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The Smallpox "Epidemic"

Dr. Donald W. Miller, Jr., describes the following as a "smallpox epidemic":

"Boston had its final smallpox epidemic in 1901 (when the average life expectancy in the U.S. was 47 years and there were fewer elderly and immunosuppressed people in the population than today). Eighty-two deaths occurred in 754 previously vaccinated people (11 percent) and 188 deaths in 842 unvaccinated people (22 percent). The last two epidemics in the U.S. occurred in 1946 and 1947 in Seattle and New York, respectively. In Seattle, 51 people contracted the disease before the outbreak could be contained and 16 died (31 percent). In New York, where there had been no cases of smallpox for 20 years, 12 people came down with the disease and two died."

If "there were fewer ... immunosuppressed people" then, the big question is why so many "immunosuppressed people" died of smallpox.  Considering that 30% of the people who died of smallpox were the ones who were "immunosuppressed", it would appear that the vaccination is precisely what caused the epidemic.

The population of Seattle in 1946 was 241,000 and New Yort in 1947 was 3.7 million, so this was a death rate  per 100,000 population.of 6.6 and 0.05, respectively.   Considering that every year in this country, per 100,000 population, 276 die of heart disease, 203 die of cancer, 60 die of cerebrovascular diseases, 40 die of pulmonary diseases, 36 die of accidents, 32 die of flu and pneumonia, 23 die of diabetes, 12 die of AIDS, 12 commit suicide, and 9 die of cirrhosis, this "smallpox epidemic" was an utterly tirvial event.  Why did they not cry out that we're having a diabetes "epidemic", which took 460 times as many lives per capita than the smallpox "epidemic" in New York, or the cancer "epidemic" which took 4,060 times as many?

The coup de gras to this "doctor"'s argument is the following false, misleading, dangerous, almost criminal statement:

            "Why will Federal authorities not release the vaccine to Americans who want
             to be vaccinated? They are concerned that people with skin disorders, like
             eczema, and people with immune system deficiencies who have cancer, organ
             transplants, and AIDS might inadvertently get vaccinated. Such people are at
             an increased risk for an adverse reaction, including death, and should not
             undergo vaccination."

If Dr. Miller knows about the risk of the vaccination itself, then he's a LIAR.   If he doesn't know about the risk, then he's an IDIOT who doesn't belong in medicine.  Here's what's written in his own trade journal:

"For each million people vaccinated with the smallpox vaccine, as many as 250 could die, according to the American Medical Association. Multiply 250 times 285 (millions of Americans) and the possible deaths from universal smallpox vaccination could equal 71,250". ~ Journal of the American Medical Association, June 9, 1999, Vol. 281, No. 22, p. 2132.

Either way, we do NOT need to trust "doctors" like him after having made the huge mistake of trusting them during the "polio epidemic", which introduced the SV-40 green monkey virus into 98% of the American population and  is estimated to have led to numerous immunological diseases which KILLED more than 120 million people around the world, so far.

Dr. Miller's proposed "solution" would take 4,453 TIMES as many lives as the Seattle smallpox "epidemic" and 35,625 TIMES as many as the New York smallpox "epidemic".

Does he know this, or is he too STUPID to know this?  The simple fact that there is no correlation between critical thinking skills and the MCAT test which students must take to enter medical school, whereas there is a high degree of correlation with most other standardized tests, it's entirely possible that he really doesn't even understand the fallacy of his own argument.

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 http://www.lewrockwell.com/orig2/miller6.html
           
              Arm-to-Arm Against Bioterrorism

                               by Donald W. Miller, Jr., MD

                                        

             Smallpox is the most deadly disease
             in our species' history. Variola virus
             causes this disease and humans are
             the virus' only natural host. It is
             transmitted person-to-person, most
             commonly through the air. Infected
             people exhale the virus from blisters
             in their mouth, and anyone who
             comes within 10 feet of a smallpox
             victim can inhale the aerosolized virus and catch the disease. There are no
             currently available anti-viral measures that doctors can use to treat smallpox.
             Antibiotics don't work. Vaccination, however, protects a person from
             contracting this disease. More than 300 million people died from smallpox
             from 1900 to 1978, when the last case in the world occurred. The last case in
             the United States was in 1949. Doctors and public health officials eradicated
             the disease by mass vaccination. People in the U.S. stopped being vaccinated
             for smallpox in 1972, when more deaths from vaccination occurred than from
             the now nonexistent disease. (In 1968, the last year for which data is
             available, 9 deaths occurred in the 14.2 million people who were
             vaccinated.) But laboratory stocks of variola virus, preserved ostensibly for
             research, were not destroyed. Before it collapsed in 1991, the Soviet Union
             had its state-employed microbiologists grow, in the embryos of chicken eggs,
             vast quantities of smallpox virus for use as a biological weapon - 100 tons of
             it. There is a high probability that Iraq has acquired a stockpile of the virus
             and has recruited laid-off Soviet scientists to weaponize it.

             All Americans are susceptible to smallpox. Forty percent of the population,
             born after 1972, has never been vaccinated. The rest were vaccinated more
             than thirty years ago, and they are also susceptible because smallpox vaccine
             loses its effectiveness in most people after 5 to 10 years. But if the Federal
             government, which controls the vaccine (paid for with tax dollars), releases it
             and permits mass vaccination for smallpox on a voluntary basis, Americans
             would be protected against smallpox. Should the government decide whether
             or not to permit voluntary "pre-event" vaccination, or should Americans
             themselves decide whether or not to have the vaccine?

             As conceived by America's Founders, government's main function is to
             protect the liberty and property of its citizens. Self-ownership underpins a
             truly liberal society. Individuals are free, within the constraints of honoring
             their contracts and not encroaching on other persons and their property, to do
             what they want. From this perspective, each citizen should decide whether he
             or she wants to be vaccinated. But many people today who call themselves
             liberals hold a different view of government and the state. They think the state
             must take charge of the health and welfare of its citizens.

             The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), in the
             government's Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), addresses
             vaccination policies. This 15-member committee issues "recommendations"
             on vaccinations, which more often than not become compulsory state policy,
             as, for example, requiring doctors to inoculate newborns with hepatitis B
             vaccine. Most states have adopted this policy and have made hepatitis B
             vaccination mandatory, even though there are doctors, Dr. Jane Orient among
             them, who have shown that children are a hundred times more likely to suffer
             adverse effects from the vaccine, including death, than they are to catch
             hepatitis B - a disease that rarely occurs in children and is found mainly in
             drug abusers, people with multiple sex partners, and through occupational
             exposure to blood products.

             The ACIP updated its "recommendations" on smallpox vaccination in its June
             2002 Draft. They are: 10 to 20,000 medical workers "pre-designated by the
             appropriate bioterrorism and public health authorities" should be vaccinated
             for smallpox. The committee opposes voluntary mass vaccination. Its parent
             agency, the CDC, controls all the smallpox vaccine in the country, enough,
             properly diluted, to vaccinate all 288 million people in the United States. The
             ACIP contends that the vaccine should not be made available to the general
             public because, in the committee's opinion, "the potential benefits of
             vaccination do not outweigh the risks of vaccine complications." People who
             disagree with this assessment and think that the benefits of vaccination do
             indeed outweigh its risks and want to be vaccinated are out of luck. The CDC
             keeps a tight lid on its stockpile of smallpox vaccine.

             Smallpox has an ancient lineage. Egyptian writings 5,700 years old describe
             this malady, and there is a mummified pharaoh in the Cairo Museum (who
             died in 1157 B.C.) that has pustules indicative of smallpox on its face and
             hands. According to Jonathan Tucker in Scourge: The Once and Future
             Threat of Smallpox, when Columbus discovered America in 1492 the native
             population of North and South America was around 72 million. By 1800 it
             had decreased to 600,000, in large part because of smallpox, which
             Europeans brought with them. Queen Elizabeth I, George Washington, and
             Abraham Lincoln contracted this disease. Smallpox left Elizabeth with
             disfiguring facial scars and bald, requiring her to wear a wig and heavy
             makeup for the rest of her life. America fought the Revolutionary War in the
             midst of a smallpox epidemic, which British forces exploited to their
             advantage (by sending infected civilian refugees into the American lines).

             A person who comes in contact with a smallpox victim need inhale only a few
             smallpox virus particles to become infected. Russian scientists found in their
             laboratory tests that five viral particles were sufficient to infect 50 percent of
             animals exposed to aerosols of smallpox. Once having gained a foothold in its
             new human host, the virus utilizes that person's cellular machinery to make
             countless copies of its genome. Following seven to seventeen days of
             incubation, typically on the twelfth day, the disease begins with the abrupt
             onset of flu-like symptoms of fever, headache, backache, nausea, and
             vomiting. These nonspecific symptoms are followed two to three days later
             with a skin rash that starts out as red spots, initially on the face and hands, and
             then spreads over the entire body. The spots swell into blisters that over a
             period of about a week fill with pus. Scabs form after the pustules swell to the
             point that they damage the skin. When the scabs fall off the survivor is left
             with pockmarks (pitted scars), which are most severe on the face. Smallpox is
             infectious over about a three-week period, beginning either with the onset of
             fever or the rash (investigators disagree on this) until the pockmarks heal. A
             smallpox victim is likely to be infectious before the rash appears because
             throat swabs taken in the pre-eruptive period contain the virus.

             The overall mortality rate for smallpox in unvaccinated people is 30 percent -
             40 percent in young children, 20 percent in adults, and 30 percent or more in
             the elderly. (Flat-type smallpox has a 95 percent mortality rate; and a mild
             form of the disease, variola minor, has a 1 percent mortality rate.) Boston had
             its final smallpox epidemic in 1901 (when the average life expectancy in the
             U.S. was 47 years and there were fewer elderly and immunosuppressed
             people in the population than today). Eighty-two deaths occurred in 754
             previously vaccinated people (11 percent) and 188 deaths in 842
             unvaccinated people (22 percent). The last two epidemics in the U.S.
             occurred in 1946 and 1947 in Seattle and New York, respectively. In Seattle,
             51 people contracted the disease before the outbreak could be contained and
             16 died (31 percent). In New York, where there had been no cases of
             smallpox for 20 years, 12 people came down with the disease and two died.
             Hourly bulletins were broadcast on the radio, and frightened New Yorkers
             queued in blocks-long lines to be (re)vaccinated at 250 vaccination stations
             set up at police stations, schools, offices, and factories. The 250,000 doses of
             vaccine that the city had on hand quickly ran out, and city officials issued
             urgent appeals for more, which it obtained from military, pharmaceutical, and
             other sources from around the country. The Commissioner of Health reported
             that health workers vaccinated 6,350,000 people in the city over a four-week
             period.

             In 1990, when the U.S. was planning to invade Iraq the first time (in 1991),
             analysts at Armed Forces Military Intelligence reported that Iraq had a
             "mature offensive BS [biological weapons] program," one that could deliver
             biological weapons from aerosol generators carried on trucks, boats, or
             helicopters; in artillery shells and missiles; and from aircraft. At the time,
             according to Judith Miller and coauthors in Germs: Biological Weapons and
             America's Secret War, the CIA issued a report titled "Iraq's Biological
             Warfare Program: Saddam's Ace in the Hole." In 1990 the bioweapons of
             greatest concern to military planners were anthrax and botulinum toxin. Now,
             in 2002, it is smallpox.

             The full extent of the Soviet bioweapons program in the 1970s and 80s, which
             focused on smallpox, is now known. Ken Alibek (Kanatjan Alibekov), one of
             its directors, reveals its extent in Biohazard: The Chilling True Story of the
             Largest Covert Biological Weapons Program in the World-Told From the
             Inside by the Man Who Ran It, published in 2000. With the breakup of the
             Soviet Union the thousands of scientists working in this program became
             unemployed and some of them, along with their families, destitute. Both their
             services and stocks of variola virus came onto the black market. Richard
             Preston in "Demon in the Freezer," published in The New Yorker in 1999 (he
             has written a book with that title that will be published in October 2002),
             points out this irony with regard to the eradication of smallpox: "The
             eradication [with the Soviet Union's help] caused the human species to lose
             its immunity to smallpox, and that was what made it possible for the Soviets
             to turn smallpox into a weapon rivaling the hydrogen bomb." He writes, "The
             Central Intelligence Agency has become deeply alarmed about smallpox" and
             reveals that the U.S. government keeps a classified list of states that it
             suspects has weaponized smallpox. Iraq is on the list (along with Russia,
             China, Pakistan, N. Korea, and Cuba).

             The November 16, 2001 issue of Jane's Foreign Report (#2664) says that a
             reliable source tells them that Iraq bought smallpox virus from Russian
             scientists, who now work there; and "agents [are] provided with smallpox to
             spread abroad." Jane reports, "Our informant reckons that Saddam might try
             such an attack only if he felt the game was over and he faced death."

             The Federal government, in its September 16, 2002 Smallpox Vaccination
             Clinic Guide, outlines how state and local public health authorities can set up
             and staff clinics to carry out "voluntary, large-scale, post-event smallpox
             vaccination" should a "smallpox outbreak" occur. The 48-page guide states
             that "once Federal authorities have authorized release of vaccine" it could
             distribute 280 million doses around the country within five to seven days, and
             by following the template provided in the guide local public health officials
             (utilizing a staff of 4,600 people) could vaccinate 1,000,000 people over a
             seven-day period. This plan would supplement standard measures of
             surveillance and control and "ring vaccination" (tracking down and
             vaccinating every person who has been within ten feet of a smallpox victim).
             Health officials used these techniques to eradicate smallpox.

             Ring vaccination in natural outbreaks of smallpox worked because people
             infected with smallpox virus can escape the full effects of the disease and not
             pass it on if they are vaccinated in the first four days of the infection.
             "Post-event" mass vaccination is predicated on this fact. This most likely
             would not be the case in a biological attack. The strain of smallpox virus that
             the Russians weaponized and what Iraq most likely has is the India-1 strain,
             which is highly virulent. Soviet laboratory tests showed that monkeys exposed
             to an aerosol of this strain would contract smallpox in 1 to 5 days rather than
             the usual 7 to 17 days with other strains.

             In the last smallpox outbreak that occurred in this country, the one in New
             York in 1947, a man who became infected with smallpox in Mexico rode a
             bus to New York while he was in the prodromal phase of the disease and
             developed a skin rash (which doctors misdiagnosed) when he arrived in the
             city. That single, naturally occurring case, when it was discovered to be
             smallpox in people that he had infected, created havoc. In a biological attack
             a likely scenario would be that a terrorist, carrying an aerosolized can like
             that used for hair spray, would spray freeze-dried smallpox virus in a
             shopping mall, airport, or sports stadium. Aerosolized smallpox sprayed in
             the men's rooms of a dozen airports around the country by a group of
             terrorists would, two weeks later in an unvaccinated population, create a
             crisis of unimaginable proportions and turn "post-event" mass vaccination
             into a logistical nightmare.

             When the U.S. invades Iraq the likelihood that America will be attacked with
             smallpox will rise substantially. The risk that there will be a smallpox attack
             and of dieing in it will be much greater than one-in-a-million (the mortality
             rate for revaccination - in people who have been previously vaccinated - is
             one in 10 million). Federal authorities should heed the advice of the Senate's
             only doctor, Senator Bill Frist, M.D. (a fellow cardiac surgeon). In his book
             When Every Moment Counts: What You Need to Know About Bioterrorism
             he describes smallpox as "the scariest bioterrorism nightmare." He advocates
             voluntary, preexposure, mass vaccination and makes the point that "Americans
             should be able to decide for themselves whether to accept the risk of
             inoculation," adding, "I believe the threat of a smallpox attack outweighs the
             risk of providing smallpox vaccinations to a well-informed public."

             Why will Federal authorities not release the vaccine to Americans who want
             to be vaccinated? They are concerned that people with skin disorders, like
             eczema, and people with immune system deficiencies who have cancer, organ
             transplants, and AIDS might inadvertently get vaccinated. Such people are at
             an increased risk for an adverse reaction, including death, and should not
             undergo vaccination. (This includes pregnant women and young children.) But
             as Dr. William Bicknell points out in his article in the New England Journal
             of Medicine titled "The Case for Voluntary Smallpox Vaccination," an
             increased level of immunity in a vaccinated population will "reduce the
             overall risk of infection among immuno-commpromised persons in the event
             of an attack." Also, more careful screening on a patient-by-patient basis can
             be done in a pre-event setting to avoid vaccinating people with immune
             system deficiencies than would be possible in a crisis atmosphere after a
             biological attack. Smallpox vaccine is a live virus (vaccinia virus). People
             who are inoculated with it can spread virus particles at their vaccination site
             to others in close contact with them, particularly if they do not observe
             standard precautions of keeping the site dry and bandaged until the scab falls
             off and washing one's hands thoroughly after changing the bandage. Secondary
             infection contact rarely happens, but the CDC obviously does not want to be
             confronted by an irate AIDS Lobby protesting its pre-event release of the
             vaccine if a person with AIDS should die from a vaccinia infection acquired
             by contact with a person who has been recently vaccinated.

             If the government refuses to release smallpox vaccine to the general public,
             there is still a way to be inoculated against smallpox. One can be vaccinated
             "arm-to-arm." We can, if we have to, vaccinate ourselves the way people
             sometimes did it in the 19th century.

             Edward Jenner discovered smallpox vaccination in 1796 (after a milkmaid
             told him that cowpox, which she contracted from a cow's utter, protected her
             from smallpox, and he then noticed that milkmaids rarely exhibited the facial
             scars of smallpox). Absenting cows with cowpox to provide material for
             inoculation or refrigeration to store and transport stocks of it, people would
             transfer the vaccine from one person to the next arm-to-arm. The Spanish
             brought smallpox vaccine to the New World this way. A group of orphans
             were recruited for the long voyage, and two children were vaccinated shortly
             before departure. When cowpox pustules developed on their arms the ship's
             doctor would take material from their lesions and use it to vaccinate two more
             children, repeating this procedure each time new pustules formed in
             successive children until they reached Venezuela, with yet two more children
             providing an aliquot of active vaccine for people in South America.

             The government plans to vaccinate military personnel and health care workers
             (officials have not yet decided how many, but it will be somewhere between
             20,000 and 500,000). These people could provide a source of active vaccine
             for their family and friends arm-to-arm reminiscent of those orphan children
             bringing smallpox vaccine to the New World. The technique of vaccination is
             fairly simple (and it does not require a bifurcated needle).

             If you cannot obtain vaccinia vaccine one way or another, a devastating
             biological attack has occurred and smallpox is rampant, in a worse case
             scenario you can do the kind of vaccination that people employed for
             centuries before Jenner. That is variolation. Rather than have to suffer the
             disease with its 30 percent mortality rate and disfiguring facial scars, people
             inoculated themselves with the smallpox virus itself obtained from a pustule
             on a smallpox victim. Smallpox introduced through the skin rather than the
             lungs results in a much-attenuated disease, with only pustules forming around
             the inoculation site. Variolation, known as "buying the smallpox," has a
             fatality rate of 1 percent, much better odds than with the full-blown disease.

             One thing we must do, especially with the prospect of a biological attack
             looming, is to maintain optimum health and to keep our immune system strong.
             This will improve the odds that we will survive it. Read Dr. Russell
             Blaylock's booklet Bioterrorism: How You Can Survive. I summarize his
             recommendations, and offer others for good health, in an article I wrote with
             Linda Miller.

             Let us hope that our government leaders will release smallpox vaccine for
             voluntary, pre-attack, mass vaccination.

                                              September 26, 2002

             Donald Miller (send him mail) is a cardiac surgeon in
             Seattle. He is a director of Prepared Response, Inc. and a
             member of Doctors for Disaster Preparedness. His web site
             is www.donaldmiller.com.

             Copyright ? 2002 by LewRockwell.com

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Warning! The smallpox vaccine may be more harmful than beneficial

 

The American public is being prepared to accept and want the smallpox vaccine. The Center for Disease Control has been telling us that it is “when” not “if” a smallpox outbreak will occur. There are many unanswered questions that the government health agencies refuse to address. This is written to assist you in knowing more about the vaccine and its dangers, the smallpox disease and some of the misinformation.  If you are a thinking person, we challenge you to do more research and check out this information, your very life and your family’s life may be in the balance. We are only asking you to consider the following information before deciding to take the smallpox vaccine.

 

This information is available but not given freely to the public:

 

Much of the remaining stock of the smallpox vaccine is 50 years old. (15,000,000 doses).  It is called “dryvax” and was recently discovered in a freezer. Would you eat a hot dog that had been in your freezer for 50 years? Would you inject something in your body that was the science of 50 years ago.

The vaccine presently being created by Acambis Corporation is made with the MRC5 human cell line that contains human fetal tissue grown from the tissue of an aborted baby.

 

The “dryvax” vaccine was never tested for safety and was considered an “IND” or investigational new drug. No safety or human studies for safety or efficacy have been conducted on the smallpox vaccine.

Though the CDC (Center for Disease Control) has stated that the evidence to support that there will be a smallpox terrorist event is NEGLIGIBLE, they continue to push for a mass vaccination for smallpox.

 

The smallpox vaccine was the most deadly ever used. Even President Bush has admitted that deaths will result from the vaccine being given.

 

The person who has received the smallpox vaccine is potentially infectious from the “shedding of the virus” from the injection site for 21 days.

 

During historical smallpox outbreaks, many hospital reported that as many as 79% of the patients who were being treated for smallpox, had already been vaccinated. There is no way to guarantee that the smallpox vaccine will be effective against genetically altered or treatment-resistant smallpox. A terrorist is not going to use the disease that we have been inoculated against.

 

Smallpox is not as contagious as we have been told. The death rate has been exaggerated. The CDC wants everyone to believe that 30% died as a result of the disease. That figure is not accurate. We, as human beings, have the right to determine what goes into our bodies. Many people are concerned that the right to say “NO” will be taken away by this real or perceived idea of a threat of terrorism.

 

There are several groups of people who could be potentially made ill or killed by the vaccine. Those who would be of most danger are:  those with AIDS, those who may have AIDS and have not been diagnosed yet, those who have a suppressed immune system, those taking steroids or cortisone, those who have had organ transplants. The Town Hall CDC meeting held June 8th in St. Louis, Missouri stated that this may mean as many as 38 million people could have problems resulting from the vaccine. The CDC has stated that there will be no waivers given once there is an outbreak.  All will be required to have the smallpox vaccine regardless of the risk, even pregnant women.

 

July 9, 2002 Newday Newspaper announced that the U.S. Government is quietly preparing plans for quarantining those who may be exposed to the disease.

 

Each state has been quietly putting in place “The Model State Emergency Health Powers Act” which will call for mandatory quarantine, mass vaccinations of various drugs, control of food, clothing, hospital facilities, commodities, alcoholic beverages,  guns and weapons.   (www.vaccinationnews.net). This plan will militarize the Public Health System, essentially enacting martial law.

 

On the recent national radio show “The Power Hour” a poll was taken (www.thepowerhour.com) which showed 90% of the audience would refuse the vaccine. For further information regarding smallpox and the vaccine visit the following websites: 

www.909shot.com

www.thinktwice.com

www.vaccinenews.net

www.aapsonline.org

www.thepowerhour.com

www.anthraxvaccine.org  

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--- "M.O.M." <nox2128@blackfoot.net> wrote:
> Date: Tue, 24 Sep 2002 14:19:13 -0600
> From: "M.O.M." <nox2128@blackfoot.net>
> To: mom-l@listserv.montana.com
> Subject: 20 Reasons Not To Take The Smallpox
> Vaccination
>
>  20 Reasons Not To Take The Smallpox Vaccination
>  By Amy Worthington
>
>  1-8-2
>
>  1. George W. Bush has said of smallpox vaccination:
> "One of my concerns if
> we were to have universal vaccination, some might
> lose their life." ~The
> Times (in London), November 09, 2001.
>
>  2. For each million people vaccinated with the
> smallpox vaccine, as many as
> 250 could die, according to the American Medical
> Association. Multiply 250
> times 285 (millions of Americans) and the possible
> deaths from universal
> smallpox vaccination could equal 71,250. ~ Journal
> of the American Medical
> Association, June 9, 1999, Vol. 281, No. 22, p.
> 2132.
>
>  3. "The American Medical Association said on
> Tuesday it was not in favor of
> an immediate mass U.S.smallpox vaccination program,
> saying the potential
> threat of a bioterror attack did not warrant
> inoculating every American
> against the disease." ~Reuters, December 12, 2001.
>
>  4. "Right now the risk of getting the vaccine is
> higher than the benefit.
> You could get a secondary infection, a full-blown
> systemic infection."
> ~Marie Rau, Panhandle Health District nurse, quoted
> by The Spokesman-Review,
> November 20, 2001.
>
>  5. CDC director Jeffrey Koplan has admitted that
> universal smallpox
> vaccination could unleash a significant number of
> side-effects. He said that
> because many parts of ourpopulation do not have
> a"robust immune system," a
> fair number of people could have serious reactions.
> ~Koplan speaking on the
> PBS special "Bioterror Propaganda" aired by WETA,
> November 14, 2001.
>
>  6. If the entire nation were to receive a smallpox
> vaccine, several
> thousand people would likely develop encephalitis,
> an inflammation of the
> brain. ~Washington Post, Dec. 26, 2001.
>
>  7. Roger J. Pomerantz, chief of the infectious
> disease department at Thomas
> Jefferson University in Philadelphia, said that
> doctors have no idea what
> the smallpox vaccine might do to people at the
> extremes of life--less than 2
> and older than 65. He said that an even greater
> concern would be its effect
> on people with weakened immune systems from HIV
> infection, chemotherapy or
> transplants. ~Washington Post, Dec. 26, 2001.
>
>  8. "Researchers have been reluctant to recommend a
> new vaccination program
> which would use the smallpox vaccine for the local
> population because the
> vaccine can cause disease and death in persons with
> inadequate immune
> systems." ~Science, Vol. 277, July 18, 1997, pp.
> 312-13.
>
>  9. Routine smallpox vaccination in the United
> States ended in 1972.
> Officials are hesitant to resume the immunizations
> because the vaccine is
> the most reactive of all and has been linked to
> serious side effects,
> including death. ~ Reuters, November 29, 2001.
>
>  10. Eight printed pages of medical studies
> documenting the many serious
> side effects of smallpox vaccination can be obtained
> at
> "http://www.whale.to/vaccines/smallpox.html". See
> "smallpox vaccine adverse
> reactions 66-76." [Note: go to the home page above
> and put "smallpox vaccine
> adverse reaction" in the search engine.]
> Repercussions include serious brain
> and heart diseases, autism, abnormal chromosomal
> changes, diabetes, various
> cancers and leukemias, plus demyelination of nerve
> tissue years after
> vaccination.
>
>  11. The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that
> vaccination must not be forced on
> persons whose physical condition would make such
> vaccination "cruel and
> inhuman." In other words, the state has no right to
> command that an
> individual sacrifice his life in the name of public
> health. ~Jacobsen V.
> Massachusettes, 197 U.S. 11 (1905).
>
>  12. By the 1920s, several British medical
> researchers documented that
> smallpox was not only more common among the
> VACCINATED, but that the DEATH
> RATE from smallpox was actually higher among those
> who had been vaccinated.
> This indicates that the vaccine was ineffective and
> predisposed vaccinated
> persons to more lethal disease. ~Vaccination, Dr.
> Viera Scheibner,
> Australia, 1993, pp. 205-220. 13. Getting a
> vaccination does not guarantee
> immunity. ~CDC, January 28, 1994.
>
>  14. By 1987, scientific evidence indicated that the
> World Health
> Organization's 13-year global smallpox vaccination
> campaign may have
> awakened dormant HIV infection in many vaccinees.
> ~Times (in London) May 11,
> 1987.
>
>  15. Vaccines made from animal substrate contain
> animal viruses that are
> impossible to filter out. By 1961, scientists
> discovered that animal viruses
> in vaccines, including smallpox, could act as a
> carcinogen when given to
> mice in combination with cancer-causing chemicals,
> even in amounts too small
> to induce tumors alone. They concluded that vaccine
> viruses function as a
> catalyst for tumor production. ~Science, December
> 15, 1961.
>
>  16. Some of the new smallpox vaccine doses will be
> created with animal
> substrate. Because the vaccine will incorporate
> vaccinia, the cowpox virus,
> many wonder about possible mad-cow contamination.
> Fifty-five million doses
> of the new vaccine will be created using a cell line
> dating back to 1966 and
> cultured from the lung tissues of an aborted human
> fetus. ~World Net Daily,
> December 4, 2001.
>
>  17. The new smallpox vaccine will be genetically
> engineered. Many
> scientists believe that genetically engineered
> vaccines may be responsible
> for the global epidemic of auto-immune disease and
> neurological dysfunction.
> ~American College of Rheumatology, annual meeting,
> Nov. 8-12, 1998. Merck's
> genetically engineered hepatitis B vaccine,
> Recombivax HB, is a classic
> example. According to Dr. Bonnie Dunbar of Baylor
> College of Medicine, many
> thousands of reported adverse reactions to the
> hepatitis B vaccine include:
> chronic fatigue, neurological disorders, rheumatoid
> arthritis, lupus and
> MS-like disease. ~Testimony of Dr. Dunbar to Texas
> Dept. of Health, March
> 12, 1999. Over 15,000 French citizens sued the
> French government to stop
> mandatory hepatitis B injections for school children
> because of resulting
> auto-immune diseases. ~Science, July 31, 1998. Dr.
> John Classen has
> published voluminous data showing that the hepatitis
> B and other vaccines
> are closely linked to the developme!
>  nt of insulin dependent diabetes. ~Infectious
> Diseases in Clinical
> Practice, October 22, 1997.
>
>  18. The British vaccine manufacturer Medeva has a
> horrendous record of
> contamination and blunders. In 2000, the FDA found
> that Medeva was making
> vaccines in conditions of filth, resulting in
> contaminated products. Medeva
> had been illegally using bovine medium to culture
> its polio vaccines, then
> lied about it. Medeva also used the blood of a
> Creutzfeldt-Jakob victim (mad
> cow) to manufacture 83,000 doses of polio vaccine
> used for (against?) Irish
> children. Nevertheless, the FDA allowed the USA to
> accept Medeva's flu
> vaccine (Fluvirin) for the year 2000. ~London
> Observer series: October
> 20-26, 2000.
>
>  19. In 2001, the British socialized health care
> system was reported to be
> in a state of collapse, with many hospitals and labs
> operating in abysmal
> filth. Five thousand people die each year from
> infections contracted in
> British hospitals; 10,000 become deathly ill from
> such infections.
> Sterilization procedures are barely adequate and
> said to be risking the
> spread of mad cow disease. Government ministers are
> reportedly trying to
> hush up the scandal. ~www.itn.co.uk/ Jan 06, 2001;
> The Sunday Times of
> London, November 12, 2001.
>
>  20. The U.S. government apparently intends to
> conduct NO double blind
> studies on the safety and efficacy of the new
> smallpox vaccine. It has
> ordered 286 million doses, one for every man, woman
> and child in America at
> a cost of $428 million. At least half of this
> vaccine will be delivered by
> Acambis PLC of great Britain.
>
>  Tip of the Week: Keep all vaccine needles away from
> your body! ___
>
>  Vaccination Liberation - Idaho Chapter Ingri
> Cassel, President
>  P.O. Box 1444
>  Coeur d'Alene, ID 83816
>  (208) 255-2307 / 765-8421
>  "mailto:vaclib@coldreams.com"
>  "http://www.vaclib.org"
>
>  "The Right to Know, The Freedom to Abstain"
>
>  Comment From kh6 1-9-2
>
>  I wouldn't take the vaccine either but consider
> this: Point #2 extrapolates
> the number of deaths following vaccination at
> 71,250. For perspective, this
> number is less than the number of deaths in 1996
> from heat disease
> (733,361), cancer (539,533) and stroke (159,942).
> The number of deaths from
> smallpox vaccination would be less than the number
> of deaths from chronic
> respiratory diseases (106,027) and accidents
> (94,948), but more than the
> number of deaths from diabetes mellitus (61,767) and
> HIV (31,130) (CDC, for
> the year 1996).
>
>  Vaccination would kill a lot more people than
> firearms (1,400) (National
> Safety Council, for the year 1996), though
>
>  God's Wrath on Left Behind is now available.
>  For ordering information visit
> "http://www.libertytothecaptives.net"
>
>
>
> --
>
>
> --
> **COPYRIGHT NOTICE** In accordance with Title 17 U.
> S. C. Section 107,
> any copyrighted work in this message is distributed
> under fair use
> without profit or payment to those who have
> expressed a prior interest
> in receiving the included information for nonprofit
> research and
> educational
> purposes only.[Ref.
> http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml ]
>
>
> Join the Militia of Montana Email Alert List by
> writing to MOM, P.O.Box
> 1486, Noxon, Montana 59853 and enclosing $15.00 for
> one year(Feb. 1 to
> Jan. 31)
>
> For the latest in great survival, preparedness and
> politically incorrect materials visit
> our Online Catalog at:
>
http://www.militiaofmontana.com Some great deals
> are to be
> had! Or, send $2.00 to the address below for a copy
> of our 44+ page
> Preparedness Catalog.
>
> Militia of Montana
> P.O. Box 1486, Noxon, MT  59853
> Tel: 406-847-2735    n Fax: 406-847-2246

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http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A42547-2001Oct23.html

Clear and Present Danger We thought we'd wiped out smallpox, a highly contagious disease that has killed countless millions. Could an ancient scourge, in enemy hands, come back to haunt us?

By Shannon Brownlee

Sunday, October 28, 2001; Page W08

Ken Alibek hardly seems like the sort of fellow to have overseen the development of the world's most terrifying biological weapon. A short, stout, moon-faced man in his early fifties, Alibek has a shock of black hair cut straight across his brow, like a schoolboy, and a whispery voice clotted with the round vowels and rolling R's of his native Kazakhstan. He scurries along a hallway of George Mason University, where he is a research biologist, trying to procure a cup of coffee for a visitor. "I have a very important question," he says to a colleague. "Do you know where I can get a clean cup?"

A little more than a decade ago, Alibek was still Kanatjan Alibekov, creator of the world's most potent strain of anthrax bacteria, and second in command of Biopreparat, the Soviet Union's vast biological weapons program. The U.S. intelligence community knew nothing of Biopreparat until 1989, when a mid-level Soviet biologist under Alibek named Vladimir Pasechnik defected to Britain. Pasechnik detailed for British intelligence officers the existence of clandestine laboratories, scattered around the Soviet Union, devoted to developing such potential biological weapons as anthrax, Marburg virus, tularemia, Q fever, plague, Ebola and, most appalling of all, smallpox.

After British agents passed along Pasechnik's report, the American and British ambassadors in Moscow accused the Soviet Union of violating the 1972 Biological Weapons Treaty, which banned the production and use of biological weapons. The treaty had been signed by 143 nations, including the United States and the Soviet Union. After some tense negotiations and phone calls among British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, President George H.W. Bush and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, a team of American and British biologists flew to Moscow in January 1991 for the first of several mutual inspections. They found hints of biowarfare research at a number of Soviet laboratories.

Ken Alibek: "When I was talking, people would say, this is Ken's sheer fantasy." D.A. Peterson - The Post But the full scope of the Soviet violation was not known until the fall of 1992. A year earlier, as part of the mutual inspections, Alibek and 12 other Soviet scientists and military officials came to the United States to inspect sites their reconnaissance experts had told them were American biowarfare facilities. The Soviet contingent found abandoned warehouses, with grass growing at the entrances, and military labs devoted to defensive research, such as finding new vaccines for biological agents. Alibek realized that Soviet intelligence was either incompetent or lying, and that his American hosts were telling the truth: The United States had long ago abandoned offensive bioweapons research. He and his family defected shortly thereafter, in October 1992.

In a building off I-66, in Virginia, intelligence officers and officials from the departments of State, Agriculture and Defense quizzed Alibek for nearly a year. At first, his American handlers found his reports almost too incredible to be believed. "When I was talking, people would say, this is Ken's sheer fantasy," says Alibek. Biopreparat, he told them, could mix up batches of deadly viruses in 95-gallon bioreactors, tanks big enough for a microbrewery. Soviet biologists, he said, had modified pathogens to survive delivery by warheads. Engineers had devised a platform that could release canisters of liquid or dry pathogens, smallpox among them, as a missile moved over successive targets.

Slowly, the Americans began to understand the gravity of the security risk Alibek was describing. Smallpox, a savage disease that had killed countless millions throughout history before being eradicated more than two decades ago, once again loomed as a potential threat.

Bioterrorism experts now believe the smallpox virus exists in clandestine biowarfare laboratories in at least three, and possibly more, countries. The U.S. government has a list of nations that it suspects are harboring secret stocks of the virus, or have tried to buy or steal some. That list is classified, but several public health doctors and virologists who have been briefed say that, along with Russia, it includes Iraq and North Korea. Civilian bioterrorism experts and the press have speculated that China, Libya, South Africa, Israel and Pakistan may also be on the list.

Some of these nations are also suspected of harboring and aiding terrorist groups, including those believed to be involved in attacks on Americans abroad, and now at home. Indeed, when the World Trade Center buildings were destroyed last month, officials feared that the terrorists also might have unleashed biological or chemical agents into the smoking ruins. It turned out not to be the case, but the risk of bioterrorism was no longer merely academic. What would we do -- could we do -- if smallpox were the terrorists' next weapon of choice?

Before vaccination was invented, in 1796, smallpox epidemics could change the course of history, killing as many as half their victims and crippling entire civilizations. The Aztecs, for instance, were defeated in the 16th century not so much by Hernando Cortes's comparatively puny army as by the smallpox the Spaniards inadvertently brought with them. In the 20th century, smallpox killed 300 million people, far more than all of the century's wars combined.

The disease is caused by a virus known as variola, from Latin for "speckled." The first signs of illness come 10 days or so after infection, with a splitting headache, backache, vomiting and raging fever. Just as the fever wanes and the patient starts to feel better, the first red spots appear on the face and extremities. The rash spreads rapidly as the spots turn to lumps, called pustules, which fill with an opalescent fluid that seeps from capillaries, making them feel hard, or "shotty," as doctors describe them, like BBs embedded just under the skin.

Smallpox causes unspeakable misery. Layers of skin separate as fluid fills the spaces between them. Pustules line the nose, mouth and throat, making swallowing exquisitely painful. Sometimes the lesions are so numerous, the body takes on the texture of a pebbled walkway, and sheets of skin may slough away at the slightest touch -- a blanket, or a nurse's fingers taking a pulse. In fatal cases, death comes within 10 to 16 days, from organ failure, or maybe pneumonia, or possibly an overreaction of the immune system. Nobody really knows precisely how variola kills.

The planet has not seen a case of smallpox since 1977, two years before the disease was declared eradicated after an intensive 11-year vaccination campaign by the World Health Organization. Within a decade, scientists around the world had turned over their remaining stocks of the variola virus to two designated facilities for safekeeping. One of these sites is the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in Atlanta. Variola's other official resting place is inside a freezer in a Russian laboratory known as Vector, outside Novosibirsk, Siberia.

Several times over the years, WHO officials have scheduled and then called off the destruction of the two legitimate stocks of the virus as scientists debated the wisdom of intentionally destroying a species and doctors argued for eliminating it. Alibek's revelations, along with the 1991 collapse of the Soviet Union and end of its tight system of political control, have made such lofty debates irrelevant. There is no longer any question that clandestine stocks of the smallpox virus exist; the only unknown is who has them and whether they'd be cruel enough to use them.

A biological attack with smallpox virus -- though perhaps not as unlikely as it was just weeks ago -- is still a "low-probability, high-impact" event, in the parlance of security experts. That means it probably won't happen. But if it did -- through, say, infected carriers on suicide missions or release into a building ventilation system or, quite unlikely, from a crop-duster -- the result could be a catastrophe. Variola kills between 10 and 40 percent of its victims. There is no treatment for the disease, and routine vaccination ceased around the world after the disease was declared eradicated. Americans born before 1972 can probably run their fingers over a dime-sized scar on their arms or legs, where they were immunized as children. That vaccination's ability to protect began to wane within a decade after it was given.

Just how vulnerable Americans may be was brought home in a two-day simulation exercise held at Andrews Air Force Base in June. It showed quite clearly that federal and state officials would be ill-prepared for a rogue attack using smallpox. The exercise began with 24 simulated cases. It ended two imaginary weeks later, with the nation's stockpile of vaccine exhausted, 15,000 people infected and 1,000 dead, and the expectation that every two weeks after that would see a tenfold increase in cases.

Jeff Koplan in Bangladesh in 1973 during the campaign to eradicate smallpox. Courtesy Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Other models starting with just 100 smallpox cases in an American city predict the disease would become a worldwide conflagration in as little as a year, unless a massive immunization campaign were mounted to stop it. There is not enough vaccine on hand for such an effort. About 60 million doses of vaccine exist worldwide, only a fraction of them in the United States; experts estimate that blocking the spread of smallpox released in a single bioterrorism event in a single American city would require a minimum of 30 to 40 million doses. Which means that unless something is done, a lot of Americans -- and others -- would be vulnerable.

Five sets of locked doors and an eighth of a mile of hallways lie between the main entrance to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the biocontainment laboratories where variola major lives in suspended animation inside a locked stainless steel freezer. The freezer contains some 400 different strains of the virus, taken from patients afflicted with smallpox during the last century. Each sample of virus is trapped inside a bullet-shaped lump of cloudy, frozen fluid. Together, the vials take up a space no bigger than an oven, but their contents could infect every human being alive.

The reality of what that means is not lost on Jeff Koplan, who has served as the CDC's director since 1998. A tall, balding, wiry man in his fifties, Koplan bears a strong resemblance to Dick Cavett, and has a voice to match. In 1973, when he still sported a wild mane of strawberry-blond hair and a beard, Koplan was sent by the CDC to Bangladesh, to test a drug that some thought might be effective against smallpox. By that time, Europe and the United States had already eliminated it. The only remaining pockets of disease were in Africa, South America and on the Indian subcontinent. To find enough patients for his experiments, Koplan headed for Dhaka, Bangladesh, where he was given an empty ward in one of the city's hospitals.

"When I say empty ward, it was empty, it was a concrete shell," he recalls. "I hired an ex-sergeant from the Pakistan army, with a curled mustache and military demeanor, as my right-hand man. We cajoled and borrowed and found some beds, found a place with running water to use as a lab, moved the beds in." City officials and international health workers steered patients to Koplan's ward, where he gave half the patients the experimental drug, and half standard care, which consisted of trying to keep them comfortable and providing IV fluids and antibiotics for secondary bacterial infections.

The drug was a flop, but Koplan learned to read his patients' futures in the rashes that appeared on their skin. The chances of dying from variola major, the most common form of the virus, depend upon how big a dose of virus a victim receives, and how vigorous a defense his or her immune system mounts. Most of the patients Koplan saw developed the form of the disease doctors call "discrete" -- the pustules were separated from one another by unaffected skin. Patients usually survived, though they were scarred for life.

In more severe cases, called "confluent" pox, the pustules were so numerous they ran together on the skin, and the patients puffed up horribly with fluid. "I have pictures of people who on admission are recognizable, with a rash," Koplan says. "Then five days later they're unrecognizable -- they look like they have been burned. They couldn't take anything by mouth. They were comatose. They were extremely uncomfortable." Many of those patients died, usually after suffering for 10 days to two weeks.

Koplan saw two other types of smallpox that were considerably less common, but which killed patients far more efficiently. "Flat" pox, a form of the disease in which the pustules never raise above the skin, kills 75 percent of patients afflicted with it.

"Hemorrhagic" smallpox, or black pox, is mercifully the rarest form of all. Invariably fatal within days after the fever begins, black pox causes blood vessels throughout the body to leak blood, which seeps into the mouth and gut and under the skin, where it leaves dark, bruise-like blotches. Even the whites of the eyes darken with blood. Unable to move or speak, patients with hemorrhagic pox often are aware of what is happening to them almost to the point of death.

"I had one patient in our study group who was hemorrhagic," Koplan recalls. "When I did an exam on him, I remember, it was 5 or 6 in the evening, and I could talk to him. He didn't have much in the way of skin lesions. I came in the next morning, and he was turned to the side and there was a pool of blood next to his pillow. He bled out into his bed. One day he was sick, febrile, and not well . . . and he was dead the next morning."

The man who best knows the anatomy of a smallpox epidemic is Donald Ainslie Henderson. Known as D.A. to his colleagues, Henderson is a doctor and the director of the Center for Civilian Biodefense Studies, a think tank run by Johns Hopkins University. From 1966 to 1977, he ran the WHO smallpox eradication program, one of the greatest medical achievements of the 20th century. When he began his effort, 10 to 15 million people a year were still being infected by smallpox, and between 2 and 3 million were dying, mostly in Africa, Asia and South America. In a little more than a decade, Henderson and his team had bottled up the virus and confined it to vials in laboratories.

The key to eradicating smallpox was a system for choking off outbreaks. Rather than inoculate every last person on Earth, an impractical if not impossible task, Henderson and his team decided instead to track every case they could find, and encircle the virus with people who had been vaccinated. Past experience had shown that a person who has been exposed to, and even infected with variola, can still be protected by the vaccine, provided it is delivered within five days of exposure. Unlike some viruses, Ebola for instance, smallpox is not carried by animals. Its only host is human beings. The most common route of infection is through inhaling virus-laden droplets during face-to-face contact with a smallpox victim, although the virus can survive for hours in the air, or for days in the bedding of infected persons. Under normal circumstances, smallpox is not as easily passed from person to person as, say, the flu or measles, which can rip through a classroom in a single morning. But it is far more contagious than HIV, the virus that would cause the AIDS epidemic a decade later.

D.A. Henderson: "if it happens in Brazil, or Mexico, or wherever, it's our problem, too." D.A. Peterson - The Post Henderson's team reasoned that if they could draw the noose tight enough around a smallpox outbreak, they could cut off the virus's path to its next human host. They called their method surveillance and ring vaccination.

The WHO enlisted thousands of local volunteers who, together with doctors from developed nations, scoured villages and cities for active smallpox cases. Doctors identified cases and ordered them quarantined in their homes or in hospitals. Volunteers stood guard, enforcing the quarantines, and tracked down every last one of a victim's face-to-face contacts. Doctors and volunteers alike could vaccinate; all it took was a vial of vaccine and a special bifurcated, or two-pronged, needle. In October 1975, a WHO team cornered the last naturally occurring case of variola major: in a 3-year-old girl named Rahima Banu, from Bhola Island, Bangladesh. In 1977, Ali Maow Maalin, a Somali cook, became the ultimate victim of a less virulent form of the disease, known as variola minor. Both survived. (The WHO has since lost track of them.)

At 73, Henderson still strikes an imposing figure. He is well over 6 feet tall, barrel-chested, with a craggy face and prominent nose, and a diamond ring on one pinkie. To him, a smallpox epidemic is a terrifying prospect, whether it occurs naturally or as a result of bioterrorism. A full-blown epidemic comes in waves, rings of infection that spread outward, like ripples on a pond, from each index case. Two weeks after the first round of infected people fall ill, a new wave of cases appears, only to remain steady for another two weeks, when the number of victims escalates yet again. With each wave, the number of victims increases exponentially. Graphed on paper, the cases rise in little foothills at first, until the number shoots upward, like a viral Mount Vesuvius.

Epidemiologists think of this topography of infection as a road map to disaster. The only hope of containing an outbreak is when it's still in the foothill stage, when the number of infections is low and ring vaccination can be used to choke off the virus. Failing to catch an outbreak early allows it to erupt. Henderson recalls the smallpox conflagration that was sparked in Bangladesh in 1971 by the savage civil war that led to the country's independence from Pakistan. By then, smallpox had been all but eradicated from Bangladesh. Henderson was at WHO headquarters in Geneva when fighting broke out.

"Refugees were fleeing across the border into India," he says. "I got a call from the U.S., a guy from the CDC, who had seen pictures of people in an Indian refugee camp. He said it looked like smallpox. I took a plane to the camp and there was smallpox everywhere." When independence was declared, the refugees began flooding home. "One hundred thousand people poured across the border," says Henderson. "Smallpox exploded across Bangladesh." More than 200,000 people were infected and 40,000 died over the four years it took the WHO team to encircle the disease again.

Henderson worries that an outbreak of smallpox in the United States today could be similarly explosive. "We've looked at what would happen in a small outbreak, 100 cases, in Baltimore," he says. "The first place you would see patients is in the hospital." There would be little to do for them, he says, except provide comfort and IV fluids, and place them under strict quarantine.

To prevent the outbreak from spreading, health officials would need to vaccinate all people with whom the patients had had face-to-face contact, a task that would be more difficult than it was 30 years ago in Africa and on the Indian subcontinent, where most people still traveled on foot. Today, Americans could be across the country, if not in Paris or Tokyo, within a day after being exposed. By the time they were tracked down, at least some of that first round of contacts would already be sick, says Henderson. It would be too late to vaccinate them.

"Our guess is that in four to five weeks, all 8 million doses of vaccine in the current U.S. stockpile are gone," says Henderson. He tips back in his chair for a moment before continuing: "By the second wave, their contacts will be scattered all over the country. With air travel what it is today, this is a global catastrophe. And if it happens in Brazil, or Mexico, or wherever, it's our problem, too."

How likely, then, is a smallpox attack? Jonathan Tucker, director of the Chemical and Biological Weapons Nonproliferation Program at the Monterey Institute of International Studies, and author of Scourge: The Once and Future Threat of Smallpox, estimates that the risk is minuscule -- even in light of September 11. "The number of groups that could use smallpox is very, very small," he says. "They need a motive to cause widespread destruction" that could eventually wash over them and their backers as well. And, he said, "they have to be able to cloak their activities." That is small comfort given what happened at the World Trade Center and Pentagon.

But to use smallpox, they would also need the highly technical expertise for culturing the virus, transporting it either as a powder or suspended in liquid, and then dispersing it into the air for intended victims to breathe. Anti-terrorism experts, and Alibek and Henderson, believe that expertise is available on the international market in the form of out-of-work Rus-sian biologists. "In bioweapons, the most sensitive product is knowledge," says Alibek. Several dozen of his former colleagues from Vector and other Soviet bioweapons labs remain unaccounted for. In the 1990s, Iranian officials recruited former Biopreparat biologists and engineers, offering as much as $5,000 a month -- a huge sum for Soviet scientists at the time -- to bring their skills to Iran. It's unknown how many, if any, scientists took the offer.

Most would-be terrorists, says Bill Patrick, a former bioweaponeer who worked at Fort Detrick, Md., before the American offensive biological weapons program was dismantled in 1969, are incompetent when it comes to biology. The Japanese cult Aum Shinrikyo, for example, failed at repeated attempts to release anthrax before finally managing in 1995 to poison several thousand commuters and kill 12 in the Tokyo subway system with the nerve agent sarin. Only a state-sponsored group or terrorists with a lot of money and connections would be able, in Patrick's opinion, to acquire the smallpox virus and the means for wielding it as a weapon. No one is certain whether that would include Osama bin Laden, leader of the al Qaeda terrorist group that American officials say organized the September 11 attacks.

But if those hurdles were surmounted, it would be quick work for a decent virologist to produce enough virus for a limited assault. Bioweaponeers in the U.S. program, says Patrick, had begun weaponizing smallpox before the U.S. biological weapons offensive effort was halted. "We made a beautiful powder for smallpox," he says. "We used chemicals to protect it during dissemination and aerosolization," which is the only effective way to spread it. How much powdered virus would be needed to infect 100 people with smallpox? Patrick thinks for a moment and then replies: "A gram." That's about the equivalent of a quarter of a teaspoon of baking powder.

When I relate Patrick's recipe for disaster to Jonathan Tucker, he pauses for a moment before responding. "The probability of a smallpox attack is extremely low. But it is not zero. The potential consequences of a deliberate release of the virus are so horrible, it's prudent to take some precautionary measures."

The U.S. government came to the same conclusion in the mid-1990s, when it decided to begin rebuilding the nation's supply of smallpox vaccine. The entire U.S. vaccine stockpile currently consists of 15 million doses of vaccine manufactured 30 years ago by Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, though as few as 8 million are thought to be usable. It is stored in an undisclosed, highly secure location, ready to be shipped at a moment's notice.

The method used by Wyeth-Ayerst for making its vaccine was virtually unchanged since the late 1700s, when an English country doctor, Edward Jenner, discovered vaccination. Jenner named his discovery after the Latin word vacca, for cow, because his vaccine was made not from smallpox virus, but from cowpox, a closely related virus that causes a similar disease in cows. As Jenner refined the vaccine, the virus somehow transformed into a new organism, called vaccinia, whose lineage remains uncertain to this day. Vaccinia might be a crippled form of smallpox virus, or a hybrid between the viruses that cause cowpox and smallpox.

A lab at Dynport, which will produce smallpox vaccine for the U.S. military. (D.A. Peterson - The Post)

The vaccine sitting in Wyeth-Ayerst's freezers was made by first scratching the bellies of calves and then rubbing some vaccinia virus into the skin. The virus was allowed to thoroughly infect the calves' skin for several days. The animals were then slaughtered, the pustules on their bellies were scraped with a knife, and those scrapings were freeze-dried. The resulting vaccine, called Dryvax, is basically freeze-dried, live vaccinia virus, mixed with calf pus and a few stray calf hairs.

Dryvax was a great vaccine for its time -- easily transported, stable even in hot climates -- but it would never pass muster today with the Food and Drug Administration. Modern vaccines must be manufactured in cell culture, or cells that live in petri dishes inside the pristine environment of a laboratory, and they are difficult to produce. Nobody has ever made smallpox vaccine in cell culture, at least not in large quantities.

The U.S. government is about to start. Six years ago, the Department of Defense gave responsibility for producing a vaccine for troops to a Pentagon office known as JVAP, for Joint Vaccine Acquisition Program. JVAP, in turn, contracted with a company called DynPort. Over the next 10 years, DynPort is scheduled to produce for the Pentagon 17 vaccines and antidotes against potential bioweapons, with smallpox being the first in line. The contract calls for the company to deliver 300,000 doses of smallpox vaccine around 2005, at a cost of more than $900,000.

The Pentagon's smallpox vaccine program is described by many outside observers in less than glowing terms. For one thing, JVAP provided DynPort with a strain of vaccinia that traces its lineage to a vaccine never tested in an actual epidemic.

For another, there are 2.4 million people in the armed forces, not counting their dependents. Three hundred thousand doses of smallpox vaccine won't be nearly enough to protect them, says Peter Jahrling, chief scientific adviser at the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, at Fort Detrick. "I don't think anybody was thinking about the fact that this is a contagious disease. They were thinking about projecting forces into hostile areas. The fact that those people might contract the disease and bring it home, that wasn't really factored in."

The Pentagon has not commented on the reasoning behind the decision. But DynPort officials say they can make several billion doses if called upon, at a rate of 700,000 a month. The company is now poised to produce its first test batch of vaccine. The first pilot doses will be ready for testing on humans by March.

Just off I-270, near Rockville, the 60,000-square-foot facility where the vaccine will be produced sparkles with modernity. The working parts of the plant are sealed off from the hallway where outsiders are permitted. Through a large plate-glass window, a visitor can see inside a room where a VW Bug-size stainless steel and glass box sits. That's where vials will one day be filled with vaccine. There are yellow glove-lined holes in the sides of the box, for workers to reach their hands in and manipulate vials of vaccine. Accordion-pleated hoses, six inches in diameter, hang from the ceiling. The entire place is squeaky clean. Even a fly couldn't get in, since the air flows outward at each door to the building's exterior.

Within a year, DynPort plans to recruit several thousand people, mostly firefighters and Peace Corps volunteers, for a large-scale clinical trial to test its vaccine's effectiveness. The Army has already conducted a small safety trial, inoculating 80 healthy volunteers in Baltimore. Nobody got sick, and everybody developed a painful pustule at the site of the inoculation, just as people who got Dryvax did 30 years ago, suggesting the new vaccine may be as good as the old one.

But there's no way to be absolutely sure, short of an outbreak. The best DynPort will be able to do is compare its version against the old vaccine. The company will inoculate one group of volunteers with the old vaccine and another group with the new. Then it will compare the two, looking for antibodies and immune cells in the blood, and the rates at which the two groups develop pustules.

The government's effort to produce a new vaccine stockpile for American civilians has gotten off to a slower start. It began in 1998, shortly after a public health doctor named Peggy Hamburg arrived in Washington, fresh from doing battle with an epidemic of drug-resistant tuberculosis in New York. As commissioner of health for New York City, Hamburg had already begun preparing for the possibility of a bioterrorism attack. When she took her new post as assistant secretary for planning and evaluation at the Department of Health and Human Services, Hamburg was concerned that a similar public health effort did not appear to be underway at the federal level.

Ali Maow Maalin, the last smallpox vicim. (Terence Spencer - TimePix)

"When I got to Washington, I called a higher-up at HHS," Hamburg says. "I asked what kinds of special, high-alert activities are we responsible for in the threat of bioterrorism. He was stunned that the department would even need to be involved in such a situation. The department didn't view the issue as theirs."

Soon after, then-HHS Secretary Donna Shalala gave Hamburg responsibility for reviewing the agency's role in protecting the nation from bioterrorism, and coming up with a road map. Hamburg began talking to other agencies, and to security experts from the National Security Council, the CIA and the Pentagon. She found that few Washington officials had grasped that a biological attack would most resemble an infectious disease epidemic and would require a massive public health effort. Some thought of a biological attack as a version of a bombing. "Somebody in the FBI told me firemen were going to go in and defuse the pathogen," says Hamburg. Other experts in the intelligence community were mired in a kind of nuke-think, the misconception that preparing for a biological threat is no different from combating nuclear weapons.

A significant turning point came when President Bill Clinton requested that HHS seek emergency funding from Congress to combat bioterrorism. One of the first tasks Hamburg set for herself was rebuilding the civilian smallpox vaccine stockpile. Initially, she hoped to piggyback on the Pentagon's effort, and that DynPort could simply ramp up production to make an additional 40 million doses for civilian use. "It seemed like a no-brainer," she says. But representatives from HHS, the Pentagon and DynPort found themselves, at a series of meetings, stumbling over one reason after another not to collaborate.

"DynPort wanted to charge us an unbelievable amount of money if we piggybacked," Hamburg recalls. "They claimed they would have to revamp their whole production methodology to make millions of doses." A former military scientist involved in the negotiations says it was JVAP that balked, because the military did not want its effort to be delayed by joining forces with HHS. A spokesman for the Pentagon says that its vaccine "remains a viable candidate for use in the civilian stockpile" if there are problems with a civilian vaccine.

A DynPort official says the company did not want to bid on the civilian vaccine contract because HHS would not accept liability for civilians who would suffer side effects from the vaccine. For every thousand people vaccinated for smallpox, several will be hit with side effects ranging in severity from giant, spreading pustules to gangrene. In the past, one or two per million died from the vaccination.

After months of wrangling, Hamburg and HHS abandoned the effort to collaborate with the military. Last year, HHS signed a $343 million contract with a different company, OraVax, a small biotech company based in Cambridge, Mass., to produce 40 million doses of smallpox vaccine for civilian use -- an amount that medical scientists believe would be enough to stop an epidemic in the United States. OraVax, which has since merged with Acambis, is already making pilot-scale lots of vaccine. Originally, it expected to produce its first 10 million doses by 2003, with the final 30 million doses available two years later. Now, that schedule has been speeded up, and by the second half of 2002 a new stockpile of smallpox vaccine will be building up.

Sometime next year, if things go according to the current plan, the last official stocks of the smallpox virus, the contents of the frozen vials in Atlanta and Novosibirsk, will be destroyed. Half an hour at 250 degrees in a sterilizing device called an autoclave ought to do it. Similar deadlines have come and gone before. For all the dread that smallpox inspires, and the terrifying possibility of its reemergence as a terrorist weapon, scientists, anti-

terrorism experts and doctors remain deeply divided over whether it would now be a colossal error to eliminate those vials.

A child with smallpox in the Congo in 1960. (J. Wickett - Pan American Health Organization; World Health Organization)

Peter Jahrling believes strongly that the smallpox virus must be preserved to allow scientists to test AIDS-era antiviral drugs against the virus for their potential to treat victims in the event of an outbreak. Since 1995, Jahrling has led a team of scientists from Fort Detrick to spend several months a year in the biocontainment laboratory at the CDC in Atlanta, for such testing. They now have a handful of candidate drugs that can kill the smallpox virus effectively, at least in a test tube. Jahrling also has recently succeeded in infecting cynomolgus monkeys with variola, producing a disease resembling human smallpox and providing an animal model for testing both antiviral drugs and new generations of vaccine. The need to test drugs on the actual virus has been a persuasive argument against destruction in the past. The virus was given its most recent stay of execution by the WHO in 1999 in part to give Jahrling's teams more time.

D.A. Henderson objected vehemently to that delay. "You have to stretch your imagination and your pocketbook to even think an antiviral will work," he says. He argues that developing antiviral drugs for use with smallpox victims will be expensive, time-consuming and ultimately pointless, since there is no way to actually test the drug in humans before an outbreak. In his view, the vaccine vanquished smallpox before; it will do it again.

But Jahrling argues the ring method Henderson used in the past won't work now. Back then, most of the population was already immunized, so it was possible to surround a victim with people who would not get smallpox. That is not the case now. And these days, people are much more mobile. But the most important reason to search for antiviral drugs, Jahrling says, is the emergence of AIDS.

People infected with the AIDS virus have compromised immune systems and will almost certainly resist being vaccinated for smallpox, since the vaccine is a live virus that could kill them. They also will be acutely vulnerable to the smallpox virus itself, which reproduces explosively in the body when its immune system is weakened. In past epidemics, smallpox patients whose immune systems were already debilitated by another illness became human hot zones. Far more infectious than the average smallpox patient, they sent millions upon millions of viral particles into the air with every breath.

"With a family living in a thatched hut in Africa exposed to one guy shedding smallpox virus, it may be that you can successfully intervene with vaccine four days later," says Jahrling. "But that may not be true in an air-conditioned condo with recirculating air where the exposed person also has HIV and is putting out a hundred times as much virus. We just don't know."

Such uncertainties do not sway Henderson, who wants more than anything to see the official stocks of smallpox virus destroyed. He acknowledges that other countries now have clandestine stocks of virus. But the World Trade Center and Pentagon attacks have only strengthened his belief that a ceremonial destruction of the official stocks would serve as a moral deterrent to rogue nations that might consider using variola as a weapon.

It is hard to believe that moral suasion alone can stop terrorists. Yet Henderson's wish is understandable. His greatest accomplishment, indeed, one of the great achievements of medical science, could be subverted by a few vials of a tiny organism that were spirited out of Soviet bioweapons laboratories and are now being kept alive in some unknown freezer. Henderson looks out the window of his office, at a vast, dense cityscape of Baltimore. He turns back toward the room and then says, "I thought both countries could be trusted to keep it under lock and key."

� 2001 The Washington Post Company

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From: Billy-Joe..Mauldin
To: Undisclosed-Recipient:;
Sent: Wednesday, December 18, 2002 6:02 PM
Subject: FYI-Smallpox is not a killer disease


Smallpox is not a killer disease


Smallpox is not a killer disease or wasn't until the medical field
decided to treat the blisters which caused cell damage under the skin
putting the patient at risk of death

In smallpox the patient will have high temperatures for 3-4 days of
103-104, chills, headache - fever is there naturally to kill the
germ.
After the fever subsides then blisters appear.  What the medical
doctors did was to treat the blisters causing cell damage and blood
damage.  What needs to be done is to let the blisters bust open and
then clean the drainage with mild soap and water taking care not to
knock off any scabs nearby.  Once all rinsed off then the drainage is
off the skin.  Several warm mild soaps and rinses a day is all that
is
needed to care for small pox.   If the scabs are allowed to fall of
on
their own there will be no pock-marks.   Small pox is only dangerous
when chemicals or medications are applied to the blisters.  This
damages the blood under the skin and the new tender cells developing.

Small pox is not something to be afraid of.   We learned this in
nurses training 38 years ago.
----------------------------------------------------------------------

From:  "Mary"
Date:  Fri Dec 13, 2002  6:30 pm

Folks-
You know, after listening to all the constant scare tactics that are
being constantly thrown at us, I "got a bee in my bonnet" &started
doing some digging.

Before I give you what I found, let me say that I, in NO way am
telling you NOT to be afraid of smallpox or ANY other similar
disease.  I am going to share something with you that I found VERY
interesting.  You can digest it &draw your own conclusions.

First of all, I bought an old (written in 1933) medical text at a
garage sale in Texas several years ago.  I dug this book out tonite
just to see what was in it on smallpox.  It is very well written &
addresses many of the diseases that we no longer hear about.  I am
going to quote a few passages directly from this book. Keep in mind
that this was a text for medical students in 1933- before the "war on
terrorism"!! The book is titled- "A Text-Book Of Medicine" by
American
Authors - published by W.B. Saunders Co.

1. "Smallpox first reached America in 1520 when a negro slave with
the
disease entered Mexico with the troops of Cortez." p.313

2."Except within a radius of 3 feet air-borne infection is
practically nil." p. 313

3."The colored races, particularly the negro, are very much more
susceptible than the white, and suffer more severely from the
disease." p.313

4."The contagium may cling to articles of clothing, blankets, and
various objects for long periods of time.  It is quite quickly
destroyed by exposure to air and sunlight." p. 314

5.This is the one that got my attention.  Remember, that this was
written in 1933.  Think how far medicine has advanced just since that
time. "Doubtless the low death rate of smallpox in recent years,
particularly in hospitals, is due to improvement of the general
treatment since the knowledge of hygiene and nursing has increased.
Smallpox, like the other exanthemata, is a self-limited disease
which,
if uncomplicated, RARELY CAUSES DEATH." ( Letters in bold are my
emphasis). p.323

After reading the above, I pulled out my old microbiology &pathology
text from my nursing school days - 20 years ago, to see what it had
to
say on the same subject.  Guess what, all of a sudden in the time
frame from 1933 to 1980's - smallpox had become a horrendous killer &
was EASILY spread by just breathing the air, remained contagious for
eons, killed most EVERYBODY that got it, &on &on it went.  Somehow
folks, something is wrong with this picture.   Please enlighten me!!

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RUBY ALERT:  Smallpox Vaccine Test Results from Baylor College of Medicine

Apparently, 'conspiracy stuff' is now shorthand for unspeakable truth. It is an article of faith that there are no conspiracies in American life. Yet, a year or so ago, who would have thought that most of corporate America had been conspiring with accountants to cook their books?'" -Gore Vidal

 

NOTE:

I lived and worked with Dr. Len Horowitz and his sweet family as his Communications Director during the release of book on global terrorism called, "DEATH IN THE AIR", the summer before 9/11.  He's a brilliant researcher dedicated to exposing the medical/military industrial complex... specifically the way they have created and deployed AIDS, West Nile and polio retroviruses through vaccines, "making a killing" on the creation and management of disease while practicing genocide on certain genotypes.  His preface to the following article is a must read warning.  Forward to Friends and family like their lives depend on it.  It may.  --CR

 

EXCERPT:

"In conclusion, as I wrote elsewhere and said often, if you see “first responders” coming to inoculate you with “cow pus,” which is virtually what the smallpox vaccination is in its purest unadulterated form, run away and hide."

 

Foreword by Leonard G. Horowitz, D.M.D., M.A., M.P.H.

The following article by Jon Rappoport is the first I've seen reporting the harmful and possibly devastating effects of the Bush administration’s rapidly advancing smallpox vaccination program. These results were previously predicted as expected outcomes by this author and many, many others.

I interject this foreword to alert you to the additional support cited below for the thesis raised earlier that the smallpox vaccination program is part of a genocidal agenda facilitated by the Bush administration’s “War on Terrorism” and their current efforts to “immunize” the population against smallpox and later anthrax.  In reality, this policy aims to induce chronic illness, additional healthcare expenditures (including pharmaceutical sales) and, ultimately, population reduction in America.  
http://i.am/jah/why.htm

Given the information below, and far more published elsewhere, this is certainly the anticipated outcome of this “preventative plan” for homeland insecurity. The “additional support,” I refer to, comes from identifying Baylor University and their College of Medicine as the site of this initial study.

The following information was compiled for the book Healing Codes for the Biological Apocalypse (Tetrahedron Publishing Group, 1999; www.tetrahedron.org; 1-888-508-4787) by this author along with Dr. Joseph Puleo. Based on reputable sources, Past President George H. W. Bush’s Secretary of State, James Baker III (Florida vote scam overseer for the current president), was reported to have owned part of the vaccine manufacturing company against whom ailing Gulf War veterans had filed a lawsuit. Moreover, Mr. Bush is said to have been a major shareholder in that company—Tanox Biosystems of Houston.

It is also well known that this past president, father to the current president, has served in an official capacity at Baylor University for some time. Not long before becoming CIA director, certain intelligence regarding Tanox’s collaborative studies with Baylor College of Medicine concerning Mycoplasma infections and related vaccinations was available to the  elder Bush.

Tanox was also closely linked to Dr. Shyh-Ching Lo, who, under employment by The Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, isolated and patented a “Pathogenic Mycoplasma” originally taken from an AIDS patient, that somehow contaminated many of the vaccines given to allied military personnel traveling to the Middle East in lieu of “Operation Desert Storm.” Only the French soldiers who did not receive the American made vaccines did not develop GWS during this earlier war with Iraq.

Further, what would seem inconceivable without seeing the documents reprinted in Healing Codes for the Biological Apocalypse, Tanox and Baylor College of Medicine first tested their Mycoplasma-infected vaccines on Huntsville, TX prisoners. As a result, the prisoners, and others in the community with whom the prisoners made contact, developed GWS long before the Gulf War. Thus, GWS could have been, and probably was, predicted and effected.

Furthermore, evidence compiled by lawyers for the class of people sickened by Mycoplasma incognitas and related illnesses, from Huntsville, Texas, revealed more astonishing documents. These, also published in Healing Codes for the Biological Apocalypse, showed that Baylor College of Medicine investigators collaborated on studies of vaccinated Huntsville prison inmates beginning in 1968. Mycoplasma inoculations, as well as Mycoplasma vaccination studies, were listed as having begun in 1970 under U.S. Army contracts. Incredibly, Baylor’s contract literally raised the specter of “ethnic cleansing” or racial genocide as it proved cervical cancer studies comparing Christian versus Muslim women, as well as Jewish versus Black women, were in progress.

Thus, to have this Bush administration authorized smallpox vaccine study be conducted at Baylor, where the senior Bush has served in an official capacity, with input from the Tanox-linked College of Medicine is chilling. This is especially so considering the fact that today, unlike the early 1970s when the early Mycoplasma studies began, Mycoplasma is now considered among the most common vaccine contaminants. It is also currently linked to the recent onset of pandemic Chronic Fatigue Immune Dysfunction Syndrome and many other illnesses, including certain expressions of HIV/AIDS.

In conclusion, as I wrote elsewhere and said often, if you see “first responders” coming to inoculate you with “cow pus,” which is virtually what the smallpox vaccination is in its purest unadulterated form, run away and hide.

 

--------------------------

article follows:

Monday, December 09, 2002

SMALLPOX VACCINE RESULTS ARE IN

By Jon Rappoport

DECEMBER 9. The first returns are in on the smallpox vaccine. A recent multi-center US government clinical trial on 200 “young adults” has been completed.

MSNBC reports. The volunteers who got the shot were VERY healthy to begin with. One researcher, Kathy Edwards, called them the “cr�me de la cr�me.”

Okay? So get this. “Yet when she [Edwards] inoculated them with smallpox vaccine, arms swelled, temperatures spiked and panic spread [at Baylor University]. It was the same at clinics in Iowa, Tennessee, and California.”

Stats: After the shot, one-third of the volunteers missed at least a day of work or school. 75 out of 200 experienced high fever. “Several were put on antibiotics because physicians worried that their blisters signaled a bacterial infection.”

Wow.

And look, smallpox is a VIRUS, and antibiotics DON’T WORK against viruses. So, in essence, the researchers were inferring that the vaccine SUPPRESSED THE IMMUNE SYSTEMS of the volunteers- --thus allowing bacterial infections to bloom suddenly---OR the vaccine was contaminated with bacteria to begin with.

Researcher Edwards, who headed up the study, said, “I can read all day about it [the adverse effects of the vaccine], but seeing it is quite impressive. The reactions we saw were really quite remarkable.”

When a researcher makes a comment like this, you know some very bad things are happening.

AND THIS WAS A POPULATION OF EXTREMELY HEALTHY VOLUNTEERS. YOUNG ADULTS WHO SHOULD BE AT THE VERY PEAK OF LIFE, WITH THEIR IMMUNE DEFENSES FULLY INTACT.

Of course, this story didn't get much play in the press. But the handwriting is on the wall. Anyone can see what'll happen if they start shooting up people by the millions with the vaccine.
For example, people who don't qualify as severely immune suppressed by any obvious assessment, but still do, in fact, have reduced immune capacity---AND THAT IS A WHOLE LOT OF PEOPLE.---these folks will be AT GREAT RISK from the vaccine.

This government study is KEY. Because later on, they will try to cover up the devastating effects of the vaccine. They will lie, distort, omit. But right now, here it is. Out in the open. The results, for all to see.

Let me tell you something. The CDC WANTED to release the results of this study. They wanted to go on the record now, before the stuff really hits the fan. They are very frightened of being nailed for killing people with the vaccine.

###

About the author: Jon Rappoport has worked as a free-lance investigative reporter for 20 years. He has written articles on politics, health, media, culture and art for LA Weekly, Spin Magazine, Stern, Village Voice, Nexus, CBS Healthwatch, and other newspapers and magazines in the US and Europe. His website is:
http://www.stratiawire.com

This article was provided courtesy of Dr. Leonard G. Horowitz and Tetrahedron Publishing Group 206 North 4th Avenue, Suite 147 Sandpoint, Idaho 83864 http://www.tetrahedron.org Toll free order line: 888-508-4787; Office telephone: 208-265-2575; FAX: 208-265-2775 E-mail: tetra@tetrahedron.org See also: http://www.c-cure.com http://www.tetraassoc.com http://www.originofaids.com http://www.deathintheair.com http://www.healingcelebrations.com http://www.americanreddoublecross.com http://www.prophecyandpreparedness.com

 

 

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