There were 58,000 Americans in prisons or jails in 1997 for driving under the influence of alcohol (DUI), a rate of 22 per 100,000 population.  The total number of inmates per 100,000 population in prison for all crimes in Mauritius, the Phillipines, Sri Lanka, China, and Slovak Republic was significantly lower than this. The total number of inmates per 100,000 population in prison for all crimes in Ethiopa, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Slovenia, Uganda, and Ireland was less than twice the proportion of Americans in prison for DUI offenses, yet DUI offenses then represented less than 3% of US jail and prison inmates.

Where our incarceration rate was three times the international average in 1980, the quadrupling of the rate since then put it at 11 times the international average (734 vs. 66).  If we had a total incarceration rate equivalent to Japan, there would now be 94,000 prison inmates in the US, or 1,906,000 fewer than there were.  If it were equivalent to China, there would have been 1,953,000 fewer, which is more men than are in the Russian Army. 

13% of our prison inmates, or 260,000, were convicted of sexual assault, which is a rate of  96 per 100,000 population, which by itself is a rate higher than the total incarceration rates of Belgium, Bulgaria, Denmark, Ecuador, Finland, France, Hungary, Norway, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Swaziland, Sweden, Tonga, England, or Scotland.

Partly because.we have two thirds of the world's sexual assault convictions, and because an American man is 80 times more likely to be convicted of sexual assault than a Japanese or Italian or Greek man, one third of the world's men behind bars are American men, even though the US is only 5% of the world's population.