a.k.a. Martin Luther King, Plagiarism Page
MLK is no hero and certainly was no martyr--he was always a LIE and has ALWAYS been the worst enemy of both blacks and Whites. Since this bigoted communist pervert marched on our nation's capitol, Washington, DC:
The percent of blacks imprisoned prior to age 33 quadrupled from "only" 20.5% to 82%
The percent of black children growing up fatherless quintupled from "only" 15.% to 78%.
Three times as many blacks are now prison inmates than were ever slaves (1.2 million vs. 400,000 at the height of slavery).
The murder rate amongst black male youths skyrocketed 10 fold, from a "low" of 40 to more than 400 per 100,000 thousand blacks today.
FOUR US cities which have consistently been mostly black have retained the title Murder Capitol of the World.
The number of black leaders who've stood up and thanked us for the two Whites who died in the Civil War for every ONE black freed from slavery decreased.
We are less likely than ever to see any gratitude for making American blacks the longest living (three times as long as their black cousins in Africa), richest (30 times their cousins), and least likely to die the horrible death of AIDS (one tenth as likely), on the planet.
Most blacks know or at least sense that everything MLK did for blacks made their condition worse in every conceivable way, putting another LIE to the jewsmedia claim that he was a "hero" or role model for blacks. They know the main problem is that the civil rights act of 1964 saddled their benefactors, the White Race, and impeded the free enterprise system so much that social transfer payments to blacks, as huge as they are [more than one trillion dollars annually] actually decreased in real dollars.
None of the following articles make the obvious connection between the jewish control of the American "mainstream media" and an intentional effort to denigrate Martin Luther by promoting a black criminal with the phony name of "Martin Luther King". And none of them note that the very best education in the world offered to presumably the best qualified black man in the world produced nothing but a colossal government fraud that was used to undermine the rights of all Americans, including and especially black Americans. It was MLK who was used as the excuse to pass the "Civil Rights Act" of 1964 which the entire world understood would turn the entire US Constitution upside down. If Hubert Humphrey was alive today, he would be busy eating 800 pages of legislation in order to fulfil his promise that he would eat every page of it if it led to racial quotas [read: affirmative action].
Never in human history has such a successful culture done such a great job of using its own success to execute itself.
The government micromanagement of American lives, businesses, families, and personal possessions which followed created the most totalitarian government on the planet. The concurrent development of the computer age made it possible to document and preserve for antiquity each and every thought of each and every citizen which their own government would twist into pretzels. Where "free exercise of religion" meant "free exercise of religion", it suddenly meant the government could ban spoken Christian prayers in public schools. Where "the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed" prohibited even one gun control law for 188 years, it suddenly meant 22,000 expensive and ineffective gun control laws.
Where "The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated" enabled the US to create one of the highest standard of livings the world had ever witnessed, it suddenly meant that the evil White man's property was completely up for grabs using the "legal system" to grab it.
Martin Luther King Pop Quiz
How much do you really know?
Here's a little MLK quiz to coincide with MLK month.
1) Name the judge who has sealed King's FBI surveillance file until the year 2027.Answer: The Honorable John Lewis Smith, Jr.
2) According to whose 1989 biography did King spend his last
3) According to whose 1989 biography did King spend his last
4) Who was the U.S. Attorney General who ordered the FBI to
5) Who was the Assistant Director of the FBI who wrote a letter
6) Who called King a "hypocrite preacher."
Answer: President Lyndon B. Johnson
7) What U.S. newspaper reported that King had plagiarized his
8) Whom did King plagiarize in more than 50 complete sentences in
Answer: Dr. Jack Boozer
9) Who was the Chairman of the National Endowment for the
10) What was Martin Luther King's real name?Answer: Michael King, Jr. In 1935 his father, Michael King, declared to his congregation that he wound henceforth be known as Martin Luther King and his son would be known as Martin Luther King, Jr.
11) In his first public sermon at the Ebenezer Baptist Church in
12) Name the man who served as King's personal secretary from
13) According to whom had King "privately described himself as a Marxist."Answer: His biographer, David J. Garrow
14) Who edited King's book Stride Toward Freedom?Answer: Communist Stanley Levison
15) Who made the following speech?
That's exactly what we mean-- from every mountain side, let
If you got no questions correct it means that you are exactly the kind of ignorant citizen your government desires.
1-3 questions correct means you could be dangerous.
4-6 questions correct means you must read to much.
7-10 questions correct means you must value historical correctness instead of political correctness. Congratulations! !
11 or more questions correct means you've been reading this
website and learned the truth.
The Beast as Saint:
Did you know that much the same process has occurred right
here in America?
King's Brazen Cheating
We read in Michael Hoffman's "Holiday for a
Communist Beliefs and Connections
Well friends, he is not a legitimate reverend, he is not a bona fide PhD, and his name isn't really "Martin Luther King, Jr." What's left? Just a sexual degenerate, an America-hating Communist, and a criminal betrayer of even the interests of his own people.
On Labor Day, 1957, a special meeting was attended by
Martin Luther King and four others at a strange institution called the Highlander Folk
School in Monteagle, Tennessee. The Highlander Folk School was a Communist front, having
been founded by Myles Horton (Communist Party organizer for Tennessee) and Don West
(Communist Party organizer for North Carolina). The leaders of this meeting with King were
the aforementioned Horton and West, along with Abner Berry and James Dumbrowski, all open
and acknowledged members of the Communist Party, USA. The agenda of the meeting was a plan
to tour the Southern states to initiate demonstrations and riots.
FBI: King Bought Sex With SCLC Money
The Federal Bureau of Investigation had for many years been
aware of Stanley Levison's Communist activities. It was Levison's close association with
King that brought about the initial FBI interest in King.
The Martin Luther King Jr. Plagiarism page
In response to the University of Nebraska's proposal to make Martin Luther King's birthday an official University holiday, we here present the MLK plagiarism page, on which we'll be documenting MLK's long career of misrepresenting other writers' work as his own.
The page is still under construction. When it is complete, it will compare in detail excerpts of King's works with those of previous authors, showing how King lifted sentences, phrases and entire paragraphs from texts like Paul Ramsey's 'Basic Christian Ethics' (sheesh!). It will show how whole chunks of MLK's doctoral thesis were copied from the thesis of another student, and from the works of eminent theologians. It will show how his early graduate and even undergraduate student papers were filched, and how King's plagiarism extended into his later career, and the works he wrote after he became famous.
A chronology of the discovery of King's plagiarism
King's plagiarized works
In the meantime, you might like to check out these links
ABOLISH THE KING HOLIDAY
King' Record Has Been Sealed by Court Order Until The Year 2027
By Dr. Ed Fields
Martin Luther King was affiliated with 60 Communist Fronts. He openly incited violence under the banner of "non-violence". King led a bizarre sex life which included acts of shocking perversion. On Jan. 31, 1977 Coretta Scott King obtained a federal court order sealing for 50 years 845 pages of FBI records about her husband, "because its release would destroy his reputation!" Still a cowardly, spineless Congress voted to make King's birthday a national holiday. This is the outrage of the century! Until now we had holidays honoring Jesus Christ, Christopher Columbus and George Washington. We must not allow Marxist liberals to elevate King to their level. The King holiday must be repealed! The life story of Martin Luther King is shocking and disgraceful from beginning to end. He was born with the name of Michael King on Jan. 15, 1929. In 1935 his preacher father, "Daddy" King, decided to name himself after the great Protestant reformer Martin Luther. He announced to his congregation that henceforth he was to be called Martin Luther King and his son Martin Luther King Jr. "Daddy" King never bothered to have this act legalized in court. Thus, his son's real name is Michael King. The holiday should actually be called "Michael King Day!" It is not some "right winger" who had King's office and hotel rooms bugged. This order was signed by then U.S. Attorney General Bobby Kennedy on Oct. 10, 1963. Evidence proved that King was under the direct orders of Soviet spies and financed by the Communist Party. The Kennedy tapings continued for 5 years and also developed shocking revelations regarding King's sexual practices.
KING'S COMMUNIST CONNECTIONS
Negro Bayard Rustin is a former organizer for the Young Communist League. He spent 60 days in a California jail on a 1953 conviction for performing leud homosexual acts in public. He also served 28 months in prison for draft evasion. Today Rustin is paid by Jewish organizations for the use of his name as a "signer" of ads urging "Black-Jewish Unity." He was King's secretary and advisor from 1956 to 1960. During this period Rustin attended the National Convention of the Communist party in 1957 as an "honored observer." King called him "a brilliant, efficient, and dedicated organizer." It was Rustin who introduced King to a Soviet spy named Stanley D. Levinson. He was a New York Lawyer and vice-president of the N.Y. council of American Jewish Congress. Levinson's job was to launder the $1,000,000 subsidy Soviet Russia gave to finance the U.S. Communist Party. Levinson provided important financial, organizational and public relations services for King. After King's death his wife, Coretta Scott King described Levinson's role as, "always working in the background, his contribution has been indispensable." Levinson wrote an obituary for King and described America as "a nation tenaciously racist...sick with violence...and corrosive with alienation. The civil rights liberation struggle is the most positive and rewarding area of work anyone could experience." The money which the Soviet Union funnelled to Levinson came from a Jew named Isidore G. Needleman. He was a KGB secret police agent who fronted as an officer of AMTORG, the trading company in New York city which buys U.S. goods for shipment to Russia. There are so many Jews in the Communist Party the FBI hired two Jewish brothers, Morris Childs, and Jack Childs as spies planted inside the Communist Party for 30 years. Morris Childs was formerly a member of the National Committee of the Communist Party and once served as editor of The Daily Worker. Childs reported that after the death of the Jew William Weiner, who was treasurer of the Communist party, it was Stanley Levinson who took over this vital post.
KING SABOTAGED THE VIETNAM WAR EFFORT
Soviet spy Stanley Levinson instructed King to support the "Student Strike Against the Vietnam War" on Dec. 30, 1966. In a major speech delivered at the Riverside Church in New York City on April 7, 1967 King attacked the U.S. troops as foreign conquerors and oppressors, describing them as, "like Nazis!" King called the U.S. Government, "the greatest purveyor of violence in the world today" and South Vietnam leader Diem as "one of the most vicious modern dictators." King urged American boys to refuse to serve in the U.S. Armed Forces in Vietnam. Even the liberal Life Magazine of April 21, 1967 described King's speech as "a dangerous slander that sounded like a script for Radio Hanoi!"
FAMOUS PHOTO OF KING AT COMMUNIST PARTY TRAINING SCHOOL
On this page is a photo [pictured in the booklet from which this material was taken from] taken Sept. 2, 1957 of King attending the Highlander Folk School which the Communist Party operated in Monteagle, Tenn. Identified in the picture is, No. 1 King, No. 2 Abner Berry. member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party and writer for the "daily Worker." No. 3, Aubrey Williams, Communist Party agent and president of the Southern Conference Educational Fund (SCEF) a red front organizing blacks in southern states. No. 4, Miles Horton, head of the Highlander Folk School. King was listed on the school's letterhead as a "sponsor." The Highlander School was financed by the Julius Rosenwald fund. At one time the Jew Rosenwald headed Sears, Roebucks Co. He spent $22 million financing civil rights groups. His daughter Edith Stern continued to give money to the SCEF and Highlander Folk School after her father's death. Her husband, Alfred Stern of New Orleans, fled to Russia just before he was to be arrested on spy charges.
KING PICTURED WITH THREE REDS
The next photo [in the booklet this material was taken from] is extremely important as it identifies King with Carl and Ann Braden. They are life-long Communist Party activists who operate out of Louisville, Ky. Both were leaders in the SCEF. Carl Braden was convicted of criminal sedition in 1954. He and his wife purchased a home for blacks in a White neighborhood to incite racial violence. Later they were charged with bombing the same house to win sympathy for their cause and to raise money. Ann Braden today is a founder of the Atlanta based "Center For Democratic Renewal" which smears Conservative Patriots. Carl Braden is now dead but his wife Ann is still very active. On the right in the photo is Dr. James Dombrowski, a director of the SCEF and a Communist organizer. Also note photostat of SCEF check signed by Dombrowski and Benjamin Smith, who is a registered Foreign Agent for Fidel Castro. [ caption under photo of check states: Evidence that King accepted money from communists is this check from an official Red Front. It was obtained after a raid on the SCEF offices in New Orleans by agents of the Louisiana Legislative Committee on UnAmerican Activities. The signatures on the check are those of James Dombrowski and Benjamin Smith, both are Communist agents. Note the check says this is for "New York expenses."]
COMMUNISTS PROMOTED KING
A number of communists who left the party have reported they were ordered to do all within their power to support King's activities. A black woman, Julia Brown, was a Communist in Cleveland for nine years. She said: "We were told to promote King, to unite Negroes and Whites behind him, and to turn him into a sort of national hero. We were to look to King as the leader in this struggle, the Communists said, because he was on our side. While in the party I learned that King attended a communist training school, that several of his aides were communists and that he received funds from Communists and took directions from them. He was one of their biggest heroes." U.S. Congressional Record of March 30, 1965 quotes Karl Prussion, an FBI counterspy inside the Communist Party as swearing: "At all of these (Communist party) meetings Rev. Martin Luther King was always set forth as the individual to whom Communists should rally around...King has either been a member of, or wittingly accepted support from over 60 Communist fronts."
KING'S VIOLENCE CALLED "NON-VIOLENCE"
The FBI wire taps record Levinson as promising King that he could raise the money needed "to finance a civil rights revolution in the South." Another FBI wire tap in 1959 quotes Levinson as instructing King to begin, "civil disobedience disturbances and get yourself arrested as this will cause the liberal media to be sympathetic with our cause!" King was the master of the art of "doubletalk." Wherever King went violence followed. King incited riots in Birmingham, Montgomery, St. Augustine, Cleveland, Chicago, Albany, etc, etc. On July 28, 1967, King said, "I can't recommend burning down anyone else and our businesses get burned." In Birmingham, on May 4, 1963, King stated: "I have a deep commitment to non- violence." It took dogs and fire hoses to quell rioting black youths. King's "non-violence" talks were part of his BIG Lie technique. Violence was referred to as a "direct action program" which is described in his book, "Why We Can't Wait." King wrote: "The purpose of our direct action program is to create a crisis-packed situation. We who engage in non-violent direct action are not the creators of tension. We merely bring to the surface the hidden tension that is already alive." In August of that year he said: "Negroes will be mentally healthier if they do not suppress rage but vent it constructively and its energy peacefully but forcefully cripple an oppressive society." Birmingham in the fall of 1961, King threatened violence if Congress did not approve a Civil Rights Bill. He declared, "if the Civil Rights public accommodations bill does not pass Negroes will have to engage in massive civil disobedience." Chicago riots broke out when King marched his mobs into an all White neighborhood. He explained that this brought out the hatred in Whites for the world to see. That night he spoke before the West Side Club under a sign which read: "Burn Baby Burn-Boycott Baby Boycott." That night roving bands of black youths broke windows, looted stores, stoned police cars, etc.
QUOTES FROM FAMOUS MEN ON MARTIN LUTHER KING
J. Edgar Hoover, Director of the FBI called King, "the most notorious liar in the country." He also said: "King is a tom cat with obsessive degenerate urges." Later he told then Attorney General Bobby Kennedy, "The civil rights movement is headed by Communists and moral degenerates who pose a danger to the nation!" President Lyndon Johnson after listening to the FBI tapes of King's sex orgies, "G-D damn it, if only you could hear what that hypocritical preacher does sexually!" President John F. Kennedy warned King, (but to no avail), that: "You must take care not to lose your cause because Levinson and O'Dell are Communists-you've got to get rid of them! If some of the FBI's friends in Congress expose their background it will harm, not just you Martin, but the entire movement and my civil rights bill."
KING PRACTICED BIZARRE SEX ACTS
The FBI wired King's office and hotel rooms from 1963 to 1968. These tapes not only recorded his transactions with Communist agents but also wild interracial sex orgies which included acts of perversion. King's aides would use SCLC, (tax exempt) money, to hire White prostitutes to perform sexual acts with him. King often would use two prostitutes at the same time. These shocking tapes were ordered sealed for 50 years by U.S. Federal Judge John Smith Jr. on Jan. 31, 1977. In other words we will not be able to learn all the gory details until the year 2027. Some 90 Congressmen, led by the late Rep. Larry McDonald, urged Congress to find out what was in these tapes before they approved the disgraceful King Holiday Bill. A cowardly and spineless Congress voted 338 to 90 approving the King Holiday. Still, we have been able to learn some of the shocking incidents recorded on the King tapes. Washington's old Willard Hotel was the scene of King forcing White women to drink "Black Russians" and preforming sexual acts upon him. In Las Vagas King's aides paid $100 each to prostitutes to join him in orgies. In New York City King got drunk and threatened a young White girl working for civil rights to submit to his strange sexual tastes or he would jump from the 13th floor window. She succumbed to prove her loyalty to King. In Norway, King was nude when stopped by police while chasing a woman down a hotel corridor. In Los Angeles a dentist supporter of King was outraged when he discovered his wife engaged in weird sexual acts with the civil rights leader. King was forced to flee the city after the dentist threatened to kill him. This escapade was taped on Feb. 20, 1968. The following April someone else would shoot King. Is this the kind of man we want to hold up before our children to be honored as a national hero???
KING SUPPORTED INTERRACIAL MARRIAGE
The New York Post of July 1, 1958, interviewed King who stated: "I'm sure that integration will lead to intermarriage." This is a part of the Communist scheme to weaken America. Mongrelized nations have never been racially strong enough to defend themselves from dictatorships. William Z. Foster head of the Communist Party in the 1040's stated in his book, "Toward a Soviet America," "The American Soviet will, of course, abolish all restrictions upon racial intermarriage...The revolution will only hasten this progress of integration, already proceeding throughout the world with increasing speed" (Pages 305-306) The only way we can expose King's dream for a Communist America is to reach enough people with his true life story. The National Education Association (NEA) of left wing teachers is now sponsoring school study programs with 42 pro-King projects.
Was Martin Luther King a Communist? Chuckmorse.com | Jan. 19, 2002 | Chuck Morse
Was Martin Luther King a Communist? This writer does not question that the late, great Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was deservedly one of the most monumental and pivotal figures of the 20th century. King's inspirational leadership, oratory, and profession of non- violence may have very well saved this nation from a race war. I am grateful that the Rev. Dr. King emerged as the most visible and influential leader of the civil rights movement as opposed to an advocate of violence such as Malcolm X or a radical communist.
No, the Rev. Dr. King was not a communist, however, he did business with communists and was influenced by them. While this is a delicate subject to broach, especially given the martyrdom and lionization of Dr. King to virtual sainthood status, the subject must nevertheless be broached for a better understanding of some of the darker forces that infiltrated and sabotaged an organically pro American, conservative, and Christian civil rights movement.
Martin Luther King surrounded himself with communists from the beginning of his career. The Southern Christian Leadership Conference, formed in 1957 and led by Dr. King, also had as its vice president Rev. Fred Shuttlesworth who was at the same time president of the Southern Conference Education Fund, an identified communist front according to the Legislative Committee on un-American Activities, Louisiana (Report April 13, 1964 pp. 31-38). The field director of SCEF was Carl Braden, a known communist agitator who also sponsored the Fair Play for Cuba Committee, which counted as a member Lee Harvey Oswald, the communist assassin of President Kennedy. Dr. King maintained correspondence with Carl Braden. Also on the board of SCLC was Bayard Rustin, a known communist.
In 1957, Dr. King addressed the Highlander Folk School in Monteagle, Tenn. which was originally called Commonwealth College until it was sited by the House Committee on un-American Activities as being a communist front (April 27, 1949). The committee found that Commonwealth, later the Highlander Folk School, was using religion as a way to infiltrate the African- American community by, among other techniques, comparing the texts of the New Testament to those of Karl Marx. Dr. King knew many of the known communists associated with the Highlander school.
In 1960, Dr. King hired Hunter Pitts O'Dell, a communist official to work at SCLC. According to the St Louis Globe Democrat (Oct. 26, 1962) "A Communist has infiltrated the top administrative post in the Rev. Martin Luther King's SCLC. He is Jack H. O'Dell, acting executive director of conference activities in the southeastern states including Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana." Dr. King fired O'Dell when this information emerged but re-hired him as head of the SCLC New York office.
Dr. King was praised by communists and promoted by fellow travelers. Communist official Benjamin J. Davis, in the Worker (Nov. 10, 1963) describes Dr. King as "a brilliant and practical leader who articulates the philosophy of the Negro people, for direct non- violent mass action." The Worker article goes on to describe Dr. King as "The foremost advocate of the solution of social problems through non-violent methods of mass action."
In his own words, Martin Luther King expresses a communist outlook in his book "Stride Toward Freedom." He states that "in spite of the shortcomings of his analysis, Marx had raised some basic questions. I was deeply concerned from my early teen days about the gulf between superfluous wealth and abject poverty, and my reading of Marx made me even more conscious of this gulf. Although modern American capitalism has greatly reduced the gap through social reforms, there was still need for a better distribution of wealth. Moreover, Marx had revealed the danger of the profit motive as the sole basis of an economic system."
It's strikes me as sad that Dr. King, the most influential leader of the civil rights movement wasn't an advocate of the capitalism that was already leading to such great economic strides amongst African- Americans in his day. By advocating a "better distribution of wealth" he meant state control over the economy. He sneered at "the profit motive" without explaining why African- Americans shouldn't seek to profit to the best of their ability. These ideas would later on open the floodgates to radical African- American leaders such as Stokley Carmichael, H. Rap Brown, the Black Panthers, and the burning and looting of African-American neighborhoods, the institutionalizing of welfare programs, the perpetuation of poverty, the destruction of the African-American family, drugs, violence, racism, and crime.
In "Stride Toward Freedom" Dr. King states that "In short, I read Marx as I read all of the influential historical thinkers - from a dialectical point of view, combining a partial yea and a partial no. My readings of Marx convinced me that truth is found neither in Marxism nor in traditional capitalism. Each represents a partial truth. Historically capitalism failed to see truth in collective enterprise and Marxism failed to see the truth in individual enterprise. The Kingdom of G-d is neither the thesis of individual enterprise nor the antithesis of collective enterprise, but a synthesis which reconciles the truths of both."
By stating that he views things "from a dialectical point of view" Dr. King is thinking like communists such as Marx, Lenin, or Stalin. The dialectic always and can only lead to authoritarianism. Man cannot, for example, be half free and half slave, either he is free or he is a slave. Dr. King's imperious stand toward his own people would stand in contrast to an advocacy of genuine freedom, the development of self- rule, self-sufficiency, private ownership, and the accumulation of capital resulting from achievement. Dr. King was not advocating the American system of free market capitalism. Instead, he stood for a system that has stunted the growth of African- Americans as well as the rest of us.
Much remains to be said regarding the communist infiltration of the civil rights movement as a whole. The communists sought to use African-Americans as cannon fodder in their revolution by stoking hatred and racial division. Much blood and suffering is on the hands of these communist agitators. The story of how the left-wing predominantly white establishment promoted communists in the African-American community as a means of continuing an informal system of oppression also cries out to be told.
Chuck Morse Is the author of the upcoming book "The Difference between Us and Them" www.chuckmorse.com
I have a dream - but if you strip-search me you'll find three more.
Plagiarism and the Culture War: The Writings of Martin Luther King Jr. and Other
Reviewed By Gavan Tredoux
The news has been out since the late 1980s that Martin Luther King Jr., the American Civil Rights icon, was a serial plagiarist. Not only did he plagiarize at least half of his doctoral thesis; many of his speeches, including the most famous, were plagiarized too. Nor was this a recent development in his career - he had been plagiarizing material since he was a teenager.
This is a fascinating story. There is the delicious irony that Luther King Jr. has been universally feted and embalmed with saintly oils. More interesting still, the story has been suppressed. Most Americans have not heard about the plagiarism and perhaps never will. The editors of his papers did their utmost to prevent the story from spreading. Boston University delayed, denied and obfuscated as long as possible -- and then some. The press, including the major newsmagazines, quashed coverage until the story had emerged elsewhere, and then buried it in the inside pages, entombing it in layers of qualification, special pleading and distraction. Now that the plagiarism has become incontestable, many academics continue to cover for the plagiarist, insisting that he was merely being an African American!
Pappas struggled for years to find a publisher and effective distribution for his own groundbreaking account of all this. Despite that, the first printing sold out. Now he has completely revised and expanded the first edition, but don't expect a bookstore in your area to carry it. Instead, point your web browser at amazon.com or the Internet retailer of your choice, and have it delivered.
Pappas has no trouble establishing the principal case against Luther King Jr., since a few lengthy excerpts from his doctoral thesis and an uncannily similar work at the same college, by the deliciously-named Jack Boozer, more than suffices. Luther King Jr. copied vast tracts of text from Boozer, even repeating citation errors in the original. It is especially poignant that this was work conducted in divinity.
The author fails to do justice to the astounding coincidence that these theses shared an examiner. This may explain part of the obvious embarrassment felt by Boston University, who are forced to choose between explanations ranging from incompetence to conspiracy to commit fraud. This may provide satisfaction to those who have long suspected that nobody really reads doctoral theses anyway, least of all the examiners, and certainly not in the theology faculties.
The plagiarism did not begin or end with the doctoral thesis, so much so that the Collected Papers of Luther King Jr. apparently devotes at least as much time to "uncited sources" as it does to his own work, if that is the correct description. Even the much celebrated "I have a dream" speech of 1963 was plagiarized. By a peculiar turn of events, the source King raided for this was a speech given to the Republican National convention of 1952, by a black preacher named Archibald Carey.
The trail leads all the way back through Luther King Jr.'s undergraduate days to his teenage years - the earliest known instance is apparently an essay written at age 15. It seems to be harder to find something that that was incontestably original and not plagiarized. Hence much of Pappas' book is devoted to the events surrounding the discovery of the plagiarism, and the widespread cover-up that has followed. Not that this was a conspiracy - these are really quite rare and very hard to execute.
The people and institutions controlling the commanding heights of opinion formation in the United States obviously share an acute embarrassment about this whole affair. Martin Luther King Jr. has been converted into an icon and assiduously promoted to the American public and the world at large as a heroic figure. An annual national holiday has been declared to honor him. Streets and institutions across the country have been named after him. He has assumed the proportions of a black George Washington, and his surviving family resembles the Kennedy clan, at least as much in behavior as in status. It is hard to find anybody in mainstream American society who has an unkind word for Martin Luther King Jr., liberal or conservative. It is often said of figures like these that they would have to be invented if they did not exist, and although Pappas does not remark on or pursue this, "Martin Luther King Jr." was partly invented. Mostly a creation of white liberals, he has subsequently been annexed by conservatives too.
The flip side of King's plagiarism was his unsuitableness for the roles and positions he had been promoted to. He had been selected for the doctoral program at Boston despite his inferior grades, not because of his academic potential but because he was well liked by his fellow students and the staff. Lacking the requisite ability, he got by on plagiarism. He had been cast as the Great (Liberal) Black Hope of politics, a Gerry Cooney of ideas. It is hard to believe that throughout his high school and college career nobody noticed that he was proceeding largely by imitation and appropriation of the work of others.
Part of the reason why King got away with dishonesty while alive, and still does posthumously, is the indulgence that he enjoyed as a favourite of his instructors and examiners. At the very least, this indulgence shielded him from the critical and detached consideration that the average student was subjected to - or ought to have been. King was a favourite because he represented an opportunity for the institutions he proceeded through to influence not just black society, but white society too, through a cooperative vehicle. The vehicle might not have been the brightest or most able student, but he was affable and eager to please. As it turned out, he exceeded the expectations of his promoters. Indeed, the politics represented by King had a more profound effect on white society than black society. Among blacks King was rapidly out-radicalized by Malcolm X, the Panthers and other extremists. Whatever white hostility King at first faced faded remarkably over the years, to the extent that he now represents the black face of white liberals. Not just for liberals, since conservatives have now embraced King as the embodiment of non-racialism in their anti-preference rhetoric, a symptom of the total conquest by liberals of the race issue.
Given this across the board sponsorship of King and his legacy, it is not surprising that the media in the US were not only slow to pick up on the first hints of plagiarism but deliberately scotched nascent investigations by reporters. Hints at the plagiarism had emerged in the late 1980s as King's papers were being edited for publication under a government grant, and surfaced in 1989 in a British newspaper. It would be nearly a year before the story made print in the US, not only because reporters were reluctant to cover the story and editors reluctant to publish it, but also because the editors of the King papers deliberately stonewalled inquiries, as they later admitted quite cheerfully. Boston University turned away inquiries with categorical denials of any improprieties, a mixture of outright mendacity and bluster. Boston University has also refused to withdraw the doctorate, despite the overwhelming weight of evidence that it was stolen from the work of others.
Pappas was instrumental in breaking the story in the US, as the editor of the periodical Chronicles, which published the first details in late 1990, closely followed by The Wall Street Journal (though one should note that the first reports emerged in early 1990 from a handful of conservative organizations). This remarkable scoop for Pappas was due to courage only, since most other papers (including at least Dan Balz at the Washington Post, the editor of the New York Times book review section, and the Atlanta Journal/Constitution) and newsmagazines had already known of the story for months. Later, The New Republic would publish a mea culpa, bemoaning their own decision to kill the story, but others were not as forthcoming. Now that the story could no longer be contained, various newspapers eventually reported it in a low-key manner, smothered with qualifications and a Maginot Line of 'explanatory' editorials.
Gradually the story has made its way through the US media, never prominently featured and safely buried. If one looks for it, it can be found, but very few know the full story or the sheer extent of King's plagiarism. The only place where the 'full monty' can be obtained is Pappas' book, and that makes it essential reading - even if Pappas sugars his bitter pill with the suggestion that Luther King should have his doctorate replaced by an honorary one. The last suggestion is an elegant demonstration of the invention, and reinvention, of Martin Luther King Jr.
MICHAEL KING, A.K.A. M. L. KING, JR.: PLAGIARIST
Martin Luther King was born Michael King.
He never did have his name legally changed. He took his fathers name.
He received his Ph.D. from Boston University, where he plagiarized his doctoral dissertation. He also plagiarized sections of STRIDE TOWARD FREEDOM. This was his practice throughout his academic career. He regarded other mens words just as he regarded other mens wives: as ripe for the taking.
His plagiarism has been known for a decade. It is discussed in detail by Theodore Pappas, who wrote a book about it: THE MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., PLAGIARISM STORY (Rockford, Illinois: Rockford Institute, 1994).
Pappas has published examples of this in the book he edited,
PLAGIARISM AND THE CULTURE WAR: THE WRITINGS OF MARTIN LUTHER KING AND
OTHER PROMINENT AMERICANS (Halberg, 1998).
The earliest warning that King was a plagiarist came from Ira Zepp, in an unpublished story, revealed that sections of Kings book, STRIDE TOWARD FREEDOM, had been lifted from books written by two theologians.
His plagiarism includes his Nobel Prize lecture, his I have a Dream speech, and his Letter from a Birmingham Jail. One biographer called this activity ghostwriting. (Note: authors pay ghostwriters for their work. King did not pay anyone for the purloined sections.) A chronology of the story of his plagiarism appears here:
The first public revelation of Kings plagiarized Ph.D. dissertation came in the LONDON TELEGRAPH (Dec. 3, 1989). The story was suppressed in the U.S. until January, 1991, when Pappas blew the lid off. (Theodore Pappas, A Doctor in Spite of Himself: The Strange Career of Martin Luther King, Jr.s Dissertation, CHRONICLES [Jan. 1991].) The appearance of this article forced the American press to admit what King had done, how the editor of Kings papers had suppressed the fact for years, lying to those who inquired about this.
The large number of plagiarized sources in everything King wrote and preached, from the beginning of his career, is visible in volume 1 of his PAPERS (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992); the plagiarized originals appear in the footnotes. The publication of this volume was delayed for many years because of this public relations problem.
The response of the academic community and the media indicates that liberals icons are not allowed to be publicly embarrassed, in life or posthumously. The CHRONICLES article led to a series of defenses of Kings plagiarism, including an immediate one written by a Roman Catholic professor of metaphysics: George F. McLean, Kings Scholarship Was Central to His Vision, WALL STREET JOURNAL (Jan. 21, 1991).
In 1992, an untenured English professor at Arizona State University, Keith Miller, had his book published: a defense of Kings plagiarism, which he calls intertextualizations, incorporations, borrowings, echoing, resonances, and voice merging. On the defense, see Keith Miller, VOICE OF DELIVERANCE: THE LANGUAGE OF MARTIN LUTHER KING JR., AND ITS SOURCES (New York: Free Press, 1992). This book was reviewed by Pappas, A Houdini of Time, CHRONICLES (Nov. 1992).
A faculty committee at Boston University, which awarded King the Ph.D., concluded in 1991 that the first half of his dissertation was 45 percent stolen, the second half was 21 percent stolen, but the thesis nonetheless remains legitimate and an intelligent contribution to scholarship. The school did not revoke his degree. (Pappas, MARTIN LUTHER KING, p. 103.)
Reed Irvine, who runs Accuracy in Media, a conservative media-monitoring organization, has summarized the scandal.
Theodore Pappas has written a piece for Chronicles magazine that should be required reading for every journalism student and journalist. It tells the story of how the media, including book publishers, tried to suppress the story of how famed civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King committed plagiarismstealing material from other people and claiming it as his own. For his role in bringing this to the publics attention, Pappas says he received three death threats, one left hook to the jaw and 40 rejections from 40 publishers in 40 months. This is quite a record. When he finally found a publisher, the books first edition was sold out. It carried the title, The Martin Luther King, Jr.
Pappas recounts his effort in publicizing the story in the May issue of Chronicles magazine, where he serves as managing editor. Pappas was the first journalist who exposed, with parallel quotations, how segments of Kings Ph.D dissertation had been copied from a previous work. He estimates that 66 percent of Kings dissertation was plagiarized. On top of revelations about Kings womanizing, the plagiarism allegations served to demonstrate that while King postured as a paragon of moral virtue, he was in reality a scoundrel. This is not something that a lot of people wanted to hear.
The Wall Street Journal, considered by some a conservative newspaper, heard the story was breaking and ran its own piecea whitewash of the charges against King. Even the Journals editorial page tried to suppress the significance of the story by insisting that it had to be covered in a carefully modulated manner.
Writing in the New Republic magazine, Charles Babington would later reveal that the Washington Post, the New York Times and the New Republic itself all had known the facts about Kings plagiarism but refused to publish them. The Times eventually did cover the issue but in a subsequent editorial suggested that the plagiarism was somehow comparable to a politician using a ghost writer for speeches.
Pappass expanded version of the King Plagiarism Story has now been published by Hallberg Publishing Corporation under the title Plagiarism and the Culture War. Regarding the publishers who rejected his original book and the new edition, Pappas says three of them said any criticism of King would be in bad taste because King isnt around to defend himself. Pappas notes that such an approach would mean the end of historical studies and scholarship in general. He points out that such an attitude hasnt stopped various so-called scholars and academics from defaming one of our founding fathers, Thomas Jefferson. Apparently its all right to bad-mouth Jefferson; after all, he was a white European male. But King, a black civil rights leader, has to be spared any criticism. This is the double-standard that infects the media today. . . .
Prof. Trout of the University of Montanaa fitting name for anyone who lives in Montanahas written an excellent piece on how a rising tide of plagiarism is now undermining higher education. (Stealing from the Web is easy, but students can also buy essays on-line.) He writes:
One notorious plagiarism caseinvolving, sadly, Martin Luther King, Jr.illustrates that some professors not only ignore plagiarism but excuse it.
In 1991 a panel of scholars at Boston University ruled that Dr. King plagiarized parts of his 1952 doctoral dissertation at BU by appropriating material from sources not explicitly credited in notes, or mistakenly credited, or credited generally and at some distance in the text from a close paraphrase or verbatim quotation. A careful analysis of Kings dissertation by Theodore Pappas revealed that over sixty percent was copied from an earlier dissertation. Clayborne Carson, director of the Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, and professor of history at Stanford University, found additionally that Kings student essays and published and unpublished addresses and essays all contain numerous instances of plagiarism and, more generally, textual appropriation.
When the charges became public, some professors
both black and whiterushed to palliate or deny Kings wrongdoing. The most bald-faced effort came from the Acting President of Boston University (October 1990): Dr. Kings dissertation has, in fact, been scrupulously examined and reexamined by scholars...Not a single instance of plagiarism of any sort has been identified (in Pappas Plagiarism 68). Taking a similar tack, the committee of BU academics found no blatancy in the plagiarism despite the fact that King appropriated page after page from other works.
Others tried to palliate the offense by saying it was the result of carelessness (despite the fact that King had taken a graduate course in thesis writing). A few, like Keith D. Miller, an English professor at Arizona State University, notoriously argued that King merely had drawn on the oral traditions of the black church in which voice mergingthe blending of the words and ideas of those who spoke beforeis commonplace. A somewhat conflicted Professor Carson went further, describing Kings pattern of unacknowledged appropriation of words and ideas, which he does label plagiarism, as a legitimate utilization of political, philosophical, and literary texts that allowed King to express his ideas effectively using the words of others via a successful composition method. And Professor George McLean praised Kings plagiarized dissertation as a contribution in scholarship for which his doctorate was richly deserved (in Pappas Life and Times 43). As Theodore Pappas points out, to say that [Kings] doctorate was richly deserved when 66 percent of his dissertation was plagiarized is absurd and dishonest (Ibid.).
But absurdity and dishonesty now often trump adherence to the academic creed. When confronted with irrefutable proof of plagiarism, what did many notable scholars do? In the words of Jacob Neusner, Distinguished Research Professor of Religious Studies at the University of South Florida:
They lied, they told half-truths, they made up fables, they did everything they could but address facts; three
enlightened individuals even threatened [Pappass] life. In the face of their own universitys rules against
plagiarism, Boston Universitys academic authorities and professors somehow found excuses for Kings plagiarism. They found extenuating circumstances, they reworded matters to make them sound less dreadful, they compromised their own universitys integrity and the rules supposedly enforced to defend and protect the process of learning and the consequent degrees. They called into question the very standing of the university as a place where cheating is penalized and misrepresentation condemned (in Pappas, I 1).
Jacob Neusner is probably the most prolific scholar in American history. Five or six years ago, I asked him to send me a copy of his published works. He did. The list was then over 30 single-spaced pages long. He is a publishing phenomenon like no other I am aware of. He has every right to complain about what King did.
There is a common belief today that mens private sins should not be considered in our assessment of their public lives. This public philosophy can be summarized as follows: Cigars shared between consenting adults dont count. It is always applied by liberals to liberals. Sometimes it applies to conservatives, unless the sins involve money, especially Political Action Committee money taken from business. But money taken by the Democratic National Committee from agents of Communist China is like Martin Luther King, Jr.s plagiarism: irrelevant.
There is a now-discarded phrase: If a man will cheat on his wife, he will cheat on anyone. That is my view. That is the way I vote, when I vote.
King was right about Rosa Parks. He was right about non-violence. But what he did to other mens wives, and to his own wife, was unconscionable. Also unconscionable was his career-long theft of the words that he stole for public use. But the liberals who dismiss all of this are worse, for they seek to make intellectual theft and adultery seem irrelevant. They prefer to undermine the ethics of civilization for the sake of politics and race.
So, I am celebrating Martin Luther King Jr.s holiday by working. Its the least I can do.
The Perfect American Holiday
by Edgar J. Steele
January 18, 2004
other public holiday in the United States honors a single individual.
Of all the great leaders in our Nation's history - none of them have their
own holiday. All of our great war heroes share Memorial Day. All of our
great presidents share President's Day. Yet King - a man who was a
phony, a cheater, a traitor, and a sexual degenerate - gets a day of his own.
I have a big problem with that."
I've given this a lot of thought, in view of all the negative articles concerning Martin Luther King, Jr. that fly around the Internet at this time of year, and I'm coming out in support of its status as a national holiday.
In fact, I can't think of another holiday that better sums up all that America has come to represent.
Besides, the above quote is wrong. Columbus Day still is enough of a holiday to be considered national and it honors just one individual. In fact, since Christopher Columbus did not discover America first, an argument can be made that he deserves treatment equal to King's, pursuant to modern American standards.
Martin Luther King,
Jr. Day is the perfect reflection of modern America, however, so it wins honors as the
most perfect American holiday. Let's examine the top ten reasons why this is
In fact, the King coverup is actually more legitimate, because King's widow received a 1977 Federal court order which sealed the huge FBI file on her husband for 50 years, "because its release would destroy his reputation!"
9. King incited violence while preaching nonviolence, just as America does every time it invades another small, defenseless country.
"(W)herever King went, violence erupted. He explained it himself, in a piece he wrote for Saturday Review (April 3, 1965), in which he set forth the four steps of his technique: '1. Nonviolent demonstrators go into the streets to exercise their constitutional rights. 2. Racists resist by unleashing violence against them. 3. Americans of conscience in the name of decency demand federal intervention and legislation. 4. The administration, under mass pressure, initiates measures of immediate intervention and remedial legislation.'" Martin Luther King, Jr. - Communist Fraud, by Alan Stang (1/16/04, Etherzone.com) (http://www.etherzone.com/2004/stang011604.shtml)
8. King ruthlessly stole from others, just like America steals Iraq's oil.
"The first public sermon that King ever gave, in 1947 at the Ebenezer Baptist Church, was plagiarized from a homily by Protestant clergyman Harry Emerson Fosdick entitled "Life is What You Make It," according to the testimony of King's best friend of that time, Reverend Larry H. Williams." Holiday for a Cheater, Michael Hoffman (Wiswell Ruffin House, Dresden, New York, 1992)
"(N)o less an authoritative source than the four senior editors of The Papers of Martin Luther King, Jr. (an official publication of the Martin Luther King Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc., whose staff includes King's widow Coretta), stated of King's writings at both Boston University and Crozer Theological Seminary: 'Judged retroactively by the standards of academic scholarship, [his writings] are tragically flawed by numerous instances of plagiarism.... Appropriated passages are particularly evident in his writings in his major field of graduate study, systematic theology...only 49 per cent of sentences in the section on Tillich (in his doctoral dissertation) contain five or more words that were King's own....'" Hoffman, ibid.
Boston University officials eventually admitted, "There is no question but that Dr. King plagiarized in the dissertation." Even so, they concluded that, "No thought should be given to the revocation of Dr. King's doctoral degree, (because such action) would serve no purpose." New York Times, October 11, 1991, page 15.
An interesting side note: Lynne Cheney, wife of America's current Vice President, was Chairman of the National Endowment for the Humanities when it purposely and forcefully suppressed knowledge of King's extensive doctoral thesis plagiarism.
" The first book that King wrote, Stride Toward Freedom, was plagiarized from numerous sources, all unattributed, according to documentation recently assembled by sympathetic King scholars Keith D. Miller, Ira G. Zepp, Jr., and David J. Garrow." Hoffman, ibid.
King never outgrew his need to steal the intellectual work of others. For example, he lifted whole sections of his famous "I Have A Dream" speech from a sermon by 1950's black preacher Archibald Carey.
7. King stole money from his followers and supporters, just like America steals money from its own people through confiscatory taxation, obscene monetary inflation and outlandish deficit spending.
"According to Assistant (FBI) Director Sullivan, who had direct access to the surveillance files on King which are denied the American people, King had embezzled or misapplied substantial amounts of money contributed to the 'civil rights' movement. King used SCLC funds to pay for liquor and numerous prostitutes, both Black and White, who were brought to his hotel rooms, often two at a time, for drunken sex parties which sometimes lasted for several days." The Beast As Saint, The Truth About Martin Luther King, by Kevin Alfred Strom (http://www.revilo-oliver.com/Kevin-Strom-personal/Beast_as_Saint.html)
6. King used a phony name, just like modern America poses as the America born of the 1776 Revolution.
He was born Michael King, but his self-ordained preacher father changed his own name to Martin Luther King in 1935, thereby grandiosely presuming to assume the mantle of the great Protestant reformer, Martin Luther. Thus, he became Martin Luther King, Jr.
5. King lied prodigiously, just as America lies chronically about all things domestic and foreign.
FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover named Martin Luther King, Jr. "(t)he most notorious liar in the country."
4. King liked white hookers, similar to how America actively now couples its white daughters with blacks of every stripe.
King spent his last night on earth in an adulterous liaison with a white prostitute, just one in a long string of such assignations. And the Walls Came Tumbling Down, a biography of King by Rev. Ralph Abernathy (1989).
3. King liked brutalizing weaker people, for which America has shown a predilection in both Iraq and Afghanistan, most recently.
During his last night alive, King was witnessed beating the prostitute he procured for the evening. Abernathy, ibid.
2. King was a communist, just like America's government has become.
"According to King's biographer and sympathizer David J. Garrow, 'King privately described himself as a Marxist.' In his 1981 book, The FBI and Martin Luther King, Jr., Garrow quotes King as saying in SCLC staff meetings, '...we have moved into a new era, which must be an era of revolution.... The whole structure of American life must be changed.... We are engaged in the class struggle.'" Strom, ibid.
None other than Bobby Kennedy, US Attorney General, had King's office and hotel rooms bugged during the mid-1960s, developing extensive evidence of King's communist affiliations, revealing his communist financing and disclosing his handlers. This is how the shocking discovery of his sexual perversions was made.
"Jewish Communist Stanley Levison can best be described as King's behind-the-scenes 'handler.' Levison, who had for years been in charge of the secret funneling of Soviet funds to the Communist Party, USA, was King's mentor and was actually the brains behind many of King's more successful ploys. It was Levison who edited King's book, Stride Toward Freedom. It was Levison who arranged for a publisher. Levison even prepared King's income tax returns! It was Levison who really controlled the fund-raising and agitation activities of the SCLC. Levison wrote many of King's speeches. King described Levison as one of his 'closest friends.'" Strom, ibid.
Also, generally, see Was the Reverend Doctor Martin Luther King Jr. a Communist? By Chuck Morse (http://www.chuckmorse.com/was_mlk_a_communist.html)
And, the number one reason why Martin Luther King, Jr. Day is the perfect reflection of America:
1. Martin Luther King, Jr., like other black "leaders," was run by jews, just as America's government, banking and media are today.
"Jewish Communist Stanley Levison can best be described as King's behind-the-scenes 'handler'...It was Levison who really controlled the fund-raising and agitation activities of the SCLC." Strom, ibid.
Only in recent years has the NAACP had a black president. Previously, the leadership was always jewish, the same people who created the organization in the first place.
Upon further reflection, I realized that Christmas, too, is a national holiday which honors but a single individual. However, Christmas now has been stripped bare of its origins and meaning by American zionists and their Shabbats Goyim, the American Christian fundamentalists, such that it has become merely a major shopping opportunity. Yet another perfect reflection of modern America.
How utterly perfect that the only true "religious" holidays left to Americans at the end of the year are one recently created for self profit by a black American ex-con (Kwanzaa) and one which celebrates the massacre of white European ancestors by jews (Chanukah).
New America. An idea whose
time has come.