Dangun, Son of Dan
Was Dangun a descendant of the Tribe of Dan, or an immediate son of Dan himself?
There were 45 Dangun�s, as a Dangun is a title, not a proper noun
To paraphrase a quip about how the English speak English: "We are separated
by a common language" );
To paraphrase a quip about how the English speak English: "We are separated by a common language" );
This mausoleum can now be viewed on Google Earth at 39 09 16.89N and 126 03 16.35 E.
Since the following image was located in April, 2005, much better images are on the internet which prove this to be a much more significant find than most people realize:
The following images are much more impressive than the one above, so much so that they appear to be different structures.� This is Dangun Wanggum [the first of 45 Danguns] who dates to 2333 BC and whose four sons [the eldest of whom was the next Dangun] and 8 top government leaders were buried in separate tombs close by.� Considering he�s the patriarch of all Koreans, there sure is not much information on him.
Great efforts made in reconstruction of King Tangun's mausoleumPyongyang, February 10 (KCNA) -- The mausoleum of King Tangun, the ancestral father of the Korean nation, is at the foot of Mt. Taebak, Kangdong county, Pyongyang. With an area of 45 hectares, it is carefully preserved as a nation's precious cultural treasure. Five years ago, President Kim Il Sung gave instructions on how the tomb of King Tangun should be excavated and how it should be preserved as a national treasure. A 22-metre-high quadrilateral stone pyramid tomb, stone sculptures and other ornaments give the visitors a feeling of royal majesty.
The full view of the mausoleum which has been reconstructed as a national monument reminds the visitors of great efforts made by President Kim Il Sung and General Kim Jong Il in order to prove the 5,000-year-long history of the Korean nation. President Kim Il Sung instructed many times to excavate the tomb of King Tangun, stressing the need to put the history of ancient Korea, the first Korean state, on the correct order, which had been distorted by Japanese cringing historians.
At the beginning of 1993, he again set important tasks to be fulfilled in excavating the tomb. Thus the excavation work of the tomb progressed actively. In the course of this, the bones of Tangun and the remains of the dead were unearthed. A scientific analysis proved that Tangun was not a legendary figure, but an actual figure who was born more than 5,000 years ago. It enabled the Korean people to regain the ancestral father of their nation and restore their 5,000-year-long history.
The 80-year-old President visited the tomb in Kangdong and called for reconstructing the tomb magnificently as befits one of the ancestral father of the Korean nation. He also gave dozens of instructions later on how the reconstruction work of the tomb should be carried out. On July 6, 1994, two days before he died, while presiding over a consultative meeting of the senior economic officials, he examined the final layout of the mausoleum and urged the officials to accelerate reconstruction work.
True to the intentions of the President, General Kim Jong Il corrected mistakes in redressing the Korean history and provided archaeologists with all conditions for the reconstruction projects. He then formed a committee for reconstruction of the tomb and ensured that fund, materials and manpower were invested in the project in great profusion and all difficult problems were settled. Thanks to his meticulous guidance the tomb was reconstructed in a short time.
General Kim Jong Il visited the reconstructed mausoleum in October 1994 and noted with great satisfaction that it was reconstructed magnificently as a national monument, as wished by the president. He also referred to the problems to be tackled in preserving and managing the mausoleum. Great efforts exerted by the two leaders will remain in the memory of the nation for ever.
Dangun controlled Yemek, which is Turkey.
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Who Was Dangun?Source: Are we descendents of Dangun (??)? Prof. Lee Dong Hee
This year (2002) is the 4335th year since the founding of the Old Korea. For the first time since Korea was divided 57 years ago, the Foundation Day (???) was celebrated jointly by people from North, South, and overseas on October 3, 2002 in North Korea. Seoul will host a joint celebration of the Foundation Day next year.
Prof. Lee Dong Hee attended the ceremony as a member of the Korean Farmers Cultural Association ( ???????). During his stay in North Korea from October 1st to October 5th, he visited Dangun's burial chamber, the Samsung Temple (???) and other Dangun sites in North Korea.
Dangun SitesExactly one hundred South Korean were cleared by the Unification Ministry to attend the ceremony in North Korea. A North Korean plane picked them up at Inchon on October 1. About one hour later, they landed at Sunahn near Pyongyang and checked in at the Botong-gang Hotel. All expenses were paid by Pyongyang.
The Dangun Mausoleum was restored in 1994. The huge complex occupies about 450 acres on the slope of Mt. Daebaik. The complex is divided into three major sections: restoration work area, stone statue area and the burial site. Dangun's grave is shaped like a pyramid, about 22 m high and 50 m on each side.
Photo: North and South Koreans at the Foundation Day ceremony. In the background is the Dangun Mausoleum shaped like a pyramid.
The burial chamber is located inside this pyramid: a large Dangun portrait hangs by the entrance. The remains of Dangun and his wife are preserved in a glass case. Their bone fragments were collected and put together by the restorers after years of hard work.
The Foundation Day ceremony on October 3 was attended by a large number of North Korean students clad in the traditional attires - colorful chima-jogori. They were also celebrants from overseas. After the official notes and a traditional worship, a music and dance festival was held. The ceremony participants danced joyfully en mass. People from North, South and overseas freely commingled and celebrated the founding of the Korean nation.
Later that day, Dangun scholars from North and South presented academic papers on Dangun at the People's Palace of Culture. Yung Nae Han, head of the Dangun Research Institute in South Korea, and Huh Jong Ho, head of the Korean History Academy, were the principal speakers at this symposium. Until recently, the Dangun researchers from North and South had no way of sharing their research materials on Dangun, but they were unanimous in their conclusion that Dangun was a real person.
On October 4, the celebrants went to the Samsung Temple (??? ) on Mt. Guwol, Hwang-hae-do. This temple, which symbolizes the Korean nation, was burned by the Japanese in 1911. This burning was the very first move by the Japanese to erase all traces of Korea as an independent people.
Photo: The Samsung Temple.
The temple was rebuilt in 2001 and honors the memory of Dangun, his father (Hwan Woon), and his grandfather (Hwan Inn). Hence the name Samsung (??) - the Three Saints.
The celebrants shared a dinner that night and socialized late into the night. Early in the following morning, the delegates from South Korea were flown back to Inchon in a North Korean plane.
Who was Dangun?Was he a human or a deity or a bear?
Photo: A Dangun portrait.
Was he really a person? Was he a son of a man or of a god? Or was he an offspring of an angel and a bear as a mythology claims? Are we descendants of a bear?
Very little is known of the founding father of the Old Korea. Many Koreans don't know for sure if Dangun was a person, a deity or an animal. Some historians claim that Dangun is a myth. Some people claim Dangun is a mere fable. Some Christian leaders in Korea have destroyed Dangun statues fearing idolatry. Unbelievably, most Koreans don't care either way.
The sad fact of the matter is that the Korean people pay little attention to their origin. It is no wonder then that Korea was annexed by Japan, divided by foreign powers and even worse, it remains divided. People who don't care about their founding father don't deserve to be independent.
Where did we come from? Who are we? Who am I? Where did I come from and where is my root? If we cannot answer these questions, how can we call ourselves humans or Koreans? We would be no different from the beasts or savages.
The Three Saints did exist. The story of the three saints - Dangun, his father and grandfather - is recorded in the ancient Samsung Chronicle (???) and also in the Three-Nation Chronicle (????), familiar to all students of history in Korea. The story of Dangun is clearly stated in these ancient archives but until recently, the Dangun was not taken seriously.
Dangun's grave does exist and this is no myth. It was restored after centuries of neglect. Dangun's remains do exist and have been scientifically identified. What do the grave and remains of Dangun mean?
It means that Dangun was a real person. He was not a mythical figure or a god or a bear. He was a normal human being. It means that he lived in Korea and was buried in Korea. The remains of Dangun and his wife do exist and can be examined by any skeptic.
The Foundation Day (gae-chun-jul - ???) is celebrated in South Korea and everyone knows about it. It honors the day Dangun founded the Old Korea. Dangun's ancestors founded an earlier Korean nation 1,565 years before Dangun. Dangun founded the Korean nation in 2333 BC. Originally, October 3rd was by Lunar calendar but it was later accepted as the normal calendar date for simplicity. Kim Gu's Provisional Government in Shanghai made it an official holiday of Korea.
The date of Dangun's death is remembered on the Uhchun-jul (??). It is lunar March 15. Various organizations hold commemorative services on this day to honor the founding father of Korea. Sadly, few Koreans know of this day. If you don't believe in Dangun, then you must believe that Dangun's grave and remains are fakes and must discard the Dangun Memorial Day which has been honored for centuries in Korea. With the gradual opening of North Korea, it is expected that more scientific evidence of Dangun will become available.
Annals of DangunsAnnals of the Danguns are recorded in Handan Gogi, which describes the ancient history of Korea Korea is a peninsula in eastern Asia where people have lived for the past 12,000 - 15,000 years. The country is located between China and Japan. It was once a large unified country that had governed territories in Manchuria as recently as 1908, and some territory in present-day Siberia. At one point, it was the centre for the very best silk in the world, as noted in ancient Chinese scripts. Korea was also known for having the world's best goldsmiths during the 7th-8th centuries. The publication technique of movable type was invented in Korea in 1232, long before Gutenberg introduced the concept in Europe. These types used Chinese characters and were initially mainly used to mass-produce Buddhist sutras.
..... Click the link for more information. . Like other ancient scriptures, Handan Gogi is considered to be blend of mythology and history. Since the kingdom of Danguns, Gojoseon Go-Joseon (???; ???), or Old Korea (2333 - 206 BC), was the first Korean kingdom. According to legend, it was founded by Dangun in southern Manchuria in the basins of the Liao and Taedong Rivers.
Judging from Chinese
records, the state of Go-Joseon as a political entity could be described as a
?) at least by the beginning of the 4th century BC. This roughly coincides with
the advent of the Iron Age in Korea.
Origin of the mythDangun has never appeared in Chinese documents, even though they record other legends like that of Jumong (the legendary founder of Goguryeo Goguryeo or Koguryo (???; ???; pinyin: Gaogoul�) (1st century BC-668) was a kingdom in southern Manchuria and northern Korea. It is often referred to as one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, along with Baekje and Silla.
HistoryAccording to Samguk Sagi, King Jumong (posthumously called King Dongmyeongseong)
..... Click the link for more information. ) in detail. In addition, the Samguk Sagi
Samguk Sagi (?? ??
(????; "Historical Record of the Three Kingdoms") in Korean) is a
historical record of the Three Kingdoms of Korea: Goguryeo, Baekje and Silla.
The Samguk Sagi
was written in Classical Chinese (as used in writing by Korean scholars at the
time) and compiled by the Korean historian Kim Busik in 1145. It is very well
known as the Oldest Korean history book.
The Mongols are an ethnic group that originated in what is now Mongolia, Russia, and China, particularly Inner Mongolia. They currently number about 10 million and speak the Mongol language. They form one of the 56 nationalities officially recognized by the People's Republic of China.
HistoryThough few in number (approximately 200,000 people at the height of their empire), Mongols were important in world history. Under the leadership of Genghis Khan, the Mongols created the largest land empire in world history, ruling 13.8 million square miles and more than 100 million people. At their height, their empire spanned from Korea to Hungary, and included most of the lands in between, such as Afghanistan, Georgia, Armenia, Russia, Persia, and much of the Middle East.
..... Click the link for more information. would have established Dangun as the ideal founder.
Dangun and nationalismWhile Shamanism There are a number of shamanistic practices that are developed in Korea. They have deep roots and have been influenced by Buddhism. Even though belief in Korean shamanism is not considered widespread these days, the practices are kept alive.
In the past such
shamanistic rites have doubled as agricultural rites, such as prayers for
abundant harvest. With a shift away from agriculture in modern Korea this has
been completely lost. The rites themselves underwent a number of changes
through the Silla and Goryeo periods. Even during the Joseon Dynasty which was
Confucian in every way, shamanistic rites were allowed to continue.
Since Korean Buddhism
has come to the attention of Western scholarship rather late compared with
Chinese and Japanese Buddhism, it still lies, with its deep store of untouched
resources, almost fully open for exploration. And while early ignorance
regarding the Korean Buddhist tradition lent to some degree of uninformed
glossing over from preconceptions drawn from models in Chinese and Japanese
Buddhism, scholars of East Asian Buddhism nowadays are generally becoming aware
of the important role of Korean Buddhism in the East Asian
The Goguryeo Kingdom
was inspired by Chinese culture and Confucianism, but initially maintained its
own customs and traditions. The Baekje Kingdom, on the other hand, adopted
Confucianism. This shaped the administrative system and the culture of arts.
Silla was the last kingdom to accept the Confucian way of life.
Decades: 1810s 1820s 1830s 1840s 1850s - 1860s - 1870s 1880s 1890s 1900s 1910s
Years: 1859 1860 1861 1862 1863 - 1864 - 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869
Until the end of World War II, Japan promoted the myth that its emperors were desenceded from the goddess Amaterasu. On November 9, 1928--the eve of the deification of Hirohito and the official beginning of his imperial reign--the Donga Ilbo (a widely read Korean daily newspaper) snubbed the official Japanese celebrations in Korea and attempted to reinvigorate Korean nationalism by publishing an account of the Dangun myth (Bix 2001). After independence in 1945, Daejonggyo and Dangungyo were revived, but lacked mass appeal. Nevertheless, campaigns to teach the Dangun myth as historical fact in schools partially succeeded. Since 1988, the national history textbook has explained that Dangun Wanggeom was the ruler's title and that the legend of Dangun reflects historical fact, a move that has since been one-upped in Japan by attempts in 2000 to treat the mythical emperor Jimmu's reign as historical fact in a new textbook .
Until 1961, the official South Korean era (for numbering years) was called the Dangi (??; ??), which began with 2333 BC, the year of the mythical founding of Joseon by Dangun. Daejong-gyo designated October 3rd in the lunar calendar as Gaecheonjeol (???; ???), or the "Festival of the Opening of Heaven." This day is now a national holiday in the Gregorian calendar, called "National Foundation Day." This is also similar to the situation in Japan, where Jimmu's mythical foundation of that country is celebrated on February 11 of each year