Forum

Free news

FREE blog

Donate

Search

Subscribe

jews/911

Feedback

dna

Gun poll

RCC

AIDS

Home

Fathers

Surveys

Holocaust

IQ

14th Amdt

19th Amdt

Israelites

NWO

Homicide

Blacks

Whites

Signatory

Talmud

Watchman

Gaelic

Traitors

Health?

 

 

 

68% of Convictions Reviewed in England Are Overturned

 

 

 

http://www.newsdirectory.com/go/?r=eu&u=www.telegraph.co.uk



This article is presented for public discussion and information as
> fair use without any expectation of financial remuneration. You are
> encouraged to read the article at its original website.


Latest victim of miscarriages of justice
(Filed: 15/01/2002)


SUPPORTERS of Stephen Downing describe his case as the longest running miscarriage of justice in British legal history.

His 27 years in jail ended last year when he was released on bail, and today saw his conviction quashed. Only the conviction of Derek Bentley took longer to be overturned, and as the teenager was hanged his punishment stands in a different category to Downing.

Bentley, who was 19 but had a mental age of 11 and an IQ of 66, went to the gallows despite a public outcry on January 28, 1953, less than three months after a bungled robbery. He was technically under arrest when his companion Christopher Craig, 16, shot PC Sidney Miles.

Bentley was said to have shouted "Let him have it, Chris", which prosecutors interpreted as an incitement to pull the trigger. Others suggested that he was urging Craig to give up the weapon.

In July 1998, forty five years after Bentley was hanged, the conviction was overturned by the Court of Appeal and Lord Bingham, the then Lord Chief Justice, mounted an unprecedented attack on his predecessor, Lord Goddard, for denying Bentley a fair trial.

Iris Bentley, who died of cancer the previous year, had fought for more than 30 years to clear her brother's name.

Her daughter, Maria Dingwall-Bentley, celebrated tearfully outside the court and declared "The fight has been worthwhile" before opening a bottle of champagne bought by Bentley's father in 1958 in anticipation of a pardon.

The resolution of the Bentley case came after a spate of high-profile miscarriages of justice - all with their roots in the 1970s - shook the British legal system to its core.

In 1989 Carole Richardson, Gerard Conlon, Patrick Armstrong and Paul Hill were cleared of the Guildford and Woolwich bombings. The Guildford Four had already served 14 years in prison when prosecutors told the Old Bailey that the "honesty and integrity" of police officers in the case had been thrown into question.

The Lord Chief Justice, Lord Lane, heard officers had "seriously misled" the court and altered notes of interviews. Officers were also accused of suppressing and fabricating evidence, including concocting supposed confessions to the Woolwich and Guildford bombs.

Convictions against the Maguire Seven were ruled unsafe in 1990 after an inquiry exposed disturbing holes in the police's forensic evidence.

The seven - Annie Maguire, husband Patrick, Sean Smyth, Vincent Maguire, Patrick "Guiseppe" Conlon and family friend Patrick O'Neill were convicted of running an IRA bomb factory in north London in 1974.

Mr Conlon died in prison in 1980 while serving his 12-year sentence. However, three appeal court judges found that traces of nitroglycerine found on their hands and gloves could have been the result of innocent contamination.

The following year saw one of the most notorious miscarriages of justice from the 1970s. The Birmingham Six were convicted in 1975 for the murder of 22 people in two pubs in Birmingham the previous year. Another 160 people were injured in the IRA attacks.

The men - Paddy Hill, Richard McIlkenny, Hugh Callaghan, Gerard Hunter, William Power and John Walker - were freed in March 1991 after the Court of Appeal quashed all the convictions, having heard that police interview notes were fabricated and other evidence was discredited.

The crucial evidence came from a revolutionary new forensic test, electro-static analysis of documents, which suggested the record of an interview with one of the defendants was written at different times.

Judith Ward was wrongly convicted of the 1974 M62 coach bombing in which 12 people died - at the time it was the worst IRA outrage on the British mainland.

She served 17 years for crimes she did not commit and lawyers at her appeal said there had been "significant and substantial" non-disclosure of information to the defence.

This series of cases left the police and the criminal justice system seriously discredited. It took them most of the rest of the decade to recover.

Apart from the terrorism-related miscarriages, there were a number of appalling cases where individuals were wrongly convicted.

One which had striking parallels with the Downing appeal was that of former boy soldier Andrew Evans, who served 25 years for a murder he did not commit.

He was 17 when convicted in 1973 of battering 14-year-old Judith Roberts to death near her home in Tamworth, Staffs, but in December 1997 the Court of Appeal ruled his uncorroborated confession was unsafe.

Like many freed victims of a miscarriage of justice, Mr Evans was prosaic on the day of his release, commenting: "I'm not going out to celebrate. What have I got to celebrate? I'm going to have a quiet evening, maybe watch some telly."

Carl Bridgewater, a 13-year-old newspaperboy, was shot at Yew Tree Farm, outside Wordsley in Staffordshire, in September 1978.

Four men were convicted of killing him - Jimmy Robinson and Vincent Hickey were given life sentences; Michael Hickey, Vincent's cousin, who was 16 at the time of the killing, was detained at Her Majesty's Pleasure; and Pat Molloy was given a 12-year sentence for manslaughter.

There was no forensic evidence against the men. Mr Molloy signed a confession but died in prison in 1981 maintaining the statement was forced out of him.

Four weeks after the men's trial ended in November 1979, Hubert Spencer, an early suspect in the Bridgewater case, shot dead Hubert Wilkes, an elderly farmer, at the farm next to Yew Tree Farm. He was subsequently jailed for life.

The three surviving members of the Bridgewater Four were finally released in 1997, after serving 17 years. In 1976, a jury found Stefan Kiszko guilty of the murder of 11-year-old schoolgirl, Lesley Molseed.

He served 16 years before being freed by the Court of Appeal in February 1992 after it emerged evidence which might have cleared him of the murder had not been made available at the original trial.

Mr Kiszko suffered a fatal heart attack the following year. It was this series of cases which led to wholesale reform of the appeals procedure.

The creation of the Criminal Cases Review Commission in April 1997 saw the beginning of a new chapter, sweeping away the earlier system in which it rested upon the Home Secretary to re-examine alleged miscarriages and send them back to the appeal court.

It left the process open to allegations of political bias, particularly in cases where the offence was a terrorist atrocity.

The independent CCRC, which is based in Birmingham and has a budget of �6 million a year, was set up as a result of the Runciman inquiry into criminal justice, which itself was triggered by the case of the Birmingham Six.

It employs 48 caseworkers to review cases - providing the applicants have already been through the initial appeal process and, crucially, that they have new evidence or legal argument which was not considered at the trial or first appeal.

Since it began, the CCRC has examined 3,808 cases and referred 154 to the Court of Appeal. Of the 82 which have so far been heard, 56 convictions were quashed, 23 were upheld and three were reserved judgments.

Other recent miscarriages include:

a.. Patrick Nicholls was Britain's second longest serving victim of a miscarriage, after serving 23 years for a murder appeal judges ruled never even took place. The former showman was jailed for life in 1975 for killing a 74-year-old widowed friend, Gladys Heath, from Worthing. Evidence against Mr Nicholls had suggested she had been beaten and suffocated - but in 1998 he walked free after modern scientific opinion concluded she had died after falling down the stairs.
a.. Darren Hall, Michael O'Brien and Ellis Sherwood, also known as the Cardiff Three, had their convictions quashed in December 1999, 11 years after being wrongfully jailed for life for battering newsagent Philip Saunders to death during a robbery.
a.. In March last year a former hospital porter who spent nearly all his adult life behind bars after confessing to the murders of two women was cleared by the Court of Appeal. Peter Fell, 39, jailed for life in 1984, was described as a "serial confessor" who had been the victim of "oppressive" police interrogation. Mr Fell's solicitor, Jim Nichol, said: "He may be a crackpot, he may be crazy, he may be all these things - and probably was in 1982 - but a murderer he was not and never has been."
     6 March 2001: 'Serial confessor' free after 17 years
     31 July 1998: Bentley cleared after 45 years
     13 June 1998: Prisoner cleared after 23 years
     23 January 1997: Bentley's sister dies without winning pardon she fought for
     1 January 1997: New appeals body 'will be deluged by killers and rapists'

 

TRAITOR McCain

jewn McCain

ASSASSIN of JFK, Patton, many other Whites

killed 264 MILLION Christians in WWII

killed 64 million Christians in Russia

holocaust denier extraordinaire--denying the Armenian holocaust

millions dead in the Middle East

tens of millions of dead Christians

LOST $1.2 TRILLION in Pentagon
spearheaded torture & sodomy of all non-jews
millions dead in Iraq

42 dead, mass murderer Goldman LOVED by jews

serial killer of 13 Christians

the REAL terrorists--not a single one is an Arab

serial killers are all jews

framed Christians for anti-semitism, got caught
left 350 firemen behind to die in WTC

legally insane debarred lawyer CENSORED free speech

mother of all fnazis, certified mentally ill

10,000 Whites DEAD from one jew LIE

moser HATED by jews: he followed the law

f.ck Jesus--from a "news" person!!

1000 fold the child of perdition

 

Hit Counter

 

Modified Saturday, March 11, 2017

Copyright @ 2007 by Fathers' Manifesto & Christian Party