﻿ SAT Math & Verbal Scores by Race

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SAT Math & Verbal Scores by Race

While many politicians and educators lament the poor performance of black Americans in schools and on standardized tests, the magnitude of the differences in the scores between blacks and Whites, and particularly between black women and White men, is rarely mentioned and even less understood.  But it doesn't take much investigative research to discover what the magnitude actually is, and a little more to understand what it means.  To merely note that, between races and sexes, there's a 174 point difference in *average* SAT Math scores and a 77 point difference in *average* SAT Verbal scores, a 251 point difference which itself is rarely mentioned in the news, is almost meaningless unless the distribution or standard deviation of these scores are also considered.

You don't need to be a mathematician to understand what is meant by "distribution" and "standard deviation".  It's easy enough to just remember that two thirds of the test takers score within a "standard deviation" or about 100 points of the median score, 95.4% score within 200 points, and 99.7% score within 300 points.   This means that two thirds of black women score between 326-510 in math and 335-533 in verbal, whereas two thirds of Asian men score between 471-713 in math and 383-637 in verbal.  It also means that only 16% of black women score higher than 510 in math and 533 in verbal, 2.3% score higher than 602 in math and 632 in verbal, and 0.15% score over 639 in math and 731 in verbal.  Conversely, 16% of Asian men score higher than 713 in math and 637 in verbal, 2.3% score higher than 834 in math and 764 in verbal, and 0.15% score higher than 955 in math and 891 in verbal. [note: this is the theoretical score, as the actual top score is 800.  By "recentering" the test in 1995, the College Board left thousands of White and Asian students off the scale while leaving a huge gap between 0 and 200].

Of the 91,130 Black women who took the 2003 SAT Math Test, 137 scored over 694.  But 11,179 White women scored over 717, 65,416 White men scored over 657 with 9,523 scoring over 763, and 10,221 Asian men scored over 713, with 1,488 of them scoring over 834, a score achieved by none of the Black women.  And 11,999 Asian women scored over 676, 744 Mexican men scored over 682, 57 Mexican women scored over 717, 149 Puerto Rican men scored over 679, 11 Puerto Rican women scored over 725, 595 Hispanic men scored over 704, 46 Hispanic women scored over 747, 149 Indian men scored over 712, 11 Indian women scored over 760, 595 "Other Men" scored over 768, and 699 "Other Women" scored over 716.  Overall, 101,641 other students scored an average of 712, which is 18 points higher than these top 2 1/2% of Black women.

At the high end, the top 2 1/2% of each race and sex, 621 White men scored 175 points higher, 729 White women scored 123 points higher, 49 Mexican men scored 91 points higher, 57 Mexican women scored 23 points higher116 Black men scored 41 points higher, 97 Asian men scored 261 points higher, 114 Asian women scored 218 points higher, 10 Puerto Rican men scored 90 points higher, 11 Puerto Rican women scored 31 points higher39 Hispanic men scored 120 points higher, 46 Hispanic women scored 53 points higher, 10 Indian men scored 125 points higher, 11 Indian women scored 66 points higher, 39 "Other men" scored 191 points higher, and 46 "Other women" scored 134 points higher.  Overall, 2,131 other students scored an average of 124 points higher than the highest scoring 137 Black women students.

Extrapolating the scores shows that the top scoring black woman student would have scored only 700, 12 points below the average achieved by 101,641 other students and 118 points lower than that achieved by 2,131 other students.

Where the sex differences are significant for other races on SAT Math, the sex differences between Blacks are small, so math skills for Black men follow essentially the same pattern as Black women.   However, where most men of other races score higher than women on the SAT Verbal test, Black men score 6 points lower than Black women, meaning that the differences in verbal skills between, say, Black men and White men are even greater than the differences above.

With this in mind, you must wonder what it is about Colin Powell, who is known to have been jumped over 32 other more highly qualified generals to become commander in chief, and Condaleeza Rice, that they were appointed to their current positions.  With more than 100,000 students taking the SAT each year who are obviously far more qualified, both verbally and mathematically, than both Rice and Powell, what characteristic was it that made them the favored candidates?

Was this decision based on the fact that they WERE unqualified, in order to convey a false impression about the progress of Black Americans, or did they really possess some other skill which made it mandatory to deny millions of other far more qualified Americans this opportunity?  Their performance to date suggests to this author that they're even more unqualified for these positions than the above differences in test scores would indicate.

 Number of Test Takers 1,406,326 White Men 29.4% 414,022 White Women 34.6% 486,026 Mexican Men 2.3% 32,345 Mexican Women 2.7% 37,971 Black Men 5.5% 77,629 Black Women 6.5% 91,130 Asian Men 4.6% 64,691 Asian Women 5.4% 75,942 Puerto Rican Men 0.5% 6,469 Puerto Rican Women 0.5% 7,594 Other Hispanic Men 1.8% 25,876 Other Hispanic Women 2.2% 30,377 Indian Men 0.5% 6,469 Indian Women 0.5% 7,594 Other Men 1.8% 25,876 Other Women 2.2% 30,377

 Percentile Distribution of Scores 99.85 97.7 65.8 50 15.8 2.3 0.15 STD DEV White Men 233 339 445 551 657 763 869 106 White women 217 317 417 517 617 717 817 100 Mexican Men 167 270 373 476 579 682 785 103 Mexican Women 159 252 345 438 531 624 717 93 Black Men 135 235 335 435 535 635 735 100 Black Women 142 234 326 418 510 602 694 92 Asian Men 229 350 471 592 713 834 955 121 Asian Women 204 322 440 558 676 794 912 118 Puerto Rican Men 154 259 364 469 574 679 784 105 Puerto Rican Women 149 245 341 437 533 629 725 96 Other Hispanic Men 154 264 374 484 594 704 814 110 Other Hispanic Women 141 242 343 444 545 646 747 101 Indian Men 177 284 391 498 605 712 819 107 Indian Women 172 270 368 466 564 662 760 98 Other Men 183 300 417 534 651 768 885 117 Other Women 156 268 380 492 604 716 828 112

 Number of Students in Each Percentile 99.85 97.7 65.8 50 15.8 2.3 0.15 White Men 621 9,523 65,416 207,011 65,416 9,523 621 White women 729 11,179 76,792 243,013 76,792 11,179 729 Mexican Men 49 744 5,111 16,173 5,111 744 49 Mexican Women 57 873 5,999 18,985 5,999 873 57 Black Men 116 1,785 12,265 38,815 12,265 1,785 116 Black Women 137 2,096 14,399 45,565 14,399 2,096 137 Asian Men 97 1,488 10,221 32,345 10,221 1,488 97 Asian Women 114 1,747 11,999 37,971 11,999 1,747 114 Puerto Rican Men 10 149 1,022 3,235 1,022 149 10 Puerto Rican Women 11 175 1,200 3,797 1,200 175 11 Other Hispanic Men 39 595 4,088 12,938 4,088 595 39 Other Hispanic Women 46 699 4,800 15,188 4,800 699 46 Indian Men 10 149 1,022 3,235 1,022 149 10 Indian Women 11 175 1,200 3,797 1,200 175 11 Other Men 39 595 4,088 12,938 4,088 595 39 Other Women 46 699 4,800 15,188 4,800 699 46

If you were to set a hiring limit on this year's graduates of 700 on the SAT math test, you'd have one Black woman to choose from, but more than 101,641 students of other races and sexes who would be far more qualified.   What this means is that the number of other races and sexes who possess easily quantifiable and verifiable skills which are important to employers outnumbers the number of black women who possess such skills by 101,641:1.  In a non-discriminatory work environment, where affirmative action is illegal, where the ability to do the job and communicate are the determining factor for employment, and where the employer wants to hire the best 7% of college graduates, you would expect to find no black women at all, particularly if the employer had a commitment to the board of directors to avoid litigous applicants.  Black women are historically litigous, which is more than enough reason to refuse to hire them.

Even ignoring this vital point, the notion that black women should represent 6% of any workplace just because they're 6% of the population is clearly a destructive notion.  Not only will a company be forced to hire the least competent employees, but they will be prevented from hiring, or forced to fire, far more qualified and competent employees.

 Table 126.--Scholastic Assessment Test\1\ score averages, by race/ethnicity: 1975-76 to 1994-95 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Racial/ethnic background 1975-76 1977-78 1978-79 1979-80 1980-81 1981-82 1982-83 1983-84 1984-85 1986-87 1987-88 1988-89 1989-90 1990-91 1991-92 1992-93 1993-94 1994-95 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ SAT-Verbal All students ......... 431 429 427 424 424 426 425 426 431 430 428 427 424 422 423 424 423 428 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ White ............... 451 446 444 442 442 444 443 445 449 447 445 446 442 441 442 444 443 448 Black ............... 332 332 330 330 332 341 339 342 346 351 353 351 352 351 352 353 352 356 Mexican-American .... 371 370 370 372 373 377 375 376 382 379 382 381 380 377 372 374 372 376 Puerto Rican ........ 364 349 345 350 353 360 358 358 368 360 355 360 359 361 366 367 367 372 Asian-American ..... 414 401 396 396 397 398 395 398 404 405 408 409 410 411 413 415 416 418 American Indian ..... 388 387 386 390 391 388 388 390 392 393 393 384 388 393 395 400 396 403 Other ............... 410 399 393 394 388 392 386 388 391 405 410 414 410 411 417 422 425 432 SAT-Mathematical = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = All students ..... 472 468 467 466 466 467 468 471 475 476 476 476 476 474 476 478 479 482 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ White ............... 493 485 483 482 483 483 484 487 490 489 490 491 491 489 491 494 495 498 Black ............... 354 354 358 360 362 366 369 373 376 377 384 386 385 385 385 388 388 388 Mexican-American .... 410 402 410 413 415 416 417 420 426 424 428 430 429 427 425 428 427 426 Puerto Rican ........ 401 388 388 394 398 403 403 405 409 400 402 406 405 406 406 409 411 411 Asian-American ..... 518 510 511 509 513 513 514 519 518 521 522 525 528 530 532 535 535 538 American Indian ..... 420 419 421 426 425 424 425 427 428 432 435 428 437 437 442 447 441 447 Other ............... 458 450 447 449 447 449 446 450 448 455 460 467 467 466 473 477 480 486 _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ \1\Scholastic Aptitude Test revised, 1994. NOTE.--Possible scores on each part of the SAT range from 200 to 800. No racial/ethnic group data are available prior to 1975-76. No data are available for 1985-86 due to changes in the Student Descriptive Questionnaire completed when students registered for the test. SOURCE: College Entrance Examination Board, National Report on College-Bound Seniors, various years. (Copyright @1995 by the College Entrance Examination Board. All rights reserved.) (This table was prepared November 1995.)

FROM FairTest

```                        IS THE SAT FAIR? YOU DECIDE...
```
```   The following data is published by the College Entrance Examination
Board, and/or the Educational Testing Service, as reported by
FairTest, a wonderful non-profit organization in Boston.
```
`The Gender Gap... Is the SAT fair to women?`
```   Studies have shown that women slightly outperform men in their first
year of college. So why does the SAT, a supposedly "fair" test, yield
45-point lower scores to women?```
```                1994 SAT Test Scores for:
Women       Men
Average for ALL races   881        926```
`The Ethnic Gap... Is the SAT fair to minorities?`
```   Now let's take a look at similar data for ethnic groups. The
differences are even larger!```
```                1994 SAT Test Scores for:
Asian American            951
Caucasian                 938
Mexican American          799
Black                     740
Average for ALL races     902```
`The Income Gap... Is the SAT fair to middle class and poor students?`
```   Perhaps the most interesting data is the correlation between test
scores and family income. On the average, well-off students score 234
points higher than students whose familes earn under \$10,000 per
year.```
`                1994 SAT Test Scores for:`
```under \$10,000/yr           766
\$10,000 - \$20,000/yr       812
\$20,000 - \$30,000/yr       856
...
\$50,000 - \$60,000/yr       929
\$60,000 - \$70,000/yr       948
over \$70,000/yr           1000```
```                                OUR OPINION...
```
```   We think these numbers (along with other facts publicized by FairTest)
mean that your SAT score is a better prediction of your income, race,
or gender than it is of your ability to perform in college. Which is
precisely why we work so hard to bring low-cost and free SAT
preparation methods to as many students as possible at the lowest
possible cost.```

Modified Tuesday, November 17, 2009

Copyright @ 2007 by Fathers' Manifesto & Christian Party