Parts 79 through 84
By Willie Martin

Jew Watch

Communism - Part 79

 The Fictitious Queen of Hell

 This was easily accomplished because of the false teachings of the Roman Catholic Church. In Jeremiah 44, which was written many hundreds of years before Jesus Christ was born, the apostate Jews worshipped a female deity they called "The Queen of Heaven." (Jeremiah 7:18; 44:17-25) She is mentioned four times in that one chapter.

 "The children gather wood, and the fathers kindle the fire, and the women knead their dough, to make cakes to the Queen of Heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto other gods, that they may provoke me to anger." (Jeremiah 7:18)

 Then in chapter 44: "But we will certainly do whatsoever thing goeth forth out of our own mouth, to burn incense unto the Queen of Heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto her, as we have done, we, and our fathers, our kings, and our princes, in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem: for then had we plenty of victuals, and were well, and saw no evil. But since we left off to burn incense to the Queen of Heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto her, we have wanted all things, and have been consumed by the sword and by the famine. And when we burned incense to the Queen of Heaven, and poured out drink offerings unto her, did we make her cakes to worship her, and pour out drink offerings unto her, without our men... Thus saith the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel, saying; Ye and your wives have both spoken with your mouths, and fulfilled with your hand, saying, We will surely perform our vows that we have vowed, to burn incense to the Queen of Heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto her: ye will surely accomplish your vows, and surely perform your vows." (Jeremiah 44:17-25)

 Female deities are the bag and baggage of all pagan religions, and whether the female demon is called Astarte, Ashtoreth, Ishtar, Venus, Diana, the Lorelei, the Elle woman, or Mary, she is the same spiritual "principality" and "power." Baal was/is the Jews principal god; Ashtoreth, Baal's wife, is their principal goddess.

 She was the personification of the reproductive principle in nature. Ishtar was her Babylonian name; Astarte her Greek and Roman name. Baalim, the plural of Baal, were images of Baal. Ashtaroth, the plural of Ashtoreth. Ashera was a sacred pole, cone of stone, or a tree trunk, representing the goddess.  Temples of Baal and Ashtoreth were usually together. Priestesses were temple prostitutes. Sodomites were male temple prostitutes. The worship of Baal, Ashtoreth, and other Canaanite gods consisted in the most extravagant orgies; their temples were centers of vice.

 Archaeological Notes

 Canaanite {and Jewish} Religion, God's express command to Israel was to destroy or drive out the Canaanites. (Deuteronomy 7:2-3) And Joshua went at the task in dead earnest, God Himself helping with mighty miracles. In reality, God did it.

 In excavations at Gezer, Macalister, of the Palestine Exploration Fund (1904-09), found, in the Canaanite stratum, which had preceded Israelite occupation, of about 1500 B.C., the ruins of a "High Place," which had been a temple in which they worshiped their god Baal and their goddess Ashtoreth (Astarte).

 It was an enclosure 150 by 120 feet, surrounded by a wall, open to the sky, where the inhabitants held their religious festivals. Within the walls were 10 rude stone pillars, 5 to 11 feet high, before which the sacrifices were offered. Under the debris, in this "High Place," Macalister found great numbers of jars containing the remains of children who had been sacrificed to Baal. The whole area proved to be a cemetery for new-born babes.

 Another horrible practice was that they called "foundation sacrifices." When a house was to be built, a child would be sacrificed, and its body built into the wall, to bring good luck to the rest of the family. Many of these were found in Gezer. They have been found also at Megiddo, Jericho and other places. Also, in this "High Place," under the rubbish, Macalister found enormous quantities of images and plaques of Ashtoreth with rudely exaggerated sex organs, designed to foster sensual feelings.

  Canaanites worshiped, by immoral indulgence, as a religious rite, in the presence of their gods; and then, by murdering their first-born children, as a sacrifice to these same gods. It seems that, in large measure, the land of Canaan had become a sort of Sodom and Gomorrah on a national scale.

 Do we wonder any longer why God commanded Israel to exterminate the Canaanites? Did a civilization of such abominable filth and brutality have any right longer to exist? It is one of history's examples of the Wrath of God against the Wickedness of Nations. Archaeologists who dig in the ruins of Canaanite cities wonder that God did not destroy them sooner than He did.

 God's object, in the command to exterminate the Canaanites, besides being a Judgment on the Canaanites, was to keep Israel from Idolatry and its shameful practices. God was founding the Israelite nation for the one grand specific purpose of paving the way for the Coming of Christ, by establishing in the world the IDEA that there is One True Living God. (Halley's Bible Handbook, pp. 166-167)

 Now back to our original thoughts. With that accomplished, that old serpent, called the Devil, The Great Red Dragon, was going to deceive the whole world by deceptively animating the Roman Catholic Church and use her image as a mask to hide his progress toward WORLD DOMINATION.

 Mrs. Van Hyning, seeking knowledge on these very same facts, being related to you, asked several priests in Rome who referred her to a priest which was a researcher with an extraordinary library. Here is her account of it: "Mrs. Van Hyning, I am surprised at your surprise. You are a student of history - and you know that both the Borgias and the Mediciis are Jewish families of Italy. Surely you know that there have been Popes from both of these houses. Perhaps it will surprise you to know that WE {The Catholic Church} have had 20 Jew Popes, and when you have sufficient time, which may coincide with my free time, I can show you these names and dates. You will learn from these that the crimes committed in the name of the Catholic Church were under Jew Popes. The leader of the Inquisition was one - de Torquemada, A Jew." (Anti-Gentilism Pefferkorn, Woman's Voice November 25, 1953)

 Now that the Papacy was completely under the control of Judaism [which later became properly known as Zionism], the Vatican became a powerful weapon in the hands of the Red Dragon. The names and places of the Papacy and the Roman Catholic Church were not changed so the secret deception of Satan would not be detected and he could carry out his clandestine work in the earth.

 In the guise of the Roman Catholic Church, the Red Dragon, who was, "wroth with the woman [National Israel, United States] went to make war with the remnant of her seed, which [nationally] keep the [10] commandments of God and have the testimony of Jesus Christ." (Revelation 12:17)

 Since the Dragon was not able to destroy the "manchild nation" [America] as soon as it was born, sought to exterminate it with his secret weapon masquerading as the Roman Catholic Church. Samuel Morse, father of electronic telegraphy, found out about the conspiracy of Rome to kill our young American Republic and published in 1834 his remarkable work, "Conspiracies Against The Liberties Of The U.S."

 The book which revealed this bit of information on page 290, also carried this quotation: "The Jesuits are a military organization, not a religious order. Their chief is a general of an army, not the mere father abbot of a monastery. And the aim of this organization is: Power. Power in its most despotic exercise. Absolute power, universal power, power to control the world by the volition of a single man. Jesuitism is the most enormous of abuses." (Memorial of the Captivity of Napoleon at St. Helena, by General Montholon, Vol. ii p. 62)

 "It is under those bloody banners [religious massacres in Europe] of 6,000 Roman Catholic priest, Jesuits and Bishops, in the United States, and marching to the conquest of this republic, backed by their seven millions of blind and obedient slaves... A political conspiracy under the cloak of a religious mission was formed against the U.S., yes, without Romanism, the last awful Civil War would have been impossible, Jeff Davis would never have dared to attack the North, had he not had assurance from the Pope, the Jesuits, the Bishops, the Priests and the whole people of the Church of Rome under the name and mask of Democracy, except they would help him." (Fifty Years In The Church of Rome, pages 289-290, by Father Chiniquy)

 "Pope Gregory VII [a Jew] decided it was no murder to kill excommunicated persons. This rule was incorporated in the canon law. During the revision of the code, which took place in the 16th century, and which produced a whole volume of corrections, the passage was allowed to stand. It appears in every reprint of the Corpus Juris. It has been for 700 years, and continues to be, part of the ecclesiastical law.

 Far from being a dead letter, it obtained a new application in the days of the Inquisition [under a Spanish Basque, a Jew, whose name was Lopez DeRecalde, but who preferred to be called Ignatuis Loyola]; and one of the later Popes has declared that the murder of a Protestant is so good a deed that it atones, and more than atones, for the murder of a Catholic." (The London Times July 20, 1872)

Communism - Part 80

 Has the Church of Rome expressed any regret for having promulgated and executed such bloody laws? No! On the contrary, she has anathematized all those who think or say that she was wrong when she deluged the world with the blood of the millions she ordered to be slaughtered to quench her thirst for blood [is this not what the Jews have done to Christians since they Crucified the Lord Jesus Christ]; she positively said that she had the right to punish those heretics by tortures and death.

 Those bloody and anti-social laws, were written on the banners of the Roman Catholics, when slaughtering 100,000 Waldenses in the mountains of Piedmont, more than 50,000 defenseless men, women and children in the city of Bezieres. It is under the inspiration of those diabolical laws of Rome, that 75,000 Protestants were massacred the night and following week of St Bartholomew.

 Origin of The Jews

 The Jews fully understand their Khazarian heritage as the third edition of the Jewish Encyclopedia for 1925 records:

 "CHAZARS [Khazars]: A people of Turkish origin whose life and history are interwoven with the very beginnings of the history of the Jews of Russia. The kingdom of the Chazars was firmly established in most of South Russia long before the foundation of the Russian monarchy by the Varangians (855).

 Jews have lived on the shores of the Black and Caspian seas since the first centuries of the common era [after the death of Christ]. Historical evidence points to the region of the Ural as the home of the Chazars. Among the classical writers of the Middle Ages they were known as the 'Chozars,' 'Khazirs,' 'Akatzirs,' and 'Akatirs,' and in the Russian chronicles as 'Khwalisses' and 'Ugry Byelyye.'

 The Armenia writers of the fifth and following centuries furnish ample information concerning this people. Moses of Chorene refers to the invasion by the 'Khazirs' of Armenia and Iberia at the beginning of the third century: 'The chaghan was the king of the North, the ruler of the Khazirs, and the queen was the chatoun' (History of Armenia, ii. 357)

 The Chazars first came to Armenia with the Basileans in 198. Though at first repulsed, they subsequently became important factors in Armenian history for a period of 800 years. Driven onward by the nomadic tribes of the steppes and by their own desire for plunder and revenge, they made frequent invasions into Armenia. The latter country was made the battle-ground in the long struggle between the Romans and the Persians.

 This struggle, which finally resulted in the loss by Armenia of her independence, paved the way for the political importance of the Chazars. The conquest of eastern Armenia by the Persians in the fourth century rendered the latter dangerous to the Chazars, who, for their own protection, formed an alliance with the Byzantines. This alliance was renewed from time to time until the final conquest of the Chazars by the Russians.

 Their first aid was rendered to the Byzantine emperor Julian, in 363. About 434 they were for a time tributary to Attila, Sidonius Apollinaris relates that the Chazars followed the banners of Attila, and in 452 fought on the Catalanian fields in company with the Black Huns and Alans. The Persian King Kobad (488-531) undertook the construction of a line of forts through the pass between Derbent and the Caucasus, in order to guard against the invasion of the Chazars, Turks and other warlike tribes. His son Chosroes Anoshirvan (531-579) built the wall of Derbent, repeatedly mentioned by the Oriental geographers and historians as Bab al-Awab. In the second half of the sixth century the Chazars moved westward. They established themselves in the territory bounded by the Sea of Azov, the Don and the lower Volga, the Caspian Sea, and the Northern Caucasus. The Caucasian Goths (Tetraxites) were subjugated by the Chazars, probably about the seventh century.

 Early in that century the kingdom of the Chazars had become powerful enough to enable the chaghan to send to the Byzantine emperor Heraclius an army of 40,000 men, by whose aid he conquered the Persians (626-627). The Chazars had already occupied the northeastern part of the Black Sea region. According to the historian Moses Kalonkataci, the Chazars, under their leader Jebu Chaghan (called 'Ziebel Chaghan' by the Greek writers), penetrated into Persian territory as early as the second campaign of Heraclius, on which occasion they devastated Albania. Nicephorus testifies that Heraclius repeatedly showed marks of esteem to his ally, the chaghan of the Chazars, to whom he even promised his daughter in marriage. In the great battle between the Chazars and the Arabs near Kizliar 4,000 Mohammedan soldiers and their leaders were slain.

 In the year 669 the Ugrians or Zabirs freed themselves from the rule of the Obrians, settled between the Don and the Caucasus, and came under the dominion of the Chazars. For this reason the Ugrians, who had hitherto been called the 'White' or 'Independent' Ugrians, are described in the chronicles ascribed to Nestro as the 'Black' or 'Dependent,' Ugrians. They were no longer governed by their own princes, but were ruled by the kings of the Chazars. In 735, when the Arab leader Mervan moved from Georgia against the Chazars, he attacked the Ugriaus also.

 In 679 the Chazars subjugated the Bulgars and extended their sway farther west between the Don and the Dnieper, as far as the head-waters of the Donetz in the province of Lebedia. It was probably about that time that the chaghan of the Chazars and his grandees, together with a large number of his heathen people, embraced the Jewish religion. According to A. Harkavy, the conversion took place in 620, according to others, in 740. King Joseph, in his letter to Hasdal ibn Shaprut (about 960), gives the following account of the conversion: 'Some centuries ago King Bulan reigned over the Chazars. To him God appeared in a dream and promised him might and glory.

 Encouraged by this dream, Bulan went by the road of Darian to the country of Ardebil, where he gained great victories [over the Arabs]. The Byzantine emperor and the calif of the Ishmaelites sent to him envoys with presents, and sages to convert him to their respective religions. Bulan invited also wise men of Israel, and proceeded to examine them all. As each of the champions believed his religion to be the best, Bulan separately questioned the Mohammedans and the Christians as to which of the other two religions they considered the better. When both gave preference to that of the Jews, that king perceived that it must be the true religion. He therefore adopted it.

 This account of the conversion was considered to be of a legendary nature. Harkavy, however, proved from Arabic and Slavonian sources that the religious disputation at the Charzarian court is a historical fact. Even the name of Sangari has been found in a liturgy of Constantine the Philosopher (Cyrill). It was one of the successors of Bulan, named Obadiah, who regenerated the kingdom and strengthened the Jewish religion. He invited Jewish scholars to settle in his dominions, and founded synagogues and schools. The people were instructed in the Bible, Mishna, and Talmud, and in the 'divine service of the hazzanim.' In their writings the Chazars used the Hebrew letters.

 Obadiah was succeeded by his son Hezekiah; the latter by his son Manasseh; Mannaseh by Hanukkah, a Succession brother of Obadiah; Hanukkah by his son Isaac; Isaac by his son Moses (or Manasseh II); latter by his son Nisi; and Nisi by his son Aaron II. King Joseph himself was a son of Aaron, and ascended the throne in accordance with the law of the Chazars relating to succession. On the whole, King Joseph's account agrees generally with the evidence given by the Arabic writers of the tenth century, but in detail it contains a few discrepancies.

 According to Ibn Fadlan, Ibn Dastah, and others, only the king and the grandees were followers of Judaism. The rest of the Chazars were Christians, Mohammedans, and heathens; and the Jews were in a great minority. According to Mas'udi, the king and the Chazars proper were Jews; but the army consisted of Mohammedans, while the other inhabitants, especially the Slavonians and Russians, were heathens. From the work 'Kitab al-Buldan,' written about the ninth century, it appears as if all the Chazars were Jews and that they had been converted to Judaism only a short time before that book was written. But this work was probably inspired by Jaihani; and it may be assumed that in the ninth century many Chazar heathens became Jews, owing to the religious zeal of King Obadiah. 'Such a conversion in great masses,' says Chwolson. 'May have been the reason for the embassy of Christians from the land of the Chazars to the Byzantine emperor Michael. The report of the embassy reads as follows: 'Quomodo nunc Judaei, nunc Saraceni ad suam fidem eos molirentur convertere.'

 The history of the kingdom of the Chazars undoubtedly presents one of the most remarkable features of the Middle Ages. Surrounded by wild, nomadic peoples, and themselves leading partly a nomadic life, the Chazars enjoyed all the privileges of civilized nations, a well- constituted and tolerant government, a flourishing trade, and a well- disciplined standing army. In a time when fanaticism ignorance, and anarchy reigned in Western Europe, the kingdom of the Chazars could boast of its just and broad-minded administration; and all who were persecuted on the scorn of their religion found refuge there. There was a supreme court of justice, composed of seven judges, of whom two were Jews, two Mohammedans, and two Christians, in charge of the interests of their respective faiths, while one heathen was appointed for the Slavonians, Russians, and other pagans.

 The Jewish population in the entire domain of the Chazars, in the period between the seventh and tenth centuries, must have been considerable. There is no doubt that the Caucasian and other Oriental Jews had lived and carried on business with the Chazars long before the arrival of the Jewish fugitives from Greece, who escaped (723) from the mania for conversion which possessed the Byzantine emperor Leo the Isaurian. From the correspondence between King Joseph and Hasdai it is apparent that two Spanish Jews, Judah ben Me�r ben Nathan and Joseph Gagris, had succeeded in settling in the land of the Chazars, and that it was a German Jew, Isaac ben Eliezer' from the land of Nyemetz' (Germany), who carried Hasdai's letter to the king. Saadia, who had a fair knowledge of the kingdom of the Chazars, mentions a certain Isaac ben Abraham who had removed from Sura to Chazaria.

 Among the various routes enumerate by the Arabic geographer Ibn Khurdadhbah (860-880) as being used by the Rahdanite Jewish merchants, there is one leading from Spain or France, via Allemania, through the land of the Slavonians, close by Atel, the capital of the Chazars, whence they crossed the Sea of the Chazars (Caspian Sea) and continued their voyage, via Balkh, Transoxania, and the land of the Tagasga, to India and China.

 These merchants, who spoke Arabic, Persian, Greek, Spanish, French, and Slavonic, 'traveled continuously from west to east from east to west by sea and by land.' They carried eunuchs, serving-maids, boys, silks, furs, swords, imported musk, aloes, camphor, cinnamon, and other products of the Far East.      Hasdai ibn Shaprut, who was foreign minister to Abd al-Rahman, Sultan of Cordova, in his letter to King Joseph of the Chazars (about 960), relates that the first information about that kingdom was communicated to him by envoys from Khorassan, and that their statements were corroborated by the ambassadors from Byzantim. The latter told him that the powerful Chazars were maintaining amicable relations with the Byzantine empire, with which they carried on by sea a trade in fish, skins, and other wares, the voyage from Constantinople occupying fifteen days. Hasdai determined to avail himself of the services of the Byzantine embassy to transmit his letter to the king of the Chazars, and with that view he despatched Isaac ben Nathan with valuable gifts to the emperor, requesting him to aid Isaac in his journey to Chazaria. But the Greeks interposed delays, and finally sent Isaac back to Cordova. Hasdai then decided to send his message by way of Jerusalem, Nisibis, Armenia, and Bardaa, but the envoys of the king of the Gebalim (Goleslav I of Bohemia), who had then just arrived in Cordova, and among whom were two Jews, Saul and Joseph, suggested a different plan. The offered to send the letter to Jews living in 'Hungarin' (Hungary), who, in their turn, would transmit it to 'Russ' (Russia), and thence through 'Bulgar' (probably the country of the Bulgarians on the Kuban) to its destination (Atel, the capital of Chazaria). As the envoys guaranteed the safe delivery of the message, Hasdai accepted the proposal. He further express his thankfulness that God, in His mercy had not deprived the Jews of a deliverer, but had preserved the remnant of the Jewish race.

 Taking a keen interest in everything relating to the kingdom of the Chazars, hasdai begs the king to communicate to him a detailed account of the geography of his country, of its internal constitution, of the customs and occupations of its inhabitants, and especially of the history of his ancestry and of the state. In this letter Hasdai speaks of the tradition according to which The Chazars Once Dwelt Near The Seir (Serir) Mountains [This was where Esau went with his Canaanite wives. Gen. 36]; he refers to the narrative of Eldad ha-Dani, who thought he had discovered the Lost Ten Tribes; and inquires whether the Chazars know anything concerning 'the end of the miracles' (the coming of the Messiah). As to Eldad ha-Dani's unauthenticated account of the Lost Ten Tribes on the River Sambation, it may be interesting to note that, according to Idrisi, the city of Sarmel (Sarkel-on-the-Don) was situated on the River Al-Sabt (Sambat), which is the River Don. The name for Kiev, as given by Constantine Porphyrogenitus, is also Sambatas. These appellations of the River Don and of the city of Kiev point evidently to Jewish-Chazar influences.

 A complete account of the correspondence between, Hasdai and King Joseph, has been written by A. Harkavy, one of the leading authorities on the history of the Chazars, from which the following is, in substance, an extract: 'The Chazarian correspondence was first published in the work 'Kol-Mebasser' of Isaac Akrish (Constantinople, 1577), into whose hands these documents came while on a voyage from Egypt to Constantinople. He published them with the view of proving that even after the destruction of Jerusalem the Jews still had their own country, in accordance with the well- known passage in Genesis (xlix.10), 'the scepter shall not depart from Judah.'

 Among European scholars Johann Buxtorf, the son, was the first to become interested in the Chazarian letters, which he printed together with the text of Akrish in his Latin translation of 'Cuzari' (Basel, 1660).

 Buxtorf believed that the letters themselves and the entire history of the Chazarian kingdom were but fable, for the reason that no seafarers, merchants, or other travelers had brought any information concerning such a flourishing kingdom as that of the Chazars was reputed to be. The learned Orientalist D'Herbelot, misled by a wrong conception of the 'Cuzari' and its relation to the conversion of the Chazars to Judaism, leaves the authenticity of the correspondence an open question.

 One of the greatest scholars of the 17th century, Samuel Bochart, in his derivation of the name of the Chazars, introduces the account of Joseph ben Gorion (Yostpon), and in his notes to the 'Yuhasin' of Zacute gives information about the Chazarian kingdom and the Sea of the Chazars obtained from the 'Geographia Nubiensis' of the Arabian writer Idrisi (12th century). Pochart's views, however, are not important because he had no knowledge of the 'Cuzari' or of the Chazarian letters. All the skeptics of that time and those mentioned below had no knowledge of the facts concerning the Chazars and Chazarian Judaism as contained in Slavonic Russian sources, or of the 'Acts Sanctorum,' which discusses those sources. It is therefore not surprising that the first author of a comprehensive history of the Jews, Basnage, who in his 'Histoire des Jifs,' v. 446, Rotterdam, 1707, prints the Chazarian letters, has the boldness to declare as idle fancy, not only the kingdom of the Chazars, but even the existence of the Chazarian people, which was invented, he considers, by Jewish boastfulness.

 About the same time Dom Augustine Calmet issued his Biblical researches, part of which treats of 'the country whither the Ten Tribes were led away and where the said tribes now live.' Calmet considers Media near the Caspian Sea to be 'the country,' and that it is also identical with 'the country of the Chazars,' which was glorified so much in the rabbinical writings. According to them the czar of the Chazars adopted the Jewish religion in the eight century. Calmet, however, considers the whole story a fiction.

 Baratier, 'the remarkable child,' also considered the story of the Chazars to be only a pleasing novel; but it may serve as an excuse for his opinion that when he wrote his work he was only eleven years of age. The Danish historiographer Frederick Suhm, who in 1779 wrote a remarkable work, for that time, on the Chazars, and who could not free himself from the view of the Hebraists of the time with regard to the letter of King Joseph, was the first to give a decided opinion in favor of the genuineness of the letter of Hasdai. The ignorance of these writers is accounted for by the fact that only at the end of the eighteenth century, were translations of the old Arabic writers, Mas'udi, Istakhri, Ibn Haukal, etc., on the Chazars, issued. The first to make use of the testimony of the Arabic writers to corroborate the accounts of the Jewish writers on the Chazars, was the Lithuanian historian Tadeusz Czacki, who had the advantage of using copies of the Arabic manuscripts relating to the subject in the Library of Paris. The Russian historian karamsin also made use of Mas'udi's information, given in the 'Chrestomathy' of Silvestre de Sacy, and of Abulfeda's researches published in the fifth volume of Busching's 'Historical Magazine.'

 The Russian academician Ch. Fr�hn and the Swedish scholar D'Ohsson collected and published, in the first quarter of the nineteenth century, all the Arabic testimony on the subject of the Chazars known at that time. The authenticity of the letter of King Joseph has, however, since been fully established by the very material which those scholars had at their disposal, Fr�hu acknowledges the genuineness of Hasdai's letter, but not that of King Joseph. In the same way D'Ohsson, although he found the information of the Arabic and Byzantine writers in conformity with the contents of the Chazar letters, could not help doubting its genuiness. This may be explained by the fact that as they did not understand Hebrew they did not care to commit themselves on a question which lay outside of their field of investigation. But the Jewish scholars had no doubts whatever as to the genuineness of the Chazarian documents, especially since the beginning of the critical school of Rapoport and Zunz. They were made use of by many writers in Spain in the twelfth century; as, for instance, by Judah ha-Levi (1140), who displayed a close acquaintance with the contents of King Joseph's epistle, and by the historian Abraham ibn Daud of Toledo (1160), who distinctly refers to the same letter.

 Later on, with the persecutions which ended with the expulsion of the Jews from Spain, the Chazarian documents, together with many other treasures of medieval Jewish literature, were lost to the learned, and were not recovered until the end of the sixteenth century, when they were found in Egypt by Isaac 'Akrish. The Jews of that time took little interest, however, in the history of the past, being absorbed by the cheerless events of their own epoch. The first reference, therefore, to the Chazar letters is by Rabbi Bacharach of Worms, in 1679, who discovered proofs of the genuineness of Hasdai's letter in an acrostic in the poem which served as a preface, and which reads as follows: 'I, Hasdai, son of Isaac, son of Ezra ben Shaprut.'

 This acrostic, however, again remained unnoticed until it was rediscovered by Frensdorf, independently of Bacharach, in 1836. Four years later (1840) the genuineness of Hasdai's letter was absolutely proved by Joseph Zedner.

 He also acknowledged the authenticity of the Chaghan's letter, but did not submit proofs. At the same time Solomon Munk gave his opinion in favor of the genuineness of both letters. Since then most of the Jewish scholars have adopted his view, including Lebrecht, 1841; Michael Sachs, 1845; S.D. Luzzatto, 1846-50; Z. Frankel, 1852; D. Cassel and H. Jolovicz, 1853, 1859, 1872; Leop. L�w, 1855-74; Hartog, 1857; Jost, 1858; Steinschneider, 1860; Gr�tz, 1860 and 1871; harkavy, beginning with a864; Geiger, 1865; Kraushar, 1866; D. Kaufmann, 1877; and many others. A comparison of Jewish with other sources, especially with Arabic, as far as they were then known, must be credited to E. Carmoly. He began his work with the comparison of the various sources in his 'Revue Orientale' (1840-44).

 He completed it in 1847. Some useful supplements to Carmoly's works were presented by Paulus Cassel in 1848 and 1877. The results of these investigations were accepted by the following Christian scholars: Grigoryev, 1834; Schafarik, 1848; Lelevel, 1851-60; Vivien de San Martin, 1851; S. Solovyov, 1851-1874; Byelevski, 1864; Brun, 1866-77; Bilbasov, 1868-71; Kunik, 1874 and 1878; and many others. Still there were some writers who were misled by the earlier opinions, and on the strength of them spoke skeptically of the documents; as Jacob Goldenthal (1848); Dobryakov (1865); and even the historian Ilovaiski (1876) The translation of the letters given by Harkavy is from a manuscript in the St. Petersburg Public Library. The genuineness of the St. Petersburg manuscript has been demonstrated by him.

 In 960 Atel (or Itil), at that time the capital of the kingdom of the Chazars, was situated about eight miles from the northern Astrakhan, on the right bank of the lower Volga, which river was also called 'Atel' or 'Itil.' The meaning of 'Atel' in the Gothic language is 'father' or 'little father,' that of 'Itil' in the Turanian language is 'river'; it is difficult to decide which of these two words gave the river its name. The western part of the city was surrounded by a wall pierced by four gates, of which one led to the river, and the others to the steppes. Here was situated the king's palace, which was the only brick building in the city. According to Mas'udi, the city was divided into three parts, the palace of the chaghan standing on an island. The king had twenty- five wives, all of royal blood, and sixty concubines, all famous beauties. Each one dwelt in a separate tent and was watched by a eunuch. The authority of the chaghan was so absolute that during his absence from the capital, even his viceroy, or coregent (called 'isha,' or 'bek,' or 'pech'), was powerless. The viceroy had to enter the chaghan's apartments barefooted and with the greatest reverence. He held in his right hand a chip of wood, which he lit when he saluted the chaghan, whereupon he took his seat to the right of the latter, on the throne, which was of gold. The walls of the palace were also gilded, and a golden gate ornamented the palace.

 All the other dwellings of the then populous city were insignificant mud huts or felt tents. The position of the chaghan of the Chazars was evidently similar to that of the former mikados of Japan, while the bek, his military coregent, corresponded to the shogans of the latter. Emperor Heraclius in 626 concluded a treaty with the chaghan of the Chazars, and Constantine Copronymus, in his description of the embassy of the Chazars (834), states that it was sent by the 'chaghan and the pech.' Ibn Fadlan relates that the king of the Chazars was called the 'great chaghan,' and his deputy 'chaghan-bhoa' ('bey,' 'beg,' or 'bek'). The bek led the army, administered the affairs of the country, and appeared among the people; and to him the neighboring kings paid allegiance. It will thus be seen that the extent of the powers of the bek varied with the times. When the chaghan wanted to punish any one, he said, 'Go and commit suicide' - a method resembling the Japanese custom of hara-kiri.

 The mother of the chaghan resided in the western part of the city, whose eastern part, called 'Chazaran,' was inhabited by merchants of various nationalities. The city and its environs were heavily shaded by trees. The Turkish and the Chazar languages predominated.

 The entourage of the chaghan, numbering 4,000 men, consisted of representatives of different nationalities. The White Chazars were renowned for their beauty; and according to Demidov, the mountaineers of the Crimea contrasted very favorably with the Nogay Tatars, because they were considerably intermixed with the Chazars and with the equally fine race of the Kumans. Besides the White Chazars, there were also black Chazars (who were almost as dark as the Hindus), Turkish immigrants, Slavonians, Hunno-Bulgars, Jews, who lived mostly in the cities, and various Caucasian tribes, such as the Abghases, Kabardines, Ossetes, Avares, Lesghians, etc.

 The Chazars cultivated rice, millet, fruit, grains, and the vine. They had important fisheries on the Caspian Sea, and the sturgeon constituted the main article of food. The Arabic writer Al-Makdisi remarks: 'In Chazaria there are many sheep, and Jews, and much money.' From the upper Volga they brought down from the Mordvines and Russians honey and valuable furs, which they exported to Africa, Spain, and France. They supplied the market of Constantinople with hides, furs, fish, Indian goods, and articles of luxury. The chaghan and his suite resided in the capital only during the winter months. From the month of Nisan (April) they led a nomadic life in the steppes, returning to the city about the Feast of Hanukkah (December). The estates and vineyards of the chaghan were on the island on which his palace was situated.

 Another city of the Chazars, Semender, between Atel and Bab al- Abwab, was surrounded by 40,000 vines. It was identical with the modern Tarku, near Petrovsk, which is now inhabited by Jews and Kumyks. The latter are supposed to be descended from the Chazars.

 At the Byzantine court the chaghan was held in high esteem. In diplomatic correspondence with him the seal of three solid was used, which marked him as a potentate of the first rank, above even the pope and the Carlovingian monarchs. Emperor Justinian II after his flight from Kherson to Doros, took refuge during his exile with the chaghan, and married the chaghan's daughter Irene, who was famous for her beauty (702) Emperor Leo IV 'the Chazar' (775-780), the son of Constantine, was thus a grandson of the king of the Chazars. From his mother he inherited his mild, amiable disposition. Justinian's rival, Bardanes, likewise sought an asylum in Chazaria. Chazarian troops were among the body-guard of the Byzantine imperial court; and they fought for Leo VI, against Simeon of Bulgaria in 888...

 Here on the plains live nomadic tribes, which extend to the frontier of the Gagries, as innumerable as the sands of the sea; and they all pay tribute to the Chazars. The king of the Chazars himself has established his residence at the mouth of the river, in order to guard its entrance and to prevent the Russians from reaching the Caspian Sea, and thus penetrating to the land of the Ishmaelites. In the same way the Chazars bar enemies from the gates of Bab al-Abwab.'

 Even the Russian Slavonians of Kiev had, in the ninth century, to pay as yearly tax to the Chazars a sword and the skin of a squirrel for each house.

 At the end of the eighth century, when the Crimean Goths rebelled against the sovereignty of the Chazars, the latter occupied the Gothic capital, doros. The Chazars were at first repulsed by the Gothic bishop Joannes; but when he had surrendered, the Goths submitted to the rule of the Chazars.

 In the second quarter of the ninth century, when the Chazars were often annoyed by the irruptions of the petchenegs, Emperor Theophilus, fearing for the safety of the Byzantine trade with the neighboring nations, despatched his brother-in-law, Petron Kamateros, with materials and workmen to build for the Chazars the fortress Sarkel on the Don (834). Sarkel ('Sar-kel,' the white abode; Russian, 'Byelaya Vyezha') served as a military post and as a commercial depot for the north.

 In the second half of the ninth century the apostle of the Slavonians, Constantine (Cyril), went to the Crimea to spread Christianity among the Chazars. At this time the kingdom of the Chazars stood at the height of its power, and was constantly at war with the Arabian califs and their leaders in Persia and the Caucasus. The Persian Jews hoped that the Chazars might succeed in destroying the califs' country.

 The high esteem in which the Chazars were held among the Jews of the Orient may be seen in the application to them -- in an Arabic commentary on Isaiah ascribed by some to Saadia, and by others to Benjamin Nahawandi -- of Isa. xlvii.14: 'The Lord hath love him.' 'This,' says the commentary, 'refers to the Chazars, who will go and destroy Babel' - i.e. Babylonia - a name used to designate the country of the Arabs.

 The chaghans of the Chazars, in their turn, took great interest in and protected their coreligionists, the Jews. When one of the chaghans receive information (c. 921) that the Mohammedans had destroyed a synagogue in the land of Babung (according to Harkavy the market of Camomile in Atel is meant), he gave orders that the minaret, of the mosque, in his capitol should be broken off, and the muezzin executed. He declared that he would have destroyed all the mosques in the country, had he not been afraid that the Mohammedans would in turn destroy all the synagogues in their lands. In the conquest of Hungary by the Magyars (889) the Chazars rendered considerable assistance.

 They had, however, settled in Pannonia before the arrival of the Magyars. This is evident from the names of such places as Kozar and Kis-Kozard in the N grad, and Great-Kozar and R�czkozar in the Baranya district. Mas'udi relates the following particulars concerning the Chazars in connection with Russian invasions of Tabaristan and neighboring countries: 'After the year 300 of the Hegira (913-914), five hundred Russian (Northmen's) ships, every one of which had a hundred men on board, came to the estuary of the Don, which opens into the Pontus, and is in communication with the river of the Chazars, the Volga. The king of the Chazars keeps a garrison on this side of the estuary with efficient, warlike equipment to exclude any other power from its passage. The king of the Chazars himself frequently takes the field against them if this garrison is too weak.

 When the Russian vessels reached the fort they sent to the king of the Chazars to ask his permission to pass through his dominions, promising him half the plunder which they might take from the nations who lived on the coast of this sea. He gave them leave.

 They entered the country, and continuing their voyage up the River Don as far as the river of the Chazars, they went down this river past the town of Atel and entered through its mouth into the sea of the Chazars. They spread over el-Jil, ed-Dailem, Tabaristan, Aboskum, which is the name for the coast of Jordjan, the Naphtha country, and toward Aderbijan, the town of Ardobil, which is in Aderbijan, and about three days' journey from the sea.

 The nations on the coast had no means of repelling the Russians, although they had put themselves in a state of defense; for the inhabitants of the coast of this sea are well civilized. When the Russians had secured their booty and captives, they sailed to the mouth of the river of the Chazars and sent messengers with money and spoils to the king, in conformity with the stipulations they had made.      The Larissians and other Moslems in the country of the Chazars heard of the attack of the Russians, and they said to their king: 'The Russians have invaded the country of our Moslem brothers; they have shed their blood and made their wives and children captives, as they are unable to resist; permit us to oppose them.' The Moslem army, which numbered about 15,000 took the field and fought for three days. The Russians were put to the sword, many being drowned, and only 5,000 escaping. These were slain by the Burtas and by the Moslems of Targhiz. The Russians did not make a similar attempt after that year.'

 Notwithstanding the assertions of Mas'udi, the Russians invaded the trans-Caucasian country in 944, but were careful in this expedition to take a different route. This seems to have been the beginning of the downfall of the Chazar kingdom.

 The Russian Varangians had firmly established themselves at Kiev, while the powerful dominions of the Chazars had become dangerous to the Byzantine empire, and Constantine Porphyrogenitus, in his instructions on government written for his son, carefully enumerates the Alans, the Petchenegs, the Uzes, and the Bulgarians as the forces on which he must rely to check the influence of the Chazars.

 Five years after the correspondence between the king of the Chazars and Hasdai ibn Shaprut (965), the Russian prince Swyatoslaw made war upon the Chazars, apparently for the possession of Taurida and Taman. The Russians had already freed from the rule of the Chazars a part of the Black Bulgars, and had established a separate Russian duchy under the name of 'tmutrakan'; but in the Crimean peninsula the Chazars still had possessions, and from the Caucasian side the Russian Tmutrakan suffered from the irruption of the Kossogian and Karbardine princes, who were tributary to the chaghan of the Chazars.

 The fortress of Sarkel and the city of Atel were the chief obstacles to Russian predatory expeditions on the Caspian Sea. After a hard fight the Russians conquered the Chazars. Swyatoslaw destroyed Sarkel, subdued also the tribes of the Kossogians and Yass (Alans), and so strengthened the position of the Russian Tmutrakan. They destroyed the city of Bulgar, devastated the country of the Burtas, andtook possession of Atel and Semender.

 Four years later the Russians conquered all the Chazarian territory east of the Sea of Azov. Only the Crimean territory of the Chazars remained in their possession until 1016, when they were dispossessed by a joint expedition of Russians and Byzantines. The last of the Chaghans, George Tzula, was taken prisoner; some of the Chazars took refuge in an island of the Caspian, Siaheouye; others retired to the Caucasus; while many were sent as prisoners of war to Kiev, where a Chazar community had long existed.

 Many intermingled in the Crimea with the local Jews; the Krimtschaki are probably their descendants, perhaps some of the Subbotniki also. Some went to Hungary, but the great mass of the people remained in their native country. Many members of the Chazarian royal family emigrated to Spain. Until the thirteenth century the Crimea was known to European travelers as 'Gazaria,' the Italian form of 'Chazaria.'"

Communism - Part 81

 As the Exile was assumed to last seventy years, in accordance with Jeremiah, this left 420 years from the Return (537 B.C.) to the destruction of the Temple (70 A.D.) a discrepancy of 187 years. This is gotten rid of in part by making the Persian domination last 34 instead of 204 years (537-333 B.C.). This was done in order to make the interval between the Exodus and the era of contracts exactly 1,000 year.

 Owing to these discrepancies, great confusion exists in the annals of the Jewish chronicler, who have generally tried to combine the dates recorded by their predecessors with those of more recent events, using the era of creation almost exclusi-vely; and it is dangerous to trust to their lists unless checked by contemporary annals. In the subjoined chronological table the dates  of the most prominent events of Jewish history have been derived from Henrietta Szold's 'Tables of Jewish History' in the index volume (pp. 104 et seq.) of the American edition of Graets' 'History of the Jews.' For events of lesser importance the sources are, in almost every case, the local annalists as utilized by the historians of the Jews in the respective countries.

 Particular attention has been given to the successive stages of legislation, while only selections have been made from the many cases of autos da f�, blood accusations, expulsions, host-tragedies, and acts of emancipation, for all of which complete lists are given in separate articles under the respective headings.

 In contradistinction to the usual custom, but few literary events have been included in the table, only those works which have affected the public opinion of the non-Jewish world having been regarded as of more direct historic importance.

 The ruling principle has been to confine the list to strictly historic events; i.e., to incidents affecting either directly or indirectly the relations of the Jews to the states in whose territories have dwelt. Incidents affecting merely the internal concerns of the Jewish communities have not, as a rule, been included.

 In 597 B.C. Nebuchadnezzar came down to Jerusalem and carried away its wealthier inhabitants to Babylon; but within a few years the remaining Israelites were found to be plotting with the enemies of Babylon, and in 587 B.C. Nebuchadnezzar, marched a second time on Jerusalem, and burned and razed it. And took away the king in chains, and also a great many more of its Israel people as captives. Then in 582 B.C. the authorities in Babylon found it necessary to invade a third time. It was during this time, the Jews, as a religious sect began and they along with thousands of other prisoners from all parts of the Near East, remained for centuries. Their stay in Babylon was profitable to them and they found it so advantageous that, when the Israelites received permission to leave Babylon, most of the Jews remained in Babylon. Nevertheless, true to their traitorous nature, they intrigued with the Persians to accomplish the downfall of Babylon. Many people believe that the favor shown the Jew, by Cyrus in 538 B.C. was bought by their services, in spreading sedition, etc., within the city while the Persian troops were still outside.

 If this is so, and the authorities are correct who hold that the disaffection of the common people in Babylon was due largely to the monotheistic tendencies of the Court and the aristocracy, the Jews were shown to be opposed to monotheism, at that time and guilty of double treachery. Which they have done here in the United States during the 19th and 20th centuries.

 Those Jews who did return to Jerusalem found the country-side occupied by the unfortunate people planted there by Esarhaddon. So the Jews intermarried with these unsuspecting people, who received the Jews kindly and helped them oppose the Israelites in rebuilding the Temple in Jerusalem. Thus, the Jews established themselves in the country, repudiated offers to help with scorn; and later in 458 B.C. drove out most of the non-Jews from Judea.

 The immigrants had brought with them a confused idea of the Babylonian calendar, the Babylonian system of numeration, weights, measures, and money, and also such scraps of mythology, ritual, sacred writings and philosophy, etc., as they had been able to absorb or obtain; "history" began to be fabricated and sacred writings and traditions to be adapted; and the result of these equivocal labor have come down to the present day, and is known as the Jewish Babylonian Talmud.

 Of the history of the Jews during the 600 years following the fall of Babylon and their coming under Persian rule, little reliable information is available. Their own highly colored stores, of their spirituality, lofty idealism, so-called patriotism, endurance, fearless valor, feats of arms, heroism, and nobility of character; plentifully interspersed with miracles, are unsupported.

  None of their contemporaries seem to have been aware of the progeny in their midst, nor even to have like or respected the Jew; on the contrary, by the Assyrians and the Medes along with the few remaining Israelites in Sameria, "the Jews were deemed the vilest of all peoples," and among the Greeks and the Romans they aroused dislike and contempt; Marcus Aurelius said he was "sick of the filthy noisy Jews."

 No other history corroborates the Jewish tales, the writings of Joshphus notwithstanding, which are suspiciously like, and appear to have been formed in the same unscrupulous manner as those in the book of Esther, which likewise, was supposedly written during this period of time.

 "It seems, however, that by about 350 B.C. the Jews had so angered their Persian masters, that the latter plundered part of Palestine and carried off many Jews as captives. In 332 B.C. the Jews came under the Greek rule, and in 320 B.C. Ptolemy took Jerusalem and carried away a number of Jews as slaves to Egypt. Palestine remained under the Ptolemies for nearly a century, but by 246 B.C. the country had reverted to its accustomed state of anarchy and disorder.

 In 198 B.C. the Jews made submission to Antiochus III, but owing chiefly to the jealousies of the Jewish priests, and their own religious feuds, the state of Palestine did not improve. From 175 B.C. Jerusalem especially seems to have suffered through the greed and brutality of two Jews, who adopted the Greek names of Jason and Menelaus and made the city a bone of contention, until it was sacked by Antiochus IV in 169 B.C.

 In 168 B.C. Antiochus IV tried to establish a uniform religion throughout his domain, but the Romans were antagonistic to him and encouraged everything that would embarrass Syria, and this enabled the Jews to revolt in 167 B.C. With the influence of Rome against her and preoccupied with other troubles, Syria, was unable to deal effectually with the Jewish insurrection, which continued with varying success until about 146 B.C. All the while the Jews influence was growing in Rome.

 The Jews, however, still had not developed the ability to govern themselves, and jealousies, dissensions, brigandage and civil war speedily brought Palestine to such disorder that in the six years of civil war between the Pharisees and Alexander Jannacus, King and High Priest of Jerusalem, 50,000 were killed on both sides before this Sadducean ruler succumbed, and his widow Salome turned affairs over to the Pharisees in 79 B.C. Her brother, Simon ben Shetah, had been waiting for such and opportunity.

 The continued civil war resulted in the sons of Alexander Jannaeus, Hyrcanus and Aristobulus, in 63 B.C. going hat in hand to Pompey, Caesar's Roman General in Syria, asking him to invade Palestine and slaughter their respective opponents. This is how Rome happened to be a military occupation force when Christ was born." (Jewish Encyclopedia, p. 666)

 Like the Greeks, the Romans soon discovered that the Jews were tiresome subjects; they created a community within a community; lived in a state of ceaseless friction with their non-Jewish neighbors, and were constantly lashing themselves into a frenzy over barbarous customs and ideas which must have appeared ridiculous to the practical Roman mind.

 Nevertheless, due to Jewish influence in the Roman legislature, Rome granted to the Jews many privileges and immunities, all of which the Jews abused; and from 63 B.C. until they were finally quelled by Hadrian in 135 A.D. (except during the reign of Herod), the history of the Jews is mainly a record of rebellion against Roman rule.

Communism - Part 82

 Herod [an Edomite], whose father had been poisoned by the Jews, was appointed King by the Romans, and captured Jerusalem in 37 B.C. He dispersed the bands of robbers and brigands which infested Palestine, and inaugurated an era of comparative peace and order.

 Between 19 and 9 B.C. Herod built for the Jews the only admirable place of worship they have ever possessed. Since the Jews had no architecture of their own, Herod's temple was built in the Greek style, but no expense or pains were spared by Herod to ensure that its construction should be carried out with meticulous regard for the religious susceptibilities of the fanatical Jews, and for the traditions which they pretended were theirs, even to the placing of a great vine bearing clusters of grapes under a golden heaven (the symbol of Dionysus), over the entrance.

 It was characteristic of the Jews that, while they have never tired of boasting of the magnificence of the structure, they would not allow its builder to enter the more sacred parts of the building. They have never evinced the slightest feelings of gratitude to Herod and have never even mentioned his name if it could be avoided.

 Herod died in 4 B.C. and immediately the Jews rebelled again. Bands of robbers and marauders, led by slaves and pretenders sprang up in different parts and plunged Palestine into the turmoil to which it was accustomed while under the control of the Jews. Order was restored by the Romans, but in 6 A.D. the Jews rebelled again, apparently because they objected to the Roman method of taking a census. The practical common sense and easy-going tolerance of the Romans was hateful to the Jews, while, to the Romans, the Jews seemed a race of bigoted fanatics. whose dire and credulous superstition rendered them the implacable enemies, not only of the Roman Government, but of all mankind.

 An unchanging characteristic of the Jews, too, has been their unfailing success in earning the dislike of the people among whom they settle; sooner or later all these peoples have come to regard the Jews with extreme disfavor.

 By 19 A.D. the number of Jews in Rome had become very large, and, as they became more and more influential among the Roman legislature they insinuated themselves among all classes, especially, among the women, exploiting their frailties [just as they are doing today], credulity and vice, they became unpopular; and, when their dishonest and disreputable activities came under the notice of the Emperor, he enlisted 4000 Jews and sent them to garrison Sardinia. About 39 A.D. their genius for exciting dislike, led, in Alexandria where they were very numerous, to bloodshed.

 Among the privileges granted to the Jews by the Romans was permission to meet together, a liberty frequently denied, after the establishment of the empire, to the Romans themselves. This immense concession was abused by the Jews, as was the latitude allowed their teachers of religion.

 The Jewish rabbis used the freedom allowed them to turn the synagogues into schools of sedition. From childhood the ignorant and fanatical Jews were trained by them to hate the adherents of the Scriptures and all other religious sects; while visions of world domination and a world-wide Jewish empire were kept constantly before them, and a well- organized system of secret intercommunication was maintained. This was, the beginning of the Cahilla which has been presented in another part of this work.

     At the very time the Aryan Israelites were refining and purifying their own Christian religion, and preaching good-will to all men, the rabbis were inculcating among the Jews an intense hatred of non- Jews and all their works.

 It was an act of disobedience to the Jew law they taught, to hold any intercourse whatever with non- Jews. All Christians, said the rabbis, were base-born, and all non-Jewish women were unclean.

 To marry a non-Jewish woman was considered a heinous offense; the children born of such an alliance were bastards, and could have no inheritance. It defiled a Jew, the rabbis said, to sit at the table with non-Jews, or to enter a Christian's house, which was to be regarded as a fold for cattle, is to be regarded. Jews were forbidden to counsel or to befriend a non-Jew, and any benefits conferred upon a Jew by a non-Jew were, it was taught, no better than a serpent's poison.

 "The great ideal of Judaism is that the whole world shall be imbued with Jewish teachings, and that in a Universal Brotherhood of Nations -- a greater Judaism, in fact -- all the separate races and Religions shall disappear." (Jewish World, February 9, 1883)

 Christians and non-Jews were not to be considered human beings, asserted the rabbis; non- Jews are merely beasts, they are God's enemies and when they make inquiries of a Jew respecting his religion, it is the Jew's duty to answer with a suppressed curse, and to give a false explanation. It is written, the rabbis pointed out, "Every goy who studies Talmud, and every Jew who helps him in it ought to die," and "Those who do not own Torah and the prophets must all be killed" openly where no risk is incurred, and where there is by artifices.

 The word "Torah" does not refer to the Christian Bible, the Word of God as we can clearly see in the Book of Sanhedrin 59a. "R. Johanan said: A heathen who studies the Torah deserves death, for it is written, Moses commanded us a law for an inheritance; it is our inheritance, not theirs. Then why is this not included in the Noachian laws? On the reading morasha [and inheritance] he steals it; on the reading me'orasah [betrothed], he is guilty as one who violates a betrothed maiden."

 Of course knowledge of the anti-human criminality of the Talmud Torah would put non-Jews on their guard. and the footnote here explains: "This seems a very strong I suggested that Rabbi Johanan feared the knowledge of Gentiles in matters of Jurisprudence, as they would use it against the Jews in their opponents' courts...the Talmud places R. Johanan's dictum...immediately after the passage dealing with the setting up of law courts by Gentiles."

 And it goes on to say that the study of the Oral Law (Talmud) is what is feared and the same R. Johanan also said "God's covenant with Israel was only for the sake of the Oral Law." Keep in mind that the Oral Law, the Traditions of the Pharisees [elders], recorded in the Talmud, completely reverse each teaching of Moses, in the "written" laws.

 This depraved state of the Jewish mind was kept hidden, as far as possible, from the Romans; so inflamed by the teachings of the synagogue, and greedy for world domination, the Jews broke out into one insurrection after another, usually simultaneously in different parts of the empire on each occasion.

 Thus about 67 A.D. the Jews rebelled again, and having over run the ill-protected rural districts of Palestine, they directed their efforts against the small Roman garrison. The Romans were so few in number that they agreed to surrender on the condition that they be allowed to withdraw from Palestine.

 The Jews agreed to these terms, and ratified their agreement by solemn oath, but, the Romans found out that the word, or promise of a Jew is worthless: for as soon as the Romans laid down their arms, they were massacred by the Jews! According to the Jews' own stories, the Romans died without asking for mercy but deriding the sanctity of Jewish oaths; while, it is said, pungency was added to their remarks by the fact that the massacre took place on the Jewish Sabbath. Palestine must be rid of non-Jews, said the Jewish rabbis, and wherever they outnumbered the non-Jews they perpetrated massacres, just as they did in Russia after the Bolshevik revolution, when the Jews murdered over 60 million Christians. As a result, from about 66 to about 69 A.D. a state of anarchy and bloodshed, extraordinary even for Palestine and the Jews, prevailed. Then in 70 A.D. Titus burned Jerusalem, and destroyed the Temple.

Communism - Part 83

 By the first century B.C. the propaganda, the pretense, that the Jews were the "Chosen People" was already being presented to the rest of the world and the efforts were already well organized, and it has continued to function for the past 2000 years. The later stages differ, in detail, for example the Jews, of that time, constantly pretended that their numbers were greater than they actually were, whereas they now constantly pretend that their numbers are smaller than they actually are; and they also, in those days, devoted much time to proselytizing, especially among the women of other people; but the policy was the same.

 "The Communist desire to 'liberate enslaved nations' will come as a surprise to the enslaved nations of Eastern Europe, and the goal of maintaining 'integrity of their territories' rings strangely in view of the Soviet occupation of Czechoslovakia, Afghanistan, and other oppressed nations. Like other announced goals of World War II, the Atlantic Chapter and the Four Freedoms, Stalin's program achieved only one goal, 'the destruction of the Hitlerite regime,' the only government in the world which had opposed the spread of Communist aggression with its military forces. The 'abolition of racial exclusiveness,' which has (also) been official U.S. Government policy since 1945, was, quite simply, the Jewish Marxist goal of planned genocide of the White Race, because the White Race remained the only possible opposition to the total domination of the world by international Jewish Marxism. No African or Asiatic nation has ever mounted a successful counter-revolution against a Communist regime, nor have they ever desired to.

 One hundred million White People died violently during World War II, but the only Asiatic people to suffer serious losses were the Japanese, who were known as 'the Aryans of the East,' because of their aggressiveness and their highly developed technological abilities. Because of their well known opposition to Communism, the Japanese people were selected by Jewish strategists as the guinea pigs for the testing of the new Jewish Hellbomb, a weapon so horrible that when Hitler learned his scientists had begun work on it, he furiously ordered them to halt its development. He refused to allow his name or the name of the German people to be associated with such an inhumane operation. This allowed the Jews to develop their atomic hellbomb in Los Alamos for Roosevelt and Stalin, with no competition from anywhere in the world. They developed it in order to exterminate the entire German people, but, with the unlimited funds provided by American taxpayers, they turned it into a typical billion dollar Jewish boondoggle which dragged on until after Germany's defeat. Fortunately, the homicidal maniacs still had one anti-Communist nation left on which they could conduct their atomic experiment, the island of Japan.

 Like most historic Jewish military operations, the great massacres of World War II occurred, not on the battlefield, but in peaceful neighborhood communities. This was in accordance with the dictate of the Book of Esther, which directs the Jews to massacre women and children, and to exterminate the families of those who dare to oppose them. Thus it was in Dresden, a historic German cultural center, where many thousands of German women and children, refugees from Communism had gathered.

 They were assured by the Red Cross that they would be safe, even while the Jewish generals were preparing to murder the men. The blood-maddened Jews desired not only to murder as many White civilians as possible but also to erase from history all evidence of Western civilization, the greatest examples of White culture which had been gathered in Dresden, the irreplaceable procelian, the priceless paintings, the baroque furniture, and the rococo mansions with their poetry carved in stone. All was laid waste in a mass bombing attack in which some 300,000 German civilians died in a city which was not even a military target! The responsibility for this horrible slaughter, in which helpless non-combatants died horribly by flame and explosion, rests with, who else, 'the Americans.' At the last minute, the Soviets prudently withdrew from what was planned as a 'joint-Allied' venture. Today, the Soviets denounce the United States for the annihilation of Dresden.

 Like Dresden, Hiroshima was also an ancient cultural center, with no visible military objective. Its non-combatant families also died horribly by the hundreds of thousands. Many were pulverized instantly by the first atomic bomb ever used in a military operation, but thousands of other victims lived on for years, mangled and burned, their limbs and organs slowly rotting away from radiation poisoning. Even while the Japanese officials were desperately suing for peace, the Jews hastily ordered the dropping of a second atomic bomb, this one on Nagasaki, bringing off a second 'test' of their Hellbomb against helpless non-combatants, as prescribed by the Book of Esther. Again, hundreds of thousands of civilians died horribly.

 At last, the Jews had achieved the weapon which they planned to use to terrorize the entire world into subjecting itself to their insane frenzies and their frequently voiced goal of world domination of the 'animals,' or non-Jews. As Chaim Weizmann boasted, 'We will never actually have to use this atomic weapon in military operations as the mere threat of its use will persuade any opponent to surrender to us." (Eustace Mullins, Foreword, War! War! War!)

 It has been said: "A man who loves another country more than the country he was born in, is like a married man who loves another woman more than his wife!"

 Communism A Jewish Talmudic Concept

 For the past two thousand years there has been a conflict that has embroiled not only the two major participants but the entire world.

 When the early Christians began telling everyone that the Savior had already come and that we must rid ourselves of Phariseeism [later Talmudism, and even later Judaism], the Jews began their unending contest to regain the birthright their father Esau had sold to Jacob/Israel.

 They would shout to anyone who would listen that Christian Israelites were: "These that have turned the world upside down are come hither also." (Acts 17:6)

 "The final goal of world revolution is not socialism, or even communism, it is not a change in the present economic system, it is not the destruction of civilization in a material sense. The revolution desired by the leaders is moral and spiritual, it is an anarchy of ideas in which all the bases established nineteen centuries ago shall be overthrown, all the honored traditions trodden under foot, and, above all, the Christian ideal finally obliterated." (Nesta Webster, Secret Societies and Subversive Movements, p. 334; The Secret Powers Behind Revolution, by Vicomte Leon De Poncins, p. 143)

 Jesus told them in a parable straight-out, "Therefore say I unto you, The kingdom of God shall be taken from you, and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof." (Matthew 21:43) If anyone might question the final outcome of this battle of two millenniums, the next verse in Matthew 21:44 should suffice: "And whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken: but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder."

 The battle began and it has never let up. At first, the antichrists were on top and the Bible tells only a very small number of things they did. But Christianity continued to grow and influence the entire world in morals and customs. The antichrists penetrated the early Universal Church with very clever heresies which came from the minds of the masters of intrigue. The Universal Church decayed into the Popish Church because of it.

 Martin Luther tried to reform it but the Protestant Reformation was penetrated even more deeply than the earlier Universal Church. Christians would fight back with all the means at their disposal, with only limited effect. Finally, the inquisitions were ordered. This had only a limited, short term effect. The mistake was made to allow the antichrists to be baptized and become "Christians." Thus, how they could continue their efforts to destroy Christianity from within. Many took positions of leadership within the church. Until finally they took absolute control in the 19th century. Contrary to what is taught in the modern seminaries and contrary to the current array of laws designed to show the antichrists as the winner, the fight still rages.

Communism - Part 84

 Proceeding now to more modern times, the question is often raised to determine the role that greater Russia has played in this battle of the ages. It has been by sheer predestination that the people of Eastern Europe and Russia have brought the battle to the struggle we see today. We will attempt to shed some new light on current affairs in that respect. The examples given are by no means the most important that have occurred in recent years, however, they are current and perhaps, through that, you can better understand the conspiracy that still exists.

 "One can say without exaggeration that the great Russian social revolution has been made by the hand of the Jews. Would the sombre, oppressed masses of Russian workmen and peasants have been capable by themselves of throwing off the yoke of the bourgeoisie. No, it was especially the Jews who have led the Russian proletariat to the Dawn of the International and who have not only guided but still guide today the cause of the Soviets which they have preserved in their hands. We can sleep in peace so long as the commander-in-chief of the Red Army of Comrade Trotsky. It is true that there are now Jews in the Red Army serving as private soldiers, but the committees and Soviet organizations are Jewish. Jews bravely led to victory the masses of the Russian proletariat. It is not without reason that in the elections for all the Soviet institutions Jews are in a victorious and crushing majority...

 The Jewish symbol which for centuries has struggled against capitalism (Christianity) has beomce that also of the Russian Proletariat. One may see it in the adoption of The Red Five-Pointed Star which has been for long, as one knows, The Symbol of Zionism and Judaism. Behind this emblem marches victory, the death of parasites and of the bourgeoisie..." (M. Cohen, in the Communist of Kharkoff, April 1919; The Secret Powers Behind Revolution, by Vicomte Leon De Poncins, pp. 128-129)

 By now most Christians must be wondering what all of the activity in Russia portends for the future. We have attempted to show you previously and will continue to attempt to show you further on in this presentation. It is an attempt to lead you through the maze of the multitude of analyses that are being published, in such number as to stagger the mind.

 "The Red Terror became so wide-spread that it is impossible to give here all the details of the principal means employed by the [Jewish] Cheka(s) to master resistance; one of the most important is that of hostages, taken among all social classes. These are held responsible for any anti-Bolshevist movements (revolts, the White Army, strikes, refusal of a village to give its harvest etc.) and are immediately executed. Thus, for the assassination of the Jew Ouritzky, member of the Extraordinary Commission of Petrograd, several thousands of them were put to death, and many of these unfortunate men and women suffered before death various tortures inflicted by cold-blooded cruelty in the prisons of the Cheka.

 This I have in front of me photographs taken at Kharkoff, in the presence of the Allied Missions, immediately after the Reds had abandoned the town; they consist of a series of ghastly reproductions such as: Bodies of three workmen taken as hostages from a factory which went on strike. One had his eyes burnt, his lips and nose cut off; the other two had their hands cut off.

 The bodies of hostages, S. Afaniasouk and P. Prokpovitch, small landed proprietors, who were scalped by their executioners; S. Afaniasouk shows numerous burns caused by a white hot sword blade. The body of M. Bobroff, a former officer, who had his tongue and one hand cut off and the skin torn off from his left leg.

 Human skin torn from the hands of several victims by means of a metallic comb. This sinister find was the result of a careful inspection of the cellar of the Extraordinary Commission of Kharkoff. The retired general Pontiafa, a hostage who had the skin of his right hand torn off and the genital parts mutilated.

 Mutilated bodies of women hostages: S. Ivanovna, owner of a drapery business, Mme. A.L. Carolshaja, wife of a colonel, Mmo. Khlopova, a property owner. They had their breasts slit and emptied and the genital parts burnt and having trace of coal.

 Bodies of four peasant hostages, Bondarenko, Pookhikle, Sevenetry, and Sidorfehouk, with atrociously mutilated faces, the genital parts having been operated upon by Chinese torturers in a manner unknown to European doctors in whose opinion the agony caused to the victims must have been dreadful.

 It is impossible to enumerate all the forms of savagery which the Red Terror took. A volume would not contain them. The Cheka of Kharkoff, for example, in which Saenko operated, had the specialty of scalping victims and taking off the skin of their hands as one takes off a glove...At Voronege the victims were shut up naked in a barrel studded with nails which was then rolled about. Their foreheads were branded with a red hot iron Five Pointed Star. At Tsaritsin and at Kamishin their bones were sawed.  At Keif the victim was shut up in a chest containing decomposing corpses; after firing shots above his head his torturers told him that he would be buried alive. The chest was buried and opened again half an hour later when the interrogation of the victim was proceeded with. The scene was repeated several times over. It is not surprising that many victims went mad." (S.P. Melgounov, p. 164-166; The Secret Powers Behind Revolution, by Vicomte Leon De Poncins, p. 151-153)

 However, there are some observations that we can make that should give some insight as to how current affairs fit together in the continuation of that great battle, between Christianity and Satan and his children. Some of these observations are a little humorous [if it weren't so deadly serious] and are somewhat analogous to the "rats leaving the sinking ship!"

 By now, every person in the United States should [but doesn't] realize that the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917 was funded by Wall Street and the Jewish International Bankers. The conduct of the revolution was carried out by a predominantly Jewish group of approximately 300 well trained revolutionaries. Communism, the 1905 and 1917 Bolshevik Revolutions and the USSR came from the minds of Talmudic Jewry.

 The September 10th, 1920 issue of The American Hebrew, says it all: "The Bolshevist revolution in Russia was the work of Jewish brains, of Jewish dissatisfaction, of Jewish planning, whose goal is to create a new order in the world. What was performed in so excellent a way in Russia, thinks to Jewish brains, and because of Jewish dissatisfaction and by Jewish planning, shall also, through the same Jewish mental and physical forces, become a reality all over the world."

 It is recognized that the Communist dream in Russia backfired on the perpetrators. Stalin's purge eliminated many of the original leaders, along with their followers. However, the entire government of the USSR was manipulated from within by the same Talmudic forces. The military was required to have a political commissar in each division who was Jewish. The KGB was staffed almost entirely with Jewish agents.

 As the world, and particularly the people of Russia, saw the utter futility of the Talmudic Communist dream, the Jews of the world started to distance themselves from the ideals of the Soviet Union and from World Communism, at least on the surface.

 We are now witnessing what is being presented to the world as the dissolution of the Communist structure, at least in Russia proper. We are also observing all sorts of "slight-of-hand" tricks to remove Talmudic Jewry and Zionism from Communism.

  For example, when the recent coup was presented to us, the controlled media here in the United States blatantly lied as to who the perpetrators were. Instead of informing the public that the leaders of the coup were hardline Communist leaders [which all are defined as extreme left-wing], they repeatedly told us that they were radical conservatives of the extreme right-wing! This sort of intellectual dishonesty has been growing for some time now. It has already been shown that Talmudic Jewry is Socialistic in nature.

 "Our [media personnel] task is not to tell the truth; we are opinion molders." (Walter Cronkite, 1972 on Today)

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Under the heading of "A brief History of the Terms for Jew" in the 1980 Jewish Almanac is the following: "Strictly speaking it is incorrect to call an ancient Israelite a 'Jew' or to call a contemporary Jew an Israelite or a Hebrew." (1980 Jewish Almanac, p. 3)
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