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DIRECTORY OF
U.S. POLITICAL PARTIES

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THE TWO MAJOR PARTIES:

Democratic Party (DNC) - Democrats control the DLC ... Ahead of the Curve (1996)White House, several Governorships (including California, Georgia, North Carolina and Washington) and state legislatures -- but occupy minority status in Congress. While prominent Democrats run the wide gamut from the near-democratic socialist left (Rev. Jesse Jackson, Sen. Paul Wellstone and the Congressional Progressive Caucus) to the Democratic center-right (the Congressional Blue Dog Coalition and the New Democrat Network) to the GOP-style conservative right (Congressmen Ralph Hall and Gene Taylor), most fall somewhere into the pragmatic Democratic Leadership Council style of party centrist moderate-to-liberal (President Clinton, Al Gore, Bill Bradley). This official DNC web site offers party news, hearing information, platform positions, links and more. Other official, affiliated national Democratic sites include:

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Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee.

bulletDemocratic Senatorial Campaign Committee.
bulletDemocratic Governors Association.
bulletDemocratic Legislative Campaign Committee.
bulletYoung Democrats of America.
bulletCollege Democrats of America.

Republican Party (RNC) - Republicans control the US House, US Senate, several key Governorships (including New York, Texas, Illinois, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Florida) -- but have lost the last two Presidential elections. GOP ... We're back! (1980)Leading Republicans fall into several different ideological factions: traditional conservatives (Jack Kemp, Gov. John Engler and Rep. Henry Hyde), the Religious Right (Sen. Jesse Helms, ex-VP Dan Quayle, Gary Bauer, the National Federation of Republican Assemblies and the Christian Coalition), the old Nixon/Rockefeller centrist wing (Gov. Christie Whitman, Sen. John McCain, NYC Mayor Rudy Giuliani, the Republican Leadership Council and the Republican Mainstream Committee), and libertarians (Rep. Ron Paul, humorist P.J. O'Rourke and the Republican Liberty Caucus). The well-designed RNC net site offers news, party positions, educational tools, gifts, chat, links and more. Other official, affiliated national GOP sites include:

bullet

National Republican Congressional Committee.

bulletNational Republican Senatorial Committee.
bulletRepublican Governors Association.
bulletRepublican Mayors & Local Officials.
bulletNational Federation of Republican Women.
bulletYoung Republican National Federation.
bulletCollege Republican National Committee.

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THE THIRD PARTIES:
(in alphabetical order)

American Party - The AP is a very small, very conservative, Christian splinter party formed after a break from the American Independent Party in 1972. Sen. Jesse Helms (R-NC) and Gov. Mel Thomson American Party - 1976(R-NH) both flirted with the American Party's presidential nomination in 1976, but both ultimately declined. The party won its strongest finish in the 1976 presidential election -- nominee Tom Anderson carried 161,000 votes (6th place) -- but has now largely faded into almost total obscurity. The party's 1996 Presidential candidate -- anti-gay rights activist and attorney Diane Templin -- carried just 1,900 votes. The party -- which used to field a sizable amount of state and local candidates in the 1970s -- rarely fields more than a handful of nominees nationwide in recent years, although they do claim local affiliates in 15 states. Beyond the pro-life, pro-gun and anti-tax views that you'd expect to find, the American Party also advocates an end to farm price supports/subsidies, privatization of the US Postal Service, opposes federal involvement in education, supports abolition of the Environmental Protection Agency, supports repeal of NAFTA, opposes minimum wage laws, opposes land use zoning regulations and opposes convening a Constitutional convention. Of course, the AP also opposes the United Nations, the New World Order, communism, socialism and the Trilateral Commission.

American Independent Party - Gov. George Wallace Congressman John G. Schmitz (AIP) 1972(D-AL) founded the AIP and ran as the its first Presidential nominee in 1968. Running on a right-wing, anti-Washington, anti-racial integration, anti-communist platform, Wallace carried nearly 10 million votes (14%) and won 5 Southern states. Although Wallace returned to the Democratic Party by 1970, the AIP continued to live on -- although moving even further to the right. The 1972 AIP nominee, John Birch Society leader and Congressman John G. Schmitz (R-CA), carried nearly 1.1 million votes (1.4%). The AIP last fielded its own national Presidential candidate in 1980, when they nominated white supremacist, ex-Congressman John Rarick (D-LA) and carried only 41,000 votes. The AIP still fields local candidates in a few states -- mainly California -- but has today merely become a local affiliate party of the national conservative party that operates under the umbrella organizational name of the Constitution Party.

American Nazi Party - Lincoln Rockwell - 1964Exactly what the name implies ... these are a bunch of uniformed, swastika-wearing Nazis! This party is a combination of fascists, Aryan Nations-type folks, racist skinheads and others on the ultra-radical political fringe. As a political party, the American Nazi Party has not fielded a Presidential candidate since Lincoln Rockwell ran in 1964 (he was murdered in 1967 by another ANP member) -- nor any other candidate for other offices since the mid-1970s. The ANP believe in establishing an Aryan Republic where only "White persons of unmixed, non-Semitic, European descent" can hold citizenship. They support the immediate removal of "Jews and non-whites out of all positions of government and civil service -- and eventually out of the country altogether." This party -- while purportedly denouncing violence and illegal acts -- blends left-wing economic socialism, right-wing social fascism and strong totalitarian sentiments.

American Reform Party - The ARP, formerly known as the National Reform Party Committee, was founded in September 1997. The ARP is a splinter group that broke away from Ross Perot and Russ Verney's Reform Party, claiming the Perot organization was unfocused and anti-democratic (when the memberships' views clashed with Perot's views). The ARP has already fielded some candidates for state and federal offices in "Reform Party" primaries against candidates backed by Perot's Reform Party in 1998. The ouster of Perot's allies from control of the Reform Party at the July 1999 national convention looked like a move towards ending the split. However, the reemergence of the Perot faction in backing the candidacy of Pat Buchanan seemed to kill any move by the ARP folks to rejoin the Reform Party. Instead, the party is considering fielding former Connecticut Governor Lowell Weicker as the ARP Presidential candidate in 2000. If Buchanan wins the Reform nomination, the ARP may become the new political home for Minnesota Governor Jesse Ventura and his allies who are currently in the Reform Party.

America's Party - This unknown, new party -- founded in 1999 by a Kansas evangelical minister & 2000 Presidential hopeful named Joe Bellis -- is a social conservative group. Their platform consists of three simple lines: "Less government is better government. Government should not exist only to see how money it can get out of you. Your elected representatives should represent you and must be honest, moral and full of integrity." The last sentence -- if you hadn't already guessed -- is the one that leads into advancing a Religious Right agenda. Although no relationship to the American Party, the two entities espouse very similar Gus Hall-Jarvis Tyner (CPUSA) - 1972views.

Communist Party USA - The CPUSA, once the slavish propaganda tool and spy network for the Soviet Central Committee, barely exists today. Secret Soviet Politburo records, made public after the fall of Soviet communism, revealed that the Communist Party of the Soviet Union illegally funneled millions of dollars to the CPUSA to ensure its survival. The flow of Soviet dollars to the CPUSA came to an abrupt halt in 1991, halting future CPUSA activities. Founded in 1924, the CPUSA reached its peak vote total in 1932 with nominee William Z. Foster (102,000 votes - 4th place). The last CPUSA ticket -- featuring the team of Gus Hall and Angela Davis -- was fielded back in 1984 (36,000 votes - 8th place). The CPUSA site has a stylish looking front page, and features numerous Marxist-Leninist, pro-Castro and international communist resources. The CPUSA also maintains online sites for the People's Weekly World party newspaper and the CPUSA's Young Communists League youth organization.

Constitution Party - Former Nixon Administration official and Conservative Coalition chairman Howard Phillips founded the US Taxpayers Party in 1992 as a potential vehicle for Pat Buchanan to use as a third party vehicle -- had Howard Phillips (USTP) 1992he agreed to bolt from the GOP in 1992 or 1996. The USTP pulled together several of the splintered right-wing third parties -- including the once mighty American Independent Party -- into a larger, more visible political entity (although some state affiliate parties operate under names other than the USTP). Renamed as the Constitution Party in 1999, the party is strongly pro-life, anti-gun control, anti-tax, anti-immigration, protectionist, "anti-New World Order," anti-United Nations, anti-gay rights, anti-welfare, pro-school prayer ... basically a hardcore Religious Right platform. When Buchanan stayed in the GOP, Phillips ran as the USTP nominee in both 1992 and 1996 (earning ballot spots in 39 states and winning just under 200,000 votes - 6th place - 0.2%). The party started fielding local candidates in 1994. Still, for a new third party attempting to grow, the party fielded disappointingly few local candidates in 1998. The web site features the Constitution Party platform, articles, archives, links and more. Also check out On Eagles' Wings, an affiliated recruitment site. The party received a brief boost in the media when conservative US Senator Bob Smith -- an announced GOP Presidential hopeful -- bolted from the Republican Party to seek the Constitution Party nomination in 2000 (although Smith exited from the Constitution Party race just two weeks later). At the 1999 national convention, the party narrowly adopted a rules change declaring that it is a Christian party, that Jesus Christ is their Lord and Savior, and that no one may be nominated as a Constitution Party candidate for any office unless he/she agrees with this policy statement. The party's 2000 Presidential nominee is Howard Phillips -- a former Jew who converted to Evangelical Christianity many years ago.

Democratic Socialists of America - The DSA is the official US full member party of the Socialist International (which includes Tony Blair's UK Labour Party, the French Parti Socialiste and Democratic Socialistsnearly 140 other political parties around the globe). Unlike most other members of the Socialist International, the DSA has never fielded candidates for office. The DSA explains their mission as follows: "building progressive movements for social change while establishing an openly socialist presence in American communities and politics." Thus, the DSA is less like a traditional US political party and much more like a political education and grassroots activism organization. The other US full member of the Socialist International is the Social Democrats USA organization -- a group more ideologically centrist and more directly aligned with the Democratic Party than the more traditionally leftist DSA (although both DSA and SD-USA each claim to be the one true heir to the ideological legacy of Eugene Debs and Norman Thomas).

Family Values Party - This newly founded ultra-conservative, theocratic party seems to exist mainly to promote the 2000 Presidential candidacy of party founder Tom Wells. Wells explained that God spoke directly to him in his bedroom on December 25, 1994 at 2:00 a.m. and "commanded him to start" the FVP. To be exact, Wells said God specifically told him to encourage people to stop paying taxes until the public funding of abortion ends. The FVP political platform is largely derived from religious fundamentalism, including many specific citations to Bible passages. The FVP fielded its first candidate in 1998 (Wells running for Congress in Florida as a write-in nominee). A very plain, all-text web page.

Freedom Socialist Party - The FSP -- formed in 1966 by a splinter group of dissident Trotskyites who broke away from the Socialist Workers Party -- describe themselves as "revolutionary feminist internationalists ... in the living tradition of Marx, Engels, Lenin and Trotsky." They use the typical heavy-handed rhetoric found on most ultra-left party sites (example: "the masses will sweep every obstacle out of their path and ascend to the socialist future"). The FSP has party organizations in the US, Canada and Australia. In 1998, the FSP fielded a handful of local candidates in Washington, California and New York. The FSP does not intend to field a Presidential candidate in 2000. A nicely designed web site.Erika Anderson (Grassroots) - 1996

Grassroots Party - This Minnesota-based liberal party advocates the legalization of marijuana and the establishment of a national system of universal health care (among other things). In general ideology, the GRP is very similar to the Greens -- but with a much stronger emphasis on marijuana legalization issues. The GRP fielded their first Presidential nominee -- Dennis Peron -- in 1996 (5,400 votes). In 1996, the GRP won permanent "major party" ballot status in Vermont. The Minnesota GRP site (linked above) is a rather plain looking page, but with lots of unusual links. The Vermont GRP -- with its colorful site -- is more libertarian and "states rights" oriented in philosophy than its leftist sister party in Minnesota.

Green Party ("The Greens") - This US-affiliate of the left-wing, environmentalist European Green movement scored a major achievement when it convinced prominent consumer advocate Ralph Nader to run as their first Presidential nominee in 1996. Spending just over $5,000, The Greens (1980s)Nader was on the ballot in 22 states and carried over 700,000 votes (4th place - 0.8%). The Greens are largely a collection of fairly autonomous state/local based political entities with only a weak national leadership structure that largely serves to coordinate activities. And, like the major parties, the Greens are faced with differing ideological factions. The larger and more moderate faction is comprised mainly of traditional leftists, democratic socialists and environmentalists. A significantly smaller faction within the Greens is a more militantly Marxist faction -- with some of these Green activists coming from the ranks of various Communist and Trotskyite political parties. The Association of State Green Parties (ASGP) acts as the umbrella coordinating organization that links the various state and local Greens into a loosely-knit national organization. The Green Party USA (GPUSA) -- which is also active within the ASGP umbrella -- is the older of the leading Green political organizations in the US. While the ASGP and GPUSA appear to be very similar -- but sometimes competing as relates to titular leadership of the movement -- the GPUSA and ASGP largely work together. Another useful Green Party links list can also be found at the Green Parties of North America site. Strong local Green Parties exist in California, New Mexico and Maine. As for the 2000 elections, Nader looks likely to again be the Green nominee for President.

Independent American Party - The Independent American Party has existed for years in several Western states -- a remnant from George Wallace's once-powerful American Independent Party of the 1968-72 era. Converting the unaffiliated IAP state party organizations -- united by a common Religious Right ideology (similar to the US Taxpayers Party) -- into a national IAP organization was an effort started in 1998 by members of Utah IAP. The Idaho IAP and Nevada IAP subsequently affiliated with the fledgling USIAP in late 1998. The various IAP state parties endorsed USTP nominee Howard Phillips for President in 1996. It is unclear whether the national IAP intends to continue its alliance with the USTP in the 2000 Presidential race or field a separate national ticket -- as the USIAP will not hold its national nominating convention until July 2000 and are holding open the possibility of co-nominating the USTP ticket.

Labor Party - The Labor Party is a liberal political party created by a sizable group of labor unions including the United Mine Workers, the Longshoremen, American Federation of Government Employees, California Nurses Association and many labor union locals. Ideologically, they seem close to the style of the old, labor-friendly Hubert Humphrey and Scoop Jackson wing of the Democratic Party circa 1960s. A new party, they endorsed their first state and federal candidates in 1998 in Wyoming ("Green/Labor Alliance"). This group seems closely aligned ideologically with the New Party. The Labor Party has advised Politics1 that it will probably not field nor endorse any Presidential candidate in 2000.

Libertarian Party - The LP, founded in 1971, bills itself as "America's largest third party." Libertarians are neither left nor right ... they believe in total individual liberty (pro-drug legalization, pro-choice, pro-gay marriage, pro-home Ed Clark for President (Libertarian) 1980schooling, anti-gun control, etc.) and total economic freedom (anti-welfare, anti-government regulation of business, anti-minimum wage, anti-income tax, pro-free trade, etc.). The LP espouses a classical laissez faire ideology which, they argue, means "more freedom, less government and lower taxes." Over 200 LP members currently hold various -- though fairly low level -- elected government office. As in past years, the LP fielded more local candidates in 1998 than any other US third party. Former 1988 LP Presidential nominee Ron Paul is now a Republican Congressman from Texas -- although Paul is still active with the LP. The LP's biggest problem: Newt Gingrich, Steve Forbes (of 1996 vintage), P.J. O'Rourke and others in the Republican Party are working to attract ideological libertarians into the GOP fold -- arguing they can bring about libertarian change more easily under the Republican label. LP Presidential nominee Ed Clark carried over 921,000 votes (1.1%) in 1980. Subsequent nominees, though not as strong as Clark, have typically run ahead of most other third party candidates. 1996 LP nominee Harry Browne carried over 485,000 votes (5th place - 0.5%)-- and is running again in 2000. The LP has affiliates in all 50 states. The LP web site features a link to the World's Smallest Political Quiz ... take the quiz and see if you're a libertarian. Keep up on the latest from the LP by reading the Libertarian Party News online. The College Libertarians also maintain a web directory.

Light Party - The Light Party is rather odd, defying conventional description. It seems strongly centered around the personality of party founder "Da Vid, M.D., Wholistic Physician, Human Ecologist & Artist" (he was also their write-in nominee for President in 1996). This San Francisco-based party describes itself as "a synthesis of the Republican, Democratic, Libertarian, and Green Parties ... to create a new reality with health, peace & freedom for all." After viewing much of this site, you get the feeling it is more likely the synthesis of ego, politics and a very lengthy acid trip.

National Patriot Party - This party appears to be an odd merger between somewhat conservative activists from Ross Perot's 1992 race ... and radical left, Black, Hispanic and gay activists from the defunct New Alliance Party (NAP fielded Black, lesbian, Marxist candidate Dr. Lenora Fulani for President in 1988 and 1992). The common bond in this NPP alliance seems to be the desire to form a permanent, viable, national third party party. The fiery Fulani still appears to be the driving influence behind the NPP, which generally supports the efforts of the Reform Party. Although the NPP site remains online, the party has shown no signs of life independent of the Reform Party since 1997. Fulani is now an officer within the nationa Reform Party -- and is even backing Pat Buchanan for the Reform Party nomination.

Natural Law Party - Natural Law Party - 1992Along with the Libertarian Party, the NLP has been steadily gaining votes over the past few years. The NLP -- under the slogan "Bringing the light of science into politics" and using colorful imagery -- advocates holistic approaches, Transcendental Meditation, "yogic flying," and other peaceful "New Age" remedies for much of our national and international problems. NLP Presidential nominee Dr. John Hagelin received over 110,000 votes (7th place - 0.1%) and was on the ballot in 44 states in 1996 -- and he's back making a third run for the White House in 2000. Although started in the US, there are now NLP affiliates around the globe. The NLP again fielded Congressional candidates in 1998 -- but not nearly as many as in 1994 and 1996. The NLP is run by followers of the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi -- the founder of the Transcendental Meditation movement. A nicely designed, informative web site. The NLP also has a youth affiliate organization named the Student Natural Law Party Club.

New Party - This leftist New Party - 1996party advocates a "democratic revolution" to advance the cause of "social, economic, & political progress" in America. Their agenda is much in the style of the Western European socialist and labor movement -- and somewhat similar to that of the late-1990s formed Labor Party. Rather than fielding their own national slate or local candidates, the New Party has taken to largely endorsing like-minded candidates from other parties (mainly pro-labor Democrats like Chicago Congressman Danny K. Davis). Their New York State affiliate party -- the Working Families Party -- qualified for permanent ballot status based on the 1998 election results. Small informative site with clean layout. An amusing question: if the New Party lasts for 50 years, will they rename themselves the Old Party (or the Fifty-Something Party)?

Peace & Freedom Party - Founded in the 1960s as a left-wing party opposed to the Vietnam War, the party reached its peak of support in 1968 when it nominated Peace & Freedom Party - 1968Black Panther leader Eldridge Cleaver for President. Although a convicted felon, Cleaver carried nearly 37,000 votes (ironically, Cleaver ultimately became a Reagan Republican in the early 1980s -- then a crack addict in the late 1980s -- before emerging as an environmental activist in the late 1990s). Famed "baby doctor" Benjamin Spock -- a leftist and staunch opponent of the Vietnam War -- was the PFP Presidential nominee in 1972. Since then, the small party has largely been dominated by battling factions of Marxist-Leninists (aligned with the Workers World Party), Trotskyites and non-communist left-wing activists. The PFP today is small, with activities largely centered in California. In 1996, the PFP successfully blocked an attempt by the WWP to capture the PFP's Presidential nomination (and a California ballot spot) for their party's nominee. In a sign of the party's serious decline in support, the PFP failed to field a single Congressional candidate in 2000 for the first time since it was founded.

People's Independent Party - Promising "common sense, tolerence and justice," this little-known new party has endorsed Green Party Presidential candidate Ralph Nader as the PIP Presidential nominee for 2000 and also plans to field some write-in Congressional candidates in New Jersey, Florida, Oregon, Nebraska and Delaware. As for issues, the PIP is fairly liberal: universal health insurance, legalized medical marijuana, anti-nuclear energy, anti-death penalty, abolish the I.R.S. and pro-campaign finance reform legislation.Prof. Harold Munn for President (Prohibition) 1964

Prohibition Party - The Prohibition Party -- founded in 1869 and billing themselves as "America's Oldest Third Party" -- espouses a generally ultra-conservative Christian social agenda mixed with anti-drug and international anti-communist views. The party's strongest showing was in 1892, when John Bidwell received nearly 273,000 votes (2.3% - 4th place). Long-time party activist Earl F. Dodge has run as the Prohibition Party's presidential nominee in 1984, 1988, 1992 and 1996. Dodge received just 1,300 votes in 1996 -- and is again the nominee in 2000. The party also fields a few local candidates from time to time. An additional party-related organization is the Action Prohibitionists, a group of party activists that want to turn Prohibition Party policy into law.

Reform Party - After running as an Independent in 1992, billionaire Texas businessman Ross Perot founded the Reform Party in 1995 as his vehicle for converting his movement into a permanent political party. In 1996, Perot ran as the Reform Party's presidential nominee (8,085,000 votes - 8%). Although an impressive showingReform Party - 1996 for a third party, it was 11 million votes less than Perot carried as an independent candidate back in 1992. The party has generally reflected Perot's center-conservative fiscal policies and anti-GATT/NAFTA views. The Reform Party also fielded some local candidates in 1996, though not all were hardcore Perot loyalists. The RP again fielded numerous local candidates in 1998 -- and won a major victory with Jesse Ventura in the Minnesota gubernatorial race (although Perot and his allies who controlled the national party organization refused to help Ventura during the campaign -- possibly sensing the future rivalry). Perot suffered a major setback at the July 1999 Reform National Convention when Ventura's allies easily wrestled control of the party away from Perot's allies. To further weaken Perot's grip on the Reform Party, Ventura ally and Reform National Chairman Jack Gargan intends to move the party's national headquarters away from Perot's homebase in Dallas (likely destination: Florida). Despite all of this, Perot is still a strong contender for the nomination -- if he still wants it -- and may try to help his allies re-capture control of the party leadership in 2000. Differences with Perot's heavy-handed control caused some small Reform factions to form separate splinter parties -- although these factions are likely to rejoin to party now that the Ventura-Gargan faction is in control. The Reform Party web site is very well-designed and useful. The party also has an active student affiliate group named the National College Reform Party.

Socialist Party USA - The SP-USA are true democratic socialists -- advocating electoral change versus militant revolutionary change. Many of the SP members could easily be members of the left-wing faction of the Democratic Party. Unlike most of the other political parties with "Socialist" in their names, the SP has always been staunchly anti-communist. Founded by labor union leader and pacifist Eugene V. Debs in 1900, the SP was once a mighty national third party. Debs himself was the SP nominee for president five times between 1900 and 1920. Debs received over 900,000 votes (6%) in 1912 -- the SP's best showing ever. Former minister and journalist Norman Thomas was the SP Jerry White for President (SEP) 1996Presidential nominee 6 times between 1928 and 1948 -- his best showing being 883,000 votes (2.2%) in 1932. The SP also elected congressmen, mayors and other officials throughout the century (largely during the 1910s through 1950s). 1996 SP Presidential nominee Mary Cal Hollis was on the ballot in 5 states (4,300 votes) -- a far cry from the SP glory days. The party's youth wing -- the Young People's Socialist League -- has been in existence since the 1910s.

Socialist Equality Party - This fairly new Trotskyite party -- originally named the Workers League -- first fielded a Presidential nominee in 1984. They changed their name to Socialist Equality in 1994. The Michigan-based SEP has regularly fielded Congressional and local candidates in several states (mainly in the Midwest). 1996 SEP Presidential nominee Jerry White was on the ballot in 3 states (2,400 votes). In 1998, the SEP surprisingly failed to field any candidates. The SEP first evolved into existence when the Socialist Workers Party drifted away from Trotskyism in the early 1980s. The SEP site -- updated daily -- is mainly a news site featuring articles, analysis, history, etc., written with a hardcore internationalist, Trotskyite perspective. Very few direct references to the SEP on this official party site.

Socialist Labor Party - Founded Blomen-Taylor (SLP) - 1968in 1877, the SLP is a militant democratic socialist party. More moderate members of the SLP bolted to create the Socialist Party USA in 1901. The SLP ran Presidential tickets in every election between 1892 and 1976 (the SLP's final presidential candidate won 9,600 votes in the 1976 race). The high cost of fielding a Presidential ticket and restrictive ballot access laws caused the SLP to abandon future Presidential races in favor of nominating candidates for lower offices. The SLP -- which bills itself as the party of "Marxism-DeLeonism" -- still fields a few local candidates (mainly in New Jersey). The site features party history, info on Daniel DeLeon, a Marx-Engels archive, links and more. The SLP newspaper The People, first printed in 1891, also publishes regularly updated online editions.

Socialist Workers Party - OriginallySocialist Workers Party - 1980 a pro-Trotsky faction within the Communist Party USA, the SWP was formed in 1938 after the CPUSA -- acting on orders from Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin -- expelled the American Trotskyites. The SWP was for many years the leading voice of Trotskyism in the USA. Since the 1980s, the SWP has drifted away from Trotskyism and moved towards the brand of authoritarian politics espoused by Cuban leader Fidel Castro's style of Marxism (the SWP sites calls Castro's Cuba "a shining example for all workers"). The SWP has run candidates for President in every election since 1948 -- plus local candidates in various states. The 1996 SWP presidential nominee -- Georgia meat packing worker James Harris -- was on the ballot in 11 states (8,500 votes). The above-listed link goes to the Young Socialists site (the youth wing of the SWP). You can also read the SWP's newspapers The Militant (English) and Perspectiva Mundial (Spanish) online.

Southern Party - The Southern Party, founded in 1999 by League of the South activists, describes themselves as "a truly nationalist party of the South." Touting a "National Flag of Dixie" -- the third national flag adopted by the original CSA government (which incorporates the controversial old Confederate battle flag) -- the party is calling for the formation of "a new Southern republic of republics as a free and Southern Partyindependent nation" (i.e., a re-formation of the secessionist Confederate States of America ... plus Maryland, Oklahoma and West Virginia). The party attacks the Democrats as "a party of socialism" and the Republicans as "representing primarily the interests of globalist corporations." Generally conservative, the party also denounces the "corrupt two-party system ... the precipitous decline of public virtue and morality ... cultural bigotry and oppression being waged against Southerners by the establishment" and the centralized federal government. Describing themselves as "decent, God-fearing, Southerners," they denounce "an attitude of racial malice towards people of non-European origin" -- while simultaneously attacking their enemies "the news media, left-wing agitators and the entertainment industry." The SP rightly claims to be the only national separatist party in the US (akin, for example, to the Parti Québécois in Canada). A nicely designed site -- but no SP candidates fielded to date. Although the party began fielding candidates for local offices in 1999, they do not plan to ever field any federal candidates -- as they are a separtist party with no desire to work within the framework of the federal government in Washington, DC. The Southern Party is also battling internal dissention issues, as the above Southern Party link points to the original Southern Party site affiliated with party founder George Kalas. The Kalas foes within the party have broken away and launched a nearly identical rival party organzation, with a new website operating under the name Southern Party 2000. Another very similar political organization -- which calls itself the Alliance of Southern Parties -- describes itself as more a more loosely organized confederation of southern parties. Unlike the Southern Party which advocates a unified Southern independence as a block movement, the ASP "believe that each State is a sovereign entity created by the people of that State ... [and wants] to help these States succeed in their common goal of [separate] independence."

U.S. Pacifist Party - This obscure political party fielded a write-in candidate for President in 1996 -- and fielded a US Senate candidate in Colorado in 1998. The party opposes military actions in all circumstances and wants to transform the US military into "a non-violent defense and humanitarian service corps." The USPP platform advocates generally left-wing political stances. Staunchly opposed to nuclear weapons, the USPP believes that "unless nuclear weapons are deactivated, and nonviolent means developed to take the place of military violence for achieving justice and peace, civilization is doomed." The party is again running a Presidential candidate in 2000, Griswold--Holmes (WWP) 1980along with 1 or 2 state candidates.

Workers World Party - The WWP was formed in 1959 by a pro-Soviet communist faction that split from the Socialist Workers Party. Although the WWP theoretically supports worker revolutions, the WWP supported the Soviet actions that crushed worker uprisings in Hungary in the 1950s, Czechoslovakia in the 1960s and Poland in the early 1980s. The WWP was largely an issue-oriented revolutionary party until they fielded their first candidate for president in 1980. 1996 WWP Presidential nominee Monica Moorehead was on the ballot in 12 states (29,100 votes). The militant WWP believes that "capitalist democracy produces nothing but hot air" and that "the power of the workers and the oppressed is in the streets, not in Washington." The well-designed site features regularly updated news stories from a pro-Cuba/pro-China communist perspective, so expect lots of dogmatic stories denouncing the US government, sexism, racism, the police and capitalists.

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OTHER PARTIES:
(This "Other" category is for parties that have yet to field or endorse any candidates for office.)

American Falangist Party - The original Falangist Party has its roots in the fascist era in Spain. Early supporters of Spanish American Falangist Partydictator Francisco Franco, the Falangists have been staunchly anti-communist. They have also spurred the creation of fascist Falangist movements in other nations -- including war-torn Lebanon in the early 1980s where the Falangist candidate was elected President (and later assassinated). Their ideology trends towards historic national socialism -- i.e., hardcore social conservatism mixed with leftist economic programs and a general disdain for unfettered individual freedoms. The American Falangists (AFP) are a new movement that denounces abortion ("abortion is murder"), homosexuality ("a disgusting way of life") and privately owned banks ("the nation would be better served by State owned banks"). The AFP certainly espouse some very extremist views: "Any radical homosexual that disrupts a Religious service because they don't agree with what is being said or practiced by that church should be sentenced to a special labor camp for 20 years or in some cases executed." The party uses black shirts as its official uniform -- praise Benito Mussolini and Huey Long -- but denounce violence, anti-Semitism and racism. No candidates fielded to date, but an AFP official said they would like to start fielding a few local candidates by 2002. A Spanish language version of the site also exists.

Confederate Party - The Confederate Party, founded in 1996, has a very basic philosophy: support states' rights, defend the US Constitution and abolish the IRS. In accord with these views, the party sets forth a politically conservative 23-plank platform that advocates replacing the federal income tax with a national sales tax, denounces racism and gay marriage, opposes gun control laws, supports abolition of the FDA and advocates the privatizion of Social Security. The site even offers chat and bulletin board services -- but no candidates fielded yet.

Constitutional Action Party - The CAP is a Religious Right party that wants to abolish the federal income tax, ban all abortions, end Affirmative Action, impose protectionist trade tariffs, fight pornography and end federal involvement in education. CAP Founder Frank Creel wrote Politics1 in January 1999 that the CAP "has had virtually no success since its 1995 founding. It has no local chapters anywhere, no candidates for office and no prospect of running a presidential candidate in 2000. There is little to no prospect that we will be able to hold a convention anytime soon. ... Only some sort of economic or other catastrophe will produce conditions favorable to the emergence of a new party." Still, the CAP keeps it small web site online.

Expansionist Party - This party is the US's equivalent of Expansionist PartyRussia's radical nationalist politicial Vladimir Zhirinovsky. Just as Zhirinovsky tried to shock internarional journalists during his 1991 Russian Presidential campaign by taking a map of the world and marking most of it (including Alaska) as future Russian lands -- these folks are the mirror opposites. They see the world and want to make every nation on earth into future US states, governed under the US Constitution. The site contains specific articles about bringing Canada, Ireland, Britain, Australia, New Zealand, Iraq, Russian, the Phillipines and other countries into the US union. According to the official party history, this party was founded in "1977 by two gay men in two different boroughs of New York City." Over two decades have passed since then and they have yet to field a single candidate nor add a 51st state. A rather amusing site, but hard to take seriously.

Libertarian National Socialist Green Party - Politically correct Nazis? These Libertarian Green Nazis are either the strangest conglomeration of diametrically opposed political ideologies of a political party I have ever seen -- or one of the best political practical jokes found anywhere on the net (I'm not certain which conclusion is correct, but I strongly suspect the latter). This party purports to be comprised of atheist, peaceful, pro-gay, pro-drug legalization, anti-racist, environmentalist Nazis who acknowledge the Holocaust likely occurred (but are neutral as to its justification) and oppose the killing of Jews, Christians & homosexuals. While membership is open to anyone regardless of their race or sexual orientation, individuals who openly profess a belief in either Judaism or Christianity are denied party membership. Articles, platform, FAQ, graphics and some very strange links (example: "Nazi Moon Bases Established in 1942"). Clean, well designed site. Worth a visit -- even if only to decide for yourself if this is a joke or if it is serious. The best evidence that this site is probably an elaborate practical joke: (1) the site's URL -- www.nazi.org -- has sometimes automatically redirected visitors to the official White House site (implying, I guess, that Clinton/Gore are pro-gay, pot-smoking, anti-God, enviro-fascists); and (2) the LNSGP's claim of participation in a public service project named the "Jewish Community Brothership" (to "Communicate the modern interpretations of Nazism and its implications for Jews in today's multicultural Reich"). Not updated in a while, some of the site's internal links are broken.

Nazi Party USA - Apparently facists share the same tendency towards political splintering as do the parties of the far left. The Nazi Party USA is a White supremacist, anti-Semitic organization founded in 1998 and headed by William Hall of Tennessee. Hall advises that Nazi Party USA is "totally unaffiliated, nor ever has been affiliated" with the older NSWPP/American Nazi Party (listed above). Party membership is only open to White, Christian, American citizens. The party platform for 2000 calls for the "permanent expulsion" of all Jews from the US (including government confiscation of all Jewish-owned property), the "involuntary removal" from the US of all African-Americans ("including mulattoes"), a "sound eugenics program ... for the improvement of our race," and the "extermination" of Jews who work "in the White slave trade." You can find a bunch more of this neo-nazi, totalitarian stuff on the site. When asked if the party intends to field any candidates, Hall responded: "If we get volunteers for candidates, we will throw ourselves upon the enemy and strive like Aryans for victory in the ballot box." Amusingly, the site in 1998 even contained a dire plea for help on the front page (since removed): "We need party music and uniform designed." Haven't they heard about brown shirts, swastika armbands, black boots and some old Hitlerian beer hall tunes?

National Mini Convention Political Party - This conservative party states that "restoration of the Constitution as the law of the United States" is their fundamental issue. Rather than national conventions with a few thousand elected delegates, they propose holding "mini-conventions" in each Congressional district and allowing every registered NMCPP member to be a voting member at the mini-convention. No candidates fielded to date.

Pansexual Peace Party - The PPP is a generally left-wing party that has yet to field any candidates -- they don't take themselves too seriously -- and, oh yeah, and the PPP is founded on Wiccan (i.e., witchcraft) roots. Check out the PPP platform plank on sexual issues, which carries the title: "Sex is Good! Sex is Great! Yea, Sex!" The PPP site also contains a short but harsh anti-libertarian essay. To date, the PPP's political activities seem confined to printing some PPP t-shirts and bumper stickers.Pot Party

Pot Party - The Pot Party is exactly what you'd expect -- a bunch of marijuana legalization advocates ("mandate pot growing") ranging in age -- seemingly -- from late teens to middle aged. They also have an odd idea about forming a "USA Parliament." One profile of a Pot Party leader boasts that he won High Times Magazine's "Bong-of-the-Month" Award. Unlike the denials of a certain prominent politician, these people quite obviously, proudly and regularly inhale. No candidates fielded to date.

Progressive Labor Party - The PLP is Progressive Labor Partyan obscure, New York-based, militant, Stalinist-style communist party dedicated to bringing about a world-wide, armed, communist revolution. The PLP abhors democracy, elections, freedom of nearly any sort, capitalism and religion -- while praising dictator Joseph Stalin's Soviet Union as their role model. Because they denounce all elections as "frauds," the PLP will not ever field any candidates for public office (for these guys, its either armed victory or nothing at all). Lots and lots of online ideological articles written in the typical dogmatic communist style ... with titles like "The Hoax of the 1932-33 Ukraine Famine," "Fascism Grows In The Auto Industry," "The Road to Revolution." Articles in English, Spanish, Russian, German, etc.Puritan Party

Puritan Party - The Puritan Party is a Christian theocratic party founded upon a platform of "re-establishing the moral law of God as the foundation of our civil government." Calling upon "Christians to act politically according to our faith," the party also advocates a pro-life, pro-environment, pro-sexual abstinence, anti-gay rights, pro-universal health care, anti-drugs and anti-income tax platform. No candidates fielded to date. This party asks for your support and your prayers.

The Third Party - The Third Party's site states that it is working towards fielding a candidate for the 2004 Presidential election. Frustrated by traditional partisan politics and the quality of national media coverage of elections, this party proposes to seek "direct input" from the public to mold this new party into a vehicle that unifies America in the 21st Century. The posted forum page is creatively entitled "Convention Floor." In the interests of promoting an informed electorate, The Third Party's site even provides links to the web pages of all the competing US political parties.

Workers Party USA - The WP-USA is a hard-core Marxist-Leninist political party founded in 1992 (sharing much of the CPUSA's ideology) established to "bring the working class out as an independent class force." While the WP-USA has yet to field any candidates, the Chicago-based party publishes a bi-weekly newspaper named The Worker and a quarterly theoritical journal named -- not surprisingly -- The Worker Magazine. The WP-USA site features an extensive on-line archive of dogmatic screeds largely denouncing "monopoly capitalists," Western imperialism, the USA, etc. -- and praising the working class and "revolutionary politics."

World Socialist Party of the USA - The World Socialist Party USAWSP-USA are seemingly utopian Marxists. They believe true socialism can only work when it is established worldwide. They renounce violence, Soviet-style totalitarianism, money and all forms of leadership. They advocate a classless, "wageless, moneyless, free access society" without any national borders. They don't run candidates nor endorse other socialist or left candidates as they believe a vote for ANY candidate under the current system is a vote in support of capitalism. Understanding that world socialism "has clearly not yet been established," they believe that "democratically capturing the State through parliamentary elections is the safest, surest method for the working class to enable itself to establish socialism" -- although they have yet to field any US candidates in the period to date since the international WSP was founded in 1904.

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This page was last updated on January 22, 2000.

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