Compliments of chink Hu

 

\doc\index\aeduc.htm

>>Contents

� Tests: NAEP

*

@@education

_asian education_

Asian.Education

Asians are doing it all wrong...

Traditional solutions

Why Blacks (and White Americans) lag

� We need Asian style schools (longer school years, etc.) - Stevenson (Asians do just as well in American schools, watch just as much TV as American kids)

� Equalize funding - Jonathan Kozol. Poor Asians score = middle whites and upper blacks, on SAT. Yet whites in urban school districts score well above national average, as do Asians. Even in Spokane, Palo Alto, silicon valley school districts. Poor districts now get even more money because of special programs and state fund equalization.

� Desegregation - Gary Orrfield (Nearly half of Asians in "segregated" schools, harmed by lowell decree). Students in SF and Oakland that are "integrated" do no better than Ravenswood and Alum rock which are predominantly minority. No evidence that students actually get better grades or test scores, and many parents are demanding separate or neighborhood schools again. despite protests of white school districts that benefit by exposing their culturally "deprived" white students to children of other cultures. Asians are harmed by busing and racial caps in San Francisco.

� Need Segregated Afrocentric academies - there are no predominantly Asian institutions other than saturday chinese culture classes (only a minority, Asians prefer upper class predominantly white suburbs when they can afford it.

� Poverty - Asians in Alum Rock = state average. Poverty rate in seattle comparable to blacks, = per capita income, but best math scores in Boston, SF, close to white in SEattle

� Less educated parents - Asians highest Need more teachers

� Asians are as low or lower than blacks in every

school district,

� Cupertino hiring rate 2x for Asians - why lower

standards?

� There are no studies which show any advantage to students having teachers of the same race, despite all the acedotal statements that carry so much weight.

� Blacks equal to population in Seattle, principles equal to students in Spokane

� Need more ethnic history But Asians have almost no presence in American history books outside of building the railroads and the internment camps. Some books look like AfAm history textbooks with blacks on every other page.

� Less Biased tests (Fair and CLAS advocates) Tests have no Asian content, CLAS tests have postive effect on Asians who did better on math and verbals, but blacks and Hispanics and poor neighborhoods that got the worst scores still got the worst scores and the rich whties still got the best scores, despite addition of authors of color. In fact, multiple choice answers are easier to use by minority students. Leading edge authors of color such as Alice Walker are often more difficult to comprehend than previous passages which were written to the appropriate grade level. Despite philosiphy that there are no incorrect answers, even with controversial grading guidelines, well prepared whites and Asians still outscored ill prepared minority students. No evidence that revising the tests to a Outcome Based

Education guidelines

Myths as to why Asians do better.

� Asians are better educated - even in Spokane, Asians get better math scores, though a high percentage of parents have no formal education and college levels are equal to blacks in the city.

� Asians make more money nope - per capita income is less, and in cities it's often only half. Seattle is the only city where Asians do worse and whites are better educated there with 2:1 income advantage.

SAT scores show poor Asians score better than middle class whites and

blacks over $70,000

� Ten-One - language nope, no difference in math ability between us born and foreign born, US citizen or Taiwan.

� Blacks live in worse neighborhoods, Asians live in better neighborhoods. Not in the cities where poverty and p/c income can be as bad as blacks, and worse among Se Asians, yet they still do better.

Blacks still lag in Palo Alto and Spokane, perfectly integrated by any

standard. Blacks in SF and Oakland, both supposedly properly

integrated still same as state average and E Palo Alto and Alum Rock

� Blacks go to school with less money - Silicon valley districts almost no difference between best an worst school districts in spending. big differene is parent income and education, not school spending.

� Blacks stereotyped as poor, Asians are stereotyped as good students.

If that's all there's to it, all you have to do is get the ministry of stereotypes to start stereotyping your minority as smart. While you at it, tell them to stop saying jews and upper income whites are smart too.

Why Asians really do better

� Most studies with the sole exception of Stevenson show Asians with a 5-10 point IQ advantage, with poor Asians scoring higher than more affluent whites. Not everyone agrees that IQ's measure inherent intelligence ability, but certainly a good way to measure demonstratable ability whether inherited or learned. SAT scores for math are comparable between immigrants and the American born. International tests show that Asians overseas do as well as Asians in America.

� Asians have higher IQ (Not Dornbusch or Stevenson, but Murray, Jensen, Seligman)

� Asians have higher expectations (Dornbusch)

� Asians value education and hard work and sacrifice more than having a good time and being cool. (Stevenson)

� Asians study harder (Stevenson, Dornbusch)

� Asians work less for money (Sweatshops, relatively low welfare rate vs. poverty rate)

� Asians commit fewer crimes, commit fewer discipline violations, date less, generally have less sex, and do less drugs (Seattle teen survey)

� Asian parents are less tolerant of bad behavior and indepence, and spend more time reinforcing educational values and strict obedience.

� Asian parents have few children as teens, more as adults with established careers, less divorce, more 2 parent families.

� Asians are not adverse to cultural assimilation

Summary of all levels in California, 1987

\doc\95\13\caethnic.wk1 California Education by Ethnicity

Oct 30, 1995

Ethnic Groups in California Education: 1987

Source: California Postsecondary Education Commision staff

analysis

Index Analysis by Arthur Hu

Rank by Black representation - note where Blacks at

at or above parity

                                      AmIndia  Asian  Black         
   1987 State Population              100.0%   100.0% 100.0%                      
   1987 Public School Students        100.0%   113.0% 121.3%                          
   Calif State Univ Top Staff          75.0%     68.1% 120.0%                     
   California Community College       187.5%     10.1% 114.7%                       
   1987 Pub Principals                  0.0%     31.9%     114.7%             
   1986 High School Graduating     87.5%   120.3%     108.0%                      

------- parity ------------

 California State Univ FreshC 100.0% 221.7% 84.0%
 1987 Pub Teachers 0.0% 49.3% 82.7%
 Univ of Calf Top Staff 62.5% 55.1% 80.0%
 Calif State Transfers 162.5% 153.6% 76.0%
 Calif State BDegree 137.5% 182.6% 69.3%
 Calif Community College Fac 75.0% 56.5% 69.3%
 University of California Fre 87.5% 317.4% 68.0%

------ near parity -------------

Calif State Master Degree 62.5% 82.6% 56.0%

Calf State Enter Master 137.5% 137.7% 54.7%

Univ of California Transfers 12.5% 202.9% 48.0%

Univ of Calif Enter Master 87.5% 134.8% 48.0%

University of California BDe 75.0% 262.3% 42.7%

California State University 0.0% 218.8% 41.3%

Calif State Fac 62.5% 105.8% 37.3%

1987 Graduating UC Doc 50.0% 11.6% 34.7%

University of California Eli 0.0% 279.7% 33.3%

Univ of Calif Master Degree 87.5% 75.4% 32.0%

1987 Entering UC Doc 62.5% 131.9% 26.7%

Univ of California Fac 25.0% 133.3% 24.0%

1987 Superintendents 0.0% 8.7% 20.0%

Index ranked by Asian: Over as students, but under as PHD, teachers an or superintendents where Asians are represented worse than Blacks.

AmIndiaAsian Black CaucasiFilipinHispani

University of California Fre -1.12 3.25 -1.44 1.00 1.85 -2.36

University of California EligPool 2.46 -3.41 1.00 1.26 -3.93

University of California BDe -1.51 2.32 -2.65 1.00 1.05 -3.54

California State Univ FreshC -1.04 2.13 -1.24 1.00 1.65 -2.16

California State University EligPoo 1.88 -2.82 1.00 -1.06 -2.97

Univ of California Transfers -9.11 1.78 -2.37 1.00 -1.04 -2.54

Calif State BDegree 1.21 1.60 -1.64 1.00 -1.04 -2.67

Calif State Transfers 1.42 1.34 -1.51 1.00 -1.09 -2.37

1986 High School Graduating -1.16 1.19 1.06 1.00 1.03 -1.21

Calf State Enter Master 1.07 1.07 -2.35 1.00 -3.00 -4.32

Univ of Calif Enter Master -1.50 1.03 -2.73 1.00 -3.44 -4.76

----------- parity -------------

1987 Entering UC Doc -2.19 -1.04 -5.14 1.00 -7.20 -6.12

Univ of California Fac -5.64 -1.06 -5.87 1.00 -4.88

Calif State Fac -2.28 -1.35 -3.82 1.00 -3.98

Calif State Master Degree -2.15 -1.62 -2.40 1.00 -5.63 -5.46

Univ of Calif Master Degree -1.55 -1.80 -4.24 1.00 -4.07 -6.05

Calif State Univ Top Staff -1.76 -1.93 -1.10 1.00 -4.85

Calif Community College Fac -1.87 -2.48 -2.02 1.00 -10.84

Univ of Calf Top Staff -2.27 -2.58 -1.78 1.00 -8.24

1987 Pub Teachers -2.76 -1.65 1.00 -4.71

1987 Pub Principals -4.15 -1.15 1.00 -3.70

California Community College 1.77 -10.43 1.08 1.00 1.04 -1.46

1987 Graduating UC Doc -2.81 -12.13 -4.06 1.00 -14.77 -8.37

1987 Superintendents -17.93 -7.79 1.00 -12.06

Ranked by Hispanic - Hispanics are underrepresented in

EVERYTHING, not even close

                                                             AmIndia     Asian    
Black  Caucasi      Filipin      Hispani                                          
   1986 High School Graduating            -1.16           1.19    1.06     1.00   
1.03         -1.21                                                                
   California Community College  1.77 -10.43   1.08   1.00   1.04  -1.46          
   California State Univ FreshC -1.04   2.13  -1.24   1.00   1.65  -2.16          
   University of California Fre -1.12   3.25  -1.44   1.00   1.85  -2.36          
   Calif State Transfers         1.42   1.34  -1.51   1.00  -1.09  -2.37          
   Univ of California Transfers -9.11   1.78  -2.37   1.00  -1.04  -2.54          
   Calif State BDegree           1.21   1.60  -1.64   1.00  -1.04  -2.67          
   California State University    ERR   1.88  -2.82   1.00  -1.06  -2.97          
   University of California BDe -1.51   2.32  -2.65   1.00   1.05  -3.54          
   1987 Pub Principals            ERR  -4.15  -1.15   1.00    ERR  -3.70          
   University of California Eli   ERR   2.46  -3.41   1.00   1.26  -3.93          
   Calif State Fac              -2.28  -1.35  -3.82   1.00    ERR  -3.98          
   Calf State Enter Master       1.07   1.07  -2.35   1.00  -3.00  -4.32          
   1987 Pub Teachers              ERR  -2.76  -1.65   1.00    ERR  -4.71          
   Univ of Calif Enter Master   -1.50   1.03  -2.73   1.00  -3.44  -4.76          
   Calif State Univ Top Staff   -1.76  -1.93  -1.10   1.00    ERR  -4.85          
   Univ of California Fac       -5.64  -1.06  -5.87   1.00    ERR  -4.88          
   Calif State Master Degree    -2.15  -1.62  -2.40   1.00  -5.63  -5.46          
   Univ of Calif Master Degree  -1.55  -1.80  -4.24   1.00  -4.07  -6.05          
   1987 Entering UC Doc         -2.19  -1.04  -5.14   1.00  -7.20  -6.12          
   Univ of Calf Top Staff       -2.27  -2.58  -1.78   1.00    ERR  -8.24          
   1987 Graduating UC Doc       -2.81 -12.13  -4.06   1.00 -14.77  -8.37          
   Calif Community College Fac  -1.87  -2.48  -2.02   1.00    ERR -10.84          
   1987 Superintendents           ERR -17.93  -7.79   1.00    ERR -12.06          

%%administration

\doc\95\07\schoadmi.txt - How school shortchange girls

principals

superindendents

school board

\doc921\topadmin.doc - Asians are least represented in brawls

over race of superindentent or college president

see - %%president

%%superintendent

%%advantage Asian.Education.Advantage

d:\doc\doc87\review0.doc

doc93b\joebased.doc/.txt Why Asians do well with little money

doc\94\12\indoch01.txt - caplan study of refugees and excellence

advantage.income

asian.advantage.income

Confucian Work Ethic Time Mar 28, 1993 p. 52

James Blackwell, sociology professor at the University of Massachusetts believes that higher income levels may account for Asian academic performance since it buys better houses, computers, and schools (But Asians do better even in poor neighborhoods with lower incomes)

%%after school classes

\priv\95\13\aftrschl.txt Affirmative Counterattack Seattle Times July 31, 1995 Cynthia Tucker If those affirmative-action programs are cut back, African American and Latino students will simply have to work harder to raise their grades and test scores. Their parents will have to seek out after-school tutorial programs (which many Asian-American students attend)

%%alternative-school

path: asian.education.alternative

file: \doc\95\06\altered.txt - Alternative schools don't have better

test

scores.

reference: "Private Schools Withing the Public Schools"

Seattle Times May 14, 1995 Dick Lilly E. Rhodes, J. Houtz

%%attendence

\doc\95\05\seadata.wk1 - Disproportionality in Seattle Schools

Disproportionality in Seattle Schools

Total White Black Hisp Asian

AvgDailyAttend 91.7% 92.6% 89.4% 89.6% 93.4%

Absent 8.3% 7.4% 10.6% 10.4% 6.6%

NatAm Samoan Chinese

AvgDailyAttend 87.5% 86.5% 95.9%

Absent 12.5% 13.5% 4.1%

Index, White=1.00 -2.00 means 2 times worse, 2.00 2 times better

Total White Black Hisp Asian

AvgDailyAttend -1.01 1.00 -1.04 -1.03 1.01

Absent -1.12 1.00 -1.43 -1.41 1.12

NatAm Samoan Chinese

AvgDailyAttend -1.06 -1.07 1.04

Absent -1.69 -1.82 1.80

%%basic

\priv\96\15\basiskil.txt AP 6-May-1996 Study: Job Seekers Lack Basic Skills 33.1 percent of job applicants lacked basic reading and writing skills for the positions, vs. 38.5 in 1994 and 26.3 in 1990, according to an annual survey by the American Management Association.

\priv\95\12\backbasc.txt - Calif reports calls for return to basic

skills, blasts failure of "whole language" method which left students

unable to read, math proficiency tests for graduation

%%bilingual

KOMO Town meeting 2/96 - Wash state critics say bilingual students

don't meet expectations

\doc\96\03\biling.txt "Bilingual Ed's Abolitionists" Wall Street Journal April 10, 1996. Bethlehem PA gets excellent results by replacing segregated bilingualed with integrated english immersion with ESL, transitions no longer take 7 years instead of 3.

\priv\95\14\bilinla.txt - Los Angeles Times 10/17/95 Bilingual Students Post Gains in English--Education: District officials credit teacher training, effort to move children through program faster. Bilingual education has improved in Los Angeles, but critics say they deserve credit, and native language approaches still show the worst results.

%%board, %%school board

Asians are the least likely to be found on school boards, but are the best students. Blacks are close to parity with whites on school boards, but are the worst students.

d:\doc\94\19\nysboard.wk1 - New York City School Board

W1.00(1.14) B1.00 H-1.44 A-5.84

doc941\priv\bosboard.txt Boston is w9 b4 a0 h0

vs 11,000 Hisp 5,000 Asian out of 56,000 students 1/4 of students,

but no board 30% white

%%catholic

New Course for Catholic Schools ST Dec 17, 1995 Lynne K Varner

Acording to Bill Lagreid, assistant superintendent at the Archdiocese

of Seattle, 93 percent of their students go to college (vs 50

average), dropout rate is 5 % Most of the seattle schools are 74-84%

minority, St Joseph is 19%

%%Chinese School

asian/ed/chinese-school

school give kids a link to Chinese past SJM 7-8-93 p.1

%%citizenship

Closely related to language, Asian who are US citizens score better at the SAT than Whites in everything, even the verbal. But permanent residents score as poorly as other minorities in verbal, even though their math scores are better than Whites, so they will be penalized unfairly, assuming the two groups are in fact equally smart. (other minorities score even more poorly in Math than in verbals ) Asians who are citizens of other nations score better in math than US Citizens. White and Black citizens of other nations also score better than corresponding US citizens. White citizens of other nations score better than US Asian citizens in math. Asians are the only group where citizens are a bare 60% majority, instead of overwhelming.

\doc\95\12\sat95bk.wk1

1995 Scholastic Aptitude Test Breakdown by Ethnicity

Data from the College Board

Data Entry and Analysis by Arthur Hu

                                       White                Black                 
Hisp                     Asian                                                    
   Language p.6          pct  verb math         pct verb   math      pct verb     
math     pct   verb  math                                                         
   Citizen                   98   449  498           93    357    387      88     
383   430      60    452  539                                                     
   Perm Res/ Refu         1  415  510             4    341    382        9        
332   399      24    364  514                                                     
    Citz of Other            1  424  541             3    374    433        3     
334   420      15    384  579                                                     
    Not Citizen              2                             7                      
12                         39                                                     

Rank by SAT Math Score

579 Asian Citizen of Other Nation

541 White Citizen of Other Nation

------Foreigners On Top---------------

539 Asian Citizen

498 White Citizen

430 Hispanic Citizen

420 Hispanic Citizen of Other Nation

374 Black Citizen of Other Nation

357 Black Citizen

Notes - Asian citizen V452 better in verbal than White V449, thus have the highest SAT scores, individually, or combined compared to any other US citizen group.

Asian Perm Res V364 is comparable to Black V356 and Hisp V376, but

Math M514 is still better than White Citizen M498 - equally smart,

but

penalized by low verbal scores

Asian citizens of foreign countries are better in math and verbals than Perm Res. They are better in math than Citizens (but citizens > white too) White foreigners are better than Asian citizens.

Nearly 40% of Asians not citizens, highest of any SAT group Only Hispanic foreigners get worse scores than US citizens.

%%city

[[Boston Suburbs

\priv\95\08\stressuc.txt

EDUCATIONAL COMPARISON OF FIVE TOWNS Ave. SAT scores

Further Four-

Current 1986-87 education year

enrollment Verbal Math 1986-87 colleges

Brookline 1,977 452 511 80% 72%

Dover 478 504 563 94% 83%

Marblehead 826 449 503 90% 74%

Sharon 805 471 515 87% 71%

Weston 530 478 536 92% 84%

Metco 70% 50%

[[Ithaca

\priv\95\08\ithaca.txt - Ithaca superintendent resigns,

tracking segregates whites and minorities?

[[Lowell, Mass

"Lowell says flow of immigrants strapping its school system" Boston Globe 4/26/88 p. 26. 21% of students are Asian, one of the highest rates in the eastern US.

[[Newton, Mass

\priv\95\08\metco.txt - Busing has not narrowed the

acheivement gap between white and blacks even after

20 years of busing.

70% continue education, 50% continue 4 year

Lincoln - 57% locals got A vs. 4% Metco

G5-8 9% C 32%

Over 50% Metco score below average vs. 15% of local

Brookline - white students at grade + 4 yrs, blacks at

grade level, 4 year gap. White 88/100, Black 44/100

Students 30 over state average, but black lag by 20

to 40 points, though equal to state average

Newton - G4 blacks 60 percentile, 6,7,9 50 percentile

Whites in 96 percentile

\priv\96\02\blakgrad.txt Black students in Newton Work To

Raise Grades Boston Glove 7-11-89 p. B19

\priv\96\02\oksmart.txt (Telling Black Students It's OK

To Be Smart)

\priv\96\02\metcogap.txt Gap in achievement in Metco

busing program

[[Ravenswood

doc934:Ravenw.txt

SJM 6/16/93 ravenswood is 80% minority, > 50% nonEnglish

[[San Francisco

doc932:sfschool.xls statistics

doc936\lowell.xls doc\95\10\lowell.txt

doc936:sfsuspen.xls,prn

doc938:blakexpl.mcw - black expulsion in SF

[[San Jose

doc921:sjinteg.wk1 race for San Jose mid school drop B1.1 H2.0 A-1.6

N1.3

doc937:sjschool.xls,.prn cupertino, milpitas,berryessa,

san jose unified student pop is 40 to 70 percent H+A

%%bilingual

Vernon p. 141

Many early studies show that immigrants who learn a second language perform worse than students who stay in their original language, but most of these subjects were poor and had parents who were poorly educated.

Later Canadian studies in Ontario show when students are matched they perform as well or better learning two languages.

[[Ravenswood/East Palo Alto

doc934:Ravenw.txt

SJM 6/16/93 ravenswood is 80% minority, > 50% nonEnglish

%%buildings

"Something constructive for our students' future Terry Large Seattle Times Jan 29, 1995 L3 . A Georgetown University compared achievement scores of students in Washington DC, correcting for income and other things, and found that students in schools in poor condition scored 5.5 percentage points lower than students in average schools and 11 points behind students in buildings in excellent condition (but correlation is not causation)

%%busing

\priv\95\18\howfix.txt HOW TO FIX SEATTLE'S PUBLIC SCHOOLS TEST

TEACHERS, END BUSING AND INVOLVE PARENTS IN CLASSES Seattle Times

(SE) - Sunday October 22, 1995. DONALD P. NIELSEN End busing, track

kids by ability

\doc\95\14\donneil.txt "Don Nielson or Don Quixote?" John Arthur Wilson Seattle Weekly Nov 22, 1995 Poverty is the single biggest factor. Busing burdens blacks without academic benefit.

\priv\95\15\naacbus.txt nyt 11/01/95 naacp suspends Yonkers Head -

President of Yonkers branch of the NAACP said that court ordered

busing had "outlived its usefulness"

"School Board reconsidering busing" SPI 7/25/95 18,000 of 46,000 students are bused, but only 500 to meet desegregation guidelines.

\doc\95\11\seabus.txt "School busing" Time to reassess" Seattle Post Intelligencer July 30, 1995 E2 (editorial) Nearly half of Seattle children are bused, but no measurable positive effects, blacks as well as whites are now opposed.

%%college rate

asian.education.college-rate

\paper\10-6-95 Future jobs less college-oriented: German `dual education' asnwer for 70% of US high school grads" Hedrick Smith, USA Today June 19, 1995. American education lags in training of non-college grads (but he ignores that US is #1 in the world in college grads!)

\doc\95\02\bornchrs.txt - born again christians

"The Christien Capitalists"

US News and World Report March 13, 1995 p. 53

University of Akron political scientist John Green

Evan Christ General

Have college or postgrad degree 20% 25%

doc\94\13\ivypoll.wk1

Ivy Avg 4 Yr Ivy US Ivy vs.

vs. Avg US Coll Pop 18 Pop 18

White 0.75 95% 71% 71% 1.00

Black 7.00 1% 7% 15% -2.13

Asian 17.00 1% 17% 3% 5.67

Hispanic 1.67 3% 5% 12% -2.38

Religion Vs. Pop

Jew 0.27 10.00

Oth/None 0.24 2.00

Cath 0.24 1.00

Prot 0.25 -3.00

doc\94\13\ivypoll.wk1

"Inside the Ivy League" US News and World Report April 12,

1993 p. 55 Poll of 3,000 undergraduates

Ivy Leage college survey

Rank by representation rate

Chinese 12.0*

Jew 10.0

Asian 5.7

Oth/NoRelig 2.0

White 1.0

Cath 1.0

Black -2.1

Hispanic -2.4

Prot -3.0

*Chinese estimate based on MIT/Berkeley half of Asians

Chinese

Asians + Jews = 44% of students

Protestant Whites are least represented group in Ivys.

%%computer aided

>>\doc\96\03\compmath.txt "Academic Systems Get High marks Helping to

Lift PassRates in College" Wall Street Journal April 3, 1996 p. B6

alegra-instruction programs from Academic systems in Mountain View CA

says it has been able to imrpove the pass rate in some math classes

from below 50% to more than 70% with the software.

asian.education.computer.aided

%%computer use

\doc\95\03\comprac2.txt

from EduPage

RACIAL BREAKDOWN ON HOUSEHOLD PCs

Census figures show that 13.8% of African American, 26.9% of white, and 12.9% of Hispanic households have PCs.

\doc\95\02\comprace.txt Whites have most access to computers

At School W1.00 B-1.19 H-1.19

At Home W1.00 B-2.69 H-2.87

from compuserve African Amrerican forum 9/13/94:

In the forum, exchange ideas and information about creating business opportunities for African Americans in industry, overcoming technological race gaps in education (only about 40 percent of African Americans report having used a computer in school, compared to about 56 percent of whites)

%%cram schools

\priv\96\02\cramjapn.txt New York Times 1/23/96 IN JAPAN, EVEN

TODDLERS FEEL PRESSURE TO EXCEL

%%dating

d:\doc\94\3\asedtv.wk1

11th graders currently dating

USA 83% Taiwan 37% Japan 34%

USA 1.00 Taiwan -2.24 Japan -2.44

%%decline

%%decline (false)

d:\priv\94\20\educok.txt - rand study shows progress

%%desegregation / %%segregation

� also see busing

Summary - After 25 years of desegregation, the percentage of blacks in white majority schools has increased from .001% in 1954 to 43.5% in 1988, but whites have left most urban school systems, and by many measures, segregation is still very great, despite the fact that nearly every city has implemented a desegregation program, whether forced or not.

There are no instances where desegregation has been shown to equalize test scores between races, even though this is largely assumed to be one of the primary reasons for desegregation, and the media continues to hold as a "mystery" that test scores remain different despite 25 years of desegregation.

The only evidence of success is that blacks have higher test scores, which may or may not be a result of other factors.

Asians are nearly as segregated as other minorities, measured by percentage in majority minority schools, yet consistently get the highest math test scores and best grades. Asians are largely excluded from a voluntary busing program in suburban Boston, and included in a controversial program to bus Southeast Asian refugees in Wisconsin.

Chinese have been excluded by a ceiling quota at Lowell High School in San Francisco which benefits mainly only Whites, Japanese and Koreans.

[[city

%%Boston / Massachusetts

\priv\96\12\dividing.htm Time April 29, 1996 Why We Need to Raise Hell Jack E. White - says that the black elite have also abandoned integration by sending them to private schools and moving away.

\priv\96\12\endint.htm TIME Magazine April 29, 1996 Volume 147, No.

18 "THE END OF INTEGRATION" A four-decade effort is being abandoned,

as exhausted courts and frustrated blacks dust off the concept of

"separate but equal" JAMES S. KUNEN

Nationally, fully a third of black public school students attend schools where the enrollment is 90% to 100% minority--that is, black, Hispanic, Asian and Native American. In the Northeast, the country's most segregated region, half of all black students attend such schools.

Plessy v. Ferguson, announced May 18, 1896, the Supreme Court

declared laws mandating that "equal but separate" treatment of the

races "do not necessarily imply the inferiority of either race,"

Brown, when only 2% of black children in the South attended schools

with whites, 36.4% of black students attended majority-white schools

by 1972

By 1970, with the white birthrate plunging, Northern urban school districts, which seldom extend beyond city limits, lacked enough white children to desegregate.

Milliken v. Bradley that suburban districts could not be ordered to

help desegregate a city's schools unless those suburbs had been

involved in illegally segregating them in the first place

Detroit's public school system is now 94% minority. By 1990, in the 18 largest Northern metropolitan areas, blacks had become so isolated that 78% of them would have had to move in order to achieve an evenly distributed residential pattern.

The KCMSD's annual per-pupil expenditure, excluding capital costs, reached $9,412 last year, an amount exceeded by perhaps 40 of the nation's 14,881 school districts. All together, as of this February, $1.7 billion has been spent under court order in Kansas City.

Standardized test scores have registered slight gains. white flight was not reversed: in 1985, the year before the magnet plan began, the district was 73.6% minority; this year it is 75.9% minority. If nothing else, horrible school facilities have been replaced with nice new ones, and for some that is justification enough.

Norfolk Virginia was allowed to stop busing if it pumped extra money into black schools, spending $736 more in 93-94 than other elementary schools, and class sizes 2 or 3 smaller. Yet targeted blacks who started out scoring 5 points worse in 1991 scored 10 worse than those in integrated schools in 1995. At Young park, 98% black, 94% free lunch, some of the children arrive at school not knowing their full name; they just know their nickname," says principal Ruby Greer, who has managed to improve test scores and attendance. "They don't know how to hold a pencil or a book. Only 7% scored above normal, compared to 88% at Taylor Elem 5 mins away, 60% white.

#achievement" Claims there is a lot of evidence that integration raises black performance while not hurting whites, but only presents association between states with narrowest test score differences, W. VA and Iowa, generally closing gap in reading scores, which is due largely to improved education level of black adults, not integration, and observation that children in Chapter 1 schools with more whites tend to do better. But integration never results in parity in scores, and in the best schools in Palo Alto, Seattle's Eastside, and Newton, blacks score no better than 50 percentile.

\priv\96\12\bostom.htm Time April

29, 1996 Volume 147, No. 18 THE NEED FOR A TOUGHER KIND OF HEROISM J. ANTHONY LUKAS. (on Time web site) Concludes the job is to educate the children at hand, now only 18% white instead of wondering why integration didn't suceed, or trying to bring whites back.

http://www.boston.com/globe

\priv\96\12\massdesg.txt "Repeal wouldn't change mandate to desegregate" Boston Globe 04/23/96 Districts have chosen to desegregate voluntarily because it makes sense.

http://www.boston.com/globe

\priv\96\12\racibala.txt - John Silber considers whether to repeal

the Mass state racial imbalance law. Abagail Thernstrom is for

repealing the law outright. "Assessing racial balance" Boston Globe

Staff, 04/18/96

%%Denver

\doc\95\14\stopbus.txt "Stopping the bus" Economist Sept 30, 1995 p.

29 Busing didn't work in Denver, it just scared all the whites away.

%%Kansas City

\priv\95\11\demag.txt - 1.3 billion has not produced improved test scores. Stagnant scores are used as proof it must be continued instead of concluding it doesn't work.

[[evidence of success

d:\doc\94\7\desegwk.txt black educational progress (1/2 gap erased

between 1971 and 1991) proves that desegregation works (??) [There is

_no_ other evidence ever cited that show desegregation results in

academic parity or improved test scores]

[[harmful to Asians

\doc\95\11\categor3.txt - Asians are denied access to french immersion

program because transfer policy nearly prohibits Asians from

transferring

from schools where they are few in Montgomery County, Maryland

\doc\95\15\frcinteg.txt

Montgomery French Immersion school, Boston

Latin quotas Family Research Council Sept 25, 1995 (Washington DC)

[[population

Atlantic Monthly May 1991

In 1986, 27.5% of black and 30.0% of Hispanic school children, but only 3.3% of whites were enrolled in the twenty-five largest central-city school districts.

"Segregated school are once again the norm"

USAT May 12, 1994 8A Margaret L. Usdansky

� Almost half of Asians attend "majority minority schools

� Asians are most "segregated in the west where

59% attend minority schools

� Average black in 1992 San Francisco attends school that

is only 12.2% white ---

� minorities are going to school with fewer whites than

before in many school districts

� percentage of blacks in white majority schools from

.001% in 1954 to 43.5% in 1988

d:\doc\94\18\whitscho.wk1 - whites in public schools

USA Today May 12, 1994 p. 9A

A Look at school populations"

Average percentage of non-Hispanic whites in some large

public school systems

1968 1974 1986 1992

Chicago 41.7% 30.6% 16.6% 14.4%

Miami 45.3% 32.0% 19.4% 15.6%

Dallas 48.0% 40.7% 18.7% 14.1%

Fort Worth 55.9% 38.5% 26.7% 23.2%

Houston 38.1% 28.6% 13.9% 10.9%

Los Angeles 31.8% 25.0% 11.3% 8.4%

New York 18.7% 15.9% 12.2% 11.0%

Oakland 30.0% 17.7% 5.6% 3.7%

San Diego 57.8% 54.0% 38.2% 27.4%

San Francisco 40.7% 26.6% 12.3% 11.0%

USA Today analysis of 1991-92 school year US Education Department

data, earlier data form National School Boards associations

Ed Note: none are over 27% white!

d:\doc\94\18\uspubmin.wk1 - minorities at minority schools

Summary: Nearly Half of Asians in Predominantly Minority Schools

Percentage of students by race and

ethnicity attending US public schools

that have more than 50% minority enrollment

Source: USA Today Analysis by Barbara Pearson of

1991-92 US Education Department data for states

excluding Alaska and Hawaii

Note: Asians would be even higher if Hawaii were included

White Black Hispanic Asian

Rate 8% 65% 73% 46%

Index 1.00 8.13 9.13 5.75

Black=1.0

USA Today May 12, 1994 p.2A

doc941\asboston.txt metco favors blacks

doc941\metco.txt voluntary busing favors blacks

2,966 black 351 Lation 24 Asian. blacks 56% of minority students,

latino 31 Asian 7

doc941\orrfield.doc interview on SF busing

DOC942\PRIV\ORRF2.TXT increasing spending hasn't helped

asian education desegregation

doc942\priv\orrf4.txt Orrfield says Kansas City was wasate

doc\94\5\seg.txt US News report on segregation in cities and schools

SFC 4/4/92 A8 Court Backs White Flight - school systems aren't

accountable to demographic factors, only intentional

==Wisconsin

doc93b\asdeseg.txt Hmong in Wausau, Wisconsin

doc\94\3\priv\hmongbus.txt busing for hmong dropped

asian ed desegregation evidence - success

d:\doc\94\7\desegwk.txt black educational progress (1/2 gap erased between 1971 and 1991) proves that desegregation works (??)

SFC 4/4/92 A8 Court Backs White Flight - school systems aren't

accountable to demographic factors, only intentional

\PRIV\95\05\HARTFRSEG.TXT - Can't degregate Hartford if problem is too many blacks and minorities living in city.

[[end population

%%suburb

\priv\95\14\ghetsub.doc - THE Economist OCTOBER 7TH 1995 p. 33 Housing policy From ghetto to suburb. Children of black families who moved to the suburbs under a new program were less threatened and attend college at the same rate as average whites.

What Happened to Gautreaux participants

% City Suburb

Dropped out of school 20 5

Attended College 21 54

Attended 4-yr college 4 27

Source: James Rosenbaum, Housing Policy Debate

Vol 6, No. 1 1995

%%desegregation end ------------------------------------

asian/ed %%discipline

Summary - Asians are least likely to be suspended -1.26 to -2.2 on the most important issue to parents. Blacks are most likely from 2 to 5 times rate of whites.

\doc\95\11\discipln.txt "Discipline is No. 1 school concern" USA today

8/23/95 Mary Beth Marklein

"S.F. Blacks Near Bottom in Grade-Point Survey"

San Francisco Chronicle Aug 3, 1990 p. A29

Blacks are 50% of all suspensions

\doc\95\05\seadata.wk1 - Chinese and Japanese least in Seattle

index -2.00 = 2 times worse

white black hisp asian

ShortTrmSusp 1.00 -2.39 -1.81 1.16

LongTrm Susp 1.00 -3.14 -2.48 -1.48

Expulsion 1.00 -3.89 -1.44 1.00

Chinese 0.2

E Indian 3.6

Odds Ratio of Ever Suspended or Expelled:

W1.0 B3.07 H1.21 A-1.26

Source: 1993 National Household Education Survey, School Safety and Discipline Component, National Center for Education Statistics, US Dept of Education. Analysis of data from public use file by Nicholas Zill and Laura Spencer Loomis From "Running in Place" Nicholas Zill 1994 (Washington DC: Child Trends Inc 202-362-5580)

doc937:berrviol.xls,prn berryessa schools B2.1 H1.4 A-2.2 Fil-2.2

doc937:sfsuspen.xls,prn san francisco susp B4.8 H1.5 Ch-1.8 Jp--2.6

Ko-1.2 Fi 1.2

doc941\sfexpel.xls 70%-90% for guns, knives, robbery, theft,

assault, drugs

%%deficient

c:\doc\95\11\matl795.txt - Norm Matloff (UC Davis) claims that East

Asians, but not South Asians lack the creative ability to get awards

in college and professional organizations

� The eminent physicist C.N. Yang has complained about this problem.

� The governments of Japan and S. Korea are working hard to remedy

� the problem.

Asians make up 75% of the undergrads in our CS program at UCD, but only 25% of them have won our "top honors" award (we give three or four such awards each year). At the higher levels (overall top honors in the College of Engineering), Asian awards have been extremely rare. It should be on our dept.'s Web site soon (not MY Web site).

My point is that the higher one goes, the less the Chinese diligence works.Here's another: The ACM has given 35 awards for top Ph.D. dissertations, starting in 1980. In spite of the HUGE number of Chinese in CS Ph.D. programs, NONE of those awards has gone to a Chinese. (By contrast, five have gone to Indians.)

Yep. The rote-memory problem exists within the Confucian societies, i.e. China, Korea, Japan -- all EAST Asian. The SOUTH Asians don't have that problem.

%%dropout - see @@dropout

asian.education.drugs

%%drugs - Asians have the lowest rate of drug use, which is related

to academic success

Family research Council Washington Watch Dec 9, 1994

Survey of Who's Who Among American High School Students:

vs. 16-17 peers:

81% never or almost never drink

95% don't smoke 89% never tried marijuana

Family research Council Washington Watch Dec 9, 1994

Survey of Who's Who Among American High School Students:

vs. 16-17 peers:

education.sex 75% have never had sexual intercourse

%%dyslexia

asian.education.reading.dyslexia

Vernon p. 131 Asians learn ideographic languages faster, not slower

than Westerners since their reading achievement in their native

languages is ahead. Almost no cases of dyslexia

%%early-reading

d:\doc\95\02\tipread.txt

asian.education.early-reading

Too many Americans push their children to read. Studies

show they may be capable of reading as early as 2, 3, or

4, but burn out by the time they are 6 or 7

Finland students score the best in reading but do not

start until 7, catch up and surpass others in 2 years.

%%earnings - see income

asian.education.effort

%%effort

\doc\95\05\effort.txt

"Bilingual Children Associated With Better Grades"

East/West March 20, 1986 p. 8

Sanford Dornbusch of Stanford U found no relationship

between the level of effort reported by young black

male students and their grades, which did not hold for

black females, or any other group.

%%elite - see exam, excellent, success

[[California

\doc\95\12\besthigh.txt

25 of the Best High schools in California -

Ranked by percentage who scored in range 6 (best) in CLAS Math 1994

Percentile is estimate of how the median student compared with the state distribution as a whole. Thus, the median (50th out of 100) scored as well as somebody ranked 94 out out 100 statewide.

Note that the best schools are not neccesarily from the richest communities, such as Lowell in San Francisco, or the Math and Science Academy in Long Beach. The two ways to create an excellent school is to either be in a community where everybody is either smart, rich or both, or select the best from a diverse community by examination.

CA SATM SAT F/R AF

DC LEP

Pct Percen over Meal

6 tile 50%

1. $Henry M Gunn High School, Palo Alto 28 94 623 83.0 4.9 1.6

2. $Palo Alto Unified School District Palo Alto 25 93 616 78.5 3.9 1.4

3. +Gretchen Whitney High School, Cerritos CA 25 93 665 100.0 2.3 0.0

4. +California Academy of Math and Science 21 89

Long Beach

5. +Lowell High, San Francisco 20 86 593 80.3 17.7 5.4

6. $Monta Vista High, Cupertino 17 84 628 71.3 2.2 1.1

7. $Oak Park High, Ventura County 16 83 494 42.0 1.4 0.2

8. $Piedmont High, Piedmont 16 83 595 79.3 0.0 0.3

9. $Lynbrook High, Cupertino 15 83 611 60.6 3.5 1.2

10. #Berkeley High, Berkeley 14 83 546 51.2 13.9 1

3.4

11. Troy High, Fullerton 14 83 550 38.9 4.9 4.8

12. San Dieguito High, San Diego Co. 14 83 535 40.9 11.1 1.5

13. University High, Irvine 14 83 606 63.3 16.1 2.0

14. Cupertino High 12 80 554 32.2 10.1 6.4

15. $Los Altos High, Los Altos 12 74 581 47.7 16.3 8.7

16. Arcadia Senior High, Arcadia (LA Cty) 12 74 591 52.4 4.2 2.9

17. $Acalanes High, Contra Costa County 11 86 564 68.8 0.4 0.7

18. $Campolindo High, Contra Costa County 11 84 578 82.9 0.4 0.2

19. $Miramonte High, Contra Costa County 11 80 583 76.9 0.6 0.2

20. La Jolla Senior High, San Diego County 11 80 554 57.6 16.0 7.1

21. $Beverly Hills High, Beverly Hills 11 80 558 52.5 8.1 4.3

22. Sunny Hills High, Fullerton 11 74 584 61.6 1.4 2.2

23. Irvine High, Irvine 10 83 565 42.7 4.0 2.0

24. Foothill High, Tustin (Orange County) 10 74 553 49.7 14.4 3.4

25. Mountain View High, Mountain View 10 74 559 52.7 15.9 4.7

26. Homestead High, Cupertino 10 74 572 43.4 8.5 7.1

27. Dublin High, Dublin (Alameda County) 10 71 495 21.6 7.6 2.6

SATM - SAT MATH average

AVG - % of SAT scores above average

FREE - % students with free or reduced lunch

AFDC - % students on AFDC

LEP - % studens limited english proficiency, usually Hispanic, sometimes Asian

SATC - SAT combined average

Norm Matloff (UC Davis CS/ Statistics professor): "There is no

significant difference between UC campuses and the mean in SAT scores"

UCB - UC Irvine = 88 pts, or 44 pts between center and extremes

UC Irvine - CA Average = 57 pts

State Average - Oakland = 72 pts

Districts SAT Dif SATM AVG FREE AFDC LEP

SATC

Gretchen Whitney High School, Cerritos CA 665 100.0 2.3 0.0

Seattle Lakeside 650

1310

UC Berkeley 631

1185

Palo Alto Unified School District Palo Alto 25 616 78.5 3.9 1.4 3.

1 1136

Lynbrook High, Cupertino 611 60.6 3.5 1.2

UCLA 597

1117

Piedmont City Unified (Alameda) +110 595 69.7 0.0 0.3 0.

2 1113

Fremont Union(Cupertino) 589 47.3 9.1 6.0 1056 Los Gatos / Saratoga (Santa Clara) 579 64.9 0.0 1.1 0.

6 1078

Mercer Island (#1 Dist, Wa State) 572

1058

UC Irvine 566

1030

Albany City Unified (Alameda) 563 43.8 10.5 2.5

Berkeley Unified 545 50.1 16.6 14.1 10.

4 1023

UC Riverside 542

1007

Desirable----------------------------------------------------------------------<> ----

US Asian SAT 538

Marin County +47 532 39.2 7.2 5.2

Fremont Unified 529 34.7 14.8 7.2 13.

2

Novato Unified (Marin) 525 36.5 6.7 5.3

San Mateo Union High 517 34.4 7.5 3.0 18.

4

San Jose Unified 513 23.8 29.6 12.4 18.

4

Shasta County 501 16.5 22.5 18.4 1.

0

US White 498

Milpitas Unified 490 18.3 24.5 10.2

Sacramento County 489 19.4 22.5 22.8 11.

1

Yuba County 487 9.4 44.8 16.9 16.

2

Average------------------------------------------------------------------------<> -

State Average 3 50 485 19.5 26.6 15.4 16.

0

Below Average------------------------------------------------------------------

-

San Francisco 480 25.8 27.0 15.0 22.5

San Diego 467 23.1 36.2 20.5 19.3

Jefferson Union (San Mateo) 466 11.2 18.1 6.2 10.7

Eastside Union High (San Jose) 464 14.6 13.1 22.1 31.3

Los Angeles 464 16.3 35.3 19.0 22.4

Awful--------------------------------------------------------------------------<> -

West Contra Costa -28 457 17.8 27.0 21.6 14.7

Gilroy Unified 456 14.2 26.7 9.9 12.3

Baldwin Park Unified 436 8.2 30.3 20.5 11.3

Mexican 1995 SAT average 426

Oakland Unified 413 13.4 38.1 46.2 24.1

Black 1995 SAT average 388

Bassett Unified (Los Angeles) 384 2.1 62.2 16.4

29.7

Inglewood Unified 334 0.4 45.4 50.6 39.6

Compton Unified -160 325 1.3 67.3 58.0 18.2

Some of the worst schools - Usually poor black, Hispanic, or both

Under 4% above average SAT, 20-50% free lunch, 20-50% AFDC, 10-51% LEP

----------------------------------- SAT AVG FREE AFDC LEP

DROP

Mexican 1995 SAT average 426

Andrew Hill San Jose 422 8.4 21.5 36.9 39.5 H

Azuza (Los Angeles) 403 4.2 50.8 22.0 25.0 92.3 HB

Wilson High San Francisco 388 0.6 22.6 38.8 33.3 76.3 BH

Black 1995 SAT average 388

Lincoln High San Diego 352 4.5 49.0 38.7 19.9 72.8 BH

Hoover High San Diego 379 4.2 54.3 41.7 50.7 84.2 H

Richmond (Contra Costa) 372 4.8 42.5 51.1 43.3 73.4 H

Fremont Oakland 374 2.5 37.5 58.5 39.5 H

Emery Middle 335 2.0 28.9 8.9 8.3 100 B

Castlemont Oakland 329 2.0 40.3 93.9 18.1 76.7 B

McLymonds Oakland 325 3.4 50.8 98.1 9.9 54.1 B

Centennial High (Compton / Los 316 1.3 67.3 58.0 18.2 94.2 HB

Dominguez High (Compton / Los Angeles) 315 2.2 89.9 57.4 37.9 89.6 HB

Morningside High (Inglewood / Los Angeles) 327 0.4 45.4 50.6 39.6 67.8 HB

$rich

+exam school

#high education level

Only 9 are in Southern California. Many, such as Lowell, Whitney, and Sunny Hills, and Cupertino have very high percentages of Asian students.

[[Los Angeles

doc\94\12\mathacad.txt Academy of Math and Science in Los Angeles from Long Beach, Compton, Los Angeles, Inglewood, Torrance, Palo Verdes, Hawthorne, and Lawndale school districts.

school W14 B28 H28 A29

dist W22.5 B12.1 H54.2 A11.0

PRIV\95\01\SUNYHILL.TXT - LAT Sunny Hills High School in Fullerton CA

In 1985, the student body was 71.8% Anglo and 17.9% Asian. Now it is 48.4% Asian and 39.4% white. Four years ago, there were no "limited English proficiency" students--now there are 163. The shift will probably continue: Asians are 45% of the Class of 1995, 51% of the Class of 1998.

and Latinos--about 8% of the student body--gather elsewhere on campus.

"The Asians don't like the whites because they're all sports, and the whites don't like the Asians because they're all academics and money," said senior Brian Ashton, who has a reputation on campus for mixing easily among Asian and white cliques.

There also are divisions among Koreans, who make up 27% of the students and 57% of the Asians.

doc\94\10\sanmarinsc.txt - san marino ranks among best school districts

[[New York

\doc\95\11\nycent.txt "Rethinking America" by Hedrick Smith cites New York's Central Park East School in Harlem as a national model of reform. The graduation rate is above 90 percent, 90 percent of graduates go on to four year colleges.

\doc\95\10\eharlem.txt In East Harlem, the Manhattan Center for

Science and Math is 98% B or H, but 90% at or above grade level,

nearly all go on to college. National Geographic May 1990

[[Seattle

\doc\95\09\garfmert.txt - Garfield Hi in Seattle graduate the

most merit scholarships.

\priv\95\08\zionpre2.txt - text of BW article

\priv\95\08\zionchar.txt - chart

\doc\95\07\zionprep.txt - "Lots of Love - And No Excuses" Business

Week May 8, 1995 by Dori Jones Yang. Students at Seattle's private

Zion prepatory academy have 50% at grade level or above despite 60%

single parent and 80% free/reduced lunch eligibility

%%examination - see affirmative action.examination

%%excel - top schools

Summary - Asians are highly over-represented at the nation's most

elite examination schools and outstanding public schools. Asians are

75% of Lowell HS in San Francisco (even with a 40% quota on Chinese),

19% of Boston Latin Academy, 33% of Bronx Science NYC, 51% of

Stuyvesant NY C, 57% of Whitney HS in Cerritos CA, 48% of Sunny Hills

High in Fullerton CA, 28% of Illinois Math and Science Academy in a

state only 2.5% Asian

Ranking Ntl

Pctile SAT SATP

Seattle Lakeside 98 1310 95

Palo Alto Gunn 93 1137 87

San Francisco Lowell 86

Boston Latin 85?

CA State Average 902

[[Boston

doc941\boslat1.txt: Boston Latin Academy

1992: pct: w42 b31 h+NA 8 a19

index: w1.0 (1.56) b-2.4 h-3.8 a1.4

doc941\priv\latseg.txt

The Latin schools accept black and Hispanic students who rank in the 50th percentile or above on their entrance examination and grade point average, said John Coakley, the School Department's chief desegregation officer. At Latin School, the cutoff for whites and Asians is about the 70th percentile, he said. At Latin Academy it is about the 60th. The changes were implemented as part of Garrity's desegregation orders in 1975.

[[California

priv\96\13\mixscore.htm San Francisco Chronicle Tuesday, April 30, 1996 7 Page A1 PAGE ONE--"Mixed Scorecard on State High Schools Gap between suburbs", cities Palo Alto's two high schools, Gunn and Palo Alto, led in most categories. Other high-scoring schools included Lynbrook in San Jose, Monta Vista in Cupertino, Saratoga, Piedmont, Lowell in San Francisco, Campolindo in Moraga, Miramonte in Orinda and Acalanes in Lafayette. At Gunn, for example, 95 percent of seniors took the SAT. Of a possible 1600 points, the average score at Gunn was 1137, well above the state average of 902. Among students who took advanced-placement tests, nearly 87 percent qualified for college credit.

The area's lowest-scoring schools included Castlemont, McClymonds and Fremont in Oakland; Balboa, Galileo and Mission in San Francisco;

Richmond and Kennedy in Richmond; and tiny Emery in Emeryville.

\priv\95\20\humail.txt - balboa has the highest test scores in

the state of california

[[Chicago

\priv\95\07\chicexel.txt - Shutting down excellent high school in

chicago Lindblom in Chicago was an examination school shut down after

1995 It had only a 4 percent dropout rate and sent most graduates to

college

[[Illinois IMSA

\doc\95\07\imsa.wk1 - Illinois Math and Science Academy by Race

Table and analysis by Arthur Hu

Illinois Math and Science Academy, Aurora Illinois

Admissions 1994-95

Ranked by Representation Index

90 pop School Rate Index

Asian 2.5% 28% 11.20 15.76

Hisp 7.9% 7% 0.89 1.25

White 74.6% 53% 0.71 1.00

Black 14.8% 10% 0.68 -1.05

[[Seattle

\doc\96\03\aminheri.txt "Creating a True Heritage" Seattle Times April 20, 1996 p. 1 Seattle has an Americn Indian Heritage school designed especially for Native American students which draws students from as far away as Centralia (2 hrs each way), and from other races.

100% of grads enroll in college, one student GPA went from 1.8 to 3.0

"Lakeside Legacy" Seattle Times June 11, 1995 p. M1 Called "academically, the strongest, most rigorous education you can get in the Seattle area". Alumni include Bill Gates, leaders in Paccar, designers of the Space Needle.

Called 4/22/96 - SATV=660 =97pct, SATM=650=91pct SATC=1310, much better than Palo Alto Gunn HS (87 SAT), best public school in CA.

Race W73.4 B7.6 H2.6 A16 N0.4

%%expectations

d:\doc\95\01\homewrk2.wk1 - Homework and Expectations by Race

Study by Sanford Dornbusch of Stanford University

Homework W1.00 B-1.45 H-1.54 A1.15

A or B minimum acceptable grade W1.00 A1.39

C Acceptable Grade W1.00 A-2.35

%%expel - see discipline

asian/ed %%discrimination - see lowell, college doc924:berklaw,

berklaws.doc : Boalt Hall quotas

%%failure

asian.education.failure.values

\doc\95\02\teacfail.txt - Poorest schools have least experienced teachers

Poor children are absent, question value of education

%%family structure

\doc\95\05\seadata.wk1

Total White Black Hisp Asian

Not 2 parent hs -1.14 1.00 -1.74 -1.30 1.28

%%female

Vernon p. 137 Many studies among Caucasians show that in general, females are superior in many verbal skills, which may be partly accounted for by cultural factors, but there are genetic theories as well.

%%federal

\doc\95\11\discipln.txt "Discipline is No. 1 school concern" USA today

8/23/95 Mary Beth Marklein 64% say federal government should have

less influence in schools

%%filipino

� Classified separately as disadvantaged minority in most education and government hiring programs in CA

� Given racial preferences until 1990 in UCB and UCLA

� Still separate category in California education system and most affirmative action programs. Given preference in most UC campuses, but 1990-94 received discriminatory admission rates until spring 1995.

� Accoring to UC data book, Filipinos are equal or better than parity at every level except teaching staff and graduate college education.

[[college

Underrepresented at UC Berekeley since 1994 = 2% (due to

discrimination?)

college.dropout

\doc\95\05\filgrad.txt - UCLA Filipino 83=40% 93=Fil 60% As 85% Wh 78%

[[disadvantaged

d:\doc\94\16\filed.txt Filip dropout as high as 50% in some areas

Filipinos are model students in Union City

[[exam school - Filipino only slightly worse than white

doc\94\12\whitney.wk1

HS District Index

White 24.0% 22.6% 1.06

Black 1.9% 7.6% -4.25

Asian 57.1% 35.5% 1.51

Filipino 7.1% 7.6% -1.14

Hisp 9.2% 28.8% -3.32

AmInd 0.2%

Portugues 0.4% 1.9% -5.76

%%ged

\priv\95\01\gedok.txt

LIFE Page 1D - February 17, 1992 Study backs value of equivalency test

By Katy Kelly, USA TODAY

%%geography

\doc\95\14\geograph.wk1

Grade 12 Geography: W1.00 B-1.13 H-1.09 A-1.01

Geography answers encourage educators Seattle Times Oct 22, 1995 p. A22 Randolph E. Schmid (AP) The National Assessment of Educational Progress concluded that 70 percent showed a basic understanding of geography.

Asians equal or better than equal in G4, G8, G12

asian.education.geography

%%gifted

d:\priv\94\19\gifted.txt - Whites much more likely to be

classified as gifted than blacks

%%government as cure

\doc\96\03\cyntuck.txt "Those Born at the bottom" Seattle Times Feb 19, 1996 Cynthia Tucker says only government can close the gap between child of 15 yr old dropout and 35 yr old professor (No, it can't silly!)

%%grade level

\priv\95\11\nograde.txt - Cupertino school does away with grade

level, puts 3 grades into one "village"

%%grades

asian.education.grade - Asians consistently get the best

grades, even in cities like Seattle where they don't get the

best test scores.

\doc\95\05\seadata.wk1 - Seattle schools

\doc\95\05\samgrade.txt

GPA W2.44 B1.72 A2.77(Chinese) 1.65(Samoan)

d:\doc\95\01\homewrk2.wk1 - Homework and Expectations by Race

Study by Sanford Dornbusch of Stanford University

Asians have highest grades, regardless of parental education

or status or income

IBD 8/4/94 p. 1 Exploring the Adoption Option: Adopted adolescnets got 62% B (3.0) average or better compared to 53% of public school students Nonadopted siblings in growing up adopted survey was 82% B or better. By search institute (Minneapolis) (vs. 79% B or better among Caplan's SE Asians)

doc\94\1\seaclass.txt

African-American grades overall have not broken the C barrier in at least five years.

doc921:sjinteg.wk1 GPA B-.26 H-.24 A+.58 W=2.43

doc\94\12\indoch01.txt - caplan study of refugees and excellence

(GPA): an A became a four; a D became a one. After calculations, we found that the children's mean GPA was 3.05, or a B average. Twenty-seven percent had an overall GPA in the A range, 52 percent in the B range and 17 percent in the C range. Only 4 percent had a GPA below a C grade. (79% B or better)

Even more striking than the overall GPAs were the students' math scores. Almost half of the children earned As in math; another third earned Bs. Thus, four out of five students received either As or Bs.

As expected, their grades in the liberal arts were lower: in areas where extensive language skills were required, such as English, history or social studies, the combined GPA was 2.64.

[[San Francisco

d:\doc\94\17\sfschool.wk1 SF School grades etc.

Grades 3-4 A-B 2-2.9 B-C 1-1.9 C-D

Goto Literacy

Asian.Education.Income

%%income, effect on education

Summary: Common wisdom is that low incomes are associated with low education outcomes, however, Asians appear to buck this trend. SAT evidence is that blacks have poor test scores even with affluent incomes. Palo Alto and Oakland suggest that middle income blacks in an affluent school district perform as well as middle income whites in a large urban district with a large black population. While test scores do rise with income within a race, it does not explain differences between races very well.

Asians score as well as White making twice as much income.

White score as well as Blacks making 7 times as much income.

\doc\95\15\imprstar.txt - Seattle's John Stanford observes even middle class black children don't score well.

\doc\95\12\sat95bk.wk1

1995 Scholastic Aptitude Test Breakdown by Ethnicity

Data from the College Board

Data Entry and Analysis by Arthur Hu

White Black Hisp Asian

Income x $1,00 pct verb math pct verbal math pct verbal math pct verbal ma

th

white, Asian less than white man

National figures, different Census 1990 study, over 25

How Education, Income are Linked in Bay Area Ramon G. Mcleod SF

Chronicle Sept 1, 1992 p.A12

White Black Hispanic Asian

college educated men $36,224 $27,264 $26,592 #N/A

college educated wome $20,321 $22,219 $19,560 #N/A

Index

college educated men 100.0% 75.3% 73.4% #N/A

college educated wome 100.0% 109.3% 96.3% #N/A

doc934:asprof.txt education income family age marry

%%indian - see @@indian

%%k12 (city)

[[Oakland

\priv\95\09\oakscho.txt - SFC overcrowded schools, inequities

%%language

Asians are the most likely of any race to have little or no English proficiency. Nearly half did not learn English as a first language. This has little effect on math scores, but a big effect on verbal scores, which are comparable to other minorities when the 1st language is not English, or English and another language.

\doc\95\12\sat95bk.wk1

1995 Scholastic Aptitude Test Breakdown by Ethnicity

Data from the College Board

Data Entry and Analysis by Arthur Hu

First Language Learned:

White Black Hisp Asian

pct verb math pct verb math pct verb math pct verb math

English 95 450 499 90 358 389 42 406 449 29 449 525

English + Othe 4 415 467 7 341 378 32 365 412 29 443 546

Other 2 406 525 3 327 383 27 343 420 42 380 541

Asian with 1st English or other very close to White, as 2nd language close to Black

Ranked by Math

Pct Verb Math Group

29% 443 546 Asian Eng+Other

42% 380 541 Asian Other

29% 449 525 Asian English

95% 450 499 White English

27% 343 420 Mexican Other

90% 358 389 Black English

Ranked by Verbal

29% 449 525 Asian English

95% 450 499 White English

29% 443 546 Asian Eng+Other

42% 380 541 Asian Other

90% 358 389 Black English

27% 343 420 Mexican Other

\doc\95\05\seadata.wk1 Seattle Limited English

index -2.00 means 2x worse than white

Total White Black Hisp Asian

Limited English -8.47 1.00 -3.53 -16.29 -24.00

%%lunch (free or reduced price)

Asians in Seattle are just as likely as blacks or Hispanics to be

eligible for free or reduced price lunch

\doc\95\05\seadata.wk1 - Disproportionality in Seattle Schools

Total White Black Hisp Asian

Free Lunch all -2.04 1.00 -3.00 -2.53 -2.69

NatAm Samoan Chinese

Free Lunch all -2.40 -3.49 -2.19

asian/ed/%%math - also see test scores, awards Asians get the highest math test scores (except in Seattle and other cities where Whites are unusually advantaged and Asians highly disadvantaged), and the are over-represented in advanced math classes and colleges and selective high schools with high math scores.

[[Advantage

\doc\96\03\whyadd.txt "Why Johnny Can't Add, Subtract" Investor's Business Daily April 25, 1996 p. 1 In 3 decades, the SAT math scores fell from 492 to 473, about 3%. The top 5% of the US high school students score about as well as the top 50% in Japan, or the median. The California State University system increased those who were judged to need remedial math from 30% in 1989 to 54% in 1994. (comment, this doesn't jibe with the 2 year advantage shared with Asian Americans in math)

\priv\95\19\ussmart.txt Tests put U.S. students among best - and worst Tacoma News Tribune Story Number: 56007 12/10/95 Shankar Vedantam Taiwan 11-yr olds in 1991 National Center for Education Statistics test scored the same as American 13-yr olds (2 year gap) (Story does not mention similar gap between Asian Americans and whites)

[[Algebra

In San Jose, Blacks and Hispanics are under-reprsented in algebra courses, but so are Whites, because of Asians, who get best scores and are twice as likely as whites to take the course in grade 8.

doc\94\7\algebrar.wk1 Algebra score by courses taken, 1990 NEAP

taking algebra in Grade 8: W1.0 B-2.57 H-1.80 A2.11

test score taking algebra - W 0 B-36 H-27 A+9

Asians taking G8 math same as black taking Algebra

asian.education.math

doc\95\01\sat93us.xlw

1993 SAT Scores Ranked by Race and Gender (unpublished special tabulations, College Board)

bullet559 Asian male
bullet518 White male
bullet512 Asian female (only 6 points below WM)
bullet472 White female
bullet451 Hispanic male
bullet408 Hispanic female
bullet400 Black male

>>\doc\95\14\mathtake.wk1

Source: SAT scores from The College Board, special compilation SAT Took Calculus W23%(1.0) B12%(-1.9) H16%(-1.5) A40%(2.0)

Increase 1990-95 W21% B33% H23% A5%

Nearly half of Asian SAT takers have taken Calculus, twice the rate of whites, who are two times the rate of Blacks. However minorities show the most improvement.

[[calculus

>>\doc\96\01\hedsmith.txt "America Not Competitive" NW Asian Weekly

July 15, 1995 Hedrick Smith in "Rethinking America" points out 6% of US, vs. 40% of German and 94% of Japanese students in high school study calculus. filed under asian.education.calculus

\priv\95\12\blakcalc.txt - San Jose Mercury June 25, 1992 "Keys to the Scientific Kingdom" Minorities in calculus workshop (article text)

d:\doc\95\02\calcwork.txt - Blacks and Hispanics who took a calculus workshop got better grades than Asians or Whites.

asian.education.math

Long-Term Effectiveness of the Calculus Workshop Model Martin Vaern Bosangue et al, Mt San Antonio Community College

Study of California Calculus College Students 1990-91

compared to minorities who participated in a Calculus workshop.

Black/Latino

WShop NonWS Filip Asian White All Non-WS
Study Hours 8.23 6.88 4.00 5.77 6.76 6.20
Group Hours 4.09 1.83 0.56 1.15 0.62 1.13
Involve 8.51 7.54 5.67 6.07 7.08 6.58
HS GPA 3.35 3.29 3.34 3.38 3.37 3.35
SAT Verbal 408 383 461 373 469 411
SAT Math 517 491 555 569 589 557
Parent Ed 2.12 2.08 3.00 2.57 3.19 2.72
Course Grade 2.43 1.47 1.18 1.60 1.68 1.58

Note that Black and Latino who took the course had better grades than Asians or Whites with higher SAT Math scores, though non-workshop minorities got worse grades, and Blacks and Hispanics generally score worse in most math courses than Whites or Asians.

[[courses

Even taking into consideration the high participation rate of Asians, Asians take a very high percentage (40%) of Calculus and Honors math courses, and get the best grades. Even when Blacks take the best math courses, they score more poorly than White and Asians who have taken much less math, though the White / Asian gap narrows by 75% when both take calculus. Blacks with the most math still scored lower than Asians with less than 1/2 year of high school math study.

\doc\95\14\mathtake.wk1

Source: SAT scores from The College Board, special compilation SAT Took Calculus W23%(1.0) B12%(-1.9) H16%(-1.5) A40%(2.0)

Increase 1990-95 W21% B33% H23% A5%

Nearly half of Asian SAT takers have taken Calculus, twice the rate of whites, who are two times the rate of Blacks. However minorities show the most improvement.

\doc\95\12\sat95bk.xls

1995 Scholastic Aptitude Test Breakdown by Ethnicity

Data from the College Board

Data Entry and Analysis by Arthur Hu

White Black Hisp Asian

SAT

Math Coursework pct Gap math pct Gap math pct Gap math pct Gap ma

th

Overall 0 498 -110 388 -72 426 40 53

8

Algebra 97 0 498 96 -110 388 97 -73 425 94 37 53

5

Geometry 95 0 504 90 -109 395 94 -73 431 94 36 54

0

Triginometry 55 0 539 43 -106 433 42 -68 471 64 26 56

5

Precalculus 38 0 573 24 -104 469 32 -77 496 54 18 59

1

Calculus 23 0 613 12 -105 508 16 -76 537 40 13 62

6

Computer Math 9 10 10 13

Black Calculus is equal to Whites who took Geometry, Asian Algebra, or

Hispanic precalculus

Asians advantage falls to 13 points with Calculus vs. 40 overall

Nearly half of Asians took Calculus, 2X rate of Whites, 4X rate of Blacks

White Black Hisp Asian

Years of Study pct verb math pct verbal math pct verbal math pct verbal math

4 70 521 62 406 62 451 77 558

3 27 450 33 361 35 390 20 469

2 3 402 4 332 4 356 3 449

1 0 395 0 319 0 329 0 428

1/2 or less 0 435 0 330 0 372 0 434

honors 29 597 18 487 25 518 42 619

42% (nearly half) of Asians took honors math courses compared to 29% White, 18% Black Black 4 year = White 2 year, Hisp 3 Year, Asian 1/2 year or less Blacks who took honors courses (487) still less than Whites overall (498)

Asian honors is highest, even higher than Asian $70,000+ income

[[improvement

\priv\96\16\educcruc.txt Education Week Volume 15, Issue 33, May 8, 1996 "Education Crucial in Modern Economy By Jeff ArcherThe report acknowledges some gains by the public schools, such as the doubling from 1982 to 1992 in the proportion of high school graduates who took advanced algebra, geometry, and trigonometry.

\priv\95\10\betmath.txt - US students have improved by about one year

of study in math tests from 1982 to 1992, and are taking more math

courses. Reading and writing have not improved as much

[[number system

doc891\uskor.doc Why Koreans score better than US vs. Asian Am

doc892\asmath.doc Why Asians are better in math, paper review

DOC911:MATH.DOC Irene Miura ten-one

doc938:algebra*.txt

doc\94\1\mathten.doc Parents magazine Asian language ten-one is better

than "eleven"

%%neighborhood

doc921:eastside.doc - Eastside high schools - Asians do better

sf bay doc\94\12\priv\edneigh.txt SF Examiner on wealthy neighborhoods, \ but doesn't mention race counts even more than income "poorest neighborhoods are also the most heavily minority.

seattle doc\94\1\seaclass.txt

� Most students who live in the south part of Seattle, where families earn an average $17,000 less than those north of the Central Area, still attend schools with the lowest test scores and, usually, the highest rates of discipline. Most of those schools are in the South End.

In the three high schools with the lowest test scores - Cleveland, Rainier Beach and West Seattle - 2,135 students live in the south part of the city and 62 students live in the north.

(It's race and income, not location)

%%parents

asian.education.parents

\doc\95\10\claspaed.wk1 - CLAS test vs. parental education

African American with parents with Advanced Degree scored worse than Asian

with high school dropout or little / no formal education,(9 + yr gap) White

high school grad (7 yr gap) Blacks with college degree parents

scored lower than Whites and Asians with lowest level of education

Asian HS grads scored as well as White college grads (4 yr gap),

Asian College grads scored better than Whites with advanced degrees (2-4 yr gap

)

"Active Parents Take a Civic Lead" Wall Street Journal May 5, 1995 B1 Parental leaders make more, are more advanced computer users, better educated, etc.

\priv\95\02\authparn.txt - Asians most authoritarian parents but got

best grades despite general authoritarian -> poorer grades Sanford

Dornbusch

d:\doc\95\02\tipread.txt Harold Stevenson and James W. Stigler's Learning Gap say American parents get involved with children when they are young before school, but get less involved in school, Asian parents are opposite. Asian parents help with homework.

%%parental education

Asians have a much higher rate of SAT taking, but parental education is the same, thus it is completely consistent with Asians having more parental education. Below HS grad, Asians rank after Hispanics, higher than Blacks in percentage of parents who did not complete high school.

Blacks with parents even with graduate college degrees scored worse than White or Asian students with parents who did not finish high school, so while it help within a race, it does not explain differences between races.

\doc\95\12\sat95bk.wk1

1995 Scholastic Aptitude Test Breakdown by Ethnicity

Data from the College Board

White Black Hisp Asian

Parental Educa pct verb math pct verbal math pct verbal math pct verbal math

No High School 1 374 418 6 308 347 28 331 389 11 338 478

HS Diploma 34 414 459 50 340 371 40 376 422 26 382 502

Associate 8 425 472 10 354 384 7 390 435 5 398 502

Bachelors 30 460 513 20 379 409 14 420 468 30 426 550

Graduate 27 490 545 14 406 438 11 430 479 28 482 592

Beyond HS 65 44 32 63

Comparative Distrib White Black Hispanic Asian

No High School Dipl 1.0 6.0 28.0 11.0

HS Diploma 1.0 1.5 1.2 -1.3

Associate 1.0 1.3 -1.1 -1.6

Bachelors 1.0 -1.5 -2.1 1.0

Graduate 1.0 -1.9 -2.5 1.0

Since parental college graduate rates are equal for Whites and Asians, this

entirely explains the higher rate of SAT taking among Asians. Both groups are

2/3 beyond HS

Hispanic have the highest rate of non-HS diplomas (1 in 4), but Asians

are next

Black with graduate education = white or Asian with no HS, Hisp Assoc

White graduate education = Asian Bachelor

Asian with no HS = White Associate

%%peer-group

asian.education.peer-group

\doc\95\02\peergrou.txt

Asians peer group encourage academic excellence, black peer groups much less so than whites.

"Ethnic Differences in Adolescent Achievement"

Laurence Stenbert, Sanford M Dornbusch, B. Bradford Brown

June 1992, American Psychologist p. 723

%%prayer

\doc\95\11\discipln.txt "Discipline is No. 1 school concern"

USA today 8/23/95 Mary Beth Marklein 71% favor consitutional amendment

to allow prayer in schools

%%preschool

keywords: asian.education.preschool

d:\doc\95\02\tipread.txt Harold Stevenson and James W. Stigler's Learning Gap say American parents get involved with children when they are young before school, but get less involved in school, Asian parents are opposite. Asian parents help with homework.

d:\doc\94\20\preschool.txt - Asian parents put much less emphasis on

preschool even though their students do better after the 1st grade/

Page 1D - February 26, 1991 U.S. parents push preschoolers By Dennis

Kelly, USA TODAY

%%private

"New Course for Catholic Schools" ST Dec 17, 1995 Lynne K Varner Only

45 pecent of Seattle's middle class white students attend public

schools. In past, 90 % of minorities,but now 80% and falling

\priv\95\15\stanford.txt - nearly one-third of Seattle school age children are in private schools

\doc\95\12\newschool.txt "A New School Myth" Albert Shanker (advertisement) New Republic Sept 4, 1995 - Teachers place their children in private schools at a lower rate than average (?)

doc\95\11\seabus.txt "School busing" Time to reassess" Seattle Post Intelligencer July 30, 1995 E2 (editorial) 25% of children go to private schools in Seattle.

\doc\95\10\privsch.wk1 - ranking of cities by % of children in

private schools vs. teachers

"Kids's scores for reading `in trouble'" USA Today April 28, 1995 p.

8S Private schools scored 16 to 22 points better in NAEP reading test

%%profit

\priv\96\03\privat.htm NYT editorial 1/12/96 School Privatizers, in Retreat Hartford's school district has among the highest expenditures per student in the country but ranks last in the state academically. They simply assumed mass waste that did not exist.

\DOC\96\01\HARDLESS.TXT "Hard Lessons At For-Profit Schools" Business

Week Jan 29, 1996 p. 76 Educational Alternatives Inc flunked managing

Baltimore's schools, and it cost more. f012396

%%progress

\priv\95\17\edprog.txt NYT 11/9/95 10-year education plan makes spotty

progress

1990 to 1992, the percentage of mothers receiving prenatal care in the first trimester increased to 78 percent, from 76 percent.

percentage of children born with one or more health risks decreased to 35 percent, from 37 percent.

The number of parents who read to preschool children 66 to 72 1993 to 1995

The percentage of students who met national standards in math rose to 18 percent for 4th graders, from 13 percent, to 25 percent, from 20 percent, for 8th graders, and to 16 percent, from 13 percent, for 12th graders between 1990 and 1992.

%%public schools - see private schools

schools Boston Herald 12-30-86 p. 2 "White enrollment in Hub"

Only 20-25% of whites attend public schools

%%poverty

� Asians have higher poverty levels than whites, sometimes

as high or higher than blacks, but get grades and / or

test scores higher than whites. (I need more numbers here).

Conventional wisdom is that poverty, not race explains poor

performance.

\priv\95\19\ussmart.txt Tests put U.S. students among best - and

worst Tacoma News Tribune Story Number: 56007 12/10/95 Shankar

Vedantam Council on Competitiveness blames child poverty, infant

mortality

priv\95\18\scappoor.txt SCAPEGOATING THE POOR ``UNDERCLASS'' NEEDS JOBS, NOT DERISION, SOCIOLOGIST SAYS SEATTLE POST-INTELLIGENCER (SP)

� SUNDAY, October 22, 1995. Jobs and education are the solution to poverty

\doc\95\14\donneil.txt "Don Nielson or Don Quixote?" John Arthur Wilson Seattle Weekly Nov 22, 1995 Poverty is the single biggest factor. Busing burdens blacks without academic benefit. (however, Asians with high poverty get excellent grades)

d:\doc\94\20\blacklag.wk1 - Black lag in education and poverty

US Census: Poverty Levels by Race and Education

table 587, Statistical Record of Black America

Lag White

Yrs of School White Black 1 category Percent

Less than 8 yrs 43.9% 62.2%

8 years 31.5% 51.7% 43.9% 84.9%

High School 1 to 3 27.9% 49.7% 31.5% 63.4%

High School 4 14.2% 29.8% 27.9% 93.6%

College 1 year or mo 7.6% 13.1% 14.2% 108.4%

Blacks poverty about equal to Whites with 4 years less education. Black college equal to white high school grad, Black HS grad about equal to white drop-out. But Black test scores are about equal to 4 years less education, therefore poverty levels are more related to test score skills than years of education.

%%racial-harassment

\doc\95\07\edharas.txt - 4 incidents per student per month in one

4th grade class

asian/ed/

%%rate

\doc\95\15\edrace90.wk1

Education by race / ethnicity 1990 Census

Source: Table 42, 1990 Census of Population, Social and Economic Characteri

stics

Percentages

All White Black AmInd AsianPI Other Hisp NHWhite

Enrolled in school

3 and 4 28.9 29.2 31.0 25.2 30.4 19.4 21.2 29.8

15 to 17 92.4 93.0 90.9 89.2 95.1 86.5 87.7 93.3

18 and 19 65.5 66.5 61.8 54.2 83.7 52.1 55.0 67.2

20 to 24 33.6 34.3 28.1 23.0 58.6 24.7 26.5 34.8

Persons 25 and over

Under G5 2.7 1.8 4.5 4.7 6.9 16.4 13.4 1.3

HS grad higher 75.2 77.9 63.1 65.5 77.5 43.4 49.8 79.1

male 75.7 78.4 62.2 65.8 81.5 43.5 49.8 79.6

female 74.8 77.4 63.8 65.3 74.0 43.3 49.9 78.5

Some college 45.2 46.9 35.2 36.5 59.0 23.0 28.3 47.7

Bach Deg higher 20.3 21.5 11.4 9.3 36.6 6.0 9.2 22.0

male 23.3 25.0 11.0 10.1 41.9 6.5 10.0 25.6

female 17.6 18.4 11.7 8.6 31.8 5.5 8.3 18.8

Males 25 to 34 All White Black AmInd AsianPI Other Hisp NHW

hite

HS grad or highe 82.7 86.0 74.2 71.7 87.2 50.3 55.4

87.8

Bach or higher 22.9 25.0 10.9 7.2 43.6 6.7 9.4

25.9

Females 25 to 34

HS grad or highe 85.5 88.5 78.8 74.9 84.7 54.7 60.4

90.0

Bach or higher 22.6 24.5 13.3 7.8 39.9 7.2 10.2

25.2

Index NonHispanic White = 1.00

All White Black AmInd AsianPI Other Hisp NHW

hite

Enrolled in school

3 and 4 -1.03 -1.02 1.04 -1.18 1.02 -1.54 -1.41

1.00

15 to 17 -1.01 -1.00 -1.03 -1.05 1.02 -1.08 -1.06

1.00

18 and 19 -1.03 -1.01 -1.09 -1.24 1.25 -1.29 -1.22

1.00

20 to 24 -1.04 -1.01 -1.24 -1.51 1.68 -1.41 -1.31

1.00

Persons 25 and over

All White Black AmInd AsianPI Other Hisp NHW

hite

Under G5 -2.08 -1.38 -3.46 -3.62 -5.31 -12.62 -10.31

1.00

HS grad higher -1.05 -1.02 -1.25 -1.21 -1.02 -1.82 -1.59

1.00

male -1.05 -1.02 -1.28 -1.21 1.02 -1.83 -1.60

1.00

female -1.05 -1.01 -1.23 -1.20 -1.06 -1.81 -1.57

1.00

Some college -1.06 -1.02 -1.36 -1.31 1.24 -2.07 -1.69

1.00

Bach Deg higher -1.08 -1.02 -1.93 -2.37 1.66 -3.67 -2.39

1.00

male -1.10 -1.02 -2.33 -2.53 1.64 -3.94 -2.56

1.00

female -1.07 -1.02 -1.61 -2.19 1.69 -3.42 -2.27

1.00

Males 25 to 34

All White Black AmInd AsianPI Other Hisp NHW

hite

HS grad or highe -1.06 -1.02 -1.18 -1.22 -1.01 -1.75 -1.58

1.00

Bach or higher -1.13 -1.04 -2.38 -3.60 1.68 -3.87 -2.76

1.00

Females 25 to 34

HS grad or highe -1.05 -1.02 -1.14 -1.20 -1.06 -1.65 -1.49

1.00

Bach or higher -1.12 -1.03 -1.89 -3.23 1.58 -3.50 -2.47

1.00

\doc\96\01\latino.wk1

Latinos in California (1990 Census)

Education (over 12) Latino All Calf Index

High school grad 45% 76% -1.69

Some college 14% 23% -1.64

Associate or higher 12% 28% -2.33

16-19 dropout 25% 14% 1.79

Hispanics nearly twice as likely to be teen dropout, half as

likely to have any college degree

doc934:edrate.txt US education

doc934:asprof.txt education income family age marry

santa clara county

doc942\sceduc.txt

%%reading - also see test scores

[[asian language

>>\doc\95\15\index.new Ideographic languages are learned slowly. A

child in Japan is expected to learn only 76 Kanji by the first grade

and only 996 by the sixth grade. By contrast, many children enter

school already reading kana, which is alphabetic. Whole language

teaches that children read simply by recognizing the shape of a word,

but English is not ideographic. "The Role Of Decoding In Learning To

Read" American Educator, Summer 1995 p. 25 Filed asian.ed.reading.whole

asian.education.reading.faster Vernon p. 131 Asians learn ideographic

languages faster, not slower than Westerners since their reading

achievement in their native languages is ahead. Almost no cases of

dyslexia

[[whole language

\doc\96\01\literacy.txt "Learn to Read, Stay Out of Jail: Failed Teaching Methods Help Breed Criminals" Investor's Business Daily Jan 12, 1996 p. 1 Matthew Robinson. 8% to 20% of Americans are illiterate? Majority of unwed, arrested or on welfare are illiterate. Crime Blamed on whole language movement.

\doc\95\14\readideo.txt "Reading and Ideology" Where We Stand, Albert Shanker (advertisement) New Republic Dec 4, 1995 p. 23 A group of articles in the Summer 1995 issue of American Education makes it clear that children lean best in a system that combines the best of phonics and whole language.

>>\priv\95\17\whollang.txt Ways of teaching reading debated: It's

phonics vs. `whole language' Boston Globe 11/7/95

\priv\95\12\backbasc.txt whole language method is a

dismal failure

%%recess

d:\doc\95\02\tipread.txt

asian.education.recess

� Chinese and Japanese students get 10 minutes of recess for every 1 hour of instructional time, compared to 10 minutes a day for Americans, about 5 times more

%%reform

\priv\95\12\savecalf.htm - old reforms failed, California says they need return to basics, math test to be required for high school diploma.

\priv\95\05\edconf.txt Citizens Education Center forum on public

education

%%religion

d:\doc\94\19\readdig.wk1 - Readers Digest Test

18% of black hs students going to church once or more scored high vs.

9% (factor -2X) of few times a year or less

"Virture pays" Armstrong Williams, Forbes Oct 10, 1994 p. 94 Harvard Economist Richard Freeman found inner-city youth with a strong religious orientation have a 47% lower high school dropout rate, 54% less likely to use drugs, commit 50% less crime.

(about a factor of two on every measure of problems)

%%repair

d:\doc\94\18\priv\scdecay.txt - school in poor repair

d:\doc\94\17\priv\distfive.txt Five-plus

districts by the numbers sjm 9/16/93 budgets per

student

%%samoan

see seattle test scores, Samoans are tied with blacks for worst in every category of failure.

asian.education.samoan

\doc\95\05\samgrade.txt

Samoans worse gpa (1.65) in San Francisco

%%sex - Students who have the lowest rates of sex have the best academic success, contrary to belief that any amount of sex is up to the individual. Asian students also have low rates of sex, see @@ sex compared to African Americans.

\doc\95\05\whosdrug.txt - Who's Who students have low rates of sex, drinking, drug use.

Family research Council Washington Watch Dec 9, 1994

Survey of Who's Who Among American High School Students:

vs. 16-17 peers:

education.sex 75% have never had sexual intercourse

%%special education

Asians are only group significantly less likely to be enrolled in special education (includes retarded children)

\doc\95\05\seadata.wk1 - Disproportionality in Seattle Schools

Percentage

Total White Black Hisp Asian

Spec Ed all 10.0% 10.0% 15.5% 9.1% 4.5%

NatAm Samoan Chinese

Spec Ed all 14.3% 1.7% 0.2%

Index, White=1.00 -2.00 means 2 times worse, 2.00 2 times better

Total White Black Hisp Asian

Spec Ed all 1.00 1.00 -1.55 1.10 2.22

NatAm Samoan Chinese

Spec Ed all -1.43 5.88 50.00

Asian.Education.Spending

It is a common position, best put forth by Jonathan Kozol's Savage

Inequalities that poor minority performance is largely due to

inadequate funding, but the actual evidence shows that spending even

huge amounts of money on poor minority children doesn't neccesarily

help, while modest amounts of money can result in very high test

scores for middle class and affluent whites and Asians. It's the

income and education of the parents, not the money spent in the

schools that makes the most difference. If you look at the city test

score spectrum broken down by race, minorities even in the best

districts score no better than state or national average, while those

in integrated urban centers do no better than those in predominantly

minority districts.1

%%spending

c:\doc\96\03\edspend.txt "Does Spending Improve Education?" NPR report, April 19, 1996 Claudio Sanchez. Harrison Arkansas has national test scores in the 95th percentile on the NAEP and other tests, but spends only $2900 per student, $3400 less than the national average of $6300. By comparison, Chicago is the 3rd largest system, spends $6500 but has some of the worst outcomes. Washington DC spends $9000-$12000 per student and is among the worst in the nation observes the CATO institute. (The story did not not both systems are predominantly black, but did point out high rates of poverty and low expectations) Best measure they say is how many choose the district, not test scores. Harrison is small and 98.6% white (0.3 Asian, 0.9 Hisp, 0.8 NatAm), and not especially rich with pc income of 10,412 white, 6793 Asian, 16678 Hisp, 7851 natAm, and not especially well educated, only 13% 4 yrs of college degree or above, median household income is $18,309 vs. national somewhere above 30k.

\priv\96\03\privat.htm NYT editorial 1/12/96 School Privatizers, in Retreat Hartford's school district has among the highest expenditures per student in the country but ranks last in the state academically. They simply assumed mass waste that did not exist.

[[roosevelt, NY \priv\95\07\roos.txt NYT 6/8/95 91% B 8% H > \priv\96\02\test ster.doc Chronicle of Higher Educations Aug 18, 1995 p. A31 Claude Steele says blacks in his program at Stanford get slightly better grades than whites not in his program. He believes stereotypes of failure explain lower achievement. This is one example of normally under-achieving blacks (affirmative action admits students with much lower test scors than whites) getting better grades than average students.

>>f121495: \doc\95\14\barclay.txt "A better idea" The Economist Dec

2, 1995 p. 23 Barclay public school in Baltimore Md. emulates a tough private school to achieve 85 percentile math, 80 reading scores with 90% black students, 82% free lunch who previously were scoring 20-30 percentile. Superintendent was fired who had opposed "rich black man's curriculum" inappropriate for poor students. It used lots of homework, drilling, spelling tests, world history, literature, and art, and must be adept at writing reports, creative essays and letters by the age of 11. (85% is good enough to get into the University of California system, or UC Berkeley with affirmative action) , = 116 IQ

\doc\95\11\techkid.txt "Teaching kids to be smart" Newsweek Aug 21, 1995 p. 58 DC program produces merit scholars.

%%superintendent

There are major battles over the choice of race of superintendent. Blacks and Hispanics now predominate in large urban cities with significant minority population. Yet Asians are the least likely to be superindendent, but have the best test scores. Blacks in Seattle are counting on the sperindendent to fix low test scores.

\priv\95\12\childfir.txt - new seattle superintendent declares

4 day staff workweeks, give parents 1 hr a day

\doc\95\07\castaff.wk1 - California Public School Staffing and Administration

Certified Staff in California Public Schools

By Ethnicity and Gender 1989-90

Ranked by Race

Superintendent

White NonH 1.00

AmInd / Alas Nat -1.80

African Am -13.42

Hispanic -17.22

Asian -27.46

Filipino -31.06

Pac Islander 0.00

\doc\doc921\sfsuper.wk1 - 1992 finalists, Asians least likely to

be finalist relative to student population

W0.81 B3.07 H2.41 A-2.58

\doc\95\07\blakpick.txt - blacks in Seattle want Sup to fix test scores. 2 of 3 finalists are black.

\priv\95\04\bossup.txt About 92 percent of the nation's 15,000 superintendents are white men, according to Peterkin. But 63%, 30 of the superintendents running the nation's 47 largest school systems are either black or Hispanic, according to the Council of Great City Schools in Washington.

\doc\95\04\civrjour.txt 97% of school superindentdents are white men

according to Jesse Jackson

d:\doc\94\19\minsuper.wk1 - Minority Superintendents 40% of top 45

districts are run by Black or Hispanics

asian.education.teacher

%%teacher - One key to education reform is to hire teachers in proportion to student ethnicity and race. Yet Asians have lowest teacher representation, but best outcomes.

\doc\95\07\castaff.wk1 - California Public School Staffing and Administration

Certified Staff in California Public Schools

By Ethnicity and Gender 1989-90

Superintendent Principals

White NonH 1.00 White NonH 1.00

AmInd / Alas Nat -1.80 AmInd / Alas Nat -1.67

African Am -13.42 African Am -1.72

Hispanic -17.22 Asian -5.25

Asian -27.46 Hispanic -6.20

Filipino -31.06 Pac Islander -10.21

Pac Islander 0.00 Filipino -10.84

Teachers Total Staff

White NonH 1.00 White NonH 1.00

AmInd / Alas Nat -1.88 AmInd / Alas Nat -1.85

African Am -2.70 African Am -2.50

Asian -4.13 Asian -4.16

Filipino -5.73 Filipino -5.83

Pac Islander -7.79 Pac Islander -7.99

Hispanic -8.58 Hispanic -8.23

Asians are worse in Superintendent and Principal,

only one notch up as teachers.

\doc\95\05\seateach.wk1 - Seattle School Employees by Race

Index W1.00 B-2.47 H-3.72 A-3.74 N-3.74 Chinese -2.45

Chinese equally, Asians overall much less likely to be represented among school

employees than Blacks, relative to student population

asian/ed/teachers doc934:teacher.xls

asian/ed/teachers doc935:racteach.xls

d:\doc\94\18\seateach.txt - Teachers in Seattle

Asians less than Black, Black equal to overall population

Vs. population W1.0(1.07) B-1.06 H-3.86 A-1.54 NA -1.39

Vs. students W1.0(1.88) B-4.26 H-13.89 A-5.77 NA -6.00

doc\94\13\ca87ed.wk1 - Teachers in California State vs students

1987 Public School Staf AmIn Asian Black White Filip Hisp

W/A

Teachers #N/A -3.76 -2.41 1.00 #N/A -7.36

1.6

Prinicpals #N/A -5.65 -1.69 1.00 #N/A -5.78

1.6

Superintendent #N/A -24.39 -11.38 1.00 #N/A -18.83

1.9

Asians -24 less than black -11.4 or Hisp -18 superintendent

priv\95\01\bosteach.txt - Boston Globe article

bilingual, court order to reflect student population

doc\94\15\bosteach.wk1 - Teacher and Student population Boston area

Teacher vs. Students

White Black Hispanic Asian AmInd Total

Boston 3.19 -1.80 -2.91 -2.66 -1.60 1.00

Brookline 1.29 -2.16 #DIV/0! -5.16 #DIV/0! 1.00

Cambridge 1.89 -2.52 -6.56 -5.99 -1.09 1.00

Somerville 1.38 -7.16 -17.82 -13.29 #DIV/0! 1.00

Asians less represented than blacks in all locations, tied

with Hispanic for least

doc\94\11\spokteac.wk1 Spokane Schools

Population Parity 92.0% 1.9% 2.1% 2.0% 1.9%

White Black Hisp Asian NatAm

Admin and Managers 1.01 ##### ##### ##### 3.72

Principals 1.00 2.20 -1.00 1.05 #####

Asst Principals 0.98 ##### 2.31 2.42 #####

Elementary Teacher 1.03 -1.33 -1.95 -1.20 -1.99

Secondary Teacher 1.02 -1.26 -3.14 1.17 -1.42

Other ClassroomTeache 1.05 -2.47 -1.36 -2.60 -4.94

Guidance Staff 1.04 1.38 -1.60 ##### #####

Psychologists 1.09 ##### ##### ##### #####

Librarian Audiovisual 1.09 ##### ##### ##### #####

Consulants/ Sup of In 1.05 ##### ##### ##### 1.51

Other Professional 1.07 ##### ##### -1.35 #####

Professional Total 1.03 -1.43 -2.13 -1.23 -1.84

Asians comparable to black representation, NAACP demanding hiring of

more blacks and principals, but Asian Americans are not. Note Black

principals and guidance staff are over-represented

[[San Francisco

d:\doc\94\17\sfschool.wk1 SF School grades etc.

Only Japanese are better represented than Blacks in

principal or teacher positions.

         Ranked by Representation                                                 
         Principal             Teachers                                           
         Japn            1.5   White=4.2       1.0                                
         White=2.5       1.0   Japn           -1.9                                
         Hispanic       -3.0   Native Am      -3.2                                
         Black          -3.0   Black          -7.3                                
         Chin           -3.1   Chin           -9.1                                
         Fil            -7.3   Hispanic      -10.2                                
         SEAS          -35.0   Fil           -11.5                                
         Kor             0.0   Kor           -23.3                                
         Native Am       0.0   SEAS          -25.3                                

Note that every Asian group gets as good or better grades than whites, despite representation in staff

asian.education.teacher.experience

\doc\95\02\teacfail.txt - Poorest schools have least experienced teachers

Poor children are absent, question value of education

%%television

\doc\95\14\blaktved.txt

"Fighting For Our Future" Advertising Section Business Week Nov 25,

1991 ED38 Black youths watch TV an average of 39% more than than white

youths do, and probably greater among inner city youths

According to the ETS, heavy TV viewers are 8% less proficient in science in the third grade, 9% less in the seventh grade and 13% less proficient in thbe 11th grade.

\doc\95\13\edtv.txt - public TV increases the test

scores of disadvantaged children

d:\doc\95\02\tipread.txt

asian.education.televsion

There is a correlation between too much TV and low educational performance. The NAEP shows the kids who watch the most TV have the worst scores, and the international study as well. 11 hours a week is recommended by social scientists. At this level, they score better than students who watch no TV at all.

doc94\3\asedtv.wk1

In hours USA 12.0 Taiwan 15.1 Japan 16.7

Index USA 1.00 Taiwan 1.26 Japan 1.39

d:doc\94\16\priv\tvgood.txt - TV can be beneficial to gifted children

San Francisco Chronicle 9/3/93

_testing_

%%testing

asian.education.testing

Goto Test.htm