Evolution A Jewish Deception
- Part 25
Man is thus revealed as neither "Up from the Ape" (Hooton) nor
emerged from the amoeba, but "fearfully [for reverence] and wonderfully
made" (David in Psalm 139:14) -- a unique creature to the last drop of
his life's blood. Are all the features of blood reviewed above to be regarded
as the products of gradual development, adaptation, trial and error, or
chance; or are they the work of the life-giving God?
The Urge To Submerge: "I must go down to the sea again, to the lonely
sea and the sky."
The beauty of blood,
Flushing and flowing;
Finding the feet,
Guiding and guarding;
Feeding the fingers,
Weaving and warming;
Health-giving -- revealing
The Maker Almighty,
This famous poem by John Masefield, former Poet Laureate of England,
was one many students had to memorize while in school. It is a beautiful
and moving poem, but most can not identify with it. Especially those who
spent their early boyhood or girlhood years in Texas, in a region of deserts,
far from the sea, and never felt any such compulsion at all. But NOW we
learn, from a fascinating article in the "New Age Journal," that we have
all evolved from aquatic apes! This is the theory proposed by Elaine Morgan
in her popular book "The Scars of Evolution."
"Ever wonder why we love water? Why we head for the beach at the
first opportunity, stay in the shower long after we're clean, even ponder
water births for our babies? According to Welsh author Elaine Morgan, this
urge to submerge may have an evolutionary explanation -- that holds some
surprising implications for our health today.
Traditional evolutionary theory posits that humans separated from
monkeys when our ancestors dropped from trees to hunt animals on the dry
African plains. In contrast, Morgan argues that the first humans evolved
in a flooded wet region of north-east Africa where they spent much of their
time swimming or wading hip-deep in water." (An Evolutionary Urge to Submerge?
by Meryl Davids, New Age Journal (January/February 1995), p. 19)
This new theory of human origins does not have the merit of explaining
why fossil remains of ape-men are so scarce. One would think, if man has
been in the process of evolving on land for a million years, and with so
many paleoanthropologists searching for these remains, there would now
be an abundance of such remains available everywhere to document our human
evolution. As another advocate of the aquatic ape theory reminds us, however,
in his article, "The Water People": "The fossils that decorate our family
tree are so scarce that there are still more scientists than specimens.
The remarkable fact is that all the physical evidence we have for human
evolution can still be placed, with room to spare, inside a single coffin...And
the true origin of modern humans; of upright, naked, toolmaking, big-brained
beings is, if we are to be honest with ourselves, an equally mysterious
matter." (The Water People, Lyeli Watson, Science Digest, Vol. 90 (May
1982), p. 44)
This extreme scarcity of authentic hominid fossils is probably
why aleoanthropologists feud so vigorously among themselves as to whose
fossils are the best and oldest. Some evolutionists think the time is ripe
for promoting aquatic apes as the real key.
"While largely ignored by many mainstream anthropologists, the
aquatic ape theory has been attracting increasing scientific interest.
Last summer, a symposium on the subject at the California Institute of
Integral Studies (CIIS) attracted researchers from around the world. When
earlier published in England, 'The Scars of Evolution' was positively reviewed
in scientific journals." (An Evolutionary Urge to Submerge? Meryle Davids,
Here, then, may be the solution to the extreme scarcity of hominid
fossils. They are all under water somewhere!
Now, we creationists should usually be very cautious about anything
published in a "new age" journal. However, the aquatic-ape theorists are
probably right about this particular aspect. The reason why anthropologists
can find so few fossils of primitive people is that they were all drowned
and their remains, if they survived scavengers and decay processes after
drowning, are now buried in the sediments at the bottom of the sea.
Even before Morgan developed her theory of the aquatic evolution
of people, many other evolutionists had long been claiming that the origin
of life itself was in the primeval sea. That is why, they explain, that
human flesh is still 90% water and why blood has almost the same chemical
composition as sea water.
The Bible, of course, says otherwise, "The Lord God formed man
of the dust of the ground." (Genesis 2:7); "The first man is of the earth,
earthy." (1 Corinthians 15:47)
The Greater Light To Rule The Day: "Of all the celestial objects
with which we are acquainted, none make so strong and universal an impression
upon our globe as does the Sun. He is that very light, 'the greater light
to rule the day,' as stated in the first chapter of the book of Genesis;
a vast and fiery orb, kindled by the Almighty on the morn of creation,
to cheer the dark abyss, and to pour his radiance upon surrounding worlds.
Compared with him, all the other solar bodies are of inconsiderable dimensions;
and without him, they would be wrapped in the gloom of interminable night."
The Sun's supreme and paramount importance to the Earth, in the
utter dependence upon it of every living thing, is far too vaguely known
and too indefinitely appreciated and understood. Hence, a few basic facts
about the Greater Light are in order.
The visible body of the Sun is called the photosphere, or sphere
of light. Surrounding the photosphere is the Sun's atmosphere which consists
of the chromosphere (or pinkish sphere of color) which extends for several
thousand miles above the photosphere, and the corona which extends outward
for millions of miles. The corona of the Sun is visible only during a total
The Sun's dimensions are virtually incomprehensible. Were a railroad,
if it were possible, passed through the Sun's center, and should a fast
express train start from one side and proceed at the rate of 100 miles
per hour continuously to the other side, the time required for such a transit
would be nearly one full year. With a diameter of 864,059 miles to be precise,
a distance equal to 109 Earths set side by side in contact, or roughly
twice the diameter of the Moon's orbit about the Earth, the Sun is an immense
ball of extremely hot gasses. The surface temperature alone is in excess
of 10,000 degrees Fahrenheit.
More than a century of spectroscopic study has resulted in detailed
knowledge of the Sun's composition, of which the most abundant elements
are hydrogen and helium consisting 98 percent. The other two percent is
made up of heavier elements common in the planets.
Evolution A Jewish Deception
- Part 26
The volume of the Sun is such that 1,303,600 volumes the size
of the Earth would be required to fill it, and its mass is such that given
a large enough scale it would take a stack of 332,946 Earths before the
balance would tip in favor of the Earth. The almost inconceivable distance
to the Sun, 93,000,000 miles, would require our high-speed train well over
a hundred years to traverse. If there were air to convey a sound from the
Sun to the Earth, and a noise could be made loud enough to pass that distance,
it would require over 14 years for it to come to us.
The angular diameter of the Sun subtends about one-half degree,
or very nearly the same as the Moon, a fact that has important cosmological
consequences insofar as eclipses of these bodies are concerned. If a weight
trainer's barbell weighed 100 pounds on Earth, the same would weigh well
over a ton on the Sun, if it didn't become instantly vaporized in the intense
heat. At magnitude -26.8 the solar orb shines with the brilliance of perhaps
500,000 full Moons. The Sun rotates, but not uniformly. Being neither solid
nor liquid, but entirely a sphere of gas, its rotation varies, as learned
from the observation of the apparent travel of sunspots across its visible
face, being most rapid at the equator and the slowest near the poles. At
its equator, the average rotational period is 27.50 days, and near the
poles it is 34 days. Light from the Sun traveling 186,262 miles per second
takes a little over eight minutes to reach the Earth. The equator of the
Sun is inclined a little more than seven degrees to the ecliptic. A cubic
foot of the Sun would weigh about 85 pounds if it could be placed on your
When Galileo first noticed dark specks on the surface of the Sun,
he thought they might be openings into the Sun's interior. Actually sunspots
are whirlpools of particles that are stirred up by the Sun's intense electric
and magnetic fields, which in turn may be a function of its uneven rotation.
They appear dark because they are 30 percent cooler than the rest of the
Sun's surface, although they are still thousands of degrees hotter than
molten metal. The number of sunspots vary over time, but reach a maximum
about every eleven years. Other than the sunspots, the most noticeable
detail on the Sun's surface, as seen through a filtered telescope, is the
granulations, the little islands of heated convection cells averaging 600
miles across that cover the entire face of the Sun. According to Newtonian
physics, the Sun comprises 999/1000 of the mass of the Solar System.
In order to get a grasp on the Sun's appearance and visibility
over great distances, suppose we board a space ship and go on a journey
through the Solar System and out into space directly away from the Sun.
To being with, we recognize that from Earth, the Sun appears about the
same size as the Moon. Now, if we were to blast off in our racket and fly
to Mercury, the closest planet to the Sun, the Sun would appear about two
to three times larger hanging in the sky over Mercury's baked surface.
As we sped over the cloud tops of Venus, the Sun would appear about half
again as big as from Earth. If we landed on Mars and saw the sun from the
chilly Martian deserts, the muted solar disk would appear about two-thirds
as large as it appears from Earth. As our spaceship passed through the
asteroids, the Sun would be about a third as large as the Earthen Sun.
In the vicinity of Jupiter, the Sun would appear about a fifth as large.
As we continued even further outward in the Solar system, the sunlight
outside our spaceship's window would appear ever dimmer. By the time we
arrived at the planet Uranus, the Sun would no longer appear as a discernible
disk to the naked eye. At Pluto, the sentinel of the solar system, the
Sun would appear as a star although its brilliance would still be dazzling.
Once we left the Solar System and headed out into the dark and
exceedingly frigid depths of the abysmal cosmos, the sun would yet remain
the brightest object in the sky for a considerable distance. When we reached
Alpha Centauri A, the nearest star at a little more than four light years
away, we might land on a nearby planet and look in the sky to see the sun
as one of the brightest stars and located just to the left of the group
of stars we call Cassiopeia. Finally, as we continued our journey, we would
have to travel outward another 45 light years before we reached a point
where the Sun would appear as a faint yellowish star barely visible to
the naked eye, at about 50 light years out in deep space. Beyond that it
would disappear below the threshold of visibility and would require a telescope
to see it.
Of all the celestial objects, the Sun is probably the one most
taken for granted. Its light and heat is a familiar everyday phenomenon.
History is full of evidence that men did not always have our present childlike
faith in tomorrow's sunrise or in the return of summer. Chiefs and priests
of many cultures offered sacrifices and several obeisance to the Sun god
whose anger at mankind supposedly cause it to retreat southward in the
fall, punishing the people with bitter weather. Some, no doubt, believed
that the return of spring was due solely to their ardent solicitations
to the Sun. What would our emotions be if on some evening's news broadcast
it was announced: "Ladies and gentlemen, we have just received word that
the Sun has gone out?" Such a catastrophe would bring a dawnless morning,
the Earth would be doomed to perpetual darkness, in the course of a few
hours time summer would turn into winter and perhaps snow would start falling
in the darkness and then the lakes and oceans would eventually freeze.
Food and fuel would rapidly disappear and civilization would be ended within
just a few days at best. Ultimately the atmosphere would condense, liquefy,
and freeze to entomb the entire Earth with a thirty-foot casing of solid
air at the temperature of deep space, about 400 degrees Fahrenheit below
zero. The Sun is a cleverly designed dynamo that continually furnishes
us with light and heat.
The Sun's reliability and permanency is remarkable, although it
is not known with certainty what mechanism lies within the solar furnace
that produces known with certainly what mechanism lies within the solar
furnace that produces all of its energy. The natural first thought that
some kind of fuel was burning had to be ruled out. It is easily calculated
that if the sun were made of coal and had always burned at the observed
rate, it would last only 5,000 years.
We do know that it is extremely efficient, producing 70,000 horsepower
for every square yard of the solar surface. Only one part in two billion
of the total radiated energy leaving the Sun actually strikes the Earth.
Nevertheless, even if the fraction falling in one week upon an area one
mile square could be converted into electricity at the rate of five cents
per kilowatt hour, its value would be well over a million dollars. The
geyser-like eruptions called prominences that emerge from the Sun can be
identified with the stormy sunspots which in turn are associated with the
Sun's magnetic field and its coronal halo. All of these may be linked to
the Sun's different rotation.
As for its energy production, it is believed that the sunlight
we see everyday is made of units of radiant energy called photons which
originate in the inferno of the Sun's core. They may take many years slowly
wandering up to the surface, then in a little more than eight minutes they
speed across the 93,000,000 miles of space to the Earth, if they happen
to be headed our way. Depending upon the wavelength or amount of energy
a photon has, it may be absorbed by the Earth's atmosphere, reflected back
into space, or it may zip down to the Earth's surface to warm a flea or
a blade of grass for an instant. Each photon carries only a tiny amount
of energy, but trillions of them reach every square yard of the Earth each
second. Together they make up the Sun's light and heat.
Evolution A Jewish Deception
- Part 27
The great pressure and temperature of the Sun's core cause the crowded
jumble of atomic particles to smash into each other so violently that they
stick together in a process called fusion, which releases the energy. The
process is thought to be very similar to that of a continuously exploding
hydrogen bomb. The best way to look at the Sun is, don't! Gazing at the
Sun much longer than an instant can cause serious, permanent eye injury
or even blindness. The damage is imperceptibly caused by the Sun's rays
which are focused by the eye onto the retina, in much the same way that
a magnifying glass can focus the Sun's rays on a piece of paper and set
There has been much talk among evolutionary philosophers about
the Earth being "just another planet" revolving around "just another average
star." Yet when the evidence to the country is considered, it is clear
that neither the Earth nor the Sun are insignificant or typical, and that
the Sun is not just another "star" after all, but actually quite unique
in the universe and that it ought not be classified as a star. When the
Sun is compared to the stars, it truly stands out in its unique stability
as the light-and heat-giver for the Earth as an abode of life. It is a
known fact that most stars produce visible light in only small proportions
and are most intense in their output of lethal radiations like X-rays and
The Sun is unusual in the life-supporting spectrum of energy that
it does provide. Another aspect of the Sun's uniqueness is its singularity.
Over two-thirds of the stars are members of star systems containing two
or more gravitational interplay of the neighboring stars, life on Earth
would be precarious at best, given the drastic variations of tides, light,
and heat it would experience. The Sun is unique in yet another way. Compared
to most stars, its light and heat is steadfast, constant, and abiding.
Many more of the stars are considerably variable in their output of light
Most stars fluctuate greatly in the process of time, with output
factors that range from 10 percent to 150,000 percent. Life on Earth could
not endure such wild extremes of radiation. Furthermore, the vast majority
of stars are smaller, cooler, dimmer, and less massive than the Sun. In
addition to the Sun's unique intrinsic suitability to be the Earth's light-and
heat-giver, the Earth itself is placed at the optimal distance from such
an unusual "star" as our Sun. When seen in the broader context of the cosmos,
the Sun can be clearly seen as a grand product of design, with a very special
purpose, by an almighty and benevolent Creator who has revealed Himself
and declared in His great foundation revelation: "In the beginning God
created the heaven and the earth...and God made two great lights; the greater
light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night; He made
the stars also." (Genesis 1:1, 16)
References to the Sun fill the Bible, its importance as a light-giver,
symbol, and timetable is inestimable. The divinely ordained purpose of
the Sun is well known "to rule the day...and to divide the light from the
darkness." (Genesis 1:18) Given its importance in the daily affairs of
man since the days of old, there is no wonder it was worshipped by many
ancient civilizations, and that even in the Bible it is used metaphorically
for God. Where there is a wrong, there is a remedy. Something can be done
about it. If we quit passing the buck and saying "They" should do something
about it, and start saying I must do something about it, then we can, with
the help of Almighty God and the Lord Jesus Christ do something about it!
Microgeometric Design of Diatoms: Jewels of The Sea: "It was a
miracle of rare device, A sunny pleasure dome with caves of Ice!" (Samuel
Taylor Coleridge, on the Pleasure Palace of Kubla Khan)
From the evolutionary view of the biosphere, the Kingdom Protista,
which comprises the unicellular eukaryotic organisms (protozoa, algae,
and slime molds) is primitive to "higher" life forms, multicellular animals
and plants, yet among its members is manifested the greatest complexity
of cell structure known. Exemplary of this point are the diatomaceous algae
(Bacilliariophycea), whose cytoarchitecture exhibits perhaps the most exquisite
geometry seen in the natural world. (M. Armitage, Creation Research Society
Quarterly, Vol. 31 (1994): 167-160. This paper should be consulted for
a bibliography of the points addressed in the present article. Also see
M. French, Invention and Evolution: Design in Nature and Engineering (Cambridge
University Press), C. Froede, CRSQ 32:11, P. Treguer et al., Science 268:375-379)
Evolution A Jewish Deception
- Part 28
Diatoms are truly microorganisms, too small to be seen with the
naked eye. With an average diameter of 25 microns (10-6 meters), four individual
diatoms could be aid across the breath of a human hair. In terms of population
numbers, however, diatoms are a huge component of the earth's biota, making
up about 90% of all living organisms in the ocean (there are also species
of diatoms inhabiting fresh water).
These and other photosynthetic phytoplankton constitute the trophic
base of the ocean's food chains, responsible for the production of some
130,000 million tons of organic carbon per year. As such, diatoms play
a vital role in the earth's ecology. And to those students of nature who
are receptive to it, they give us a lesson in the philosophy of design
and its significance. Diatoms have been a marvel to microscopists since
Ernst Haeckel's mid-19th century descriptions of the first of what now
amount to some 10,000 species living today, and in the fossil record. The
fascination is with the geometrically intricate structure of the cell wall.
As for other kinds of algae and the cells of plants per se, the cell wall
of diatoms contains cellulose. The spacial orientation of the cellulose
microfibrils is guided by an array of microtubules in the cortical cytoplasm,
which in turn becomes a determinant of cell shape.
In concert with the deposition of silica (as silicic acid, Si[OH]4,
taken up from the environmental milieu) a topography of elaborately sculpted
patters of groves, flanges, and spicules is established; as these are inlaid
with hydrous silicon oxide, the diatoms' opaline shells, or tests, are
produced. This patterned framework is repeatedly perforated with minute
pores, or fenestrae, through which pseudopodial cytoplasmic processes pass
in the course of nutrient acquisition and locomotion. The result is one
of astonishing beauty, perfect symmetry, top to bottom, left to right,
and front to back, in a plethora of geometric shapes, circles, squares,
triangles, ovals, stars, and rectangles. (Note: Silica is the stuff of
which opals are made [more mundane substances composed of silica are sand,
quarts, chert, and glass]. The biogenic opaline structure of diatom tests
indicates that millions of years would not necessarily be required for
the formation of these gemstones as it is commonly purported) Like other
algae, diatoms contain the green pigment chlorophyll, but the presence
of additional pigments, notably the yellowish xanthophylls, give these
organisms a rich golden brown hue. The artistry is further embellished
by the way in which diatoms reproduce, which is usually by cell division,
but with a twist.
Diatom cell walls consist of almost identical halves which fit
together like a box fits into its lid. With division, each half separates
and produces a slightly smaller shell that fits within the old one, a scheme
reminiscent of Russian Matrishka dolls. Subsequent divisions result in
a succession of ever smaller daughter cells, until a minimum size limit
is reached. A process of sexual reproduction, by means of spores (gametes),
is then activated, giving rise to diatoms of the original size. Altogether,
diatoms are aptly referred to as jewels of the sea. Faberg�'s finest
creations pale in comparison to those of the Creator!
Diatom shell structure is species specific; i.e., all organisms
of the same species have essentially the same shell shape and infrastructure
(though there are minor individual variations, so that no two diatoms are
exactly alike), but the patter is different for each species. Thus, as
a character of taxonomic significance, it may be inferred that diatom shell
structure is determined, ultimately, by genetic information. Meanwhile,
the geometric diversity displayed appears to be non-adaptational, i.e.,
undiminished by natural selection. This is beauty for its own sake, unfettered
by evolutionary pragmatism!
Nonetheless, for all their aesthetic qualities, diatoms are also
a practical environmental resource. As photosynthetic autotrophs, they
manufacture their own nutrition, which in turn represents a substantial
percentage of the earth's annual production of organic carbon. In the process
they are significant consumers of carbon dioxide and are responsible for
the production of much of the earth's atmospheric oxygen. Their syntheses
included that of a very high quality oil (comparable to peanut, linseed,
and cotton oils) occupying up to 10% of the cell's volume (the diatoms
use this oil as a metabolic energy reserve).
While chemically different from that found in oil fields per se,
it is not unlikely that fossil beds of diatoms containing billions of cubic
feet of these microbes have contributed to the earth's hydrocarbon deposits.
As primary producers, diatoms constitute the major food item for many fish
(supplying among other nutrients most of the vitamin D found in fish oils)
and other aquatic animals, including the largest of all - whales. Diatomaceous
earth (deposits of their sedimented siliceous tests, diatomite rock from
fossil beds, fullers' earth from more recent sediments) has industrial
application as a fine abrasive and is used in filtering and insulating
When absorbed by diatomite (which Alfred Nobel knew as Kieselguhr),
nitroglycerine becomes stable and thus we have dynamite. Diatoms have proven
extremely useful as guide fossils to the geologists' location of petroleum
deposits for the oil and gas industry. Ecologically, they significantly
impact the inorganic chemical concentrations of the aquatic environment,
especially of silica, nitrates, and phosphates, playing a major role in
their cycling between the animate and inanimate components of the biosphere.
Under certain circumstances (e.g., fertilizer runoff, resultant phosphate
pollution and microbial blooms), this can have the adjunctive function
of purifying fouled water supplies. Besides diatoms, planktonic organisms
for which silica is a structural component, are the silicoflagellates and
some of the radiolarians. A group of protists resembling diatoms in their
form are the polythalamian foraminifera. They differ from diatoms in having
tests of calcium carbonate. The obvious system, one perhaps adjunctive
to their buoyancy, though most protests get along very well without them
(see, e.g., the shell-less radiolarians).
Geometric form is also seen in purely physical (abiotic) systems,
as in the case of crystals. Indeed, most solid matter has orderly atomic
arrangement and is of crystalline structure when a solid is formed gradually
from a fluid (a notable exception in glass). Outward form is bounded by
smooth, planar, symmetrically arranged surfaces (facets) which develop
in response to directional forces within the growing crystal itself. Each
chemical element (or compounds thereof, e.g., salts and oxides) tends to
crystallize in a definite and characteristic form. The apparently infinite
variability of form exhibited by snowflakes, every snow crustal is unique
in its precise configuration, is due to the unlimited variation in the
specific micro-weather conditions under which they are assembled (combinatorialy,
the number and distribution of ice nucleation centers in a developing snowflake
are infinitely variable, thus the chance of a repeat become mathematically
Evolution A Jewish Deception
- Part 29
Engineers, who by and large are less prone
to flights of evolutionary fancy than biological theorists, note that one
characteristic of function design is elegance. Where natural systems are
the example, references is to an essential elegance, one more fundamental
than mere appearance; beautiful outward form is a reflection of economical
To a consideration of the design principle,
it is significant that the geometry exhibited by diatoms goes above and
beyond the aforementioned intrinsic organizational properties of physical
matter - e.g., crystalline geometry, in its informational determinants,
which, as embodied in the organisms' genetics (vide supra), are extrinsic
micromorphology of these organism is neither predictable nor constrained
by the physical qualities of its constituent elements, nothing that biogenic
silica as opal has no inherent crystalline structure (cf. lithogenic silica),
but in the solid state is amorphous. Cf. the case of snowflake formation
where I=0 (see below), information is a quality which when imposed on a
dynamic system reduces an indefinite number of possible outcomes to a singularity,
as we have it in the species specific form of diatom shells. Thus, if I0
= 0 (when no information is available, I1 # 0 (when information is gained),
P0 is the probability for possible outcomes, P1 = 1 (when, as a result
of specifying information, a single outcome is selected), then:
I = -k InP or I=-kin
(P1/P0) = I1 - I0
In the totality of our human experience,
there is but one source of meaningful information, and that is intelligence.
Proponents of chaos theory might have it otherwise. To a non-theistic evolutionist,
who would perforce gainsay the impingement of creative intelligence on
the natural world, what is perceived as design in biological systems is
attributable to the organizational properties of matter itself, or a stochastic
trial and error process in the evolution of the genetic base.
Yet the same evolutionist has no problem
with identifying artifacts such as arrowheads for what they are and accordingly
attributing to them an intelligent source, with the conviction that such
geometric shapes, albeit much less complex than those manifested by diatoms,
do not form by mindless chance. Why are diatoms, so exquisitely complex,
so singularly beautiful to study?
The answer is in Romans 1:20: "For the invisible
things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood
by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that
they are without excuse."
In all their aesthetic intricacy, could
diatoms be simply the calling card of the Master Designer? With that in
mind, we dedicate this paper to the memory of Dr. Richard Bliss, who was
so quick to comprehend and appreciate design in nature, its source, and
who was so effective in educating his students, K through faculty colleagues
to that principle. (By Mark Armitage, President of MicroSpecialists and
a student in biology at the ICR Graduate School; and Richard D. Lumsden,
Ph.D., Chairman of the Biology Department at ICR and Professor of Biology
at The Master's College)
Female Monarch Butterfly's Needles Designed
For Its Survival: There are many marvelous evidences of creative design
in the structure and life history of the Monarch Butterfly. Only one example;
that of its remarkable forelegs, is considered in this part of the study.
The female Monarch butterfly has six microscopic needles on each foreleg.
The male Monarch butterfly forelegs have no needles, only hairs. Some evolutionary
scientists say that since the small 0.2-inch forelegs have no useful purpose,
they will eventually disappear. However, this belief is far from the truth.
These needles are vital for the very survival of the Monarch butterflies.
The reason most evolutionary entomological
scientists believe these small forelegs will disappear is because they
have never studied their use in great detail or from the right perspective.
They believe this complex, beautiful butterfly came into existence by random
chance or accident many millions of years ago. They assume that since the
other two pairs of legs are so much larger and more useful in grasping
and tasting things, that these small forelegs must be shrinking and eventually
But remember that no human has ever seen
random chance produce a complex, organized, living creature or structure.
Even if humans were ever able to make a living cell in the laboratory,
it would be by a complex and well-organized design and construction process,
not by random chance, and the forelegs of the Monarch butterfly are extremely
well-designed for their specific functions.
The Monarch butterfly has six legs. The
two forelegs, located just under the head, are very small, requiring a
magnifying glass or microscope to see them. The tips of each of the female
forelegs carry three pairs of copper colored, microscopic needles, and
when looked at under the microscope the female foreleg is obviously a well-designed
The female butterfly in search of a suitable
place to lay her eggs, taps these six foreleg needles into the milkweed
several times causing the milkweed fluids to flow onto the surface of the
leaf. The female tastes and smells the fluids and determines whether the
milkweed is suitable for laying her eggs. She determines this by use of
taste sensors on the bottom of the other four legs and the smell sensors
on the ends of each of the antennae. Normally she lays only one egg on
the bottom of a single milkweed leaf, but she lays a total of about 600
eggs altogether. The milkweed must contain enough water and nutrients to
supply the vital requirements for the growth and survival of the baby caterpillar
once it emerges from its egg.
The male forelegs are shaped differently.
The male foreleg has no microscopic needles to make a chemical analysis
of the milkweed because males do not lay eggs and have no need of needles
to pierce the milkweed leaves. The male Monarch uses its forelegs for maintaining
balance, especially during the mating act. With his forelegs he holds on
to the flower or other object while his other two pairs of legs hold on
to the female.
The taste sensors on the ends of the two
large pairs of legs on both sexes are 2000 times more sensitive to tasting
sugars than the human taste sensors. The red smelling sensors on each of
the antenna tips are about 5000 times more sensitive to smell than the
human nose sensor.
There are many, many more interesting facts
about the Monarch butterfly that point to a great Designer who created
it. The author's book about the Monarch butterfly, "From Darkness to Light
to Flight," tells the story of its life cycle. It reveals the fantastic
details of this complex creature in words and by color pictures and describes
how it can migrate as far as 3000 mils, navigating with astounding precision
to a preordained destination it has never before visited. Truly the Monarch
butterfly not only possesses exquisite beauty, but is also a majestic specimen
of God's creative handiwork. The more we look, and to whatever depth we
look, we see the unmistakable signature of the Creator! (From Darkness
to Light to Flight, Jules H. Poirier is a retired electonics engineer who
has done much original research on the |Monarch butterfly, Impact #267,
ICR P.O. Box 2667, El Cajon, CA 92021)
Evolution A Jewish Deception
- Part 30
The Yellowstone Petrified Forests: Yellowstone
National Park surpasses all other sites in the United States for its petrified
wood, for here is found large amounts of it, in an exquisite state of preservation.
In and around Yellowstone Park, erosion has exposed in cross sections an
incredible sequence of rather flat-lying rock layers, each containing numerous
petrified trees. Many of these trees are upright, in growth positions.
The question remains, are they in their original growth location?
The argument as presented to lay people,
and as refleted on the roadside marker, includes the growth and petrification
of a series of forests, as well as the erosion of the hillside. Each layer
contains the remains of a mature forest, we are told, with petrified trees
discovered in many layers containing as many as 1000 or so tree rings.
Following the burial of the standing forest in volcanic ash and other debris,
the trees petrified. Meanwhile, the ash exposed on the surface weathered
into clay and eventually into a soil suitable for growth of a new forest.
This is thought to take 200 years or so.
At Specimen Ridge, 27 successive layers
have been claimed, but at nearby Specimen Creek, over 50 have been counted,
each requireing the lengthy burial and decomposition process described
above. Obviously, the total time for the deposition was at least tens of
thousands of years. (W.J. Fritz, Roadside Geology of the Yellowstone Country
(Mountain Press, 1985) p. 149) Instead of a rigid adnerence to forests
buried where they stood by volcanic ash fall, geologists are free to propose
forests growing on a broad, flat, flood plain, adjacent to volcanic highlands.
Mud flows, associated with eruptions, buried some trees where they stood,
but moved others to their final locations, occasionally in upright positioins.
Trees and plant remains of several habitats are thus mixed together.
Erosion of the hillside, which exposes the
layers particularly evident at Spceimen Ridge, proceeds slowly also, probably
requireing more them than the deposition in a uniformitarian model. This
would have occurred after the most recent series of volcanic episodes.
When this time is added to the time needed for deposition, the totatl time
becomes incompatible with the strightforward Biblical time scale.
In more technical presentations, evolutionists
allow for more variety in depositional models. (W.J. Fritz, Reinterpretation
of the depositional environment of the Yellowstone 'fossil forests,' Geology
(1980), Vol. 8, pp. 309-313) Instead of a rigid adherence to forests buried
where they stood by volcanic ash fall, geologists are free to propose forests
goring on a braod, flat, flood plain, adjacent to volcanic highlands. Mud
flows, associated with eruptons, buried some trees where they stood, but
move others to their final locations, occasionally in upright positions.
Trees and plant remains of several habitats are thus mixed together.
But the total time needed for petrification
doesn't change. The individual layers still represent different episodes
of volcanic activity and separate forests. Discussed below are several
factors to consider.
Fossils and Soils: Interestingly, no animal
fossils have been discovered in association with the abundant plant material
- no mammals, no birds, no insects, no earthworms. While more mobile animals
could poetnetially escape a mud flow, it does seem curious that none have
been found if this deposit represents a standing forest.
Researchers have found an amazing diversity
of plant species represented in the individual beds. Including polen, up
to 200 species have been identified from a wide range of ecological habitats,
seemingly far too wide to have originated in one standing forest. Some
species are from semiarid deserts, othes are from rain forests. (H.S. Coffin,
Origin by Design (Review and Herald, 1983), p. 139) Many representatives
of temperate climates are present, but so are fruit trees. Significantly,
the pollen and leaves present are from species other than the trees.
In many growing trees, the root systems
are larger than the tree itself. In the Specimen Ridge trees, however,
the roots abruptly terminate at ground level, or in some cases with a "root
ball" - individual roots having been broken. The older trees are sequoia,
the same species as those which today gorw to be thousands of years old
and are virtually immune to disease and pests, and resistant to fire. They
have no bark or branches. They are typically found with younger trees,
in the 30 to 40-year-old range. it is interesting that none signifiantly
older have been found and that few are intermediate between the two groupings.
Seldom reported is the fact that some of
the upright trees transgress into the layer above or below. If the trees
in the overlying layer give evidence of being more than a few years old,
there would be sufficient time for any protruding snag or trunk to decay.
In the most publicized area of Specimen Ridge, one upright tree terminates
within the root ball of an upright tree in the overlying layer. Yet these
trees typically show clearly preserved tree rings with no sign of decay
Coffin (H.A. Coffin, Origin by Design, (Review
and Herald, 1983), p. 137) and others have measured the orientation of
prostate trees and the long axis of the vertical trees and have found a
similarity of orientation. This orientation could be accomplished by moving
fluids, but would not be present in a standing forest, espceially with
a rather flat floor.
Gorwing forests possess a well-developed
soil and huymus layer, consisting of organic debris from the trees and
plants, but also abundant animal life. Investigators have found fossilized
remains of leaves and needles (but rarely cones) which they interpret at
the original floor of the forest. The organic level also contains short
rootlets only radiating from the larger trees. The organic level also contains
short rootlets only radiating from the larger trees. The organic level,
when present, is usually near the root level of the trees but is completely
missing from many layers.
Often the fossil plant material displays
precise preservaton. But fragile leaves would decay rapidly once deposited
on the floor. Newly fallen ones would be on the top, whle earlier ones
would be being altered by decay beneath. The ancient "soils" do not show
this profile of differential decay. Often the organics are mixed in with
the volcanic sediments. As noted by Cofin, (H.A. Coffin, Origin by Design
(Review and Herald, 1983), p. 142) the organic levels extend laterally,
but split and recombine and usually terminate abruptly. The average orgamic
level is only about three centimeters thick, too thin for a well-developed
These fossil organic levels are nearly horizontal,
but in growing forests (particularly those on the flanks of volcanoes)
the ground surface may be at a sever angle. Even a horizontal forest covered
horizontally by volcanic ash or mud would, in just a few years, develop
stream drainage, but no such topographic relief has been reported.
Thin sections of these organic-rich zones
show clear evidence of water action and none of active soils. (H.A. Coffin,
Origin by Design (Review and Herald, 1983) p. 143) While finer grains predominate,
normal grading is clearly present in most, with coarser grains below, fining
upward, and it includes inorganic volcanic ash in the sequence. Occasional
reverse grading has also been found. Think laminations are present, clear
indication of deposition by moving fluids.
Finally, the "soil" layers possess no clay,
(H.A. Coffin, Origin by Design (Review and Herald, 1983), p. 145) the altered
remnant of volcanic ash. Time is needed to weather the ash into clay, so
the absence of clay implies the lack of much time having passed between
Evolution A Jewish Deception
- Part 31
Specific volcanic sources are hard to trace
in this intensively active area, but Fritz (W.J. Fritz, Roadside Geology
of the Yellowstone Country (Mountain Press, 1985), p. 14) and others have
speculated that two long chains of volcanoes were erupting all at the same
general time, with a narrow valley between them.
As the volcanoes erupted at intervals, mud
flows may have inundated a specific area from any one of a number of specific
vents. In between the individual eruptions, forests grew on the previous
deposit. These debris flows (or lahars) transported some logs and other
material, while burying others in growth location. (W.J. Fritz, Reinterpretation
of the depositional environment of the Yellowstone 'fossil forests,' Geology
(1980), Vol. 8) But as we have seen, this view does not address all the
As Coffin has pointed out, (H.A. Coffin,
Origin by Design (Review and Herald, 1983), pp. 146-148) the beds of volcanic
breccia are extremely variable and highly discontinuous. They inter tongue
with finer grained ash beds throughout the area. The beds of all types
are nearly horizontal, and it is difficult to envision mud flosing for
long distance over dry land and with such low dips. However, similar deposits
have been observed to form underwater.
Dendrichronology: The study of tree rings
provides insights into the history of a tree. Wet seasons, droughts, insect
infestation, frost, and unusual weather patterns can all be discerned from
tree rings. By comparing the ring patterns from trees of overlapping life
spans, a chronology of past events can sometimes be constructed.
Much effort has gone into developing such
a chronology for long-living trees whose remains are still in a woody condition.
The bristlecone pine has been used in the southwestern United States, while
the oak has been developed in the United Kingdom. These are further used
to calibrate radiocarbon dating.
Contrary to common belief, dendrochronology
is not a simple exercise. Two trees, growing side by side at the same time,
will not necessarily have identical tree-ring geometry. Rings from one
side of a tree will not identically match those from the opposite side.
In order to correlate the rings investigators
look for a signature pattern, a unique series of thin and thick, wet and
dry, etc., years involving a series of at least several rings. The specific
thickness of an individual ring may not be important, but the thickness
and characteristics relative to other rings form the basis for recognizing
the signature. Theoretially, closely spaced trees growing at the same time,
and enduring the same general conditions, should display similar patterns
in their rings, in at least some cases.
At the Specimen Creek fossil forests, tree-ring
patterns from several layers have displayed a recognizable signature. (M.J.
Arct, Dendroecology in the Fossil Forests of the Specimen Creek Area, Yellowstone
National Park, Ph.D. dissertation, Loma Linda University,1991; See also
his M.S. thesis Denoecology in Yellowstone Fossil Forests, 1979) This demonstrates
that at the traditional interpretation of those trees and layers as consecutive
forests and volcanic episodes does not seem to be supported by the data.
The large tree stumps did not grow in place,
as evidenced by the broken root systems, the lack of suitable soils, the
diversity of plant species, and the lack of animal fossils. The trees are
oriented in a preferred diretion, unlike modern stands of trees. Moving
fluids must have been involved in the deposition of the geologic materials
and the transportation of the trees from elsewhere.
Mudflows of volcanic material must have
come in pulses, the time between which was less than it takes for leaves
to suffer decay. Water must also have been involved in producing the graded
and laminated sediments and the orientation of trees, while the mathing
tree-ring signatures demand that at least some of the trees in different
layers grew together.
Coffin (H.A. Coffin, Origin by Design (Review
and Herald, 1983), p. 150) has proposed that "volcanic activity in the
Yellowstone region occurred while the area was at least partly under water.
Trees, some vertical, were carried along in mud and gravel, or floated
in the water along with organic debris. As trees and vegetable matter became
water-saturated, they settled down onto the breccia at the bottom. Within
a relatively short time, another slide moved over aqnd around the trees
and organic debris. Before the appearance of each succeeding breccia flow,
more trees and organic matter descended to the bottom or were spread about
ty the flows. Thus layer upon layer of trees and organic zones built up
in a relatively short period of time."
Could it be that the larger trees, observed
to have been on the order of 1000 years old, lived during the 1656 years
between Creation and the Flood? Dislodged by the Flood waters, they floated
through the Flood, with bark and branches being abraded off. Once the Flood
ended, the settled to the ground where sprigs and seeds sprouted and grew.
But the years following the Flood were rife
with volcanic activity and the ground surface remained saturated with much
standing water. Perhaps post-flood volcanism relocated the older dead and
younger living trees in associated mudflows with some of each retaining
an upright posture, as has been observed at Mount St. Helens.
Conclusion: We have seen that a classic
argument for errors in the Bible is itself in error. The evidence, while
difficult to interpret fully, supports Biblical history. This area was
visited by a hydraulic and volcanic catastrophe of dramatic proportions
with these layers deposited either during the year of the great Flood,
or in the years closely following.
<< It is clear for all to see >>
<< The Theory of Evolution is
A Failure And A False Relition! >>
for the Illinois Board of Education which has shown some sense in this
world of Jewish crap being presented in our schools today.
Illinois schools scrap term "Evolution":
Chicago; The Illinois Board of Education has quietly eliminated the term
"evolution" from state school standards adopted two years ago, the Chicago
Tribune reported in its Sunday edition, available Saturday.
The Illinois Board of Education approved
standards in July 1997 that contained no explicit reference to evolution,
only the phrase "change over time," the paper said. The new standards do
not ban the teaching of evolution, but leave explicit mention of it to
the discretion of local schools. The first science test to be administered
next February as part of the Illinois Standards Achievement Test will not
address the term "evolution" the paper reported. (The Sunday Oklahoman,
p. 9-A, Sunday, October 24, 1999)