American College Testing

## IF you're a feminist, you can narrow the "gender gap" simply by  forcing the ACT to change the way they score the test

See how this compares to the distribution curves of other tests.

The large variation from state to state in ACT scores by race and sex.

Annual earning potential increases \$6,667 per ACT point, \$600 per NAEP Math point, \$187 per SAT Math point, and \$146 per GRE Quantitative point.

In 1990 all of the standardized tests were re-centered so that ACT scores caused the following "improvements":

 The male natural science score dropped 1.3 points, the female score increased a total of .5 points. The male social studies score increased 3 points, the female score increased 5 points. The male composite score increased 1.7 points, the female score increased 2.7 points. The male English score increased 2 points, the female score increased 1.7 points. The male math score increased 2.6 points, the female score increased 3.6 points.

I'm not sure that's true. In any event, here are the average ACT composite scores which are consistent with GRE scores:

Letters = 28.2
Foreign language = 27.1
Math = 25.6
Engineering = 22.2
Social Sciences = 21.1
Education = 19.8

Some of the highest scoring Blacks in the country are in Iowa, where 7% of 583, or 41, were determined to be college ready by the ACT test. How does that stack up to other races? 12 were American Indians, 91 were Hispanics, 177 were Asians, and 6,190 were Caucasians, meaning that Blacks were 0.6% of the students qualified for college and Caucasians were 95%.

In North Dakota, none of the Blacks were qualified, 12 Hispanics were qualified, 11 Indians were qualified, 20 were Asians, and 1,356 Caucasians were. So zero percent of the college ready were Blacks and 97% were Caucasians.

In New Jersey, ACT showed that 16 Blacks were qualified. But 12 Indians were, 268 were Hispanics, 789 were Asians, and 4,838 were Caucasians. So 0.3% Blacks were qualified, versus 82% of Caucasians.

If the above academic skills are commensurate for Blacks across the country (which we know that they are), then Blacks should constitute less than 0.3% of college admissions.  Are there any exceptions?  Perhaps:

In the District of Columbia, where the cost of education per student at \$25,000 is FIVE TIMES higher than places like Iowa and North Dakota and Japan and Korea, a grand total of 3%, or 26 Blacks, were college ready, compared to 236 Caucasians, 19 Asians, 21 Hispanics, and one Indian there. Even though Blacks are 9% of those college ready and Caucasians are 81%, this represents a much lower ratio than in other states because Blacks are 70% of the population and Caucasians are only 10%:

Blacks = 70% of population but only 9% of college ready = odds ratio of 0.13:1

Whites = 10% of population but 81% of college ready = odds ratio of 8.1:1

Thus Whites are 62 times more likely to be college ready than Blacks.

### ACT Scores for DC Education Majors

Well, it seems that this table is now missing, but you can still see it at either of the following:

http://sdrv.ms/137xoZD

http://web.archive.org/web/20110112175432/http://www.act.org/news/data/10/pdf/profile/DistrictofColumbia.pdf?utm_campaign=cccr10&utm_source=averagescores&utm_medium=web

In ACT Math, Blacks in DC score 16.4, which is 0.7 points lower than the national average for blacks of 17.1, 10.2 points lower than Whites in DC (26.6), and 5.6 points lower than Asian/Pacific Islanders in DC.

In ACT English, they score 15.0, which is 0.7 points lower than the national average for Blacks, 13.1 points lower than Whites in DC(28.1), and 10.3 points lower than Asian/Pacific Islanders in DC.

In ACT Reading, they score 16.1, which is again 0.7 points lower than the national average for Blacks, 12 points lower than Whites in DC, and
8.7 points lower than Asian/Pacific Islanders in DC.

In ACT Science, they score 15.9, which is 9.7 points lower than Whites in DC, and 7.1 points lower than the national average for Asian/Pacific Islanders.

Is there ANYBODY who could POSSIBLY score lower than that? Well, of course. Table 4.1 shows that teacher education majors in DC score only 14.9, another .2 points lower.

 Total test takers (thousands) ...... 788 714 822 836 805 835 849 739 730 777 842 855 817 796 832 Year vs. ACT Scores 1967 1970 1975 1980 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Composite 19.9 18.6 18.5 18.5 18.4 18.3 18.5 18.6 18.8 18.7 18.8 18.6 20.6 20.6 20.6 20.7 20.8 20.8 20.9 Male 20.3 19.5 19.3 19.3 19.2 19.1 19.3 19.4 19.6 19.5 19.6 19.3 21.0 20.9 20.9 21.0 20.9 21.0 21 Female 19.4 17.8 17.9 17.8 17.8 17.6 17.9 17.9 18.1 18.1 18.1 18 20.3 20.4 20.5 20.5 20.7 20.7 20.8 English 18.5 17.7 17.9 17.8 17.9 17.8 18.1 18.1 18.5 18.4 18.5 18.4 20.5 20.3 20.2 20.3 20.3 20.2 20.3 Male 17.6 17.1 17.3 17.3 17.3 17.3 17.5 17.6 17.9 17.9 18 17.8 20.1 19.8 19.8 19.8 19.8 19.8 19.8 Female 19.4 18.3 18.3 18.2 18.4 18.2 18.6 18.6 18.9 18.9 19 18.9 20.9 20.7 20.6 20.6 20.7 20.6 20.7 Math, total 20 17.6 17.4 17.3 17.2 16.9 17.3 17.2 17.3 17.2 17.2 17.1 19.9 20 20 20.1 20.2 21.3 20.2 Male 21.1 19.3 18.9 18.9 18.6 18.4 18.6 18.6 18.8 18.6 18.4 18.3 20.7 20.6 20.7 20.8 20.8 20.9 20.9 Female 18.8 16.2 16.2 16 16 15.7 16.1 16 16 16.1 16.1 16.1 19.3 19.4 19.5 19.6 19.6 19.7 19.7 Social studies 19.7 17.4 17.2 17.2 17.3 17.1 17.3 17.4 17.6 17.5 17.4 17.2 21.2 21.1 21.2 21.2 21.3 21.3 Male 20.3 18.7 18.2 18.3 18.1 18 18.1 18.3 18.6 18.4 18.4 18.1 21.3 21.1 21.2 21.1 21.1 21 Female 19 16.4 16.4 16.4 16.6 16.4 16.5 16.6 16.9 16.7 16.6 16.4 21.1 21.1 21.2 21.4 21.4 21.6 Natural science 20.8 21.1 21.1 21 20.8 20.9 21 21.2 21.4 21.4 21.4 21.2 20.7 20.7 20.8 20.9 21.0 21.1 Male 21.6 22.4 22.4 22.3 22.2 22.4 22.4 22.6 22.7 22.8 22.8 22.6 21.3 21.4 21.5 21.6 21.6 21.7 Female 20 20 20 20 19.7 19.6 19.9 20 20.2 20.1 20.2 20 20.1 20.1 20.3 20.4 20.5 20.5

## Average Scores by State

Sort the data by column heading or select a state to view its complete High School Profile Report in PDF. (Each file is about 32 pages long and 90KB.)

State Percent of Graduates Tested Average Composite Score Average English Score Average Math Score Average Reading Score Average Science Score
National 47 21.0 20.5 21.0 21.3 20.9
Alabama 78 20.3 20.4 19.5 20.7 20.2
Alaska 28 21.1 20.3 21.2 21.7 20.9
Arizona 28 20.0 18.9 20.4 20.2 19.9
Arkansas 81 20.3 20.1 19.9 20.6 20.2
California 22 22.2 21.7 22.9 22.3 21.5
Colorado 100 20.6 19.9 20.4 21.1 20.7
Connecticut 24 23.7 23.8 23.5 23.9 22.9
Delaware 13 23.0 22.8 22.7 23.4 22.5
District of Columbia 29 19.8 19.5 19.9 20.2 19.2
Florida 65 19.5 18.6 19.7 20.1 19.1
Georgia 44 20.7 20.1 20.7 20.9 20.5
Hawaii 22 21.6 20.9 22.2 21.5 21.2
Idaho 60 21.8 21.2 21.4 22.4 21.6
Illinois 100 20.7 20.3 20.7 20.8 20.5
Indiana 26 22.3 21.7 22.4 22.6 21.9
Iowa 60 22.2 21.8 21.8 22.6 22.3
Kansas 75 22.0 21.4 21.7 22.3 21.9
Kentucky 100 19.4 18.9 19.1 19.7 19.5
Louisiana 98 20.1 20.1 19.6 20.2 20.2
Maine 10 23.2 23.2 23.0 23.6 22.5
Maryland 18 22.3 22.0 22.3 22.4 21.8
Massachusetts 21 24.0 24.0 24.3 24.2 23.1
Michigan 100 19.7 18.9 19.7 19.7 19.9
Minnesota 70 22.9 22.3 22.9 23.2 22.8
Mississippi 96 18.8 18.6 18.3 18.8 18.8
Missouri 69 21.6 21.5 21.0 22.0 21.6
Montana 58 22.0 21.3 21.7 22.7 21.9
Nebraska 73 22.1 21.8 21.6 22.4 22.0
Nevada 30 21.5 20.8 21.5 22.0 21.3
New Hampshire 17 23.7 23.6 23.5 24.1 22.9
New Jersey 17 23.2 23.1 23.6 23.2 22.4
New Mexico 66 20.1 19.3 19.7 20.5 20.2
New York 27 23.3 22.7 23.6 23.3 23.1
North Carolina 16 21.9 21.1 22.3 22.2 21.6
North Dakota 81 21.5 20.7 21.4 21.7 21.6
Ohio 66 21.8 21.2 21.5 22.1 21.8
Oklahoma 73 20.7 20.4 19.9 21.2 20.6
Oregon 34 21.5 20.5 21.5 22.0 21.3
Pennsylvania 17 21.9 21.3 22.1 22.1 21.4
Rhode Island 11 22.8 22.8 22.4 23.3 22.0
South Carolina 52 20.0 19.2 20.1 20.0 20.0
South Dakota 79 21.8 21.1 21.6 22.0 21.9
Tennessee 100 19.6 19.4 19.0 19.9 19.6
Texas 33 20.8 19.7 21.4 20.8 20.9
Utah 71 21.8 21.4 21.1 22.5 21.7
Vermont 26 23.2 22.8 22.8 23.7 22.8
Virginia 22 22.3 22.0 22.1 22.5 21.9
Washington 19 23.0 22.6 23.1 23.5 22.5
West Virginia 64 20.7 20.7 19.6 21.3 20.6
Wisconsin 69 22.1 21.5 22.0 22.3 22.2
Wyoming 100 20.0 19.0 19.8 20.4 20.1

In spring 2009, all public high school eleventh graders in the states of Colorado, Illinois, Kentucky, Michigan, Tennessee, and Wyoming were tested with the ACT as required by each state. Colorado, Illinois, Kentucky, Michigan, Tennessee, and Wyoming students who met ACT's 2010 graduating class criteria are included in the 2010 graduating class average score results. Consistent with ACT's reporting policies, graduating class test results are reported only for students tested under standard time conditions.