Rape Reports Worldwide
India: A few private voluntary agencies are active in assisting victims and survivors, particularly in cases of murder or rape. All of the States have State-sponsored Legal Advice Boards which offer free legal advice to the poor, both in criminal and civil litigation.
Japan: There are a few private organizations which financially assist victims. In light of the emphasis on family in the community, victims have tended to be assisted by their family members or relatives, or other community members. They are, at times, compensated by the offenders themselves or the offender's family. There are also organizations to help with psychological counseling for the victims of forcible rape, traffic accidents and child abuse.
Italy: Crime victims can claim compensation for damages incurred during the trial stage under the Penal Code (Art.185) and the new Code of Penal Procedure (Art.74,90,101,394,396).
Ireland: There are a number of victims' assistance agencies, including the Rape Crisis Centre (RCC). The Centre operates a national help-line, although the actual centers are only located in the larger cities. Half the operating costs for the RCC are met by the government. The fact that abortion is illegal in the Republic presents additional difficulties in the care of rape victims. There is also a Victim Support Scheme in operation, although police referral is discretionary. Again, the contact centers are limited to large cities.
Singapore: There exists the Family Relations Section of the State Ministry of Community Development. There are also several private victims organizations, such as Bethany, the Good Shepard Centre, the Counseling and Care Centre, the Samaritan of Singapore, and the Singapore Association of Women Lawyers.
Finland: No separate victims' rights legislation exists in Finland. Several provisions in the Code of Judicial Procedure and the Criminal Code ensure the right of the victim to access to justice, to redress and to be heard. In theory, victims have extremely broad rights and possibilities of being involved in the resolution of the case. In practice, as is the case in all other countries, the rights may remain unused due, for example, to lack of awareness of the rights or to practical problems.
Israel: The Penal Law also empowers the courts to order a person, after conviction, to pay compensation to the victim up to the amount of N.S. 70,000 (approximately $ 23,000).
Spain: There is an Association for the Assistance of Raped Women that is subsidized by the government. It has branches in several large cities and helps women in cases of rape by providing professional psychological care and shelter if necessary. The association also delivers lectures and short courses geared toward prevention to youngsters, parents, professors and police. There is an Association for the Protection of Beaten Women with similar characteristics as the rape association.
China: In addition, criminal law stipulates, "Where the victim has suffered economic loss as a result of a criminal act, the criminal element, in addition to receiving criminal sanction according to law, shall in accordance with the circumstances be sentenced to make compensation for the criminal loss."
Norway: As of 1990, there were 46 crisis centers spread throughout Norway offering assistance to women and children who had been subject to rape or other physical or psychological abuse. There were also 41 crisis telephone services for women, along with several telephone services for men who have been the victims of incest. Children who are victims of incest are offered assistance by a support center in Oslo (Stottesenter mot incest), which has been operating since 1986. (Sterkere vern og okt stotte for kriminalitetsofre, 1992: 70).
Sweden: The National Association of Victims' Assistance Agencies was founded in 1988 and the objective is that there should be one agency in each police district. As of 1993 there are 66 local agencies throughout the country. The agencies train support persons and help victims of crime and keep in contact with the municipal social services, social welfare officers, psychiatric clinics, insurance companies, the police, and lock and alarm experts. There are also around 125 women's agencies who work to help and protect women and children that have been subject to ill-treatment or sexual offenses.
US: Reports that American women rape victims receive between $20,000 to $200,000 as "victim compensation awards" encourage a high rate of false allegations.