Is the SAT Fair? You decide...
The following data is published by the College Entrance Examination Board, and/or the Educational Testing Service, as reported by FairTest, a wonderful non-profit organization in Boston.
The Gender Gap... Is the SAT fair to women?Studies have shown that women slightly outperform men in their first year of college. So why does the SAT, a supposedly "fair" test, yield 45-point lower scores to women?
1994 SAT Test Scores for: Women Men Average for ALL races 881 926
The Ethnic Gap... Is the SAT fair to minorities?Now let's take a look at similar data for ethnic groups. The differences are even larger!
1994 SAT Test Scores for: Asian American 951 Caucasian 938 Mexican American 799 Black 740 Average for ALL races 902
The Income Gap... Is the SAT fair to middle class and poor students?Perhaps the most interesting data is the correlation between test scores and family income. On the average, well-off students score 234 points higher than students whose familes earn under $10,000 per year.
1994 SAT Test Scores for: under $10,000/yr 766 $10,000 - $20,000/yr 812 $20,000 - $30,000/yr 856 ... $50,000 - $60,000/yr 929 $60,000 - $70,000/yr 948 over $70,000/yr 1000
Our opinion...We think these numbers (along with other facts publicized by FairTest) mean that your SAT score is a better prediction of your income, race, or gender than it is of your ability to perform in college. Which is precisely why we work so hard to bring low-cost and free SAT preparation methods to as many students as possible at the lowest possible cost.