Greek vs Hebrew

part 2

Hebrew Mechanics

It is suggested before reading this paper, that part 1 of this series "Origin and Essential Elements"

is read.

It is expedient that the basics of the Paleo Hebrew language be understood before we continue

with the comparison of it and the Greek mind set.

There are many misconceptions about the language of the Old Testament. The majority of these

come from the false idea that the "Classical Hebrew" as taught by Jewish Rabbin for centuries is

the language of Scripture. In truth "Classical Hebrew" was the result of combining a host of

Babylonian dialects and ideas. The majority of it’s application was from the fall of Jerusalem in

70 AD to 500 AD when the finishing touches were being added to both the language and the

documents they possessed. This period was one of codifying the "traditions of the elders" so

scornfully reproached by Yahshua into the Babylonian and Jerusalem Talmuds. While this was

being done the majority of the Old Testament was translated from the original Hebrew into the

same language as the other rabbinical works. This whole period deserves a great amount of

attention, which at this point we cannot afford. The important part for now is to establish that the

language of David, Abraham and Isaiah was not the language of the Rabbinical scholars of the

middle ages. It is not in the "Hebrew" of the descendants of the Pharisees that we are interested,

but the Hebrew into which scripture was originally inspired. This Hebrew is commonly referred

to as Paleo Hebrew, Phoenician, or North Semetic. This is what we will hereafter call "Hebrew".

Probably the greatest misconception about Hebrew is that it has no vowels. Josephus says

otherwise; "...A mitre also of fine linen encompassed his head ... about which there was another

golden crown, in which was engraven the sacred name: it consists of four vowels." (Wars 5:5:7)

Josephus lived long before the vowel pointing of Rabbinical Hebrew was employed. He was

therefore referring only to the four letters of the tetragrammaton: yod y, hey h, waw w, hey

h.

Josephus was not alone in this assumption. Weingreen states, "However long before the

introduction of vowel-signs it was felt that the main vowel-signs should be indicated in writing,

and the three letters T U W were used to represent long vowels." The three letters indicated are

waw, hey, and yod. R. Laird Harris writes in his "Introductory Hebrew Grammar", "Four of the

Hebrew letters a U T W are called vowel letters." The added letter here is "aleph". Even

though Gesenius contends that "Hebrew has no vowels" he admits in chapter 1 section 7 of his

"Hebrew Grammar" that in antiquity the above letters acted as vowels. Some will also add to this

list ayin D (ayin).

So, even the experts agree that in antiquity, prior to the revision by the scribes of this era, Hebrew

contained five letters that could be considered, or at least could be used like, vowels.

The five vowels of the English language are A, E, I, O, and U, with of course the optional sixth

"Y". The Random House Webster’s College Dictionary (copyright 1991) says the ancestor of

"A" was the North Semitic ")" or "aleph". Interestingly both "A" and ")" are the first letters of

their respective alphabets. The ancestor of "E" is "h" called "hey". Random House says "I" and

"Y" are derived from the North Semitic "y" or "yod". "O" comes from the North Semitic "("

ayin. Finally, the root of "U" is waw "w".

Well, if they look like vowels, act like vowels, and our modern vowels are descended from them;

perhaps Hebrew has vowels!!!

The following chart lists all twenty two of the Paleo Hebrew characters. It compares them with

the characters of Babylonian Hebrew. Also listed are the modern English equivalent, Post

Babylonian Numerical equivalent, and allegorical meaning of each letter.

Character Babylon English Number Allegorical Meaning & Source

)aleph a A 1 Verb: to associate, learn, or teach #502

Noun: family, ox, cow, often a bull as in

The foremost, beginning or

progenitor #504

b beyth P B 2 Verb:

Noun: a house or family #1004

Pre-modifier: in, with, by

g gimel O G 3 Verb: to treat, benefit, requite, by

implication to toil i.e. to wean

#1581

Noun: burden bearer, camel, labor #1581

d

daleth

I D 4 Verb: swinging #1817

Noun: a door or gate

h hey U E 5 Verb: illuminate or brighten E.B.

Noun: window or light E.B.

Pre-modifier: the

Post modifier: with a consonant the

feminine terminus

with a vowel alters the

vowel sound like the

English "E"

w waw Y U, W 6 Verb: to fasten, fix, or hang

Noun: a hook, peg, nail for hanging

things "Hast." "Smith’s" #2053

z zayin T Z 7 Verb:

Noun: weapons "Hast"

sword "Smith’s"

xcheyth R H 8 Verb: prostrate, tear down #2865

Noun: terror #2844

a fence or palisade "Hast"

+ teyt E T? 9 Verb: sweeping #2916

Noun: mud, clay, calamity

From a root meaning curvature ,

coiled snake "Hast"

a basket "Smith’s"

y yod W I, Y 10 Verb: giving

Noun: a hand, power, means, direction

a clenched fist #3027

k kaph Q K 20 Verb: receiving

Noun: hollow hand, bowl #3709

Pre-modifier: as, like

Post-modifier: thy (as, like when used

before another suffix

l lamed L L 30 Verb: to goad or teach #3925

Noun: ox-goad Hast.

Pre-modifier: to, for

Post-modifier: to

m mem K M 40 Verb: flowing

Noun: water #4325

Pre-modifier: from

Post-modifier: their, masc.

n nun H N 50 Verb: to re-sprout, i.e. propagate by

shoots, fig. To be perpetual #5125

Noun: perpetuity #5126

A fish Smith’s

s camek F X? 60 Verb: to prop, lean upon, take hold of

#5564

Noun: a prop or support

O ayin D O 70 Verb:

Noun: the eye, by anal. A fountain # 5869

p pe or

phe

S P orF 80 Verb: blowing or speaking #6310

Noun: the edge or side of the mouth

Used alone means "according to" In this

way it is very similar to quotation marks,

only it is used only once at the beginning

of the quote.

c

tsadey

M Tz 90 Verb: to chase #6658

Noun: food, game, lunch #6720 & 6718

Seems to be that which is caught

A javelin - Hast.

A fish hook - Smith’s

Both a fish hook and a javelin are

instruments used to capture game.

q qowf N Q 100 Verb:

Noun: an ape #6971 (probably not)

A knot - Hast.

Back of the head, ear, a pole, or

the eye of a needle - Smith’s

A needle and thread - Encl Brit Q

r resh B R 200 Verb: to shake # 7218

Noun: the head

$

shin

Cor V S or

Sh

300 Verb: to point or pierce, to inculcate

#8150

Noun: a tooth, sharp, a cliff or crag #8372

T tau X Z T 400 Verb: to mark off, designate # 8376

Noun: a room (as circumscribed)

Perhaps that which has been

marked off or designated, like a

Signature or border.

Column 1 is the original Paleo Hebrew character, followed by it’s name. Notice the clear, simple

structure of the letters. Also notice the resemblance of the Paleo Hebrew letter to it’s English

offspring in column 3.

The second column is the Babylonian (or Classical Hebrew) character as used by the Talmudic

scribes since the Babylonian exile, and especially since the destruction of Jerusalem by Titus.

Notice the intricacy, and in many cases similarity of the letters to each other. This can create a

great deal of confusion when reading from this text.

Column 4 is the numerical equivalent as ascribed since the Babylonian exile. Some suggest this

system was an offshoot of Babylonian satanic numerology. Others suggest this system was

originally a part of the Hebrew language. I honestly do not know. I have included it so that each

student has the opportunity to seek the matter on their own.

Column 5 gives the allegorical meaning of each of the Paleo Hebrew letters. All numbers

following the "#" sign are the Strong’s number of the respective letter’s name. When a secular or

work unrelated to Strong’s gave a significantly different definition, it is listed and the reference

noted. This is the most incredible part of the whole language. This is the way the word meanings

were maintained.

In the final column the meanings are divided into "verbs, nouns, pre-modifiers, and postmodifiers."

To unlock the allegorical word meanings, each word must be viewed as an

independent statement. Within a word each letter can be used principally as either a noun or verb.

(Although it is possible to be an adjective or adverb as well.) In Hebrew, prepositions, pronouns

and articles are represented by a single letter being added either to the end or beginning of a word.

A pre-modifier is a letter added to the beginning of a word. A post-modifier is a letter added to

the end of a word.

If h is added to the beginning of myhl) (Elohym), it becomes myhl)h (the Elohym). In

this case h is a pre-modifier.

Hebrew sentences can be rather different from English. Hebrew has "clauses" rather than

complete statements like those with which we are familiar. These clauses may be linked to form

complete sentences, or can stand alone. There are two principle forms of clauses; the noun clause

and the verb clause. If the clause begins with a noun, not proceeded by the T) prefix, it is a

noun clause. Noun clauses are arranged very similarly to English sentences; subject, predicate,

object. If the clause begins with a verb, or a noun preceded by T) , it is a "verb clause". Verb

clauses are opposite English order; object (the noun preceded by T) ), predicate, subject. This

is the simplified version. Within the text of scripture it can be very complex, and poetic.

This is obviously important to understanding the idea conveyed by a phrase. In Gen 1:1 was it

Elohym who created the Heavens and the Earth, or did the Heavens and the Earth create

Elohym? The Hebrew structure clearly establishes that it was Elohym that did the "creating" and

the Heavens and the Earth were the things being created. Without the above knowledge

establishing a clear understanding of a passage or a word can be not only confusing, but can be in

error.

The first step in establishing the allegorical meaning of a word is to reduce it to a prim. root. This

will normally be a three letter word, or occasionally a two letter word. If Strongs suggests a

word with more than three letters is a root, it has mistakenly included a preposition, pronoun or

article (a pre or post-modifier). Carefully decide which of the letters is (are) the culprit(s), and

remove it to establish the root.

Once the root has been found the next step is to confirm if the word is being used as a verb or a

noun. Just like English many words can be used as both and context is necessary to ascertain

which is intended in any given situation.

If the word is a noun, the letters can be viewed as arranged like a noun clause. Thus the first

letter will be a noun (subject), the second the verb (predicate), and the third a noun (object),

adverb, or adjective. Here are a few examples:

xwr -St#7306, most commonly translated "spirit", has the allegorical meaning; "the Head

Fastening Fence".

m$n -St#5395, the root of #5397, translated "breath of the spirit" (Gen 2:7) allegorically

means, "Perpetuity Piercing the Waters". ("waters" are often symbolic of "mankind")

lb) -St#59 the name "Abel" has the allegorical meaning, "the Beginning of the House of the

Shepherd’s staff." He was a shepherd, and one of the meanings of his name is "meadow."

$pn -St#5315 often translated "soul", has the allegorical meaning, "Perpetuity, Expressing or

Speaking, Instruction."

Many words can be almost comical in the pictures they draw, but a deeper or fuller meaning is

always ascertained.

Verbs are a little more difficult. Remember their order is different than that to which we are

accustomed. The first letter will almost always represent a verb. Here are some examples:

(dy -St#3045 translated "to know" can allegorically mean, "to Give the Door to the

Fountain."

h(r St#7462 translated as, "tend, rule, or pasture", could have the allegorical meaning

"Leading (often a "head" can mean a "leader") to the Fountain of Light."

This area needs more scientific, Spirit led research. The majority of the study in this area has been

very "subjective" without many "objective" rules being established. The more I work with the

system, the more I can "feel" the order and logic of it. Unfortunately I cannot yet say I

thoroughly understand all the "rules", but I am confident they exist. Nor have I found many who

seem to understand the absolutes of the language. Nearly everyone appears to "make it up as

they go". This is unacceptable. As the language is studied it’s order and relation to absolutes is

obvious. These laws exist, they simply need to be re-discovered.

Another area that needs true scientific and detailed research is the phonetic values of each letter.

By fixing the English equivalent we jump forward considerably. However, if Hebrew had vowels

it must have phonetic rules. Webster tried to keep these ancient rules in tact when he codified our

American language, but Hebrew letters are not directly like English, so there still needs to be

much careful research.

In addition to having the above delineated vowel letters(A, E, I, O, & U, ) h y ( w)

each of the other letters carry with them a "supplied" vowel. It is uncomfortable at first to grasp,

but shortly makes a lot of sense. Beyth b makes the "b" sound. When it comes at the end of a

word it stops short. An example of this would be ST # 1 b). The first letter is aleph or "a".

(Remember Hebrew is written from right to left) The second is beyth it has the "b" sound just as

we are accustomed. b) would then be pronounced "AB".

ST # 1121 is nb, this is beyth, nun; no regular vowels. Here the supplied vowel is used. Have

you ever wondered what spelling would be like if our English "b" actually held the phonetic value

of "bee", just as it is pronounced? This is the way the supplied vowels of Hebrew work. b is

pronounce "beyth" at the beginning or middle of a word it has the phonetic value of "be" (as in

"bed"). At the end of the word nun would have exactly the same value as "N". For these reasons

nb would be pronounced "BeN", just like the English "Ben".

Beyth itself is a Hebrew word, ST # 1004 Tyb, meaning "house". This is where the

pronunciations get complicated. Beyth, yod, tau Beyth, as the first letter, would be pronounced

"Be" as in "bed". Yod is a vowel having the "y" or "i" sound. Tau can be either "t" or "th". I

suggest the vowel (yod) softens the tau to "th" (as in "things") and the beyth retains its supplied

vowel. I therefore believe St # 1004 should be pronounced "beyth". Many support this idea.

This is my best estimation, but as I said this is an area that requires further research. It is also

possible that the yod as a modifying vowel (similar in ways to a final "e") is silent. In this case the

simple pronunciation would be "beth".

This most ancient of languages has been silent for centuries. It has been counterfeited by falsefriends,

and denigrated by pseudo-scholars. In these ways it is much like the Truth it was meant

to convey. Even with almost relentless attack it has stood the test of time and remains a stalwart

monument to the wisdom of its author, Yahweh. It, like its Creator, is vast, perhaps more so than

we can now comprehend, but not unknowable.

To be continued...