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Health?

 

10 Different Studies Reveal Women Initiate Domestic Violence More Often Than Men

So Congress implements the "Violence Against Women Act"!

What about men?

 

                           TITLE XVI - VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN
          SEC. 1600. SHORT TITLE.
            This title may be cited as the `Violence Against Women Act of
          1994`.
                          SUBTITLE A - SAFE STREETS FOR WOMEN
          SEC. 1601. SHORT TITLE.
            This subtitle may be cited as the `Safe Streets for Women Act of
          1994`.
          SEC. 1602. GRANTS TO COMBAT VIOLENT CRIMES AGAINST WOMEN.
            (a) In General  . - Title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe
          Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3711 et seq.) is amended by -
                (1) redesignating part Q as part R;
                (2) redesignating section 1701 as section 1801;
              and
                (3) adding after part P the following new part:
                `PART Q - GRANTS TO COMBAT VIOLENT CRIMES AGAINST WOMEN
          `SEC. 1701. PURPOSE OF THE PROGRAM AND GRANTS.
            `(a) General Program Purpose  . - The purpose of this part is to
          assist States, Indian tribes, and other eligible entities to
          develop effective law enforcement and prosecution strategies to
          combat violent crimes against women.
            `(b) Purposes for Which Grants May Be Used  . - Grants under this
          part shall provide funds for personnel, training, technical
          assistance, data collection and other equipment for the more
          widespread apprehension, prosecution, and adjudication of persons
          committing violent crimes against women to reduce the rate of
          violent crime against women and specifically, for the purposes of -
                `(1) training law enforcement officers and prosecutors to
              identify and respond more effectively to violent crimes against
              women, including crimes of sexual assault and domestic
              violence;
                `(2) developing, training, or expanding units of law
              enforcement officers and prosecutors that specifically target
              violent crimes against women, including the crimes of sexual
              assault and domestic violence;
                `(3) developing and implementing more effective police and
              prosecution policies, protocols, orders, or services
              specifically devoted to the prevention of, identification of,
              and response to violent crimes against women, including the
              crimes of sexual assault and domestic violence;
                `(4) developing, installing, or expanding data collection
              systems, including computerized systems, linking police,
              prosecutors, and courts or identifying and tracking arrests,
              protection orders, prosecutions, and convictions for the crimes
              of sexual assault and domestic violence;
                `(5) developing, enlarging, or strengthening victim services
              programs, including sexual assault and domestic violence
              programs, developing or improving delivery of victim services
              to racial, cultural, ethnic, and language minorities, providing
              specialized domestic violence court advocates in courts where a
              significant number of protective orders are granted, and
              increasing reporting and reducing attrition rates for cases
              involving violent crimes against women, including crimes of
              sexual assault and domestic violence; and
                `(6) aiding Indian tribe grantees, exclusively, in financing
              the Violence Against Women Act of 1994.
          `SEC. 1702. STATE GRANTS.
            `(a) General Grants  . - The Director of the Bureau of Justice
          Assistance (hereinafter in this part referred to as the `Director`)
          is authorized to make grants to States, Indian tribes, units of
          local government, tribal organizations, and nonprofit
          nongovernmental victim services programs in the States or Indian
          country.
            `(b) Application Requirements  . - Applications shall include -
                `(1) documentation from prosecution, law enforcement, and
              victim services programs to be assisted that demonstrates -
                    `(A) the need for grant funds;
                    `(B) the intended use of grant funds; and
                    `(C) the expected results;
                `(2) proof of compliance with the requirements for the
              payment of forensic medical exams provided pursuant to section
              1603 of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994, except that
              Indian tribes are exempt from such requirement; and
                `(3) proof of compliance with the requirements for paying
              filing and service fees for domestic violence cases pursuant to
              section 1604 of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994.
            `(c) Qualification  . - Upon satisfying the terms of subsection
          (b), an eligible entity shall be eligible for funds provided under
          this part by -
                `(1) certifying that funds received under this part shall be
              used for the purposes outlined in section 1701(b);
                `(2) certifying that grantees shall develop a plan, implement
              such plan, and otherwise consult and coordinate with nonprofit
              nongovernmental domestic violence and sexual assault victim
              services programs, law enforcement officials, victim advocates,
              prosecutors, and defense attorneys;
                `(3) providing documentation from the individuals and groups
              listed under paragraph (2) regarding their participation in
              development of a plan and involvement in the application
              process, as well as how such individuals and groups will be
              involved in implementation of the plan;
                `(4) providing assurances that the plan developed under
              paragraph (2) shall meet the needs of racial, cultural, ethnic,
              and language minority populations;
                `(5) providing assurances that prosecution, law enforcement,
              and nonprofit nongovernmental victim services programs in the
              community to be served by such plan each receive an equitable
              percentage of any funds allocated under this part; and
                `(6) providing assurances that any Federal funds received
              under this part shall be used to supplement, not supplant,
              non-Federal funds that would otherwise be available for
              activities funded under this part.
            `(d) Disbursement of Funds  . -
                `(1) In general  . - Not later than 60 days after the receipt
          of an application under this part, the Director shall either
          disburse the appropriate sums provided for under this part or shall
          inform the applicant regarding why the application does not conform
          to the requirements of this section.
                `(2) Responsibility of director  . - In disbursing funds
          under this part, the Director shall issue regulations -
                    `(A) to distribute funds equitably on a geographic basis,
                  including nonurban and rural areas of varying geographic
                  size; and
                    `(B) give priority to areas of varying geographic size
                  with the greatest showing of need based on the availability
                  of existing domestic violence and sexual assault programs
                  in the population and geographic area to be served in
                  relation to the availability of such programs in other such
                  populations and geographic areas.
            `(e) Grantee Reporting  . - (1) Not later than March 31 of each
          year during which funds are received under this part, the grantee
          shall file a performance report with the Director explaining the
          activities carried out together with an assessment of the
          effectiveness of such activities in achieving the purposes of this
          part.
            `(2) The grantee shall arrange for assessments of the grantee`s
          program from all organizations and government entities that were
          involved in the design of the grant plan.
            `(3) Such assessments must be sent directly to the Director by
          the assessing entity.
            `(f) Suspension of Funding  . - The Director shall suspend
          funding for an approved application if -
                `(1) an applicant fails to submit an annual performance
              report;
                `(2) funds provided under this part are expended for purposes
              other than those set forth under this part; or
                `(3) grant reports or accompanying assessments demonstrate to
              the Director that the program is ineffective or financially
              unsound.
          `SEC. 1703. GENERAL DEFINITIONS.
            `For purposes of this part -
                `(1) the term `domestic violence` means crimes of violence
              committed against a victim by a current or former spouse of the
              victim, an individual with whom the victim shares a child in
              common, an individual who is cohabiting with or has cohabited
              with the victim as a spouse, an individual similarly situated
              to a spouse, or any other individual who is protected under
              domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction that
              receives a grant under this part;
                `(2) the term `eligible entity` means a State, unit of local
              government, Indian tribe, and a nonprofit, nongovernmental
              victims services program;
                `(3) the term `Indian tribe` means any Indian tribe, band,
              nation, or other organized group or community, including any
              Alaska Native village or regional or village corporation (as
              defined in, or established pursuant to, the Alaska Native
              Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601, et seq.)), which is
              recognized as eligible for the special services provided by the
              United States to Indians because of their status as Indians;
                `(4) the term `Indian country` has the meaning given to such
              term by section 1151 of title 18, United States Code;
                `(5) the term `sexual assault` means any conduct proscribed
              by chapter 109A of title 18, United States Code, whether or not
              the conduct occurs in the special maritime and territorial
              jurisdiction of the United States or in a Federal prison and
              includes both assaults committed by offenders who are strangers
              to the victim and assaults committed by offenders who are known
              or related by blood or marriage to the victim; and
                `(6) the term `victim services program` means a
              nongovernmental nonprofit program that assists domestic
              violence or sexual assault victims, including nongovernmental
              nonprofit organizations such as rape crisis centers, battered
              women`s shelters, and other sexual assault and domestic
              violence programs, including nonprofit nongovernmental
              organizations assisting domestic violence and sexual assault
              victims through the legal process.
          `SEC. 1704. GENERAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS.
            `(a) Nonmonetary Assistance  . - In addition to the assistance
          provided under section 1702, the Attorney General may request any
          Federal agency, with or without reimbursement, to use its
          authorities and the resources granted to it under Federal law
          (including personnel, equipment, supplies, facilities, and
          managerial, technical, and advisory services) to support State,
          tribal, and local assistance efforts under this part.
            `(b) Bureau Reporting  . - Not later than 180 days after the end
          of each fiscal year for which grants are made under this part, the
          Director shall submit to the Congress a report that includes, for
          each State and Indian tribe -
                `(1) the amount of grants made under this part;
                `(2) a summary of the purposes for which grants were provided
              and an evaluation of progress; and
                `(3) an evaluation of the effectiveness of programs
              established with funds under this part.`.
            (b) Authorization of Appropriations  . - Section 1001(a) of title
          I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42
          U.S.C. 3793), is amended by adding at the end the following:
            `(12) There are authorized to be appropriated for each of the
          fiscal years 1994 and 1995, $200,000,000 to carry out the purposes
          of part Q, with not less than 8 percent of such appropriation
          allotted specifically for Indian tribes.`.
            (c) Administrative Provisions. - (1) Section 801(b) of title I of
          the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 is amended
          by striking `and O` and inserting `O, Q,`.
            (2) Section 802(b) of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and
          Safe Streets Act of 1968 is amended by striking `or O` and
          inserting `O, Q,`.. - The table of contents of title I of
          the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C.
          3711 et seq.) is amended by striking the matter relating to part Q
          and inserting the following:
                 `PART Q - GRANT TO COMBAT VIOLENT CRIMES AGAINST WOMEN
          `Sec. 1701. Purpose of the program and grants.
          `Sec. 1702. State grants.
          `Sec. 1703. General definitions.
          `Sec. 1704. General terms and conditions.
                     `PART R - TRANSITION; EFFECTIVE DATE; REPEALER
          `Sec. 1801. Continuation of rules, authorities, and proceedings.`.
          SEC. 1603. RAPE EXAM PAYMENTS.
            (a) Restriction of Funds  . - No State is entitled to funds under
          this title unless the State incurs the full out of pocket cost of
          forensic medical exams described in subsection (b) for victims of
          sexual assault.
            (b) Medical Costs  . - A State shall be deemed to incur the full
          out of pocket cost of forensic medical exams for victims of sexual
          assault if such State -
                (1) provides such exams to victims free of charge to the
              victim;
                (2) arranges for victims to obtain such exams free of charge
              to the victims; or
                (3) reimburses victims for the cost of such exams, if -
                    (A) the reimbursement covers the full cost of such exams,
                  without any deductible requirement or limit on the amount
                  of a reimbursement;
                    (B) the State permits victims to apply to the State for
                  reimbursement for not less than one year from the date of
                  the exam;
                    (C) the State provides reimbursement not later than 90
                  days after written notification of the victim`s expense;
                  and
                    (D) the State provides information at the time of the
                  exam to all victims, including victims with limited or no
                  English proficiency, regarding how to obtain reimbursement.
          SEC. 1604. FILING COSTS FOR CRIMINAL CHARGES.
            No State is entitled to funds under this title unless the State
          certifies that their laws, policies, and practices do not require,
          in connection with the prosecution of any misdemeanor or felony
          domestic violence offense, that the abused bear the costs
          associated with the filing of criminal charges against the domestic
          violence offender, or that the abused bear the costs associated
          with the issuance or service of a warrant, protection order, or
          witness subpoena.
          SEC. 1605. EQUITABLE TREATMENT OF RAPE CASES.
            No State is entitled to funds under this title unless the State
          can certify that its laws and policies treat sex offenses committed
          by offenders who are known to, cohabitants of, social companions
          of, or related by blood or marriage to, the victim no less severely
          than sex offenses committed by offenders who are strangers to the
          victim.
          SEC. 1606. EDUCATION AND PREVENTION GRANTS TO REDUCE SEXUAL
                        ASSAULTS AGAINST WOMEN.
            (a) In General  . - Title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe
          Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3711 et seq.), as amended by section
          1602, is further amended by -
                (1) redesignating part R as part S;
                (2) redesignating section 1801 as section 1901;
              and
                (3) adding after part Q the following new part:
                           `PART R - RAPE PREVENTION PROGRAMS
          `SEC. 1801. GRANT AUTHORIZATION.
            `The Director of the Bureau of Justice Assistance (referred to in
          this part as the `Director`) is authorized to make grants -
                `(1) to provide educational seminars, particularly developed
              with emphasis on seminars for elementary and secondary school
              age children, designed to develop an awareness of what acts
              meet the legal definition of rape;
                `(2) to provide programs for elementary and secondary school
              age children that teach nonviolent conflict resolution, self
              defense, or other relevant skills;
                `(3) to operate telephone hotlines for callers with questions
              regarding sexual assault and rape;
                `(4) to design and disseminate training programs for
              professionals, including the development and dissemination of
              protocols for the routine identification, treatment, and
              appropriate referral of victims of sexual assault by hospital
              emergency personnel and other professionals;
                `(5) to develop treatment programs for convicted sex
              offenders and make such programs available to the local
              community and to Federal and State prisons;
                `(6) to prepare and disseminate informational materials
              designed to educate the community regarding sexual assault and
              prevention; and
                `(7) to develop other projects to increase awareness and
              prevention of sexual assault, including efforts to increase
              awareness of sexual assault prevention among racial, ethnic,
              cultural and language minorities.
          `SEC. 1802. APPLICATIONS.
            `(a) In General  . - To be eligible to receive a grant under this
          part, a duly authorized representative of an eligible entity shall
          submit an application to the Director in such form and containing
          such information as the Director may reasonably require.
            `(b) Assurances  . - Each application must contain an assurance
          that Federal funds received under this part shall be used to
          supplement, not supplant, non-Federal funds that would otherwise be
          available for activities funded under this part.
            `(c) Required Plan  . - Each application shall include a plan
          that contains -
                `(1) a description of the projects to be developed;
                `(2) a description of how funds would be spent;
                `(3) a statement of staff qualifications and demonstrated
              expertise in the field of rape prevention and education; and
                `(4) a statement regarding the ability to serve community
              needs and language minority populations in providing ethnically
              and culturally and linguistically appropriate programs where
              necessary.
          `SEC. 1803. REPORTS.
            `(a) Grantee Reporting  . - Upon completion of the grant period
          under this subpart, each grantee shall file a performance report
          with the Director explaining the activities carried out together
          with an assessment of the effectiveness of such activities in
          achieving the purposes of this subpart.  The Director shall suspend
          funding for an approved application if an applicant fails to submit
          an annual performance report.
            `(b) Bureau Reporting  . - Not later than 180 days after the end
          of each fiscal year for which grants are made under this subpart,
          the Director shall submit to the Congress a report that includes,
          for each grantee -
                `(1) the amount of grants made under this subpart;
                `(2) a summary of the purposes for which grants were provided
              and an evaluation of progress; and
                `(3) an evaluation of the effectiveness of programs
              established with funds under this part.
          `SEC. 1804. DEFINITIONS.
            `For purposes of this part -
                `(1) the term `eligible entity` means a nonprofit,
              nongovernmental organization that directly serves or provides
              advocacy on behalf of victims of rape or sexual assault; and
                `(2) the term `sexual assault prevention and education` means
              education and prevention efforts directed at reducing the
              number of sexual assaults.`.
            (b) Authorization of Appropriation. - Section 1001(a) of title I
          of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42
          U.S.C. 3793), is amended by adding at the end the following:
            `(13) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out the
          purposes of part R, $60,000,000 for fiscal year 1994, $75,000,000
          for fiscal year 1995, and $100,000,000 for fiscal year 1996.`.
            (c) Administrative Provisions. - (1) Section 801(b) of title I of
          the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, as amended
          by section 1602 of this Act, is amended by striking `O, and Q` and
          inserting `O, Q, and R`.
            (2) Section 802(b) of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and
          Safe Streets Act of 1968, as amended by section 1602 of this Act,
          is amended by striking `O, or Q` and inserting `O, Q, or R`.
            (d) Conforming Amendment  . - The table of contents of title I of
          the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C.
          3711 et seq.), as amended by section 1602, is amended by striking
          the matter relating to part R and inserting the following:
                           `PART R - RAPE PREVENTION PROGRAMS
          `Sec. 1801. Grant authorization.
          `Sec. 1802. Applications.
          `Sec. 1803. Reports.
          `Sec. 1804. Definitions.
                     `PART S - TRANSITION; EFFECTIVE DATE; REPEALER
          and proceedings.`.
          SEC. 1607. NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF JUSTICE TRAINING PROGRAMS.
            (a) In General  . - The National Institute of Justice, after
          consultation with victim advocates and individuals who have
          expertise in treating sex offenders, shall establish criteria and
          develop training programs to assist probation and parole officers
          and other personnel who work with released sex offenders in the
          areas of -
                (1) case management;
                (2) supervision; and
                (3) relapse prevention.
            (b) Training Programs  . - The Director of the National Institute
          of Justice shall attempt, to the extent practicable, to make
          training programs developed under subsection (a) available in
          geographically diverse locations throughout the country.
            (c) Authorization of Appropriations  . - There is authorized to
          be appropriated $1,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1994 and
          1995 to carry out the provisions of this section.
          SEC. 1608. INFORMATION PROGRAMS.
            The Attorney General shall compile information regarding sex
          offender treatment programs and ensure that information regarding
          community treatment programs in the community into which a
          convicted sex offender is released is made available to each person
          serving a sentence of imprisonment in a Federal penal or
          correctional institution for a commission of an offense under
          chapter 109A of title 18 of the United States Code or for the
          commission of a similar offense, including halfway houses and
          psychiatric institutions.
          SEC. 1609. VICTIM COMPENSATION.
            (a) In General  . - Chapter 109A of title 18, United States Code,
          is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
          `Sec. 2247. Mandatory restitution for sex offenses
            `(a) In General  . - Notwithstanding section 3663 of this title,
          and in addition to any other civil or criminal penalty authorized
          by law, the court shall order restitution for any offense under
          this chapter.
            `(b) Scope and Nature of Order. -
                `(1) In general  . - The order of restitution under this
          section shall direct that -
                    `(A) the defendant pay to the victim the full amount of
                  the victim`s losses as determined by the court, pursuant to
                  paragraph (3) of this subsection; and
                    `(B) the United States Attorney enforce the restitution
                  order by all available and reasonable means.
                `(2) Definitions  . - As used in this subsection, the term
          `full amount of the victim`s losses` includes any costs incurred by
          the victim for -
                    `(A) medical services relating to physical, psychiatric,
                  or psychological care;
                    `(B) physical and occupational therapy or rehabilitation;
                    `(C) lost income;
                    `(D) attorneys` fees, plus any costs incurred in
                  obtaining a civil protection order;
                    `(E) temporary housing;
                    `(F) transportation;
                    `(G) necessary child care;
                    `(H) language translation services; and
                    `(I) any other losses suffered by the victim as a
                  proximate result of the offense.
                `(3) Mandatory nature of order  . - (A) Restitution orders
          under this section are mandatory.  A court may not decline to issue
          an order under this section because of -
                    `(i) the economic circumstances of the defendant; or
                    `(ii) the fact that a victim has, or is entitled to,
                  receive compensation for his or her injuries from the
                  proceeds of insurance or any other source.
                `(B) Subparagraph (A) of this paragraph does not apply if -
                    `(i) the court finds on the record that the economic
                  circumstances of the defendant do not allow for the payment
                  of any amount of a restitution order, and do not allow for
                  the payment of any amount of a restitution order in the
                  foreseeable future (under any reasonable schedule of
                  payments); and
                    `(ii) the court enters in its order the amount of the
                  victim`s losses, and provides a nominal restitution award.
                `(4) Consideration of economic circumstances  . -
                    `(A) In general  . - Notwithstanding paragraph (3) of
          this subsection, the court may take into account the economic
          circumstances of the defendant in determining the manner in which
          and the schedule according to which the restitution is to be paid,
          including -
                        `(i) the financial resources and other assets of the
                      defendant;
                        `(ii) projected earnings, earning capacity, and other
                      income of the defendant; and
                        `(iii) any financial obligations of the defendant,
                      including obligations to dependents.
                    `(B) Lump-sum or partial payment  . - An order under this
          section may direct the defendant to make a single lump-sum payment
          or partial payments at specified intervals.  The order shall also
          provide that the defendant`s restitutionary obligation takes
          priority over any criminal fine ordered.
                `(5) Setoff  . - Any amount paid to a victim under this
          section shall be set off against any amount later recovered as
          compensatory damages by the victim from the defendant in -
                    `(A) any Federal civil proceeding; and
                    `(B) any State civil proceeding, to the extent provided
                  by the law of the State.
            `(c) Proof of Claim  . -
                `(1) In general  . - Within 60 days after conviction and, in
          any event, no later than 10 days prior to sentencing, the United
          States Attorney (or delegate), after consulting with the victim,
          shall prepare and file an affidavit with the court listing the
          amounts subject to restitution under this section.  The affidavit
          shall be signed by the United States Attorney (or delegate) and the
          victim.  Should the victim object to any of the information
          included in the affidavit, the United States Attorney (or delegate)
          shall advise the victim that the victim may file a separate
          affidavit.
                `(2) Objections  . - If, after notifying the defendant of the
          affidavit, no objection is raised by the defendant, the amounts
          attested to in the affidavit filed pursuant to paragraph (1) of
          this subsection shall be entered in the court`s restitution order.
          If objection is raised, the court may require the victim or the
          United States Attorney (or such Attorney`s delegate) to submit
          further affidavits or other supporting documents, demonstrating the
          victim`s losses.
                `(3) Additional documentation and testimony  . - If the court
          concludes, after reviewing the supporting documentation and
          considering the defendant`s objections, that there is a substantial
          reason for doubting the authenticity or veracity of the records
          submitted, the court may require additional documentation or hear
          testimony on those questions.  The privacy of any records filed, or
          testimony heard, pursuant to this section, shall be maintained to
          the greatest extent possible.
                `(4) Final determination of losses  . - In the event that the
          victim`s losses are not ascertainable 10 days prior to sentencing
          as provided in subsection (c)(1) of this section, the United States
          Attorney (or delegate) shall so inform the court, and the court
          shall set a date for the final determination of the victim`s
          losses, not to exceed 90 days after sentencing.  If the victim
          subsequently discovers further losses, the victim shall have 60
          days after discovery of those losses in which to petition the court
          for an amended restitution order.  Such order may be granted only
          upon a showing of good cause for the failure to include such losses
          in the initial claim for restitutionary relief.`.
            (b) Table of Sections  . - The table of sections at the beginning
          of chapter 109A of title 18, United States Code, is amended by
          adding at the end the following:
          `2247. Mandatory restitution for sex offenses.`.
          SEC. 1610. CAMPUS SEXUAL ASSAULT STUDY.
            (a) Study. - The Attorney General shall provide for a national
          baseline study to examine the scope of the problem of campus sexual
          assaults and the effectiveness of institutional and legal policies
          in addressing such crimes and protecting victims.  The Attorney
          General may utilize the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National
          Institute of Justice, and the Office for Victims of Crime in
          carrying out this section.
            (b) Report. - Based on the study required by subsection (a), the
          Attorney General shall prepare a report including an analysis of -
                (1) the number of reported allegations and estimated number
              of unreported allegations of campus sexual assaults, and to
              whom the allegations are reported (including authorities of the
              educational institution, sexual assault victim service
              entities, and local criminal authorities);
                (2) the number of campus sexual assault allegations reported
              to authorities of educational institutions which are reported
              to criminal authorities;
                (3) the number of campus sexual assault allegations that
              result in criminal prosecution in comparison with the number of
              noncampus sexual assault allegations that result in criminal
              prosecution;
                (4) Federal and State laws or regulations pertaining
              specifically to campus sexual assaults;
                (5) the adequacy of policies and practices of educational
              institutions in addressing campus sexual assaults and
              protecting victims, including consideration of -
                    (A) the security measures in effect at educational
                  institutions, such as utilization of campus police and
                  security guards, control over access to grounds and
                  buildings, supervision of student activities and student
                  living arrangements, control over the consumption of
                  alcohol by students, lighting, and the availability of
                  escort services;
                    (B) the articulation and communication to students of the
                  institution`s policies concerning sexual assaults;
                    (C) policies and practices that may prevent or discourage
                  the reporting of campus sexual assaults to local criminal
                  authorities, or that may otherwise obstruct justice or
                  interfere with the prosecution of perpetrators of campus
                  sexual assaults;
                    (D) the nature and availability of victim services for
                  victims of campus sexual assaults;
                    (E) the ability of educational institutions` disciplinary
                  processes to address allegations of sexual assault
                  adequately and fairly;
                    (F) measures that are taken to ensure that victims are
                  free of unwanted contact with alleged assailants, and
                  disciplinary sanctions that are imposed when a sexual
                  assault is determined to have occurred; and
                    (G) the grounds on which educational institutions are
                  subject to lawsuits based on campus sexual assaults, the
                  resolution of these cases, and measures that can be taken
                  to avoid the likelihood of lawsuits;
                (6) an assessment of the policies and practices of
              educational institutions that are most effective in addressing
              campus sexual assaults and protecting victims, including
              policies and practices relating to the particular issues
              described in paragraph (5); and
                (7) any recommendations the Attorney General may have for
              reforms to address campus sexual assaults and protect victims
              more effectively, and any other matters that the Attorney
              General deems relevant to the subject of the study and report
              required by this section.
            (c) Submission of Report  . - The report required by subsection
          (b) shall be submitted to the Committees on Education and Labor and
          the Judiciary of the House of Representatives and the Committees on
          Labor and Human Resources and the Judiciary of the Senate not later
          than September 1, 1995.
            (d) Definition  . - For purposes of this subtitle, `campus sexual
          assaults` means sexual assaults committed against or by students or
          employees of institutions of postsecondary education and occurring
          at such institutions or during activities connected with such
          institutions.
            (e) Authorization of Appropriations  . - There is authorized to
          be appropriated $200,000 to carry out the study required by this
          section.
                           SUBTITLE B - SAFE HOMES FOR WOMEN
          SEC. 1621. SHORT TITLE.
            This subtitle may be cited as the `Safe Homes for Women Act`.
          SEC. 1622. INTERSTATE ENFORCEMENT.
            (a) In General  . - Part I of title 18, United States Code, is
          amended by inserting after chapter 110 the following new chapter:
                           `CHAPTER 110A - DOMESTIC VIOLENCE
          `Sec. 2261. Interstate domestic violence.
          `Sec. 2262. Violation of protection order.
          `Sec. 2263. Pretrial release of defendant.
          `Sec. 2264. Restitution.
          `Sec. 2265. Full faith and credit given to protection orders.
          `Sec. 2266. Definitions for chapter.
          `Sec. 2261. Interstate domestic violence
            `(a) Whoever travels across a State line or enters or leaves
          Indian country with the intent to contact that person`s spouse or
          intimate partner, and in the course of that contact intentionally
          commits a crime of violence and thereby causes bodily injury to
          such spouse or intimate partner, shall be punished as provided in
          subsection (b) of this section.
            `(b) The punishment for a violation of subsection (a) of this
          section is a fine under this title, or imprisonment -
                `(1) for life or any term of years, if the offender murders
              the victim;
                `(2) for not more than 20 years, if the offender causes
              serious bodily injury to the victim;
                `(3) for not more than 10 years, if the offender uses a
              dangerous weapon during the offense;
                `(4) as provided for the applicable conduct under chapter
              109A, if the offense constitutes sexual abuse, as described
              under chapter 109A (without regard to whether the offense was
              committed in the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction
              of the United States or in a Federal prison); and
                `(5) for not more than 5 years, in any other case;
          or both such fine and imprisonment.
          `Sec. 2262. Violation of protection order
            `(a) Whoever travels across a State line or enters or leaves
          Indian country with the intent to engage in conduct that -
                `(1)(A) violates a protection order, any portion of which
              involves protection against credible threats of violence,
              repeated harassment, or bodily injury, to the person or persons
              for whom the protection order was issued, and -
                `(B) violates that portion of such protection order; or
                `(2) would violate paragraph (1) of this subsection if the
              conduct occurred in the jurisdiction in which such order was
              issued;
          and does engage in such conduct shall be punished as provided in
          subsection (b) of this section.
            `(b) The punishment for a violation of subsection (a) of this
          section is a fine under this title, or imprisonment -
                `(1) for life or any term of years, if the offender murders
              the victim;
                `(2) for not more than 20 years, if the offender causes
              serious bodily injury to the victim;
                `(3) for not more than 10 years, if the offender uses a
              dangerous weapon during the offense;
                `(4) as provided for the applicable conduct under chapter
              109A, if the offense constitutes sexual abuse, as described
              under chapter 109A (without regard to whether the offense was
              committed in the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction
              of the United States or in a Federal prison); and
                `(5) for not more than 5 years, in any other case;
          or both such fine and imprisonment.
          `Sec. 2263. Pretrial release of defendant
            `In any proceeding pursuant to section 3142 of this title for the
          purpose of determining whether a defendant charged under this
          chapter shall be released pending trial, or for the purpose of
          determining conditions of such release, the alleged victim shall be
          given an opportunity to be heard regarding the danger posed by the
          defendant.
          `Sec. 2264. Restitution
            `(a) In General  . - In addition to any fine or term of
          imprisonment provided under this chapter, and notwithstanding the
          terms of section 3663 of this title, the court shall order
          restitution to the victim of an offense under this chapter.
            `(b) Scope and Nature of Order. -
                `(1) In general  . - The order of restitution under this
          section shall direct that -
                    `(A) the defendant pay to the victim the full amount of
                  the victim`s losses as determined by the court, pursuant to
                  paragraph (3) of this subsection; and
                    `(B) the United States Attorney enforce the restitution
                  order by all available and reasonable means.
                `(2) Definition  . - As used in this subsection, the term
          `full amount of the victim`s losses` includes any costs incurred by
          the victim for -
                    `(A) medical services relating to physical, psychiatric,
                  or psychological care;
                    `(B) physical and occupational therapy or rehabilitation;
                    `(C) lost income;
                      D) attorneys` fees, plus any costs incurred in
                  obtaining a civil protection order;
                    `(E) temporary housing;
                    `(F) transportation;
                    `(G) necessary child care;
                    `(H) language translation services; and
                    `(I) any other losses suffered by the victim as a
                  proximate result of the offense.
                `(3) Mandatory nature of order  . - (A) Restitution orders
          under this section are mandatory.  A court may not decline to issue
          an order under this section because of -
                    `(i) the economic circumstances of the defendant; or
                    `(ii) the fact that a victim has, or is entitled to,
                  receive compensation for his or her injuries from the
                  proceeds of insurance or any other source.
                `(B) Subparagraph (A) of this paragraph does not apply if -
                    `(i) the court finds on the record that the economic
                  circumstances of the defendant do not allow for the payment
                  of any amount of a restitution order, and do not allow for
                  the payment of any amount of a restitution order in the
                  foreseeable future (under any reasonable schedule of
                  payments); and
                    `(ii) the court enters in its order the amount of the
                  victim`s losses, and provides a nominal restitution award.
                `(4) Consideration of economic circumstances. -
                    `(A) In general  . - Notwithstanding paragraph (3) of
          this subsection, the court may take into account the economic
          circumstances of the defendant in determining the manner in which
          and the schedule according to which the restitution is to be paid,
          including -
                        `(i) the financial resources and other assets of the
                      defendant;
                        `(ii) projected earnings, earning capacity, and other
                      income of the defendant; and
                        `(iii) any financial obligations of the offender,
                      including obligations to dependents.
                    `(B) Lump-sum or partial payment  . - An order under this
          section may direct the defendant to make a single lump-sum payment,
          or partial payments at specified intervals.  The order shall
          provide that the defendant`s restitutionary obligation takes
          priority over any criminal fine ordered.
                `(5) Setoff  . - Any amount paid to a victim under this
          section shall be setoff against any amount later recovered as
          compensatory damages by the victim from the defendant in -
                    `(A) any Federal civil proceeding; and
                    `(B) any State civil proceeding, to the extent provided
                  by the law of the State.
            `(c) Proof of Claim  . -
                `(1) In general  . - Within 60 days after conviction and, in
          any event, no later than 10 days before sentencing, the United
          States Attorney (or such Attorney`s delegate), after consulting
          with the victim, shall prepare and file an affidavit with the court
          listing the amounts subject to restitution under this section.  The
          affidavit shall be signed by the United States Attorney (or the
          delegate) and the victim.  Should the victim object to any of the
          information included in the affidavit, the United States Attorney
          (or the delegate) shall advise the victim that the victim may file
          a separate affidavit and assist the victim in the preparation of
          that affidavit.
                `(2) Objections  . - If, after notifying the defendant of the
          affidavit, no objection is raised by the defendant, the amounts
          attested to in the affidavit filed pursuant to paragraph (1) of
          this subsection shall be entered in the court`s restitution order.
          If objection is raised, the court may require the victim or the
          United States Attorney (or such Attorney`s delegate) to submit
          further affidavits or other supporting documents, demonstrating the
          victim`s losses.
                `(3) Additional documentation or testimony  . - If the court
          concludes, after reviewing the supporting documentation and
          considering the defendant`s objections, that there is a substantial
          reason for doubting the authenticity or veracity of the records
          submitted, the court may require additional documentation or hear
          testimony on those questions.  The privacy of any records filed, or
          testimony heard, pursuant to this section, shall be maintained to
          the greatest extent possible.
                `(4) Final determination of losses  . - In the event that the
          victim`s losses are not ascertainable 10 days before sentencing as
          provided in paragraph (1) of this subsection, the United States
          Attorney (or such Attorney`s delegate) shall so inform the court,
          and the court shall set a date for the final determination of the
          victim`s losses, not to exceed 90 days after sentencing.  If the
          victim subsequently discovers further losses, the victim shall have
          90 days after discovery of those losses in which to petition the
          court for an amended restitution order.  Such order may be granted
          only upon a showing of good cause for the failure to include such
          losses in the initial claim for restitutionary relief.
            `(d) Restitution and Criminal Penalties  . - An award of
          restitution to the victim of an offense under this chapter is not a
          substitute for imposition of punishment under this chapter.
          `Sec. 2265. Full faith and credit given to protection orders
            `(a) Full Faith and Credit  . - Any protection order issued that
          is consistent with subsection (b) of this section by the court of
          one State or Indian tribe (the issuing State or Indian tribe) shall
          be accorded full faith and credit by the court of another State or
          Indian tribe (the enforcing State or Indian tribe) and enforced as
          if it were the order of the enforcing State or tribe.
            `(b) Protection Order  . - A protection order issued by a State
          or tribal court is consistent with this subsection if -
                `(1) such court has jurisdiction over the parties and matter
              under the law of such State or Indian tribe; and
                `(2) reasonable notice and opportunity to be heard is given
              to the person against whom the order is sought sufficient to
              protect that person`s right to due process.  In the case of ex
              parte orders, notice and opportunity to be heard must be
              provided within the time required by State or tribal law, and
              in any event within a reasonable time after the order is
              issued, sufficient to protect the respondent`s due process
              rights.
            `(c) Cross or Counter Petition  . - A protection order issued by
          a State or tribal court against one who has petitioned, filed a
          complaint, or otherwise filed a written pleading for protection
          against abuse by a spouse or intimate partner is not entitled to
          full faith and credit if -
                `(1) no cross or counter petition, complaint, or other
              written pleading was filed seeking such a protection order; or
                `(2) a cross or counter petition has been filed and the court
              did not make specific findings that each party was entitled to
              such an order.
          `Sec. 2266. Definitions for chapter
            `As used in this chapter -
                `(1) the term `spouse or intimate partner` includes -
                    `(A) a spouse, a former spouse, a person who shares a
                  child in common with the abuser, a person who cohabits or
                  has cohabited with the abuser as a spouse, and any other
                  person similarly situated to a spouse; and
                    `(B) any other person, other than a minor child, who is
                  protected by the domestic or family violence laws of the
                  State in which the injury occurred or where the victim
                  resides;
                `(2) the term `protection order` includes any injunction or
              other order issued for the purpose of preventing violent or
              threatening acts by one spouse against his or her spouse,
              former spouse, or intimate partner, including temporary and
              final orders issued by civil and criminal courts (other than
              support or child custody orders) whether obtained by filing an
              independent action or as a pendente lite order in another
              proceeding so long as any civil order was issued in response to
              a complaint, petition or motion filed by or on behalf of an
              abused spouse or intimate partner;
                `(3) the term `State` includes a State of the United States,
              the District of Columbia, a commonwealth, territory, or
              possession of the United States;
                `(4) the term `travel across State lines` does not include
              travel across State lines by an individual who is a member of
              an Indian tribe when such individual remains at all times in
              the territory of the Indian tribe of which the individual is a
              member;
              m` means any act, except one done in
              self-defense, that results in physical injury or sexual abuse;
              and
                `(6) the term `Indian country` has the meaning given to such
              term by section 1151 of this title.`.
            (b) Table of Chapters  . - The table of chapters at the beginning
          of part I of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting
          after the item for chapter 110 the following new item:
          `110A. Domestic violence                                     2261.`.
          SEC. 1623. ENCOURAGING ARREST POLICIES.
            (a) In General  . - Title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe
          Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3711 et seq.), as amended by section
          1606, is further amended by -
                (1) redesignating part S as part T;
                (2) redesignating section 1901 as section 2001; and
                (3) adding after part R the following new part:
                     `PART S - GRANTS TO ENCOURAGE ARREST POLICIES
          `SEC. 1901. ARREST POLICIES.
            `(a) General Program Purpose  . - The purpose of this part is to
          encourage States, Indian tribes, and units of local government to
          treat domestic violence as a serious violation of criminal law.
          The Director of the Bureau of Justice Assistance may make grants to
          eligible States, Indian tribes, or units of local government for
          the following:
                `(1) To implement mandatory arrest or proarrest programs,
              including mandatory arrest programs for protective order
              violations.
                `(2) To develop policies, and training in police departments
              to improve tracking of cases involving domestic violence.
                `(3) To centralize and coordinate police enforcement,
              prosecution, or judicial responsibility for domestic violence
              cases in groups or units of police officers, prosecutors, or
              judges.
                `(4) To strengthen legal advocacy service programs for
              victims of domestic violence.
                `(5) To educate judges in criminal and other courts about
              domestic violence and to improve judicial handling of such
              cases.
            `(b) Eligibility  . - Eligible grantees are States, Indian
          tribes, or units of local government that -
                `(1) certify that their laws or official policies -
                    `(A)(i) encourage or mandate arrest of domestic violence
                  offenders based on probable cause that violence has been
                  committed; or
                    `(ii) certify that all their law enforcement personnel
                  have received domestic violence training conducted by a
                  State Domestic Violence Coalition as defined in section
                  10410(b) of title 42, United States Code; and
                    `(B) mandate arrest of domestic violence offenders who
                  violate the terms of a valid and outstanding protection
                  order;
                `(2) demonstrate that their laws, policies, or practices, and
              training programs discourage dual arrests of offender and
              victim;
                `(3) certify that their laws, policies, and practices
              prohibit issuance of mutual restraining orders of protection
              except in cases where both spouses file a claim and the court
              makes detailed finding of fact indicating that both spouses
              acted primarily as aggressors and that neither spouse acted
              primarily in self-defense;
                `(4) certify that their laws, policies, and practices do not
              require, in connection with the prosecution of any misdemeanor
              or felony domestic violence offense, that the abused bear the
              costs associated with the filing of criminal charges or the
              service of such charges on an abuser, or that the abused bear
              the costs associated with the issuance or service of a warrant,
              protection order, or witness subpoena; and
                `(5) certify that their laws and policies treat sex offenses
              committed by offenders who are known to, cohabitants of, or
              social companions of or related by blood or marriage to, the
              victim no less severely than sex offenses committed by
              offenders who are strangers to the victim.
          `SEC. 1902. APPLICATIONS.
            `(a) Application  . - An eligible grantee shall submit an
          application to the Director that shall -
                `(1) describe plans to implement policies described in
              subsection (b);
                `(2) identify the agency or office or groups of agencies or
              offices responsible for carrying out the program; and
                `(3) include documentation from nonprofit, private sexual
              assault and domestic violence programs demonstrating their
              participation in developing the application, and identifying
              such programs in which such groups will be consulted for
              development and implementation.
            `(b) Priority  . - In awarding grants under this part, the
          Director shall give priority to an applicant that -
                `(1) does not currently provide for centralized handling of
              cases involving domestic violence by policy, prosecutors, and
              courts; and
                `(2) demonstrates a commitment to strong enforcement of laws,
              and prosecution of cases, involving domestic violence.
          `SEC. 1903. REPORTS.
            `Each grantee receiving funds under this part shall submit a
          report to the Director evaluating the effectiveness of projects
          developed with funds provided under this part and containing such
          additional information as the Director may prescribe.
          `SEC. 1904. DEFINITIONS.
            `For purposes of this part -
                `(1) the term `domestic violence` means a crime of violence
              against a victim committed by a current or former spouse of the
              victim, an individual with whom the victim shares a child in
              common, an individual who cohabits with or has cohabited with
              the victim as a spouse, or any other individual similarly
              situated to a spouse, or any other person who is protected
              under the domestic or family violence laws of the eligible
              State, Indian tribe, municipality, or local government entity;
              and
                `(2) the term `protection order` includes any injunction
              issued for the purpose of preventing violent or threatening
              acts of domestic violence including temporary and final orders
              issued by civil and criminal courts (other than support or
              child custody provisions) whether obtained by filing an
              independent action or as a pendente lite order in another
              proceeding.`.
            (b) Authorization of Appropriations. - Section 1001(a) of title I
          of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42
          U.S.C. 3793), is amended by adding at the end the following:
            `(14) There are authorized to be appropriated $25,000,000 for
          each of the fiscal years 1994, 1995, and 1996 to carry out the
          purposes of part S.`.
            (c) Administrative Provisions. - (1) Section 801(b) of title I of
          the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, as amended
          by section 1606 of this Act, is amended by striking `O, Q, and R`
          and inserting `O, Q, R, and S`.
            (2) Section 802(b) of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and
          Safe Streets Act of 1968, as amended by section 1606 of this Act,
          is amended by striking `O, Q, or R` and inserting `O, Q, R, or S`.
            (d) Effective Date  . - The eligibility requirements provided in
          this section shall take effect 1 year after the date of enactment
          of this subtitle.
            (e) Conforming Amendment  . - The table of contents of title I of
          the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C.
          3711 et seq.), as amended by section 1606, is further amended by
          striking the matter relating to part S and inserting the following:
                     `PART S - GRANTS TO ENCOURAGE ARREST POLICIES
          `Sec. 1901. Arrest policies.
          `Sec. 1902. Applications.
          `Sec. 1903. Reports.
          `Sec. 1904. Definitions.
                     `PART T - TRANSITION; EFFECTIVE DATE; REPEALER
          `Sec. 2001. Continuation of rules, authorities, and proceedings.`.
                             SUBTITLE C - DOMESTIC VIOLENCE
          SEC. 1624. FINDINGS.
            The Congress finds that -
                (1) domestic violence is the leading cause of injury to women
              in the United States between the ages of 15 and 44;
                (2) firearms are used by the abuser in 7 percent of domestic
              violence incidents and produces an adverse effect on interstate
              commerce; and
                (3) individuals with a history of domestic abuse should not
              have easy access to firearms.
          SEC. 1625. PROHIBITION AGAINST DISPOSAL OF FIREARMS TO, OR RECEIPT
                        OF FIREARMS BY, PERSONS WHO HAVE COMMITTED DOMESTIC
                        ABUSE.
            (a) Intimate Partner Defined. - Section 921(a) of title 18,
          United States Code, is amended by inserting at the end the
          following:
          rm `intimate partner` means, with respect to a
          person, the spouse of the person, a former spouse of the person, an
          individual who is a parent of a child of the person, and an
          individual who cohabitates or has cohabited with the person.`.
            (b) Prohibition Against Disposal of Firearms. - Section 922(d) of
          such title is amended -
                (1) by striking `or` at the end of paragraph (6);
                (2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (7) and
              inserting `; or`; and
                (3) by inserting after paragraph (7) the following:
                `(8) is subject to a court order that restrains such person
              from harassing, stalking, or threatening an intimate partner of
              such person, or engaging in other conduct that would place an
              intimate partner in reasonable fear of bodily injury, except
              that this paragraph shall only apply to a court order that (A)
              was issued after a hearing of which such person received actual
              notice, and at which such person had the opportunity to
              participate, and (B) includes a finding that such person
              represents a credible threat to the physical safety of such
              intimate partner.`.
            (c) Prohibition Against Receipt of Firearms. - Section 922(g) of
          such title is amended -
                (1) by striking `or` at the end of paragraph (6);
                (2) by inserting `or` at the end of paragraph (7); and
                (3) by inserting after paragraph (7) the following:
                `(8) who is subject to a court order that -
                    `(A) was issued after a hearing of which such person
                  received actual or constructive notice, and at which such
                  person had an opportunity to participate;
                    `(B) restrains such person from harassing, stalking, or
                  threatening an intimate partner of such person, or engaging
                  in other conduct that would place an intimate partner in
                  reasonable fear of bodily injury; and
                    `(C) includes a finding that such person represents a
                  credible threat to the physical safety of such intimate
                  partner;`.
            (d) Storage of Firearms. - Section 926(a) of such title is
          amended -
                (1) by striking `and` at the end of paragraph (1);
                (2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (2) and
              inserting `; and`; and
                (3) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:
                `(3) regulations providing for effective receipt and secure
              storage of firearms relinquished by or seized from persons
              described in subsection (d)(8) or (g)(8) of section 922.`.
            (e) Return of Firearms. - Section 924(d)(1) of such title is
          amended by striking `the seized` and inserting `or lapse of or
          court termination of the restraining order to which he is subject,
          the seized or relinquished`.
          SEC. 1626. ALIEN SPOUSE PETITIONING RIGHTS FOR IMMEDIATE RELATIVE
                        OR SECOND PREFERENCE STATUS.
            (a) In General  . - Section 204(a)(1) of the Immigration and
          Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1154(a)(1)) is amended -
                (1) in subparagraph (A) -
                    (A) by inserting `(i)` after `(A)`,
                    (B) by redesignating the second sentence as clause (ii),
                  and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new clause:
            `(iii) An alien who is the spouse of a citizen of the United
          States, who is eligible to be classified as an immediate relative
          under section 201(b)(2)(A)(i), and who has resided in the United
          States with the alien`s spouse may file a petition with the
          Attorney General under this subparagraph for classification of the
          alien (and children of the alien) under such section if the alien
          demonstrates to the Attorney General that -
                `(I) the alien is residing in the United States, the marriage
              between the alien and the spouse was entered into in good faith
              by the alien, and during the marriage the alien or a child of
              the alien has been battered by or has been the subject of
              extreme cruelty perpetrated by the alien`s spouse, or
                `(II) the alien is residing in the United States with the
              alien`s spouse, the alien has been married to and residing with
              the spouse for a period of not less than 3 years, and the
              alien`s spouse has failed to file a petition under clause (i)
              on behalf of the alien.`; and
                (2) in subparagraph (B) -
                    (A) by inserting `(i)` after `(B)`, and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new clause:
            `(ii) An alien who is the spouse of an alien lawfully admitted
          for permanent residence, who is eligible for classification under
          section 203(a)(2)(A), and who has resided in the United States with
          the alien`s legal permanent resident spouse may file a petition
          with the Attorney General under this subparagraph for
          classification of the alien (and children of the alien) under such
          section if the alien demonstrates to the Attorney General that the
          conditions described in subclause (I) or (II) of subparagraph
          (A)(iii) are met with respect to the alien.`.
            (b) Conforming Amendments  . - (1) Section 204(a)(2) of such Act
          (8 U.S.C. 1154(a)(2)) is amended -
                (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking `filed by an alien who,`
              and inserting `for the classification of the spouse of an alien
              if the alien,`, and
                (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking `by an alien whose prior
              marriage` and inserting `for the classification of the spouse
              of an alien if the prior marriage of the alien`.
            (2) Section 201(b)(2)(A)(i) of such Act (8 U.S.C.
          1151(b)(2)(A)(i)) is amended by striking `204(a)(1)(A)` and
          inserting `204(a)(1)(A)(ii)`.
            (c) Survival Rights to Petition. - Section 204 of the Immigration
          and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1154) is amended by adding at the end
          the following new subsection:
            `(h) The legal termination of a marriage may not be the basis for
          revocation under section 205 of a petition filed under subsection
          (a)(1)(A)(iii)(I) or a petition filed under subsection
          (a)(1)(B)(ii) pursuant to conditions described in subsection
          (a)(1)(A)(iii)(I).`.
            (d) Effective Date  . - The amendments made by this section shall
          take effect January 1, 1994.
          SEC. 1627. USE OF CREDIBLE EVIDENCE IN SPOUSAL WAIVER APPLICATIONS.
            (a) In General  . - Section 216(c)(4) of the Immigration and
          Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1186a(c)(4)) is amended by inserting
          after the second sentence the following: `In acting on applications
          under this paragraph, the Attorney General shall consider any
          credible evidence submitted in support of the application (whether
          or not the evidence is supported by an evaluation of a licensed
          mental health professional).  The determination of what evidence is
          credible and the weight to be given that evidence shall be within
          the sole discretion of the Attorney General.`.
            (b) Effective Date  . - The amendment made by subsection (a)
          shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and
          shall apply to applications made before, on, or after such date.
          SEC. 1628. SUSPENSION OF DEPORTATION.
            Section 244(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C.
          1254(a)) is amended -
                (1) at the end of paragraph (1) by striking `or`;
                (2) at the end of paragraph (2) by striking the period and
              inserting `; or`; and
                (3) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:
                `(3) is deportable under any law of the United States except
              section 241(a)(1)(G) and the provisions specified in paragraph
              (2); is physically present in the United States; has been
              battered or subjected to extreme cruelty in the United States
              by a spouse or parent who is a United States citizen or lawful
              permanent resident; and proves that during all of such time in
              the United States the alien was and is a person of good moral
              character; and is a person whose deportation would, in the
              opinion of the Attorney General, result in extreme hardship to
              the alien or the alien`s parent or child.`.
                         SUBTITLE D - MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
          SEC. 1641. REPORT ON CONFIDENTIALITY OF ADDRESSES FOR VICTIMS OF
                        DOMESTIC VIOLENCE.
            (a) Report  . - The Attorney General shall conduct a study of the
          means by which abusive spouses may obtain information concerning
          the addresses or locations of estranged or former spouses,
          notwithstanding the desire of the victims to have such information
          withheld to avoid further exposure to abuse. Based on the study,
          the Attorney General shall transmit a report to Congress including
          -
                (1) the findings of the study concerning the means by which
              information concerning the addresses or locations of abused
              spouses may be obtained by abusers; and
                (2) analysis of the feasibility of creating effective means
              of protecting the confidentiality of information concerning the
              addresses and locations of abused spouses to protect such
              persons from exposure to further abuse while preserving access
              to such information for legitimate purposes.
            (b) Use of Components  . - The Attorney General may use the
          National Institute of Justice and the Office for Victims of Crime
          in carrying out this section.
          SEC. 1642. REPORT ON RECORDKEEPING RELATING TO DOMESTIC VIOLENCE.
            Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act,
          the Attorney General shall complete a study of, and shall submit to
          Congress a report and recommendations on, problems of recordkeeping
          of criminal complaints involving domestic violence. The study and
          report shall examine -
                (1) the efforts that have been made by the Department of
              Justice, including the Federal Bureau of Investigation, to
              collect statistics on domestic violence; and
                (2) the feasibility of requiring that the relationship
              between an offender and victim be reported in Federal records
              of crimes of aggravated assault, rape, and other violent
              crimes.
          SEC. 1643. ESTABLISHMENT OF TASK FORCE.
            Not later than 30 days after the date of enactment of this Act,
          the Attorney General shall establish a task force to be known as
          the Attorney General`s Task Force on Violence Against Women
          (referred to in this subtitle as the `Task Force`).
          SEC. 1644. GENERAL PURPOSES OF TASK FORCE.
            (a) General Purpose of the Task Force  . - The Task Force shall
          review Federal, State, and local strategies for preventing and
          punishing violent crimes against women, including the enhancement
          and protection of the rights of the victims of such crimes, and
          make recommendations to improve the response to such crimes.
            (b) Functions  . - The Task Force shall perform such functions as
          the Attorney General deems appropriate to carry out the purposes of
          the Task Force, including -
                (1) evaluating the adequacy of, and making recommendations
              regarding, current law enforcement efforts at the Federal and
              State levels to reduce the rate of violent crimes against
              women;
                (2) evaluating the adequacy of, and making recommendations
              regarding, the responsiveness of State prosecutors and State
              courts to violent crimes against women;
                (3) evaluating the adequacy of State and Federal rules of
              evidence, practice, and procedure to ensure the effective
              prosecution and conviction of violent offenders against women
              and to protect victims from abuse in legal proceedings, making
              recommendations, where necessary, to improve those rules;
                (4) evaluating the adequacy of pretrial release, sentencing,
              incarceration, and post-conviction release for crimes that
              predominantly affect women, such as rape and domestic violence;
                (5) evaluating the adequacy of, and making recommendations
              regarding, the adequacy of State and Federal laws on sexual
              assault and the need for a more uniform statutory response to
              sex offenses, including sexual assaults and other sex offenses
              committed by offenders who are known or related by blood or
              marriage to the victim;
                (6) evaluating the adequacy of, and making recommendations
              regarding, the adequacy of State and Federal laws on domestic
              violence and the need for a more uniform statutory response to
              domestic violence;
                (7) evaluating the adequacy of, and making recommendations
              regarding, the adequacy of current education, prevention, and
              protection services for women victims of violent crimes;
                (8) assessing the issuance, formulation, and enforcement of
              protective orders, whether or not related to a criminal
              proceeding, and making recommendations for their more effective
              use in domestic violence and stalking cases;
                (9) assessing the problem of stalking and persistent menacing
              and recommending an effective Federal response to the problem;
                (10) evaluating the adequacy of, and making recommendations
              regarding, the national public awareness and the public
              dissemination of information essential to the prevention of
              violent crimes against women;
                (11) evaluating the treatment of women as victims of violent
              crime in the State and Federal criminal justice system, and
              making recommendations to improve such treatment; and
                (12) assessing the problem of sexual exploitation of women
              and youths through prostitution and in the production of
              pornography, and recommending effective means of response to
              the problem.
          SEC. 1645. MEMBERSHIP.
            (a) Chair; Number and Appointment  . - The Task Force shall be
          chaired by the Attorney General (or designee).  Not later than 60
          days after the date of the enactment of this Act, after
          consultation with the Secretary of Health and Human Services, the
          Secretary of Education, and the Secretary of Housing and Urban
          Development, the Attorney General shall select up to 14 other
          members to serve on the Task Force.
            (b) Participation  . - The Attorney General (or designee) shall
          select, without regard to political affiliation, members who are
          specially qualified to serve on the Task Force based on their
          involvement in efforts to combat violence against women, assistance
          or service to victims of such violence, or other pertinent
          experience or expertise.  The Attorney General shall ensure that
          the Task Force includes a broad base of participation by including
          members with backgrounds in such areas as law enforcement, victim
          services and advocacy, legal defense and prosecution, judicial
          administration, medical services, and counseling.
            (c) Vacancies  . - The Attorney General may fill any vacancy that
          occurs on the Task Force.
          SEC. 1646. TASK FORCE OPERATIONS.
            (a) Meetings  . - The Task Force shall hold its first meeting on
          a date specified by the Attorney General (or designee), but shall
          not be later than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this
          Act. After the initial meeting, the Task Force shall meet at the
          call of the Attorney General (or designee), but shall meet at least
          6 times.
            (b) Pay  . - Members of the Task Force who are officers or
          employees or elected officials of a government entity shall receive
          no additional compensation by reason of their service on the Task
          Force.
            (c) Per Diem  . - Except as provided in subsection (b), members
          of the Task Force shall be allowed travel and other expenses
          including per diem in lieu of subsistence, at rates authorized for
          employees of agencies under sections 5702 and 5703 of title 5,
          United States Code.
          SEC. 1647. REPORTS.
            (a) In General  . - Not later than 1 year after the date on which
          the Task Force is fully constituted under section 1645, the Task
          Force shall prepare and submit a final report to the President and
          to congressional committees that have jurisdiction over legislation
          addressing violent crimes against women, including the crimes of
          domestic and sexual assault.
            (b) Contents  . - The final report submitted under paragraph (1)
          shall contain a detailed statement of the activities of the Task
          Force and of the findings and conclusions of the Task Force,
          including such recommendations for legislation and administrative
          action as the Task Force considers appropriate.
          SEC. 1648. EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR AND STAFF.
            (a) Executive Director  . -
                (1) Appointment  . - The Task Force shall have an Executive
          Director who shall be appointed by the Attorney General (or
          designee), with the approval of the Task Force.
                (2) Compensation  . - The Executive Director shall be
          compensated at a rate not to exceed the maximum rate of the basic
          pay payable for a position above GS-15 of the General Schedule
          contained in title 5, United States Code.
            (b) Staff  . - With the approval of the Task Force, the Executive
          Director may appoint and fix the compensation of such additional
          personnel as the Executive Director considers necessary to carry
          out the duties of the Task Force.
            (c) Applicability of Civil Service Laws  . - The Executive
          Director and the additional personnel of the Task Force appointed
          under subsection (b) may be appointed without regard to the
          provisions of title 5, United States Code, governing appointments
          in the competitive service, and may be paid without regard to the
          provisions of chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of such
          title relating to classification and General Schedule pay rates.
            (d) Consultants  . - Subject to such rules as may be prescribed
          by the Task Force, the Executive Director may procure temporary or
          intermittent services under section 3109(b) of title 5, United
          States Code, at rates for individuals not to exceed $200 per day.
          SEC. 1649. POWERS OF TASK FORCE.
            (a) Hearings  . - For the purposes of carrying out this subtitle,
          the Task Force may conduct such hearings, sit and act at such times
          and places, take such testimony, and receive such evidence, as the
          Task Force considers appropriate.  The Task Force may administer
          oaths for testimony before the Task Force.
            (b) Delegation  . - Any member or employee of the Task Force may,
          if authorized by the Task Force, take any action that the Task
          Force is authorized to take under this subtitle.
            (c) Access to Information  . - The Task Force may request
          directly from any executive department or agency such information
          as may be necessary to enable the Task Force to carry out this
          subtitle, on the request of the Attorney General (or designee).
            (d) Mails  . - The Task Force may use the United States mails in
          the same manner and under the same conditions as other departments
          and agencies of the United States.
          SEC. 1650. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
            There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subtitle
          $500,000 for fiscal year 1994.
          SEC. 1651. TERMINATION.
            The Task Force shall cease to exist 30 days after the date on
          which its final report is submitted under section 1647.
          SEC. 1652. PAYMENT OF COST OF STD TESTING FOR VICTIMS IN SEX
                        OFFENSE CASES.
            Section 503(c)(7) of the Victims` Rights and Restitution Act of
          1990 (42 U.S.C. 10607(c)(7)) is amended by adding at the end the
          following: `The Attorney General shall authorize the Director of
          the Office of Victims of Crime to provide for the payment of the
          cost of up to two tests of the victim for sexually transmitted
          diseases, including, but not limited to gonorrhea, herpes,
          chlamydia, syphilis, and HIV, during the 12 months following sexual
          assaults that pose a risk of transmission, and the cost of a
          counseling session by a medically trained professional on the
          accuracy of such tests and the risk of transmission of sexually
          transmitted diseases to the victim as the result of the assault.`.
          SEC. 1653. NATIONAL DOMESTIC VIOLENCE HOTLINE GRANT.
            (a) Findings. - Congress finds that -
                (1) 4,000,000 women are battered by their partners each year,
              of which 4,000 die as a result of such abuse;
                (2) victims of domestic violence need access to resources
              which will refer such victims and their children to safe homes
              and shelters; and
                (3) there is a need for a national domestic violence hotline
              to provide information and assistance to victims of domestic
              violence because a privately funded national domestic violence
              hotline which handled more than 65,000 crisis calls annually no
              longer exists.
            (b) In General. -  The Attorney General, through the Bureau of
          Justice Assistance, shall provide a grant to a nonprofit private
          organization to establish and operate a national, toll-free
          telephone hotline to provide information and assistance to victims
          of domestic violence.  A grant provided under this subsection may
          extend over a period of not more than 3 fiscal years and the
          provision of payments under such grant shall be subject to annual
          approval by the Attorney General and subject to the availability of
          appropriations for the fiscal year involved to make the payments.
            (c) Application  . -
                (1) In general  . - The Attorney General may not provide a
          grant under subsection (b) unless an application that meets the
          requirements of paragraph (2) has been approved by the Attorney
          General.
                (2) Requirements  . - An application meets the requirements
          of this paragraph if the application -
                    (A) contains such agreements, assurances, and
                  information, and is in such form and submitted in such
                  manner as the Attorney General shall prescribe through
                  notice in the Federal Register;
                    (B) demonstrates that the applicant has nationally
                  recognized expertise in the area of domestic violence and a
                  record of high quality service to victims of domestic
                  violence, including support from advocacy groups,
                  particularly State coalitions and recognized national
                  domestic violence groups;
                    (C) demonstrates that the applicant has a commitment to
                  diversity, including the hiring of and provision of
                  services to ethnic, racial, cultural, and non-English
                  speaking minorities, in addition to older individuals and
                  individuals with disabilities;
                    (D) demonstrates that the applicant has the ability to
                  integrate the hotline into existing services provided by
                  the applicant to victims of domestic violence;
                    (E) includes a complete description of the applicant`s
                  plan for the establishment and operation of the hotline,
                  including a description of -
                        (i) the hiring criteria and training program for
                      hotline personnel;
                        (ii) the methods for the creation, maintenance, and
                      updating of a resource database for the hotline;
                        (iii) a plan for providing service on a 24-hour-a-day
                      basis to non-English speaking callers, including
                      hotline personnel who speak Spanish;
                        (iv) a plan for access to the hotline by individuals
                      with hearing impairments; and
                        (v) a plan for publicizing the availability of the
                      hotline; and
                    (F) contains such other information as the Attorney
                  General may require.
            (d) Selection  . - The Attorney General shall select a nonprofit
          private organization to receive a grant under subsection (b) which
          has been in existence for at least 5 years from the date of
          submission of the application by the organization.
            (e) Uses  . - A grant made under subsection (b) shall be used to
          establish and operate a national, toll-free telephone hotline to
          provide information and assistance to victims of domestic
          violence.  In establishing and operating the hotline, a nonprofit
          private organization shall -
                (1) contract with a carrier for the use of a toll-free
              telephone line;
                (2) employ, train, and supervise personnel to answer incoming
              calls and provide counseling and referral services to callers
              on a 24-hour-a-day basis;
                (3) establish, maintain, and update a database of information
              relating to services for victims of domestic violence,
              including information on the availability of shelters that
              serve battered women; and
                (4) publicize the hotline to potential users throughout the
              United States.
            (f) Authorization of Appropriations. -
                (1) In general  . - There is authorized to be appropriated to
          carry out this section $1,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1994
          through 1996.
                (2) Availability  . - Funds authorized to be appropriated
          under paragraph (1) shall remain available until expended.
          SEC. 1654. GRANTS FOR COMMUNITY PROGRAMS ON DOMESTIC VIOLENCE.
            (a) In General  . - Title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe
          Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3711 et seq.), as amended by section
          1623 of this Act, is amended by -
                (1) redesignating part T as part U;
                (2) redesignating section 2001 as section 2101;
              and
                (3) adding after part S the following new part:
             `PART T - GRANTS FOR COMMUNITY PROGRAMS ON DOMESTIC VIOLENCE.
          `SEC. 2001. GRANT AUTHORITY.
            `The Director shall provide grants to establish projects in local
          communities involving many sectors of each community to coordinate
          intervention and prevention of domestic violence.
          `SEC. 2002. APPLICATIONS.
            `(a) In General. - An organization that desires to receive a
          grant under this section shall submit to the Director an
          application, in such form and in such manner as the Director may
          reasonably require that -
                `(1) demonstrates that the applicant will serve a community
              leadership function, bringing together opinion leaders from
              each sector of the community to develop a coordinated community
              consensus opposing domestic violence;
                `(2) demonstrates a community action component to improve and
              es through
              increased communication and coordination among all affected
              sectors;
                `(3) includes a complete description of the applicant`s plan
              for the establishment and operation of the community project,
              including a description of -
                    `(A) the method for identification and selection of an
                  administrative committee made up of persons knowledgeable
                  in domestic violence to oversee the project, hire staff,
                  assure compliance with the project outline, and secure
                  annual evaluation of the project;
                    `(B) the method for identification and selection of
                  project staff and a project evaluator;
                    `(C) the method for identification and selection of a
                  project council consisting of representatives of the
                  community sectors listed in subsection (b)(2);
                    `(D) the method for identification and selection of a
                  steering committee consisting of representatives of the
                  various community sectors who will chair subcommittees of
                  the project council focusing on each of the sectors; and
                    `(E) a plan for developing outreach and public education
                  campaigns regarding domestic violence; and
                `(4) contains such other information, agreements, and
              assurances as the Director may require.
            `(b) Eligibility  . - To be eligible for a grant under this
          section, such application shall include -
                `(1) an assurance that the applicant is a nonprofit private
              organization organized for the purpose of coordinating
              community projects for the intervention in and prevention of
              domestic violence; and
                `(2) an assurance that such nonprofit organization includes
              representation from pertinent sectors of the local community,
              including -
                    `(A) health care providers;
                    `(B) the education community;
                    `(C) the religious community;
                    `(D) the justice system;
                    `(E) domestic violence program advocates;
                    `(F) human service entities such as State child services
                  divisions; and
                    `(G) business and civic leaders.
          `SEC. 2003. AWARD OF GRANTS.
            `(a) Term  . - A grant provided under this section may extend
          over a period of not more than 3 fiscal years.
            `(b) Conditions on Payment  . - Payments under a grant under this
          section shall be subject to -
                `(1) annual approval by the Director; and
                `(2) availability of appropriations.
            `(c) Geographical Dispersion  . - The Director shall award grants
          under this section to organizations in communities geographically
          dispersed throughout the country.
          `SEC. 2004. USES OF FUNDS.
            `(a) In General  . - A grant made under subsection (a) shall be
          used to establish and operate a community project to coordinate
          intervention and prevention of domestic violence.
            `(b) Requirements  . - In establishing and operating a project, a
          nonprofit private organization shall -
                `(1) establish protocols to improve and expand domestic
              violence intervention and prevention strategies among all
              affected sectors;
                `(2) develop action plans to direct responses within each
              community sector that are in conjunction with development in
              all other sectors; and
                `(3) provide for periodic evaluation of the project with a
              written report and analysis to assist application of this
              concept in other communities.`.
            (b) Authorization of Appropriations  . - Section 1001 of the
          Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 is amended by
          adding at the end the following:
            `(15) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out part T
          $20,000,000 for fiscal year 1994 and such sums as are necessary for
          each of the fiscal years 1995, 1996, and 1997, to remain available
          until expended.`.
            (c) Administrative Provisions. - (1) Section 801(b) of title I of
          the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, as amended
          by section 1623 of this Act, is amended by striking `O, Q, R, and
          S` and inserting `O, Q, R, S, and T`.
            (2) Section 802(b) of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and
          Safe Streets Act of 1968, as amended by section 1623 of this Act,
          is amended by striking `O, Q, R, or S` and inserting `O, Q, R, S,
          or T`.
            (d) Conforming Amendment  . - The table of contents of title I of
          the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C.
          3711 et seq.), as amended by section 1623 of this Act, is amended
          by striking the matter relating to part T and inserting the
          following:
              `PART T - GRANTS FOR COMMUNITY PROGRAMS ON DOMESTIC VIOLENCE
          `Sec. 2001. Grant authority.
          `Sec. 2002. Applications.
          `Sec. 2003. Award of grants.
          `Sec. 2004. Uses of funds.`.
                   SUBTITLE E - EQUAL JUSTICE FOR WOMEN IN THE COURTS
          SEC. 1661. GRANTS AUTHORIZED.
            The State Justice Institute is authorized to award grants for the
          purpose of developing, testing, presenting, and disseminating model
          programs to be used by States in training judges and court
          personnel in the laws of the States on rape, sexual assault,
          domestic violence, and other crimes of violence motivated by
          gender.
          SEC. 1662. TRAINING PROVIDED BY GRANTS.
            Training provided pursuant to grants made under this subtitle may
          include current information, existing studies, or current data on -
                (1) the nature and incidence of rape and sexual assault by
              strangers and nonstrangers, marital rape, and incest;
                (2) the underreporting of rape, sexual assault, and child
              sexual abuse;
                (3) the physical, psychological, and economic impact of rape
              and sexual assault on the victim, the costs to society, and the
              implications for sentencing;
                (4) the psychology of sex offenders, their high rate of
              recidivism, and the implications for sentencing;
                (5) the historical evolution of laws and attitudes on rape
              and sexual assault;
                (6) sex stereotyping of female and male victims of rape and
              sexual assault, racial stereotyping of rape victims and
              defendants, and the impact of such stereotypes on credibility
              of witnesses, sentencing, and other aspects of the
              administration of justice;
                (7) application of rape shield laws and other limits on
              introduction of evidence that may subject victims to improper
              sex stereotyping and harassment in both rape and nonrape cases,
              including the need for sua sponte judicial intervention in
              inappropriate cross-examination;
                (8) the use of expert witness testimony on rape trauma
              syndrome, child sexual abuse accommodation syndrome,
              post-traumatic stress syndrome, and similar issues;
                (9) the legitimate reasons why victims of rape, sexual
              assault, domestic violence, and incest may refuse to testify
              against a defendant;
                (10) the nature and incidence of domestic violence;
                (11) the physical, psychological, and economic impact of
              domestic violence on the victim, the costs to society, and the
              implications for court procedures and sentencing;
                (12) the psychology and self-presentation of batterers and
              victims and the negative implications for court proceedings and
              credibility of witnesses;
                (13) sex stereotyping of female and male victims of domestic
              violence, myths about presence or absence of domestic violence
              in certain racial, ethnic, religious, or socioeconomic groups,
              and their impact on the administration of justice;
                (14) historical evolution of laws and attitudes on domestic
              violence;
                (15) proper and improper interpretations of the defenses of
              self-defense and provocation, and the use of expert witness
              testimony on battered woman syndrome;
                (16) the likelihood of retaliation, recidivism, and
              escalation of violence by batterers, and the potential impact
              of incarceration and other meaningful sanctions for acts of
              domestic violence including violations of orders of protection;
                (17) economic, psychological, social and institutional
              reasons for victims` inability to leave the batterer, to report
              domestic violence or to follow through on complaints, including
              the influence of lack of support from police, judges, and court
              personnel, and the legitimate reasons why victims of domestic
              violence may refuse to testify against a defendant and should
              not be held in contempt;
                (18) the need for orders of protection, and the negative
              ual orders of protection, dual arrest
              policies, and mediation in domestic violence cases; and
                (19) recognition of and response to gender-motivated crimes
              of violence other than rape, sexual assault and domestic
              violence, such as mass or serial murder motivated by the gender
              of the victims.
          SEC. 1663. COOPERATION IN DEVELOPING PROGRAMS.
            The State Justice Institute shall ensure that model programs
          carried out pursuant to grants made under this subtitle are
          developed with the participation of law enforcement officials,
          public and private nonprofit victim advocates, legal experts,
          prosecutors, defense attorneys, and recognized experts on gender
          bias in the courts.
          SEC. 1664. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
            There is authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1994,
          $600,000 to carry out the purposes of sections 1661 through 1664.
          Of amounts appropriated under this section, the State Justice
          Institute shall expend no less than 40 percent on model programs
          regarding domestic violence and no less than 40 percent on model
          programs regarding rape and sexual assault.
          SEC. 1665. AUTHORIZATIONS OF CIRCUIT STUDIES; EDUCATION AND
                        TRAINING GRANTS.
            (a) Study  . - In order to gain a better understanding of the
          nature and the extent of gender bias in the Federal courts, the
          circuit judicial councils are encouraged to conduct studies of the
          instances of gender bias in their respective circuits.  The studies
          may include an examination of the effects of gender on -
                (1) the treatment of litigants, witnesses, attorneys, jurors,
              and judges in the courts, including before magistrate and
              bankruptcy judges;
                (2) the interpretation and application of the law, both civil
              and criminal;
                (3) treatment of defendants in criminal cases;
                (4) treatment of victims of violent crimes;
                (5) sentencing;
                (6) sentencing alternatives, facilities for incarceration,
              and the nature of supervision of probation, parole, and
              supervised release;
                (7) appointments to committees of the Judicial Conference and
              the courts;
                (8) case management and court sponsored alternative dispute
              resolution programs;
                (9) the selection, retention, promotion, and treatment of
              employees;
                (10) appointment of arbitrators, experts, and special
              masters;
                (11) the admissibility of past sexual history in civil and
              criminal cases; and
                (12) the aspects of the topics listed in section 1662 that
              pertain to issues within the jurisdiction of the Federal
              courts.
            (b) Clearinghouse  . - The Judicial Conference of the United
          States shall designate an entity within the Judicial Branch to act
          as a clearinghouse to disseminate any reports and materials issued
          by the gender bias task forces under subsection (a) and to respond
          to requests for such reports and materials.  The gender bias task
          forces shall provide this entity with their reports and related
          material.
            (c) Model Programs  . - The Federal Judicial Center, in carrying
          out section 620(b)(3) of title 28, United States Code, shall -
                (1) include in the educational programs it presents and
              prepares, including the training programs for newly appointed
              judges, information on issues related to gender bias in the
              courts including such areas as are listed in subsection (a)
              along with such other topics as the Federal Judicial Center
              deems appropriate;
                (2) prepare materials necessary to implement this subsection;
              and
                (3) take into consideration the findings and recommendations
              of the studies conducted pursuant to subsection (a), and to
              consult with individuals and groups with relevant expertise in
              gender bias issues as it prepares or revises such materials.
          SEC. 1666. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
            (a) In General  . - There is authorized to be appropriated -
                (1) $600,000 to the Salaries and Expenses Account of the
              Courts of Appeals, District Courts, and other Judicial
              Services, to carry out section 1665(a), to be available until
              expended through fiscal year 1996;
                (2) $100,000 to the Federal Judicial Center to carry out
              section 1665(c) and any activities designated by the Judicial
              Conference under section 1665(b); and
                (3) such sums as are necessary to the Administrative Office
              of the United States Courts to carry out any activities
              designated by the Judicial Conference under section 1665(b).
            (b) The Judicial Conference of the United States  . - (1) The
          Judicial Conference of the United States Courts shall allocate
          funds to Federal circuit courts under this subtitle that -
                (A) undertake studies in their own circuits; or
                (B) implement reforms recommended as a result of such studies
              in their own or other circuits, including education and
              training.
            (2) Funds shall be allocated to Federal circuits under this
          subtitle on a first come first serve basis in an amount not to
          exceed $100,000 on the first application.  If within 6 months after
          the date on which funds authorized under this Act become available,
          funds are still available, circuits that have received funds may
          reapply for additional funds, with not more than $200,000 going to
          any one circuit.
          SEC. 1667. EXPERT TESTIMONY OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE.
            (a) Findings  . - The Congress finds that -
                (1) State criminal courts often fail to admit expert
              testimony offered by a defendant concerning the nature and
              effect of physical, sexual, and mental abuse to assist the
              trier of fact in assessing the behavior, beliefs, or
              perceptions of such defendant in a domestic relationship in
              which abuse has occurred;
                (2) the average juror often has little understanding of the
              nature and effect of domestic violence on such a defendant`s
              behavior, beliefs, or perceptions, and the lack of
              understanding can result in the juror blaming the woman for her
              victimization;
                (3) the average juror is often unaware that victims of
              domestic violence are frequently in greater danger of violence
              after they terminate or attempt to terminate domestic
              relationships with their abuser;
                (4) myths, misconceptions, and victim-blaming attitudes are
              often held not only by the average lay person but also by many
              in the criminal justice system, insofar as the criminal justice
              system traditionally has failed to protect women from violence
              at the hands of men;
                (5) specialized knowledge of the nature and effect of
              domestic violence is sufficiently established to have gained
              the general acceptance which is required for the admissibility
              of expert testimony;
                (6) although both men and women can be victims of physical,
              sexual, and mental abuse by their partners in domestic
              relationships, the most frequent victims are women; and
                (7) a woman is more likely to be assaulted and injured,
              raped, or killed by her current or former male partner than by
              any other type of assailant, and over one-half of all women
              murdered are killed by their current or former male partners.
            (b) Sense of Congress  . - It is the sense of the Congress that
          the executive branch, working through the State Justice Institute,
          should examine programs which would allow the States to consider -
                (1) that expert testimony concerning the nature and effect of
              domestic violence, including descriptions of the experiences of
              battered women, be admissible when offered in a State court by
              a defendant in a criminal case to assist the trier of fact in
              understanding the behavior, beliefs, or perceptions of such
              defendant in a domestic relationship in which abuse has
              occurred;
                (2) that a witness be qualified to testify as an expert
              witness based upon her or his knowledge, skill, experience,
              training, or education, and be permitted to testify in the form
              of an opinion or otherwise; and
                (3) that expert testimony about a domestic relationship be
              admissible to include testimony of relationships between
              spouses, former spouses, cohabitants, former cohabitants,
              partners or former partners, and between persons who are in, or
              have been in, a dating, courtship, or intimate relationship.
 

TRAITOR McCain

jewn McCain

ASSASSIN of JFK, Patton, many other Whites

killed 264 MILLION Christians in WWII

killed 64 million Christians in Russia

holocaust denier extraordinaire--denying the Armenian holocaust

millions dead in the Middle East

tens of millions of dead Christians

LOST $1.2 TRILLION in Pentagon
spearheaded torture & sodomy of all non-jews
millions dead in Iraq

42 dead, mass murderer Goldman LOVED by jews

serial killer of 13 Christians

the REAL terrorists--not a single one is an Arab

serial killers are all jews

framed Christians for anti-semitism, got caught
left 350 firemen behind to die in WTC

legally insane debarred lawyer CENSORED free speech

mother of all fnazis, certified mentally ill

10,000 Whites DEAD from one jew LIE

moser HATED by jews: he followed the law

f.ck Jesus--from a "news" person!!

1000 fold the child of perdition

 

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