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The Condition of Education 1997, Indicator 55

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International comparisons of expenditures for education

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The portion of total financial resources that a country chooses to invest in education is a critical decision that raises many issues for debate, for example, whether and to what extent education costs should be borne by the public or private sector. International comparisons of expenditures for education show considerable variation across countries in the share of national resources devoted to education, the sources (public or private) of funds spent on education, and the levels of education to which funds are allocated.

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bulletIn 1993, total expenditures on education institutions in the United States were 4.2 percent of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for the primary-secondary grade level, 2.5 percent for higher education, and 6.8 percent for all levels combined. While Canada and France spent a larger fraction for primary-secondary education, of the G-7 countries, only Canada spent a larger fraction than the United States for higher education and for all levels combined.
bulletIn most G-7 countries, expenditures on higher education that came from public sources were more than twice the amount of those that came from private souces. However, in both the United States and Japan, the percentage of GDP spent on higher education that came from private sources (1.2 and 0.6 percent, respectively) was similar in size to the percentage that came from public sources (1.3 and 0.4 percent, respectively). For primary/secondary education, the proportion of GDP that came from private sources was highest in Germany, at 0.9 percent.
bulletIn all of the G-7 countries, expenditures per student were larger for higher education than for primary/secondary education. In the United States and the United Kingdom, the average amount spent per student in higher education was more than twice the amount spent per primary-secondary student, compared to less than 10 percent higher in Italy.

Chart 1: Public and private expenditures on education institutions in G-7 countries as a percentage of GDP: 1993, by Total expenditures, by level of education

Chart 2: Public and private expenditures on education institutions in G-7 countries as a percentage of GDP: 1993, by Primary/secondary expenditures, by source of funds

Chart 3: Public and private expenditures on education institutions in G-7 countries as a percentage of GDP: 1993, by Higher education expenditures, by source of funds

Public and private expenditures on education institutions,\1\ by level of education and country: 1993

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                    As a percentage of GDP                                                 Per student\2\
               -----------------------------------------------------------------   -------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                           Constant 1993                As a percentage of
                  Primary/secondary       Higher education          All levels             US dollars\3\                 GDP per capita
               ----------------------- ------------------------            and     -----------------------------   -----------------------------                                                               
                    Public    Private      Public     Private          sources         Primary/          Higher        Primary/          Higher
G-7 country     sources\4\  sources\5\  sources\4\  sources\5\      combined\6\     secondary\7\      education     secondary\7\      education
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Canada                 4.3         0.3         2.2         0.4              7.3               —         $11,132               —            57.6
France                 4.0         0.3         0.9         0.2              6.1           $4,649          6,033             24.9           32.3
Germany                3.0         0.9         0.9         0.1              5.9            5,290          7,902             28.6           42.8
Italy                  3.6         0.0         0.8         0.1              5.1            4,821          5,169             27.2           29.2
Japan                  3.0         0.3         0.4         0.6              4.9            4,175          7,556             20.5           37.3
United Kingdom         3.9          —          0.9         0.0           \8\5.0            3,915          8,241             22.6           48.6
United States          3.8         0.4         1.3         1.2              6.8            5,987         14,607             24.4           60.2
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------    

— Not available.

1/ Includes all institutions (public and private) with the exception of Germany and Italy, which include only public institutions, and the United Kingdom, which includes public and government-dependent private institutions.

2/ Per-student expenditures were calculated based on full-time-equivalent (FTE) enrollment figures, and expenditures from both public and private sources, with the exception of the United Kingdom, for which private source data were unavailable.

3/ Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) indices were used to convert other currencies to U.S. dollars. Because the fiscal year has a different starting date in different countries, within-country Consumer Price Indices (CPIs) were used to adjust the PPP indices to account for inflation. See the supplemental note to this indicator for further explanation.

4/ Public expenditures are defined as direct public expenditures on education institutions plus public subsidies to households and other private entities for education institutions (e.g., tuition and fees), excluding other public aid to students and households (e.g., subsidies for student living costs).

5/ Private expenditures are defined as private payments from households and other private entities to education institutions, minus any portion derived from public subsidies.

6/ "All levels combined" includes expenditures on pre/primary education and funds classified as "undistributed," a classification reserved for enrollments, expenditures, or programs that cannot be unambiguously assigned to International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) defined levels. Examples of undistributed education can include nongraded special education or recreational nondegree adult education programs.

7/ Primary/secondary per-student expenditures were calculated by adding primary and secondary FTE and by dividing the total FTE into the total expenditures. See the supplemental note to this indicator for further explanation.

8/ Total expenditures in the United Kingdom do not include primary/secondary expenditures from private sources, for which data were unavailable.

SOURCE: Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, Center for Educational Research and Innovation, Education At A Glance: OECD Indicators, 1996.

Table 55-1: Education expenditures as a percentage of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for primary and secondary education, by source of funds: 1993

Table 55-2: Education expenditures as a percentage of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for higher education, by source of funds: 1993

Table 55-3: Education expenditures as a percentage of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for all levels of education combined, by source of funds: 1993

Table 55-4: Expenditures per student for early childhood education: 1993

Table 55-5: Expenditures per student for primary education: 1993

Table 55-6: Expenditures per student for secondary education: 1993

Table 55-7: Expenditures per student for higher education: 1993

Table 55-8: Expenditures per student for all levels of education combined: 1993

Table 55-9: Basic reference statistics: 1993

Supplemental Note for Indicator 55

Download this Indicator in pdf format(126k)

 

 

TRAITOR McCain

jewn McCain

ASSASSIN of JFK, Patton, many other Whites

killed 264 MILLION Christians in WWII

killed 64 million Christians in Russia

holocaust denier extraordinaire--denying the Armenian holocaust

millions dead in the Middle East

tens of millions of dead Christians

LOST $1.2 TRILLION in Pentagon
spearheaded torture & sodomy of all non-jews
millions dead in Iraq

42 dead, mass murderer Goldman LOVED by jews

serial killer of 13 Christians

the REAL terrorists--not a single one is an Arab

serial killers are all jews

framed Christians for anti-semitism, got caught
left 350 firemen behind to die in WTC

legally insane debarred lawyer CENSORED free speech

mother of all fnazis, certified mentally ill

10,000 Whites DEAD from one jew LIE

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1000 fold the child of perdition

 

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Modified Saturday, March 11, 2017

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