: 1. A Black student population of 300 students by the year 2004, adding approximately 50 students each year starting in the year 2000. (3% black) vs. 0.6% population @@Purdue \doc\95\13\purdue.txt - Purdue faculty and af-action policy We currently have about 2000 tenure/tenure track faculty. Of that group, about 146 are Asian/Asian American, 25 are black/African American, 24 are Hispanic/Latino(a), and 4 are Indian/Native American. There are 178 women in that group. @@Rice http://riceinfo.rice.edu/~hunsaker/fbstudt.html ETHNIC ENROLLMENT as of fall 1995 Undergraduate Graduate Asian American 398 15.0% 39 2.6% Black 167 6.3% 29 2.0% Hispanic 263 10.0% 36 2.4% International* 84 3.2% 373 25.3% Multi-Racial 12 0.5% 0 0% Native American 17 0.6% 3 0.2% White 1,715 64.6% 993 67.4% Totals 2,656 100%** 1,473 100%** * Ethnicity not recorded ** May not add up to 100% due to rounding @@SAT Gap In 1991 the Northwester Review at Northwestern University claimed that the median SAT score for black students was 100 to 150 pointw beelow the NU undergraduate average, which was then about 1270. Rebecca Dixwon says that NU's balck students can compete academically and that 79 percent graduate. Newsweek affirmative action special, 1995 \doc\95\10\blaktest.txt "Colleges Luring Black Students" New York Times Feb 28, 1993 p. 1 Fox Butterfield - Students treated like royalty but their SAT scores fall in bottom 25 percent of student body. @@Stanford %%Admissions [[Stanford University In 1984, Buzel and Jeffrey K Au asked questions about Asian admission, the result was a near doubling of the number of Asians and a lame finding of "unconcious" discrimination. The office claimed that there was no change in admissions policy! The school does NOT release numbers of applications, so it is impossible to monitor the admission rate, however their study claimed that there was a 15% deficit before the study, and that there is no such deficit now. Numbers of Asians in 1994-95 at 22% were still far lower than the University of California or MIT, which are over 28%-30%. http://portfolio.stanford.edu/105147 C-UAFA Annual Report 1994-95 ---------------------------------------------------- PRELIMINARY PROFILE OF STANFORD'S NEW UNDERGRADUATES ---------------------------------------------------- September 19, 1995 James M. Montoya, Dean of Admission and Financial Aid --FRESHMEN * Freshman Applicants = 15,390 * Freshman Admits = 2,908 * Freshman Entering = 1,601 Entering Freshmen * Males = 47% * Females = 53% * High Schools Represented = 991 * Public = 67% Private = 33% Geographic Diversity * States Represented = 50 (Largest State Representation: California (41%), followed by Texas, New York, Washington, Illinois, and Oregon) * 67 Freshmen from 38 Foreign Countries (Including Argentina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, England, France, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, India, Japan, Korea, Mexico, Pakistan, Peoples Republic of China, Portugal, Romania, Singapore, S Africa, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, and Venezuela) Ethnic Diversity * African-American = 8% * Mexican-American = 12% * American Indian = 2% * Asian American = 22% * White = 52% * International = 4% Academic Achievement * High School Rank in Class [Does not include 18% not reporting class rank] Top Decile = 87% Top Quintile = 96% * High School GPA 3.8-4.0 = 74% * SAT's by Score Bands (%) Verbal SAT 700-800 = 29% Verbal SAT 600-699 = 46% Verbal SAT 500-599 = 20% Verbal SAT Below 500 = 5% Math SAT 700-800 = 64% Math SAT 600-699 = 29% Math SAT 500-599 = 7% Math SAT Below 500 = 0% --TRANSFERS * Transfer Applicants = 1,199 * Transfer Admits = 191 * Transfer Enrolling = 150 Entering Transfers * Males = 47% * Females = 53% * Colleges Represented = 92 * From Community Colleges = 20% Geographic Diversity * States Represented = 24 (Largest state representation: California (49%), followed by Washington, New York, Arizona, Missouri, Colorado, and Oregon) * 18 transfers from 14 foreign countries (Including Australia, Bosnia, Brazil, Denmark, France, Japan, Nigeria, Peoples Republic of China, and Spain) Ethnic Diversity * African-American = 5% * Mexican-American = 6% * American Indian = 1% * Asian American = 11% * White = 61% * International = 12% * Other = 3% Academic Achievement * College GPA 3.6-4.0 = 7% * Combined SAT 1200+ = 86% * Combined SAT 1300+ = 68% * SAT's by Score Bands (%) Verbal SAT 700-800 = 23% Verbal SAT 600-699 = 53% Verbal SAT 500-599 = 19% Verbal SAT Below 500 = 5% Math SAT 700-800 = 51% Math SAT 600-699 = 39% Math SAT 500-599 = 7% Math SAT Below 500 = 3% (Note: All %'s are rounded.) doc936:staf93.txt doc940:stanquot.doc - class of 1997 46% minority W50% 9%B 10%Mx 24%A 2%NAm note if 10% Jewish, then only 40% non-Jew white vs. 72% popualation Educating Stanford Joan Walsh SF Focus May 1994 p. 54 Incoming class: 55.2 W 26.8 A 9.4 Mx 7.5 B 1.1 NA Was 75.4 white in 80, now 53% %%Hiring RICE SAYS NO TO GOALS, PREFERENCES, US SAYS THAT'S A VIOLATION \clip\99\05\rice.txt February 2, 1999, in the San Jose Mercury News U.S. probes Stanford promotion policies BY MICHELLE LEVANDER Mercury News Staff Writer Condoleezza Rice, the outgoing No. 2 figure in the university administration and de facto chief affirmative action officer, has repeatedly stated her reservations about the ``goals and timetables'' traditionally at the heart of affirmative action. @@University of California %%Eligibility Rates http://www.ucop.edu/sas/btn/btn06.html doc922\ucelig90.wk1 UC eligibility rates UC Eligibility by Race Percentage of Graduates Fully Eligible 1990 White Black Hispanic Asian Nat Am 12.7% 5.1% 3.9% 32.2% 5.0% Relative to White 1.00 -2.49 -3.26 2.54 -2.54 Percentage of High School Graduates 1990 White Black Hispanic Asian Nat Am 55.0% 7.0% 23.0% 14.0% 1.0% Race Breakdown of Eligible Students for University of California 1990 White Black Hispanic Asian Nat Am Total 0.0699 0.0036 0.0090 0.0451 0.0005 0.1280 54.6% 2.8% 7.0% 35.2% 0.4% Fall Enrollment 1995 W44.1 B4.0 H13.7 A31.2 N1.0 Unk 3.9 Intl 2.1 Asians are 35% of UC student because that's the percentage that is eligible! Only 2.8% of eligible students are black, despite goals that were set at 8% high school graduate %%general news LA GRIFFE FINDS SOME COMPLIANCE, BUT MOSTLY NOT http://www.lagriffedulion.f2s.com/prop209.htm La Griffe du Lion Volume 2 Number 6 June 2000 THE DEATH OF MERITOCRACY UCLA EXPOSED The 1997 UCLA Medical School freshman class was its first under Prop 209. That year the new law took effect in the graduate and professional schools of the University. From the beginning the UCLA Medical School was defiant. So blatant was its disregard for the Civil Rights Initiative that we have yet to find its match -- anywhere. Race Applied Accepted % Accepted Average GPA Average MCAT Asian/White 4675 140 3.0% 3.79 11.6 Black/Hispanic 489 51 10.4% 3.42 9.8 Table 1. UCLA Medical School admissions in 1997, the first class under Prop 209. Grade-point (GPA) and MCAT averages are shown for admitted applicants. HOPWOOD 1ST CLASS WAS IN COMPLIANCE, BUT NO LONGER The first class to be admitted to the Law School under Hopwood entered in 1997. Table 6 shows enrollment data for that year and results from the meritocracy test. Race Applied Accepted Accepted( No Preferences Projection) %Accepted % Accepted ( No Preferences Projection) Asian/White 2824 1015 1019 35.9% 36.1 Black/Hispanic 531 51 47 9.6% 8.9 Table 6. First Post-Hopwood University of Texas Law School admissions (1997) The first year after Hopwood, despite strong faculty sentiment supporting affirmative action, the Law School did what we expect of a law school, it obeyed the law. NO PARITY IN OUTCOME WITHOUT PARITY IN INPUTS. Comment from Arthur Hu: you missed my original method for detecting quotas which I used in 1988 - compare the numbers admitted with their stated quotas. Eyeball looks like UCLA admitted about 25% Blacks and Hispanics. Compare that to population goals based on HS grads of 10% black and 15% Hispanic - right on the button. Prop 209 is useless without a way of measuring compliance, which the article does give, in addition to my method of essentially outlawing ANY parity in numbers in the absence of parity in qualifications. TEST SCORES AND AP ARE RACE NEUTRAL, RACE IS NOT \clip\99\06\points.txt http://www.asianweek.com/021199/opinion.html February 11, 1999 Lee Cheng Missing the Points The lawyers and the rejected applicants they represent assert that U.C. Berkeley's admissions criteria is "stacked" against black, Latino and Filipino American applicants because of the school's emphasis on SAT scores and Advanced Placement classes. \priv\95\17\ucpleg.txt - Minorities complain diversity pledge won't preserve "diversity" \doc\95\14\ucyoung.txt Daily Bruin October 4, 1995 From the chancellor:support alternative action \doc\95\14\studrevo.txt "Student Revolt on Affirmative Action" Wall Street Journal Oct 12, 1995 ed. by K.L. Billingsley the California Review staff decides that race-based affirmative action must go \priv\95\14\berkpost.txt - Berekely new policy reduced blacks from 12 to 6%, was relatively fair. The New Republic 10/23/95 BERKELEY POSTCARD RACE MATTERS By Hanna Rosin d:\priv\95\12\regtexam.txt New Republic 08/14/95 BERKELEY POSTCARD REGENTS' EXAM By Peter Schrag. They prefer rich blacks with low test scores because poor Asians with high test scores would cost more. \priv\95\09\ucscrap.txt PAGE ONE -- UC Scraps Affirmative Action / Regents' vote gives Wilson major victory SFC 7/21/95 \priv\95\09\enduc.txt - board of regents votes to end affirmative action \priv\95\04\afacpol3.txt - UC GPA averages by race "Initiative Revives Debate on Affirmative Action" Los Angeles Daily News Jan 30, 1995 N1 According to University of California officials, the UC system admits no student on race or ethnicity alone. All regularly admitted students meet the eligibility requirements, usually with a high school grade average of 3.3 or higher, a UC spokesman said. According to UC figures, grade-point averages for 1993 freshmen at all UC campuses were 3.48 for African-American students, 3.78 for whites/others and 3.86 for Asians, with other ethnic groups at other points within that range. (But minorities are granted automatic admission to UCLA or Berkeley) \doc\94\16\priv\uclatino.txt Call to admit more Latinos into the University of California @@Berkeley %%Berkeley, University of California at Berkeley UC Berkeley dropped Asians to increase minorities in 1984, then dropped whites too in 1985. They admitted Blacks and Hispanics in parity with HS grad population in 1988, but have since fallen somewhat short to avoid lawsuits. Filipinos were also dropped from Affirmative Action, and now have the lowest admission rate of any ethnic group, including international students at Berkeley. They have become under-represented for the first time because of this new policy. Only the fall admissions are "balanced". UC Berkeley and UCLA are predominantly minority schools with barely one-third whites. Asians are better represented than Whites because of better grades and test scores, but Blacks are also better represented near parity with lower grades and test scores. ----------------------------------- Berkeley Statistics on the Web Office of Student Research (enrolled students, graduation rates) New students 1992-1997 http://cois.chance.berkeley.edu/planning/characteristics.html Undergrad 1985-1995 SAT distributions Student enrollments at various UC Campus 1997-2000 UCal Distr of new freshman admit offers University wide stayed about the same, but Berkeley, after an initial dip has risen to about the same as university wide. 1997 = 25.3 is actually over-represented compared to system wide, so actually acted to segregate blacks and hispanics. Underrepresented minorities university wide and Berkeley UW BK 1997 18.8 25.3 1998 16.7 11.0 1999 16.9 14.4 2000 17.6 16.4 1997-1999 UC System, Berkeley, Davis Berkeley Admission Rates 33.6 EInd 32.7 Unknown 29.9 White 29.8 Asian Am 29.5 Overall 28.2 AfAm 28.1 Chicano 27.9 AmIndian 27.7 Other 27.4 Latino -------- Still significantly lower than other groups ---- 20.5 Filipino vs. 15.0% in 1997 FILIPINOS NORMAL AFTER 1998, DISC FROM 1993-1997 z41\doc\web\2000\05\ucberk.txt B. New Freshman Admits by Ethnicity: Fall 1991-1999Numbers 1999 1998* 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 American Indian 40 31 69 113 142 100 86 104 123 Asian Chinese 1522 1499 1453 1542 1459 1483 1316 1286 1077 East Ind./Pak. 358 337 339 297 296 284 272 235 190 Japanese 155 178 134 169 171 148 139 170 131 Korean 472 504 509 437 465 504 521 529 416 Pacific Islander 21 20 21 25 17 15 23 22 16 Vietnamese* 264 219 158 194 Other Asian 217 165 154 170 319 393 390 343 302 Asian (3009) (2922) (2768) (2834) (2727) (2827) (2661) (2585) (2132) Filipino 240 201 157 158 151 135 136 233 218 === normal === ------------- discrimination ------------ == normal === African American 308 247 562 605 621 562 529 560 671 Hispanic Chicano 538 466 1045 1029 1171 970 1006 1034 1230 Latino 226 180 221 356 338 405 421 392 443 Hispanic (764) (646) (1266) (1385) (1509) (1375) (1427) (1426) (1673) White 2974 2780 2725 3027 2919 2719 2671 2952 2654 Other 149 107 186 131 121 96 95 109 65 No Ethnic Data* 742 1291 496 524 401 383 467 505 445 Citizen + Imm 8226 8225 8229 8777 8591 8197 8072 8474 7981 International 218 218 221 243 234 222 180 226 250 TOTAL 8444 8443 8450 9020 8825 8419 8252 8700 8231 RANKED BY WHITE PARITY IN 1996 Percent Class HS Grad Rate Index 1996 Asian Chinese 18.7% 3.8% 493.3% 6.70 Korean 5.3% 1.4% 379.5% 5.16 East Ind./Pak. 3.6% 1.0% 361.1% 4.91 Asian 34.5% 15.2% 226.7% 3.08 Other Asian 2.1% 1.3% 159.0% 2.16 Vietnamese* 2.4% 1.5% 157.2% 2.14 Japanese 2.1% 1.7% 120.9% 1.64 Pacific Islander 0.3% 0.6% 50.7% -1.45 Filipino 1.9% 3.9% 49.2% -1.49 Note that Filipinos who are almost never under-represented on any other campus in any other year in 1996 ranks BELOW Pacific Islanders, which is further evidence of discrimination. \DOC\WEB\98\07\berkgrad.wk1 MINORITY GRAD RATE IMPROVES BUT DROPOUT RATE REMAINS 2X WHITES Office of Student Research UC Berkeley source: http://osr.berkeley.edu/Public/STUDENT.DATA/PUBLICATIONS/GRAD.RATES/Grad1.html this: http://www.leconsulting.com/arthurhu/98/07/berkgrad.wk1 Table 1. Percent of New Fall Freshmen Graduating within Six Years of Entry Entered Fall 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 African American 37.7 31.4 39.3 50.2 49.0 46.9 58.7 53.9 61.6 61.4 61.6 60.9 American Indian 20.0 50.0 30.0 36.8 57.7 53.6 60.0 63.5 68.9 61.8 69.0 57.4 Chicano 44.9 54.7 52.1 51.7 63.7 59.7 67.3 63.3 65.8 65.0 66.8 66.7 Latino 53.3 59.4 61.5 59.1 64.7 63.0 70.1 66.4 74.6 70.6 72.5 75.8 Asian 69.0 68.6 73.6 76.8 76.6 81.3 81.5 86.0 88.7 88.2 88.1 90.0 White 71.8 72.5 74.1 78.2 78.8 80.0 83.8 84.8 85.0 84.9 82.7 81.6 ALL FRESHMEN 67.3 67.9 70.6 74.6 74.4 76.4 78.6 77.7 80.4 79.4 80.2 80.5 Relative Drop Out Rates White=1.00 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 African American-2.21-2.49-2.34-2.28-2.41-2.66-2.55-3.03-2.56-2.56-2.22-2.13 American Indian -2.84-1.82-2.70-2.90-2.00-2.32-2.47-2.40-2.07-2.53-1.79-2.32 Chicano -1.95-1.65-1.85-2.22-1.71-2.02-2.02-2.41-2.28-2.32-1.92-1.81 Latino -1.66-1.48-1.49-1.88-1.67-1.85-1.85-2.21-1.69-1.95-1.59-1.32 Asian -1.10-1.14-1.02-1.06-1.10 1.07-1.14 1.09 1.33 1.28 1.45 1.84 White 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 Asians have come from slightly higher drop out rate to dropping out at only 1/2 white rate Blacks grad rates have improved from 38% to 61%, but drop out rate remains at about double the white drop out rate as whites have also improved. http://www.ideas.org/pressrel/fsheet/ocr.html \clip\98\04\berk\berk.htm The UC's Dilemma: Manufacturing Equal Outcomes in a World of Unequal Inputs by Michael Lynch, Public Policy Fellow, May 1996 Thus we get to UCB's best kept secret. The only ethnic group which is still under-represented is white. Perhaps this is why administrators use the term "historically under-represented" in place of the term "under-represented." Using the UC eligibility pool as a benchmark, whites were under-represented by 40 percent. Asians were roughly proportional at 32 percent of the applicant pool and 33 percent of those offered acceptances. Hispanics (Chicano/Latino), however, were over-represented by more than 50 percent. African Americans were over-represented by 133 percent. 1996 - UCB STILL HAS VERY LOW FILIPINO ADMISSIONS RATES, NOT ONLY ASIANS, BUT BLACKS, NATIVE AMERICANS OUT-REPRESENT WHITES DUE TO RACIAL PREFERENCES. 40% ASIAN ONLY 30% WHITE REGISTERED. \doc\web\97\03\udb1996.wk1 SOWELL: BLACKS DOWN AT BERKELEY, BUT UP AT OTHER UC CAMPUSES posted for educational purposes at http://www.leconsulting.com/97/17/sowell.txt BODY COUNT VERSUS EDUCATION THOMAS SOWELL July 11, 1997 Crucial facts have been left out in much of the hysteria about declining black enrollments at the University of California at Berkeley, in the wake of the end of affirmative action policies there. This compounds the misconceptions that existed before such policies were ended. Source: Walter Wong, Office of Undergraduate Admissions University of California, Berkeley Fall 1996 Freshman Applied, Admitted, Registered Ranked by Admission Rate Number Rate Reg Index Applied Admit RegisterAdmit Rate Admit AmInd 169 113 52 66.9% 46.0% 1.86 Chicano 1930 1029 389 53.3% 37.8% 1.48 AfrAm 1221 605 233 49.5% 38.5% 1.38 ---- HIGH PREFERENTIAL ADMISSION RATES ----------------------- Latino 895 356 160 39.8% 44.9% 1.11 No data 1358 524 196 38.6% 37.4% 1.07 Citz/Imm 23863 8777 3612 36.8% 41.2% 1.02 Total 25104 9020 3708 35.9% 41.1% 1.00 White 8430 3027 1090 35.9% 36.0% 1.00 Asian 9330 2992 1432 32.1% 47.9% -1.12 Other 530 131 60 24.7% 45.8% -1.45 International 1241 243 96 19.6% 39.5% -1.83 ---- LOWEST DISCRIMINATORY ADMISSION RATE -------------------- Filipino 979 158 76 16.1% 48.1% -2.22 Filipinos are under-represented and have the lowest admission rate again, even lower than international students. Those with NO ethnic data fared better than whites, Filipinos would do better to not specify any ethnic data. Ranked by Under/Representation Percent High SchHSG HSG Applied Admit RegisterGrad 94 Parity Index Asian 39.1% 34.1% 39.6% 12.1% 3.276 5.09 AmInd 0.7% 1.3% 1.4% 0.8% 1.800 2.80 AfrAm 5.1% 6.9% 6.5% 7.5% 0.860 1.34 Filipino 4.1% 1.8% 2.1% 3.1% 0.679 1.05 White 35.3% 34.5% 30.2% 46.9% 0.643 1.00 Chic/Latino 11.8% 15.8% 15.2% 29.6% 0.513 -1.25 Contrary to impression that blacks are grossly under-represented, Blacks are nearly at parity at 86%, but whites and Filipinos are only at 2/3 of parity. Filipinos are at or over parity system-wide and at most other campuses, which suggests even more for the group ----------------------------------------------------------------- UC BERKELEY ONLY ACCEPTS 33% WHITES Comment - 33% white used to be the definition of a segregated school, now it's just "diverse". Race preferences won't be dropped until next year. Blacks are near parity, but whites are only half their state population, and there are more Asians than whites. "The new class is expected to be 7 percent African American, 1 percent American Indian, 13 percent Chicano, 36 percent Asian American, 33 percent white and 3 percent Latino. " http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/chronicle/chron.article.cgi?file=MN16096.DTL&directory=/chronicle/archive/1997/03/26 \clip\97\08\ucberk.txt Wednesday, March 26, 1997 Page A18 1997 San Francisco Chronicle UC Accepts 30% of Freshman Applicants Only 30 percent of a record number of freshman applicants have been accepted to the University of California's flagship campus, officials said yesterday. \clip\97\04\ucberk96.txt Tuesday, May 16, 1995 Page A1 San Francisco Chronicle "Nearly 27 percent of the Chicano and Latino undergraduates and 30 percent of blacks come from families earning more than $70,000 a year "Although statistically Berkeley is one of America's most integrated campuses, " (comment - only blacks and hispanics are near "correct" proportions) http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/chronicle/article.cgi?file=MN55105.DTL&directory=/chronicle/archive/1995/05/16 PAGE ONE: UC Campus Debates Affirmative Action Some say success in diversifying Berkeley student body backfired Ben Wildavsky, Chronicle Staff Writer HEYMAN: APOLOGIES, BUT NO WE DID NOT DISCRIMINATE AGAINST ASIANS z39\clipim\99\12\12\ucbapo.gif UC Berkeley Chancellor Apologizes to Asians Jun 29, 1988 Asian week Ira Michael Heyman apologized for not responding more sensitively to complaints of discrimination against Asians in the admissions process, but would not admit to discrimination. \clip\96\12\berkclass.txt Source: U.S. News & World Report, 1996 Dec 23 UC Berkeley Confidential Study on Affirmative Action Ethnic Breakdown of 89 Freshman Class Hispanic 21% Black 11% Asians 24% Whites 37% Note that blacks exceeded 8% hs grad parity, and hispanics also exceeded 20% hs grad parity, while whites were under- represented. This class was the object of the complaint that they reacted to because it conformed perfectly to the definition of a quota. Ethnic Breakdown of 94 Freshman Class Hispanic 17% Black 7% Asians 36% Whites 33% Note that Blacks and Hispanics are still close to 8/20 parity, while whites are even more under-represented. \priv\96\19\BERKVIP.HTM UC BERKELEY PANEL HANDLES ADMISSION REQUESTS BY VIPS; Thursday, April 11, 1996 Home Edition Section: PART A Page: A-1 Berkeley has a system for admitting the VIP but otherwise underqualified just like UCLA. \priv\96\05\karabel.htm Karabel criticizes right wing on affirmative action and color blindness. "Affirmative action' and UC's political theater of the absurd" 7/19/95 San francisco Examiner editorial \doc\96\05\probfind.txt Probe Finds No Reverse Discrimination at UC Berkeley Report comes amid debate over preferences The San Francisco Chronicle Thursday, March 21, 1996 Page A13 *\doc\web\96\03\berkprob.htm "Probe Finds No Bias in Admissions at Berkeley" (c) Los Angeles Times March 21, 1996 \priv\95\17\guide.txt DC 10/26/95 College Guide Views Berkeley as Dangerous, Sexist, But Diverse "The only category in which UC Berkeley ranked was number 11 out of 20 for the most diverse student body. Harvard and Radcliff Colleges were ranked number one in the same category" \priv\95\17\debate.txt DC 10/23/95 Opinions Clash at Debate Over Affirmative Action \priv\95\17\delay.txt DC 10/17/95 Faculty May Ask For Delay in Ending Affirmative Action \priv\95\17\sproull.txt DC 10/16/95 Protesters Packed Sproul, But UC Walkout Was No Shutout Some choose history class over history in the making \priv\95\17\walkout.txt DC "Thousands Expected to Join Walkout UC Berkeley prepares for protest while Tien calls for 'positive action'" \priv\95\17\faculty.txt DC 10/11/95 Faculty Panel Tells Why Affirmative Action Works - Asians under-represented among graduates and faculty \priv\95\17\asuc.txt DC 10/11/95 ASUC OKs Affirmative Action Bills By Apul Kirit Patel Contributing Writer \priv\95\17\teachin.txt Daily Californian 9/29/95 Teach-In Promotes Affirmative Action Songs and speeches express support \priv\95\17\outreach.txt Daily Californian 9/28/95 Initiating Tien's Student Outreach Program \priv\95\17\afacclas.txt Daily Californian 9/25/95 Affirmative Action Groups Clash Over Tactics Non-student participation raises hackles \priv\95\17\afacgo.txt Daily Californian Sept 21, 1995 "Affirmative Action Needed to Go" Editorial staff comes out against affirmative preferences, for once. \doc\95\14\celtic.txt Dale Warner observes that Celtic origin are only 5% of Berkeley admissions vs. 16% of state population. the contacts were with undergrads, not just entering freshman. d:\priv\95\08\howucdec.htm San Francisco Chronicle "How UC Berkeley Decides Who Gets In / Grades, test scores, `social diversity'" May 16, 1995 Difference in average high school grades among ethnic groups entering UC Berkeley are largely mirrored in college grade point averages. These figures are for 1994 graducates. Ranked by UC GPA HIGH SCHOOL UC GPA GPA WHITE 3.86 3.34 ASIAN 3.99 3.26 LATINO 3.58 3.12 AMERICAN INDIAN 3.55 3.11 CHICANO 3.58 3.06 AFERICAN AMERICANS 3.33 2.86 Note - Asians go in with higher gpa, graduate with lower gpa than whites. d:\priv\95\08\uccamp.htm San Francisco Chronicle "UC Campus Debates Affirmative Action / Some say success in diversifying Berkeley" student body backfires " Date: May 16, 1995 PARENTAL ANNUAL INCOME BY ETHNICITY White $75,000 Black $38,266 Hispanic $40,000 Asian $57,100 Source: UC Berkeley \priv\95\07\nytberk.txt - NYT, black opposes, Asian chancellor support affirmative action at GPA of admitted students W3.86 B3.43 H3.65 A3.95 GPA percentile W 30 B 7 H 11 A 33 SAT W1256 B994 H1032 A1293 SAT Percentile vs. reg W 54 B 9 H 9 A 54 Grad Rates (6 yr) W84 B59 H64 A88 Failure Rates W16 B41 H36 A12 Index 1.00 -2.56-2.25 1.33 Officials say minorities have high graduation rates, but blacks are 2.6 and Hispanics 2.3 times more likely to not graduate in 6 years. They say test score standards have not fallen, but the gap is among the largest of any college 1994 regular admit student profile - nonengineering 490-790 800-990 1000-1190 1200-1390 1400-1600 Overall 72 584 1578 3375 1278 7178 \priv\95\07\ucberk95.txt - wall street journal article \doc\95\06\berknoaf.wk1 - Berkeley with No Affirmative Action would be 50% Asian, 1% Black "Campuses Mull Admissions Without Affirmative Action" Wall Street Journal May 16, 1995 Source: UC Berkeley Office of Undergraduate Admissions Max FreshmenIf Admitted on Factoring in 1994 Academics Alone Econonomic Race EnrolledMin Max Average Status Asian American 41.7% 51.6% 54.7% 53.2% 52.1% Caucasian 29.8% 34.8% 37.3% 36.1% 37.3% Hispanic 15.3% 0.3% 6.3% 3.3% 10.0% African American 6.4% 0.5% 1.9% 1.2% 2.3% Native American 1.2% 0.1% 1.0% 0.6% 0.7% Other 5.5% 5.3% 8.6% 6.9% 7.5% Increase or Decrease if changed to Academics Race Alone Asian American 1.27 Caucasian 1.21 Hispanic -4.64 African American -5.33 Native American -2.18 Other 1.26 doc922:ucbstate.wk1 UC Berkeley vs. State population \college\uc\berkeley.xls doc941\berkeley.xls 1993 admission rates admits w35.6 b7.0 h19.0 a37.2 admit rate w=1.0 b=1.3 h=1.6 a=-1.07 (non-fil -1.02 fil -2.07) Econ Sept 17 1994 p. 28 the ruling class: 36.6 Asian 34.5 White Historical statistics 1995------------------------------------------------------ \doc\web\97\03\berkhist.wk1 \doc\96\02\ucblow.wk1 Low Admission Rates at UC Berkeley White Admission Rate (Admit / Apply) = 1.00 Low Admi Rate - Racial / Reverse Discrimination if below -1.05 Year 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 Asian ###############-1.17-1.08-1.06######### Hispanic####################-1.67############## Other ####################################### Am India-2.05-1.71-1.44######################## Asian-F #####-1.07-1.06-1.25-1.18-1.15-1.13 Filipino####################################### Other -1.53-1.08#####-1.26-1.14-1.19-1.72 NA ####################################### Foreign -2.56-4.56-3.32-2.30-2.24-2.18-1.54 Chinese ###############-1.30-1.18############## Ind/Paki-1.32-1.33-1.26-1.16-1.15-1.07######### Japan ###############-1.08################### Korean -1.23-1.11-1.06-1.13-1.10-1.35-1.26 PacIs -1.63-1.72##########-1.22-1.07-3.45 OtherAs -1.58-1.48-1.38-1.80-1.84-1.84-1.76 Low Admit Rates Year 19881989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 19951996 Total ##############################-1.06######### Asian ##########-1.14#####-1.05-1.07-1.07-1.10 Asian-F -1.11-1.08-1.12############################# Filipino##########-1.30-1.25-1.33-2.07-2.28-2.24 Other -1.17-1.32-1.60-1.24-1.31##########-1.26 NA ############################################ Foreign -1.95-1.73-1.78-1.85-2.09-2.39-1.84-1.81 Chinese ############################################ Ind/Paki#####-1.06################################## Japan -1.15-1.07################################## Korean -1.27-1.14-1.26############################# PacIs -3.00-2.31-1.99############################# OtherAs -1.50-1.36-1.41############################# ========================================================= University of California Affirmative Action Milestones by admission rates Admission rates are the only reliable way to tell which groups did an did not get preferences or discriminatory treatment, as the admissions office always refuses to disclose which groups are favored and disfavored. Arthur Hu's analysis is the ONLY definitive study of which groups were favored. All years - Foreign -1.5 to -2.0 Other Asian - Disadvantaged 11.6 to -1.41 until 1991 1984 - AmIndians, Pacific Islanders lose disadvantaged rates Asians -1.17, Asians outraged at UCB and UCLA when admissions and admission rates fall. Chancellor openly states goal of parity with high school graduates Other races fall to -1.26 Chinese fall to -1.30 1985 - Asian disparity falls to -1.08. White admissions fall by nearly same amount as Asians did in 1984, with no controversy. UC must conclude that there is no political cost to letting white admissions fall. Other races still low, Chinese disparity falls to -1.18 Pacific Islanders disadvantaged again until 1991 1986 - Asian disparity falls to -1.06 Chinese disparity disappears. 1987 - Other races falls to -1.72. Year before parity is reached. 1988 - UCB announces admissions reaches parity with hs grad goals for black and Hispanic Japanese, Korean, PacIsland and Other Asians low. This is equivalent to a racial quota. 1989 - Arthur Hu submits complaint to education department, UCB orders re-evaluation of admissions policies Asians overall (except Chinese) still low 1990 - Only Koreans, PacIs, Other Asians still low Filipinos officially removed from preferences, -1.3 Both UCB and UCLA implement overhauled policies, which co-incidentally address nearly every problem cited by Hu's complaint, no longer state that numerical parity is an explicit goal, reduce percentage of students not admitted by merit, eliminate fixed slots for minorities, admit fewer blacks and hispanics than 8% black and 20% hispanic parity. 1991 - For first time, Non-Fil Asians rates overall are equal to white 1993 - Filipino rate falls to -2.39, the lowest rate of any group which indicates discrimination. Filipino students chose to ask for racial preferences rather than claim that affirmative action discriminates against them, other Asians also chose to ignore this strong evidence of discrimination against Asian groups other than politically dominant Northeast Asians who succeeded in rolling back discrimination before. 1995 - UCLA drops discriminatory Filipino rate, but UCB retains it. 1996 - UCB and UCLA drop plans to end admission by race, UCB still has very low filipino rates. UCB passes federal investigation which upholds racial preferences, ignores filipino disparity. 1997 - UCB and UCLA to drop race as admissions criterion (hahaha) WHEN AND WHO DID BERKELEY DISCRIMINATE AGAINST ASIANS AND OTHER GROUPS? Conclusion - UC Berkeley has discriminated (as defined by admissions rates lower than whites, any group higher than whites is "affirmative action", and presumed to be legal) * against non-filipino Asians from 1982 to 1981, * against Asians overall from 1984-1986, 1990 and 1992-95 * against Filipinos from 1990 to 1996 * against "other" races and other Asians almost every year since 1981 when these numbers were made available. \doc\web\97\03\berkhist.wk1 Admissions 1980 to 1996 \doc\96\02\ucbhist.wk1 Admissions 1980 to 1995 \doc\96\02\ucb95.wk1 - Fall '95 Registered% W30.8 B6.7 H16.1 A38.4 N1.9 Admit rate W1.00 B1.37 H1.65 A-1.10 N1.84 Fil -2.24 \doc\96\02\ucb91.wk1 University of California, Berkeley Office of Undergraduate Admission Feb 1996 Fall 1995 Freshmen, Applied, Admitted, Registered Analysis by Arthur Hu Applicant Admit RegistrationAdmit ARate Proj Parity Count pct Count pct Count Rate Index HSG American Indian 204 0.9% 142 1.7% 63 1.9% 69.6% 1.84 0.8% 199.1% Asian 8403 38.8% 2878 33.5% 1268 38.4% 34.2% -1.10 14.7% 227.9% African American 1204 5.6% 623 7.2% 222 6.7% 51.7% 1.37 6.7% 107.9% Chicano 1884 8.7% 1172 13.6% 412 12.5% 62.2% 1.65 Latino 840 3.9% 338 3.9% 119 3.6% 40.2% 1.07 White 7731 35.7% 2919 34.0% 1018 30.8% 37.8% 1.00 43.4% 78.2% Other 412 1.9% 123 1.4% 47 1.4% 29.9% -1.26 No data 994 4.6% 400 4.7% 151 4.6% 40.2% 1.07 Cit & Imm 21672 100.0% 8595 100.0% 3300 100.0% 39.7% 1.05 International 1139 237 105 20.8% -1.81 TOTAL 22811 8832 3405 38.7% 1.03 Hispanic 2724 12.6% 1510 17.6% 531 16.1% 55.4% 1.47 31.1% 56.5% Filipino 895 4.1% 151 1.8% 58 1.8% 16.9% -2.24 3.3% 53.7% Asian-Fil 7508 34.6% 2727 31.7% 1210 36.7% 36.3% -1.04 11.4% 277.8% 1995 UC Berkeley Admissions Ranked by Admission Rate Admit ARate Rate Index American Indian 69.6% 1.84 Chicano 62.2% 1.65 African American 51.7% 1.37 No data 40.2% 1.07 Latino 40.2% 1.07 Citizens and Imm 39.7% 1.05 TOTAL 38.7% 1.03 White 37.8% 1.00 Asian-Fil 36.3%-1.04 Asian 34.2%-1.10 Other 29.9%-1.26 International 20.8%-1.81 Filipino 16.9%-2.24 <- still the lowest, unlike UCLA Projection of K12 Public High School Graduates by ethnicity State of California Demographic Research Unit, 1989, 1995 Percent of total Actual 1990-11994-51999-02004-5 1994 Af-Am 7.17 6.72 5.76 6.15 7.5 AmInd 0.83 0.83 0.8 0.93 0.8 Asian PI 11.53 11.42 13.62 16.26 12.1 Filipino 2.99 3.27 3.21 3.85 3.1 Chic/Latino 25.07 31.08 36.75 33.47 29.6 White 52.41 46.68 39.86 39.34 46.9 Ranked by Admitted Parity with 1994 HS Grad Admit Proj ParityIndex pct HSG Asian-Fil 31.7% 12.1%262.2% 3.62 Asian Overall 33.5% 15.2%220.3% 3.04 American Indian 1.7% 0.8%206.5% 2.85 African American 7.2% 7.5% 96.6% 1.33 White 34.0% 46.9% 72.4% 1.00 Hispanic 17.6% 29.6% 59.4% 0.82 Filipino 1.8% 3.1% 56.7% 0.78 American Indians and African Americans are better represented than whites. Only Hispanics and Filipinos are represented worse, Filipinos were once given affirmative action preferences, these numbers indicate they have likely been the victim of illegal discrimination to increase other minorities since they have not complained. At 96.6%, African Americans are _not_ under-represented again for the first time since 1988 when they were guilty of implementing quotas. Filipinos have the lowest admission rate, and the worst representation of any racial group in 1995 This can only be explained by discriminatory policies when their over-representation was explained by affirmative action which was removed in 1990. Berkeley Patterns Of Discrimination Legal and Otherwise Relative Admit Rate (Compared to White) ---- Less < White - Discrimination ++++ Higher > White - Preference Year 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1980 White 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 White Black 1.22 1.05 1.03 1.35 1.45 2.15 2.69 2.68 Black +++++ +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ This is period of increased affirmative action Asian -1.02 -1.04 -1.03 -1.17 -1.08 -1.06 -1.03 -1.02 Asian ---------------------- - This is famous 1984-1986 anti-asian discrimination uncovered by controversy Hispanic 1.43 1.20 1.18 1.49 -1.67 1.40 1.74 1.94 Hispanic ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ Am Indian -2.05 -1.71 -1.44 1.27 1.69 2.48 3.00 3.10 ---- ----- ----- +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ Asian-F -1.02 -1.07 -1.06 -1.25 -1.18 -1.15 -1.13 -1.11 --------------------------------------- >>Filipino 1.42 1.19 1.16 1.44 1.58 1.46 1.64 1.53 +++++ ++++ ++++ ++++ ++++ ++++ ++++ +++++ Chicano 1.50 1.23 1.22 1.49 1.63 2.42 2.82 3.04 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ Latino 1.37 1.15 1.15 1.49 1.53 2.41 2.82 3.04 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ Other -1.53 -1.08 -1.04 -1.26 -1.14 -1.19 -1.72 -1.17 ------------ ---------------------------------------- NA -1.02 1.07 1.49 1.09 1.11 1.10 1.14 1.32 ++++++ +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ Foreign -2.56 -4.56 -3.32 -2.30 -2.24 -2.18 -1.54 -1.95 --------------------------------------------------------------- Chinese 1.09 -1.03 -1.02 -1.30 -1.18 -1.04 -1.04 1.01 ++++ ----- ----- Ind/Pakis -1.32 -1.33 -1.26 -1.16 -1.15 -1.07 -1.01 1.00 ---- ----- ----- ----- ----- Japan -1.05 1.03 1.01 -1.08 1.00 -1.03 -1.03 -1.15 Korean -1.23 -1.11 -1.06 -1.13 -1.10 -1.35 -1.26 -1.27 ---- ---- ----- ----- ------ - PacIs -1.63 -1.72 1.02 -1.01 -1.22 -1.07 -3.45 -3.00 ------------- ----- ---------------- OtherAs -1.58 -1.48 -1.38 -1.80 -1.84 -1.84 -1.76 -1.50 ---------------------------------------------------------------- Year 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1980 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 White 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 .00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00White 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 Black 2.49 1.97 1.73 1.38 1.31 1.31 1.37 1.38 .22 1.05 1.03 1.35 1.45Black 2.15 2.69 2.68 2.49 1.97 1.73 1.38 1.31 1.31 1.37 1.38 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ ++++ ++++++++++++ ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ Admit rate fall below 2 times whites in 1991 Asian - 1.03 -1.14 -1.03 -1.05 -1.07 -1.07 -1.10 -1.12 .02 -1.04 -1.03 -1.17 -1.08Asian -1.06 -1.03 -1.02 1.03 -1.14 -1.03 -1.05 -1.07 -1.07 -1.10 -1.12 ----- ----- ----- ------------- --------- ----- ----- ------ Hispanic 2.48 2.06 2.20 1.58 1.61 1.45 1.47 2.00 .43 1.20 1.18 1.49 -1.67Hispanic 1.40 1.74 1.94 2.48 2.06 2.20 1.58 1.61 1.45 1.47 2.00 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ Am Indian - 2.66 2.52 2.51 1.81 1.79 1.81 1.84 1.86 .05 -1.71 -1.44 1.27 1.69 2.48 3.00 3.10 2.66 2.52 2.51 1.81 1.79 1.81 1.84 1.86 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ --- ----- ----- ++++++++++++ ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ Asian-F --1.08 -1.12 -1.01 -1.03 -1.02 -1.01 -1.04 -1.06 .02 -1.07 -1.06 -1.25 -1.18 -1.15 -1.13 -1.11 -1.08 -1.12 -1.01 -1.03 -1.02 -1.01 -1.04 -1.06 ------------- ------------ ---------------------------------------- >>Filipino 1.76 -1.30 -1.25 -1.33 -2.07 -2.28 -2.24 -2.22 .42 1.19 1.16 1.44 1.58 1.46 1.64 1.53 1.76 -1.30 -1.25 -1.33 -2.07 -2.28 -2.24 -2.22 ++++ ----- ----- ------ -----! -----! -----! ----! ++++ ++++ ++++ ++++ ++++ ++++ ++++ +++++ ++++ ----- ----- ------ -----! -----! -----! ----! ^Filipinos lose pref ^Filipinos have worst admit rate Chicano 2.71 2.17 2.35 1.71 1.65 1.48 .50 1.23 1.22 1.49 1.63 2.42 2.82 3.04 2.71 2.17 2.35 1.71 1.65 1.48 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ Latino 2.83 2.32 1.97 1.32 1.07 1.11 .37 1.15 1.15 1.49 1.53 2.41 2.82 3.04 2.83 2.32 1.97 1.32 1.07 1.11 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ Other --1.32 -1.60 -1.24 -1.31 -1.26 -1.45 .53 -1.08 -1.04 -1.26 -1.14 -1.19 -1.72 -1.17 -1.32 -1.60 -1.24 -1.31 -1.26 -1.45 ------------------------------------------------------------- ----------- ------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- NA - 1.16 1.10 1.22 1.15 1.16 1.11 1.07 1.07 .02 1.07 1.49 1.09 1.11 1.10 1.14 1.32 1.16 1.10 1.22 1.15 1.16 1.11 1.07 1.07 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ ++++++ ++++ ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ Foreign --1.73 -1.78 -1.85 -2.09 -2.39 -1.84 -1.81 -1.83 .56 -4.56 -3.32 -2.30 -2.24 -2.18 -1.54 -1.95 -1.73 -1.78 -1.85 -2.09 -2.39 -1.84 -1.81 -1.83 ------------------------------------------------------------- ----------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Highlighting Filipino admission rates at UC Berkeley Filipino + higher than whites (preferential) - lower than whites (discriminatory) ---- Getting racial preferences Year Index Chart 1981 1.42 ++ 1982 1.19 + 1983 1.16 + ---- 1994-89 Filipinos, other minorities boosted 1984 1.44 ++ 1985 1.58 +++ 1986 1.46 ++ 1987 1.64 +++ 1988 1.53 ++ 1989 1.76 +++ ---- 1990-92 Taken off preferences, slightly < neutral 1990 -1.30 -- 1991 -1.25 - 1992 -1.33 - ---- 1993-96 Discriminatory Rates, worse than foreign admits 1993 -2.07 ----- 1994 -2.28 ------ 1995 -2.24 ------ 1996 -2.22 ------ \doc\95\05\ucb.wk1 - Fall '94 Registered% W29.8 B6.4 H15.3 A 41.7 N 1.2 Admit rate W1.00 B1.31 H1.45 A-1.07 N1.81 Fil -2.28 \doc\95\05\ucbhist.wk1 - Long History 1970-94 \doc\94\1\berkeley.xls - Long History \doc\95\05\ucbias95.doc - complaint of bias against Filipino Am %%Riverside, University of California at Riverside As of 1997, Asians were 47% of the class, or nearly half of new students. This makes it the 2nd campus after Irvine to become predominantly Asian, at least among freshmen. \doc\web\97\08\ucr97.wk1 Analysis by Arthur Hu Data provided by Joe Virata director Asian American Programs New Students (freshmen and Transfers) at UCR by Ethnic Category (as of October 1) Diff % State White Fall 9from 9% dif of claHSG '94ParityParity African American 124 5 4.2% 4.3% 7.5% 57.9% 1.05 American Indian 14 -10-41.7% 0.5% 0.8% 61.3% 1.11 Asian American 1338 462 52.7% 46.8% 15.2%308.1% 5.60 All Hispanic 500 49 33.6% 17.5% 29.6% 59.1% 1.07 white 737 10 1.4% 25.8% 46.9% 55.0% 1.00 Whites, African Americans and Latinos are all EQUALLY under-represented (1.00 = parity) Only Asians are over-represented. New Asian Students (freshmen and Transfers) at UCR by Asian Ethnicity (as of October 1, 1997) White Fall 9Dif from F96%classHS GradParityParity Vietnamese 274 85 45.0% 9.6% 1.5% 6.3911.62 Korean 196 79 67.5% 6.9% 1.4% 4.90 8.91 Chinese 406 176 76.5% 14.2% 3.8% 3.74 6.80 Indian/Pakistani 102 24 30.8% 3.6% 1.0% 3.57 6.49 Other Asian 109 17 18.5% 3.8% 1.3% 2.93 5.34 Pilipino 199 67 50.8% 7.0% 3.9% 1.79 3.25 Japanese 47 20 74.1% 1.6% 1.7% 0.97 1.76 Pacific Islander 13 5 62.5% 0.5% 0.6% 0.76 1.38 1346 473 Ranked by population parity, only the Pacific Islanders are under-represented, Compared to whites, every Asian subgroup is over-represented, even the PI. Probably because this is not the top UC campus, Vietnamese and Koreans outnumber the Chinese and Indians who are normally on top of lists like this. @@Striver WEIGHTING SAT SCORE BY SOCIAL DISADVANTAGE $ http://interactive.wsj.com/archive/retrieve.cgi?id=SB936061265207782969.djm zip36\clip\99\17\striver.txt New Weights Can Alter SAT Scores As Family Factors Determine 'Strivers' By AMY DOCKSER MARCUS Staff Reporter of THE WALL STREET JOURNAL ""A combined score of 1000 on the SATs is not always a 1000," Mr. Carnevale says. "When you look at a Striver who gets a 1000, you're looking at someone who really performs at a 1200. This is a way of measuring not just where students are, but how far they've come." Upper-middle-class kids from superior public high schools whose parents went to college will tend be hurt by the Strivers scale if their SAT scores aren't exceptional. " @@System \doc\web\98\08\acri.txt American Civil Rights Institute Sept 1998 issue The Egalitarian Systemwide the proportion of minorities declined only 2.4 points from 17.6% in 1997 to 15.2% in 1998. [Only 10% of pool of eligible students is black or hispanic!] @@UCLA %%UCLA University of California Los Angeles UCLA Freshmen Over 40% Asian American \images\99\07\03\news\ucla.gif Asian Week June 24, 1999 p. 9 white 32.7% 16.6% black or hispanic vs 14.5 last year. Overall 13 Am Indians of 39 admit 137 Af Am of 317 admit, 47y9 Chicano Latino of 1025 admit, 1550 Asian of 4097 admit 1232 white of 3284 admit. 281 decline, 78 other , 67 international GPA 4.15, SAT from 1272 to 1275. \priv\96\08\contvip.txt - Raoul Contrares says it is shameful hypocrisy that Wilson and Connerly have sponsored unqualified VIP students to get into UCLA, but they are no worse than affirmative action admits. "UCLA Eased Entry Rules for the Rich, Well-Connected" Los Angeles Times March 21, 1996 p. 1 UCLA has affirmative action for the rich and connected, story shows academic standards are much lower, yet story on same page says that there is no bias towards minorities, even though the two groups are actually comparable in quality, and the LA Time would have found exactly the same had they chosen to look at minorities rather than the priviledged. This was the basis for much criticism of the rich as "unqualified" in support of affirmative action, though logically, minorities are just as unqualified. paper: f052996 full text: \priv\96\19\UCLAEASE.HTM summary: \doc\96\03\uclaease.txt "UCLA Eased Entry Rules for the Rich, Well Connected" Los Angeles Times March 21, 1996 p. 1. Ironic that it appears on same page as article that claims there is no racial bias at Berkeley and equal academic standards for minorities when an equivalent study would have shown similar 70% admission rate vs. 50% overall. Category GPA SAT Academic 4.22 1288 Diversity 3.53 979<- Same as UC Berkeley Black average Exception 3.13 971 UCB Black 3.43 994 DONATIONS AND ADMISSIONS --IS THERE A TIE AT UCLA? Los Angeles Times Monday, May 6, 1996 Home Edition Page: A-1 By RALPH FRAMMOLINO and MARK GLADSTONE TIMES STAFF WRITERS Willard's daughter--listed on internal fund-raising documents as an applicant who would be "probably denied"--was admitted to the winter 1993 quarter with a 3.0 grade-point and a 1040 SAT, records show. Those scores were lower than those of about 4,000 other applicants who were turned away that year. "she said all the students met minimum eligibility requirements for the nine-campus UC system." Comment: That's a higher SAT than than diversity admits, who come in at 979. Minorities tend to have inflated grades relative to their SAT scores. file: \priv\96\19\UCLADONO.HTM C:\priv\96\19\UCLAREGT.HTM SOME REGENTS SEEK UCLA ADMISSIONS PRIORITY FOR FRIENDS; Los Angeles Times Saturday, March 16, 1996 Home Edition Section: PART A "People who come from disadvantaged backgrounds, who are blacks and Latinos, don't have that kind of weight to carry," said Carmona, who is a supporter of affirmative action. "And we've got to recognize that." Comment - judging by admissions standards, Blacks and Hispanics _do_ carry that weight because they routinely get in under the SAME low standards as the rich and priviledged \doc\95\14\uclaocr.htm October 27, 1995 Daily Bruin "Investigation rules out admissions discrimination" No quotas were found against Asians Americans, but they focused on 1990, after the most egregious policies of 1984 and 1988. They did drop automatic admissions of minorities. \DOC\95\11\BAREXAM.TXT url: http://rohan.sdsu.edu/home/elewis/aff-faq.html "A recent study showed ... that while nearly 90% of regularly admitted UCLA students now pass the California Bar exam, the passage rate is only about 30% for those who are admitted under a special prgram designated to attract minority and other educationally disadvantaged students." Source: Los Angeles Times, May 3, 1987 \doc\96\03\ucla.wk1 1982-1995 admissions big worksheet Rank by 1986 Rank by 1995 parity Korean 5.14 Korean 7.24 Chinese 3.84 Chinese 7.08 Japan 2.95 E.Indian/Pak 5.80 Pilipino 2.08 Asian 4.24 Asian 2.04 Pilipino 1.96 E.Indian 2.04 Japan 1.94 Am India 1.29 Thai/OtherAsian 1.81 Black 1.22 Am Indian 1.45 White 0.99 Black 0.90 Thai/Oth 0.71 Pac Island 0.79 Hispanic 0.59 Hispanic 0.66 Pac Isla 0.16 White 0.66 <-- Lowest in 1995 \DOC\95\05\UCLA94.WK1 1994 ADMISSIONS Ranked by Fall 1994 UCLA Admission Rate (Higher rates associated with affirmative action preferences) Group Ad Rate Index Am Ind 78.3% 1.59 Chicano 60.9% 1.24 All Latino 58.4% 1.18 African Am 57.7% 1.17 Unknown 55.8% 1.13 Asian Am 53.4% 1.08 Total US 52.2% 1.06 Latino 52.1% 1.06 Total 51.1% 1.04 All As/PI 51.0% 1.03 Caucasian 49.3% 1.00 Other 47.7% -1.03 Pac Islander 36.4% -1.36 Filipino 34.4% -1.43<- Discrimination Internationa 25.7% -1.92 \DOC\95\07\UCLA95.WK1 1994/1995 ADMISSIONS UCLA 1994 Undergraduate Admissions Report GPA, SATVERB, AND SATMATH FOR APPS, ADMITS AND REGS APPLICANTS NO. AVG. AVG. AVG. ETHNICITY APPS GPA VERB MATH --------- ---- ---- ---- AMERICAN INDIAN 129 3.52 502 571 AFRICAN AMERICAN 1248 3.29 433 482 CHICAND 2477 3.46 425 491 LATINO 1003 3.54 452 519 PACIFIC ISLANDER 98 3.74 474 588 FILIPINO 1075 3.73 474 549 JAPANESE AMERICAN 523 3.79 512 629 CHINESE AMERICAN 3708 3.87 502 651 KOREAN 1547 3.80 517 654 THAI/OTHER ASIAN 1604 3.85 457 584 EAST INDIAN/PAKISTANI 678 3.89 534 635 CAUCASIAN 7397 3.79 531 612 FILIPINO 1075 3.73 474 549 PACIFIC ISLANDER 98 3.74 474 588 Note - Filipinos comparable to Pac Islanders in qualifications \DOC\doc934\ucla92.xls 1992 UCLA admissions \DOC\doc935\ucla93.xls 1983 UCLA admissions \doc\college\uc\ucla.xls 8/31/92 1980 to 1992 \doc\college\uc\ucla2.wk1 8/26/92 Econ Sept 17 94 p. 28 38% Asian 30.5% white freshmen %%San Diego z41\doc\web\2000\05\ucsd.wk1 ucsd guardian april 6,2000 1999 2000 cauc 40.2 37.8 asian 32.1 33.1 otherdec 13.8 14.2 mex 6.3 7.2 fil 3.4 3.4 lat 2.3 2.4 afr 1.3 1.5 native 0.4 0.4 \clip\98\16\ucsd.txt http://www.ceousa.org/ucsd.html CENTER FOR EQUAL OPPORTUNITY Racial Preferences in Undergraduate Admissions at the University of California, San Diego, 1995 by Robert Lerner, Ph.D. and Althea K. Nagai, Ph.D. Lerner and Nagai Quantitative Consulting UC San Diego Admissions Table 1991-92 Admissions analysis, Arthur Hu UC San Diego Rank Admit Rate 1991 Admit Rate 1992 AmIndian 1.47 AmIndian 1.40 Chicano 1.34 Chicano 1.14 Black 1.23 Asian 1.08 NA 1.13 NA 1.07 Asian 1.06 Total 1.03 Total 1.04 White 1.00 White 1.00 Black -1.03 Filipino -1.25 Filipino -1.15 Latino -1.44 Latino -1.26 Blacks dumped in 1992?? 1.23-> -1.03 Filipinos and Latino are -1.25 to -1.44! Most Asians about = white. \doc\college\uc\ucsd.wk1 UC San Diego ------------------------------------------------------- [[Santa Cruz UC Santa Cruz still gave preferences to Filipinos in 1992 1992 Admissions Table \doc\college\uc\ucscz.xls 10/8/92 UC Santa Cruz Admissions Study Office of Admissions Analysis by Arthur Hu Admit percent Am Indian 1.5% 1.1% Black 3.8% 3.0% Asian 21.5% 18.5% White 51.8% 55.8% Mexican 9.4% 8.6% Spanish 4.8% 4.2% Pilipino 3.6% 2.9% Minority 42.9% 37.4% State population of Filipinos is 2% Sorted Admit Rate 1991 1992 Pilipino 1.45 Pilipino 1.21 Spanish 1.35 Am India 1.14 Am Indian 1.34 Mexican 1.13 Black 1.31 Spanish 1.12 Mexican 1.31 Black 1.07 Minority 1.21 Unknown 1.05 Thai/Other 1.20 Minority 1.02 Asian 1.13 Thai/Oth 1.00 E.Indian/Pa 1.11 White 1.00 Chinese 1.11 Other -1.04 Other 1.07 Asian -1.05 Unknown 1.03 E.Indian -1.06 Japan 1.03 Pac Isla -1.06 White 1.00 Chinese -1.08 Pac Island -1.02 Japan -1.10 Korean -1.06 Korean -1.26 Most Asians >= White in 1991, Most are < White in 1992 Because of this the Minority rate went from 1.2 (net > white) to 1.02 (implies affirmative action balanced by reduced Asians? ) 1.0 = White (-2 means 1/2 or 0.5) doc923:admit92.doc Filipinos and Santa Cruz doc922:scutalk.wk1 Santa Clara Univ proposal --------------------------------------------------------- [[System \doc\96\04\ucelig.wk1 UC Eligibility of Pub HS Grads - W1.00 B-2.73 H-3.01 A1.97 The main problem of maintaining proportional representation, er, diversity, is not discrimination, but that the rate of UC eligibility is only 1/3 that of whites for Blacks and Hispanics, and about twice for Asians. Public High School Graduates by Category of Eligibility for the University of California 1983, 1986, and 1990 Total Percent Index White=1.00 1983 1986 1990 1983 1986 1990 White 15.5% 15.8% 20.5% 1.00 1.00 1.00 Black 3.6% 4.5% 7.5% -4.31 -3.51 -2.73 Hispanic 4.9% 2.9% 6.8% -3.16 -5.45 -3.01 Asian 26.0% 32.8% 40.4% 1.68 2.08 1.97 @@University of Colorado \clip\97\27\comin.txt http://www.insidedenver.com/news/1114reg6.html Minority retention rates rising at CU, reports say Graduation rates also climb, but numbers lag behind rates for whites By Bill Scanlon November 14, 1997 Rocky Mountain News Staff Writer " Last year, minorities received 20.3 percent of degrees at UCD, 14.1 percent of degrees at CU and 22.1 percent of degrees at the CU Health Sciences Center. " (1990 pop was 20% minority) @@University of Oregon \clip\98\06\oresch.txt http://www.oregonlive.com:80/todaysnews/9803/st03211.html March 21, 1998, The Oregonian Universities will end offers of scholarships based on race Some students, citing the low numbers of minorities currently enrolled in Oregon universities, call the changes insulting By Romel Hernandez of The Oregonian staff @@University of Minnesota University of Minnesota --------- 9/9/99 "University of Minnesota stands firm on affirmative action challenge." ..."On the Twin Cities campus, the odds of being admitted are almost seven times more favorable for Asian students than for white students, the report says. Hispanic students are about five times and black students about three times more likely to be admitted than white students." "That, CEO ( http://www.ceousa.org/ ) says, is discrimination." http://www2.startribune.com/stOnLine/cgi-bin/article?thisStory=80907042 @@University of Washington %%Law MINORITY LAW ADMISSIONS DOWN AT U WASH, BUT ASIANS STILL OVER-REP! PROOF OF UNJUSTIFIED PREFERENCES FOR ASIAN LAW STUDENTS? \doc\web\99\08\uwlaw.txt UW Law School minorities fall off. \clip\99\12\uwlaw.txt http://www.seattletimes.com/news/education/html98/laww_19990619.html June 19, 1999 Number of minority admissions at UW Law School fall off by Roberto Sanchez Seattle Times staff reporter If current figures hold, the University of Washington Law School will have its least diverse class in three years next fall, including only two African Americans among its 178 students. Summary - Asians are down by 15 to 24 this year, or 13% (compared to only 3% of state pop) 2 blacks = 1.1%, 3 filipino = 1.7% 5 hispanic = 2.8%. Overall 22 fewer admits due to i200 (but most losses are from Asians who were never under-represented - most likeley any preferences for Asians were never justified) UW LAW ABOUT 30% MINORITY, 15% ASIAN DOWN FROM 40% 25% IN 1994 uwlaw.txt WHITES ARE THE ONLY UNDER-REPRESENTED RACE AT UW LAW SCHOOL 1994 \doc\94\12\uwashlaw.wk1 - whites only under-represented minority! 1994 admissions University of Washington Law School white black hisp asian natAm AsN Filipino total Percent 0.64 0.07 0.04 0.21 0.05 0.17 0.03 1.00 State 0.87 0.03 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.02 0.01 Index 0.74 2.91 1.23 9.63 2.03 11.71 5.01 Index White index is vs. population, White=1.00 for other races \clip\98\14\uw200.txt http://search.tribnet.com/archive/90days/1011a12.htm I-200: Beyond the noise / How affirmative action works at UW Law School October 11, 1998 David Wickert; The News Tribune [Tacoma Wa] Note that this article does not mention that in 1994, the ONLY under-represented race compared to state population (85% white) in the UW law school were the WHITES. -Six of those 131 top applicants who enrolled were minorities. -no diversity factor will "confer admission on an academically unqualified candidate." - "No racial 'quotas' or 'targets' were employed in this process," Kummert states in one court filing. "Minority and nonminority applicants competed for the same seats at each stage of the process." - In 1988, about 14 percent of students admitted to the law school were minorities. But by 1996, 27 percent of students admitted were minorities. That dramatic change began in 1990 when Wallace Loh became dean of the law school. In 1988, only 16 percent of applicants were minorities. By 1996, more than 25 percent of applicants were minorities. %%Undergrad Web summary: http://www.wips.org/Studies/PBECP.htm zip36\clipim\99\08\24\uw.efx http://www.wips.org/wif.htm Washington Institute Foundation The Good News in the drop in minority Admissions Aug 1999 Fewer minority students enter top University of Washington campus, but more are applying to other institutions like happened at University of California. \clip\98\12\warp\warp.htm Center Eq Opp Study Preferences in Washington Higher Education: Racial and Ethnic Preferences in Undergraduate Admissions at the University of Washington and Washington State University http://www.ceousa.org/warp.html A system of racial and ethnic preferences in admissions operates by establishing different standards of admission for individuals based on their racial or ethnic background, with some students held to a higher standard and others admitted to a lower standard…. Both UW and WSU show a smaller qualifications gap between white and Hispanic enrollees. Differences in verbal SATs are 30 points at UW and 40 points at WSU, differences in math SATs are 70 points at UW and 25 points at WSU, and differences in GPAs are 0.18 of a grade point at UW and 0.12 of a grade point at WSU. There is little evidence that Asians receive special preferences at either UW or WSU…." UW 6 yr d/o rate W30 B71 H48 A65 W1.00 B-2.36 H-1.73 A-1.16 UW Admit rate W74.4 B96.6 H90.3 A78.5 B1.29 H1.21 A1.06 UW Math SAT percentile W50 B<25 H28 A25 UW Verbal SAT percentile W50 B<25 H27 A50 (Asians seem to have significant math and ver lag too, but better admit rate and lower graduation rate - this seems to indicate significant, but not a great amount of preference, perhaps because of Filipino and other specific groups) U WASH HAS 2X GRAD RATE, .5 GPA, 220 SAT DIFFERENCE \clip\98\12\uwdisc.txt http://www.seattletimes.com/news/local/html98/race_091698.html The Seattle Times Company September 16, 1998 UW, WSU favor black applicants, study says by Marsha King Seattle Times staff reporter " At the UW, 70 percent of whites graduated in six years compared with 29 percent of African Americans, according to the study. At WSU, whites graduated at a rate of 61 percent vs. 44 percent for African Americans. " " Specifically, the differences between about 100 African Americans and about 2,200 whites who enrolled at the UW were 0.47 of a point on a 4.0 grade-point scale, and 220 points in combined median verbal and math SAT scores (out of a possible 1600). At WSU, the differences between 61 African-American and 2,000 white enrollees were 0.37 of a grade point and 180 points on the combined SAT. " @@University of Massachusetts >\priv\95\19\masscoll.txt State colleges' threshold is raised for '97: Dissenter worries for ones who'll be left out "Edmonds, who now runs a consulting firm, cited preliminary statistics from UMass-Amherst showing that 45 percent of this year's freshman class and 59 percent of this year's minority freshmen had averages below 2.75. " By Alice Dembner, Boston Globe 12/19/95 @@University of Washington (undergraduate) Affirmative Reaction Mark D. Fefer Seattle Weekly March 12, 1998 p. 7 New system may dumb standards for students of all races. Seattle Times reporter Marsha King pointed out that as a share of high school graduates, WHITES are the most under-represented race. Until last year, the UW has a two track system separating whites/asians and other minorities that is legally dubious. New system may eliminate admissions by academic index, and result in a lot more work. If there is no "cultural diversity factor" because of I200, they could lose 30 more minority freshmen. "Do such shocking numbers really prove the need for affirmative action, or show that we were just papering over massive disparities in educational achievement?" Athletes need only be "eligible" by NCAA standards. \doc\95\11\uwash90.wk1, .txt - University of Washington admissions and degrees. Graduates much smaller than percent of campus. \doc\95\04\uwash94.wk1 - University of Washington Undergrad Admissions 1994 Summary - The admission rate for minorities is lower than Whites, rather than higher. Test scores and grades are somewhat lower, but not drastically so. Asians have equal grade point averages, but slightly lower test scores. This is actually not a bad example of affirmative action done correctly. University of Washington Admissions, Fall 1994 Freshmen from High School Source: Tim Washburn, Admissions Office, Analysis by Arthur Hu Numbers Percent Apply Admit Registe Apply Admit Register African Am 301 152 93 2.7% 2.1% 2.7% Native Am 86 46 33 0.8% 0.6% 1.0% Mexican Am 380 216 126 3.4% 3.0% 3.7% Asian Am 2086 1314 805 18.5% 18.4% 23.5% Total 12076 7315 3489 107.2% 102.3% 101.7% Internation 809 165 60 7.2% 2.3% 1.7% US 11267 7150 3429 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% White/Other 8414 5422 2372 74.7% 75.8% 69.2% Index GPA Test GPA Test Admit Index Scores Scores Rate African Am 3.11 869 -1.15 -1.24 50.5% -1.28 Native Am 3.44 986 -1.04 -1.09 53.5% -1.20 Mexican Am 3.26 962 -1.10 -1.12 56.8% -1.13 Asian Am 3.58 997 -1.00 -1.08 63.0% -1.02 Total 60.6% -1.06 International 20.4% -3.16 US 63.5% -1.02 White 3.59 1074 1.00 1.00 64.4% 1.00 Other 3.61 1084 1.01 1.01 %%college hiring cdoc\95\10\tenure.txt - UC tenure hiring still mostly white DOC921:SJFINAL.WK1 San Jose State president finalists doc923:collpres.wk1 College president women doc932:sjsuper.doc %%campus race doc942\stcasper.txt - diversity and separatism @@Virginia \clip\99\03\vacoll.txt Hampton Roads Virginia Daily Press Internet Edition Wednesday, Jan. 27, 1999 Va. colleges admit minorities with lower scores than whites Schools dispute study from D.C. think tank