Is the SAT Fair? You decide...

The following data is published by the College Entrance Examination Board, and/or the Educational Testing Service, as reported by FairTest, a wonderful non-profit organization in Boston.

The Gender Gap... Is the SAT fair to women?

Studies have shown that women slightly outperform men in their first year of college. So why does the SAT, a supposedly "fair" test, yield 45-point lower scores to women?
                1994 SAT Test Scores for:
                       Women       Men
Average for ALL races   881        926

The Ethnic Gap... Is the SAT fair to minorities?

Now let's take a look at similar data for ethnic groups. The differences are even larger!
                1994 SAT Test Scores for:
Asian American            951
Caucasian                 938
Mexican American          799
Black                     740
Average for ALL races     902

The Income Gap... Is the SAT fair to middle class and poor students?

Perhaps the most interesting data is the correlation between test scores and family income. On the average, well-off students score 234 points higher than students whose familes earn under $10,000 per year.
                1994 SAT Test Scores for:

under $10,000/yr           766
$10,000 - $20,000/yr       812
$20,000 - $30,000/yr       856
   ...
$50,000 - $60,000/yr       929
$60,000 - $70,000/yr       948
over $70,000/yr           1000

Our opinion...

We think these numbers (along with other facts publicized by FairTest) mean that your SAT score is a better prediction of your income, race, or gender than it is of your ability to perform in college. Which is precisely why we work so hard to bring low-cost and free SAT preparation methods to as many students as possible at the lowest possible cost.