To Embrace Hebrew Roots: Part III
The Talmud & Jesus Christ
Since we are asked to embrace the
teachings of the Talmud and various other writings and teachings of the Hebrew people, we
should start by inquiring as to what these teach about our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ.
I John 5: 10- 13
"He that believeth on the Son of God hath the
witness in himself; he that believeth not God hath made him a liar; because he believeth
not the record that God gave of his Son. And this is the record, that God hath given us
eternal life; and this life is in his Son. He that hath the Son hath life; and he that
hath not the Son hath not life. These things have I written unto you that believe on the
name of the Son of God; that ye may know that ye have eternal life; and that ye may
believe on the name of the Son of God."
From a Jewish article about Jesus we learn that the
Talmud slanders our Savior, Jesus Christ.
"... the Jewish Encyclopdia admits that Jewish legends
concerning Jesus are found in the Talmud and Midrash and in " the life of Jesus (
Toledot Yeshu) that originated in the Middle Ages. It is the tendency of all these sources
to belittle the person of Jesus by ascribing to Him illegitimate birth, magic,
and a shameful death. " 1.
Upon scrutiny one also finds that Jesus is maligned
as a false teacher:
He [Jesus] is referred to in the Talmud as Otho Isch-
"That man," i.e. the one who is known to all. In the tract Abhodah Zarah, 6a, we
read: "He is called a Christian who follows the false teachings of that man, who
taught them to celebrate the feast on the first day of the Sabbath, that is, to worship on
the first day after Sabbath
Talui, -"The one who was hanged"
Many people believe that the name for Jesus in
Hebrew is Jeschua or Yeshua. However, the complete,
name in Hebrew would be Jeschua Hanotsri--Jesus the
Nazarene. He is called Notsri from the city of Nazareth
In the Talmud Christians are
also called Notsrim. (Amongst other things). 'Since the word Jeschua means 'Savior,' the
name Jesus rarely occurs in the Jewish books. It is almost always abbreviated to
In the Talmud, the name "Jeschu [Ieschu]"
can apparently be translated:
as if it were composed of the initial letters of the
three words Immach SCHemo Vezikro-- (meaning)- -'May his name be blotted out.'"
Hebrew Roots proponents might say that these
teachings are in the past. However, a review of various sources reveals the same or
The Talmud and Cabala teachings of the Toledot
Yeshu-- (or Tolodoth Ieschu or Sepher Toldoth Jehoshua) represent various teachings
regarding Christ, which may be shocking to many. A brief overview of these teachings
refers to writings that quote the Talmud, (treatise Sabbath, folio 104, treatise
Sanhedrim, folio 107, and Sota, folio 47) which presents this falsified account of Jesus:
"...the Toledot Yeshu relates with the most indecent details
that Miriam, a hairdresser of Bethlehem,4. affianced to a young man named Jochanan, was
seduced by a libertine, Joseph Panther or Pandira, and gave birth to a son whom she named
Johosuah or Jeschu. According to the Talmudic authors of the Sota and the Sanhedrim, Jeschu
was taken during his boyhood to Egypt, where he was initiated into the secrets
doctrines of the priests, and on his return to Palestine gave himself up to the
practice of magic. 5. The Toledot Yeshu, however, goes on to say that on reaching
manhood, Jeschu learnt the secret of his illegitimacy, on account of which he was driven
out of the Synagogue and took refuge for a time in Galilee."
"Now, there was in the Temple a stone on which was engraved the
Tetragrammaton [YHWH] or Schem Hamphorasch, that is to say, the Ineffable Name
of God; this stone had been found by King David when the foundations of the Temple
were being prepared and was deposited by him in the Holy of Holies. Jeschu, knowing this,
came from Galilee and, penetrating into the Holy of Holies, read the Ineffable name, which
he transcribed on to a piece of whom parchment and concealed in an incision under his
skin. By this means he was able to work miracles and to persuade the people that he was
the son of God foretold by Isaiah. With the aid of Judas, the Sages of the Synagogue,
succeeding in capturing Jeschu, who was then lead before the Great and Little Sanhedrim,
by whom he was condemned to be stoned to death and finally hanged." Such is the story
of Christ according to the Jewish Kabbalists ..." 5.
This false witness to the person of Jesus in the
Talmud is also confirmed by Rev. I. B. Pranaitis in his online report, The Talmud
Unmasked: The Secret Rabbinical Teachings Concerning Christians, and other
In his article, "Some Disturbing
Aspects of the So-called 'Hebrew Roots' Movement and Their Implications" Andrew Gould
presents the Hebrew Roots doubtful view concerning the validity of the Gospel account of
It has been widely accepted in "Hebrew Roots"
circles that Jesus spoke Hebrew and that the Gospels were originally written in Hebrew.
Most "Hebrew Roots" ministries have been influenced in this notion by the output
of a body called the Jerusalem School Of Synoptic Research, [JSSR] and most especially due
to the widespread influence of the book "Understanding The Difficult Words Of
Jesus" published by David Bivin (Director of the JSSR) and his partner Roy Blizzard.
in 1984 and reprinted in 1994 and 1995
According to the JSSR, there is a more authentic
Life of Jesus than the gospel accounts:
There was an original Hebrew 'Life of Jesus',
from parts of which our canonical Greek Gospel Texts are mere compilations and
translations. The individual words of the Greek texts that we have are standard Greek
equivalents used to translate Hebrew documents into Greek, therefore we can retranslate
back into Hebrew to discover what Jesus really said. Failure to appreciate the Hebraic
origins of the Gospels has led to mistranslation, misinterpretation, spiritually damaging
error and doctrinal confusion." 8.
Toledot Yeshu, with its various components, is one
of the Hebrew or Jewish views of Jesus for those who rejected him as God come in the
flesh. It has been established that the original manuscripts for the New Testament were
composed in Greek. If one accepts Jewish thought regarding who Jesus was according to
Judaic writings and teachings, then Jesus was not divine. It is also conveyed that He was
not viewed as divine by his disciples, but was viewed as the human Messiah. This subject
will be pursued in the next section on Jewish Thought.
Sir James Frazer, author of The Golden Bough,
mentions that to cast doubts on the historical reality of Jesus, would be hardly less
absurd than it would be to doubt Mohammed and so on. Other historians reiterate that the
existence of Christ is an historic fact. However, Rene' Guenon,"who writes with
inside knowledge" of Theosophy in Le Theosophisme (1921), cites a reference to
the occultic Le Lotus of 1887 which states that Jesus Christ of the New Testament
never existed, but the Jesus of the Talmud did exist:
"... Madam Blavatsky's writings, on the person of Christ, ...
'For me, Jesus Christ, that is to say the Man-God of the Christians, copy of the Avatars
of all countries, of the Hindu Chrishna as of the Egyptian Horus, was never a historical
personage.' Hence the story of His life was merely an allegory founded on the existence of
the 'a personage named Jehoshua born at Lud.' But elsewhere she asserted that Jesus may
have lived during the Christian era or a century earlier 'as the Sepher Toldoth Jehoshua
"And Madame Blavatsky went on to say of the savants who deny
the historical value of this legend, that they- 'either lie or talk nonsense. It is our
Masters who affirm it. If the history of Jehoshua or Jesus Ben Pandera is false, then
the whole of the Talmud, the whole of the Jewish canon law, is false. It was the
disciple of Jehoshua ben Parachai, the fifth President of the Sanhedrin since Ezra, who
re-wrote the Bible .... This story is much truer than that of the New Testament, of which
history does not say a word." 9.
Is it possible that Jehoshua Ben Pandera of the
Talmud, who was initiated into the secrets doctrines and gave himself up to the practice
of magic, is Jehoshua or Yeshua whom the Hebrew Roots ministries worship?
The following is a portion of an e-mail exchange
dated 1/28/99 between the writer and Uri Marcus of Nehemiah Trustee Covenant Fund:
Vicky Dillen: The name Jesus
Christ is known world wide and synonymous with Christianity. That is a historical
Uri Marcus: Today, yes. 200+ years ago it was
synonymous with nothing. How naive you are of history...
Vicky Dillen: The Jewish people reject that Jesus
Christ was divine and believe that He was not God come in the flesh. I believe on the
other hand that He is all of that. Where do you stand Uri? In the Jewish belief or in what
Christ himself said and what is taught in the New Testament?
Uri Marcus: I believe in the Jewish belief. But
your definition is somewhat lacking. Doesn't look like you would understand it, since its
already been explained, and it just goes right over your head.
From the La Science
des Esprits, by the 19th century
occultist, Eliphas Levi, we learn that the Cabalistic Toledot Yeshu and similar Talmudic
teachings were purposely hidden from Christians.
the Toledot Yeshu, or the Sepher Toldos Jeschu,
described here as originating in the Middle Ages
belongs in a much earlier period.
Eliphas Levi asserts that 'the Sepher Toldos, to which the Jews attribute a great
antiquity and which they hid from the Christians with such precautions that this
book was for a long while unfindable, is quoted for the first time by Raymond Martin
of the Order of the Preaching Brothers
This book was evidently written by a Rabbi
initiated into the mysteries of the Cabala 1.'" 10.
History reveals that The Talmud itself was put on
trial and ordered to be burned, by King Louis IX in June of 1242, because of the various
slanders against Christ, and Christianity. It was stated that The Talmud contained such
things as it being acceptable to deceive a Christian without any scruple; that it was
permitted to break a promise, and so on.
The stories contained in Toledot Yeshu and similar
teachings were known in Jewish circles, but did not come into the hands of 'Gentiles' or
'Christians' until Raymond Martin translated the Toledot Yeshu into Latin. Later, Martin
Luther summarized it in German under the name Schem Hamphorasch and his expose can
be found in French in Gustave Brunet's, Evangiles Apocryphes. 11.
According to Geschichte der Juden, by Jewish
historian Heinrich Graetz, the image of Jesus Christ is simply as an offshoot of Essenism
and Jesus was just performing what any adept in the mysteries could do.
Thus the Jewish historian Graetz declares that Jesus
simply appropriated to himself the essential features of Essenism, and that primitive
Christianity was "nothing but an offshoot of Essenism"2" 12a.
Nesta Webster summarizes the Christ of the Talmud:
". . . So after representing Christ as a magician in the
Toledot Yeshu and the Talmud, Jewish tradition seeks to explain His miraculous works as
those of a mere healer-an idea that we shall find descending right through the secret
societies to this day
if the miracles of Christ were simply due to a knowledge of
natural laws and His doctrines were the outcome of a sect, the whole theory of His divine
power and mission falls to the ground
Many sources state that when the teachings regarding
Jesus Christ in the Toledot Yeshu and other Jewish books were discovered in the early
1600's, there were serious repercussions. A Jewish synod in Poland in 1631, ordered the
offending passages to be expunged, to be replaced by circles which the Rabbis were to fill
in orally when giving instructions to young Jews. This is documented by P.L.B Drach:
"Drach, op.cit. I.168, 169. The text of this encyclical is
given in Hebrew and also in translation, thus: " This is why we enjoin you, under the
pain of excommunication major, to print nothing in future editions, whether of
Mischna or of the Gemara, which relates whether for good or evil to the acts
of Jesus the Nazarene, and to substitute instead a circle like this O,
which will warn the Rabbis and schoolmasters to teach the young these passages only
viva voce. By means of this precaution the savants amongst the Nazarenes will have no
further pretext to attack us on this subject. Cf, Abbe'Chiarini, Le Talmud de Babylone, p.
45 (1831)." 13.
These passages are said to have been reinserted
since then, although such offensive passages would not necessarily be in any English
translations or newer editions. 14.
These then, are some of the Hebrew Roots - a
significant part of which are the teachings and thought within the Talmud regarding our
Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ.
Some might say, that the views presented from the
past regarding Jesus Christ do not apply today, or have no effect on our studying Jewish
tradition, teachings or thought within the Hebrew Roots movement. That perhaps, the above
information is no longer taught. We must ask ourselves, then, what was and is today,
Jewish thought regarding the Messiah, salvation, sin, the Son of God, and the divinity of
Christ? Do these Jewish terms mean the same as what we think?
"Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and
the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me."
"Neither is there salvation in any other: for there
is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved."
In his volume, The Talmud, Joseph Barclay confirmed
the writings of Drach, a talmudist turned Catholic whose writings were never refuted by
Jews, that Jesus was a sorcerer:
Abominable calumnies on Christ and Christianity occur
not only in the Cabala but in the earlier editions of the Talmud. In these, says Barclay -
"Our Lord and savior is "that one", "such an one", "a
fool", "the leper", "the deceiver of Israel", etc. Efforts
are made to prove that He is the son of Joseph Pandira before His marriage with Mary. His
miracles are attributed to sorcery the secret of which He brought in a slit in His
flesh out of Egypt. He is said had been first stoned and then hanged on the eve of the
Passover. His disciples are called heretics and opprobious names. They are accused
of immoral practices, and the New Testament is called a sinful book. The references
to these subjects manifest the most bitter aversion and hatred." 15.
Jewish and Christian Terms
Knowing that there is much diversity of
thought inside Judaism with four [some say three, under different terms] basic groups:
Orthodoxy, Conservative, Reform, and Reconstructionist Judaism, it is difficult to present
their respective ideas as being i agreement with one another. However, there are some
underlying beliefs that appear to remain constant and accepted by most Jews regarding
Christ, the Messiah, salvation, sin, and so on.
Jesus and Messiah
Dr. Lawrence J. Epstein, considered a Conservative
Jew, explains some of today's thinking pertaining to "The Differences between
Judaism and Christianity":
In "THE JEWISH VIEW OF JESUS", Dr. Epstein
gives Jesus credit for being a good teacher, but not God:
"To Christians, the central tenet of their religion is the
belief that Jesus is the Son of God, part of the trinity, the savior of souls who is the
messiah. He is God's revelation through flesh. Jesus was, in Christian terms, God
incarnate, God in the flesh who came to Earth to absorb the sins of humans and therefore
free from sin those who accepted his divinity. To Jews, whatever wonderful teacher
and storyteller Jesus may have been, he was just a human, not the son of God
(except in the metaphorical sense in which all humans are children of God). In the Jewish
view, Jesus cannot save souls; only God can. Jesus did not, in the Jewish view,
rise from the dead." 16.
The "Jews for Judaism" web site
explains Jesus as a false prophet predicted in the Old Testament.
Jesus the Nazarene, who imagined that he would be
messiah and was killed, is alluded to in the book of Daniel, as it is said, `And the sons
of the transgressors among thy people will rise, in order to establish a vision, and will
stumble' (Dan. 11:14). Can there be a greater stumbling then this? All the prophets said
that messiah will be a redeemer and a savior to the Israelites, will bring together their
outcasts, and will strengthen their obedience to the Divine precepts, but he (Jesus)
caused destruction by the sword to Israel, the dispersion of those left, and their
humiliation. He changed the law, and misled many people to worship a being beside
Rabbi Hyam Maccoby, in Revolution in Judaea,
written in 1973 and still proclaimed accurate today, defines the Jewish view of Messiah as
an anointed one, and angel or king, but not divine:
"The title "Messiah'
(Greek-Christos) was not a divine title among the Jews. It simply means '
anointed'. It was given to two Jewish officials, King and the High Priest
Jewish king of the house of David was known as Messiah, or Christ
"The 'Son of Man', was not a Messiah. He was an angel
identified with the Guardian Angel of Israel, with Metatron, with the angel who
guided the Children of Israel in the wilderness
There is hardly any reference in the Prophetic writings
of the Old Testament to the Messiah as a person. There is no splendid shining figure
judging mankind, sitting at the right-hand of God and coming very near to eclipsing God
Himself by His glory." 20.
in Jewish eyes, belonged to royalty, not
divinity. Even the title 'Son of God" was to Jews (but not to the
Gnostics) a human title applied at various times in the Hebrew Scriptures to Kings
such as King David
"Son of Man" also was not a divine title
known as a mode of address to a prophet
to mean simply 'human being'." 21.
The Jews for Judaism web site explains the
historical "Jewish Belief in Messiah," from the Mishna (Torah) by
"... In his monumental work Mishneh Torah, Maimonides
(1135-1204) spelled out the fundamental Jewish concept of the messiah as it was handed
down to us, generation after generation, from the time of the prophets
from the Mishneh Torah, Hilchot Melachim XI - XII. The
King Messiah will in some future time come, restore the kingdom of David to its former
power, build the Temple, bring together the scattered of Israel, and all the ancient laws
will again be in force. Sacrifices will be offered, and years of release and Jubilees will
be kept as prescribed in the Torah. Whoever does not believe in him, or does not hope for
his coming, shows a lack of faith not only in the prophets, but also in the
Many Jews have believed there would be many
Messiahs. At the time of Christ, Hyam Maccoby states:
Any leader who succeeded in driving out the Romans and
setting up an independent Jewish state would have little difficulty in being recognized as
the Messiah. His very success would prove his claim. Thus Bar Kochba was recognized
as the Messiah by Rabbi Akiva even though there was no evidence of his descent from
From the Jewish Guardian of 1924, we read
that the great messianic prophecy, Isaiah 53, refers to the sufferings of Israel, rather
an article in the Jewish Press,
according to the
teaching of the "Liberal Jewish Synagogue," the beautiful passages in the
fifty-third chapter of Isaiah concerning " the Man of Sorrows acquainted with grief,
"usually supposed by Christians to relate to the promised Messiah, are interpreted to
modern Jewish youth as relating to Israel and signifying that Israel's " sufferings
were caused by the sins of other nations," who thus "escaped the suffering they
deserved." Consequently, "Israel was offered for the sake of the whole world.2.
Messiah and Peace
According to Dr. Lawrence J. Epstein,
current Jewish teaching excludes Jesus because it is unanimously believed that the Messiah
will bring peace:
"Jesus is not seen as the messiah. In the Jewish view, the
messiah is a human being who will usher in an era of peace. We can tell the messiah by
looking at the world and seeing if it is at peace. From the Jewish view, this clearly did
not happen when Jesus was on Earth or anytime after his death." 25.
Hyam Maccoby considers Jesus to be a rebel, but
misrepresented by the gospel accounts out of fear of reprisals by Rome:
Jesus was executed as a rebel, against Rome, not as a
blasphemer against the Jewish religion, and that the Gospel's misrepresentations on this
point are politically motivated--I regard as strongly established
Hyam Maccoby, author, is considered a classical
scholar and Rabbi of Reform Judaism, and has in recent years been director of the library
at the Leo Baeck College of Judaistics in London. His books appear to present accepted
ideas regarding Christ, Christianity and the New Testament and the Jewish thought.
Clarifying the various Jewish thought and Christian misconceptions redefines Jesus'
The phrase 'the kingdom of God'
reign of God (not His heavenly territory) and referred to a projected return to a
Jewish system of theocracy
.He [Jesus] had campaigned among 'the lost sheep of
Israel', calling them to repentance, because he felt that the coming of God's Kingdom was
being held back by Israel's sin's. Pharisee writings often stress that God's promises
to Israel are not automatically fulfilled; they depend on Israel's worthiness and
co-operation ... " 28.
Jesus' mission as a prophet was exclusively directed
towards the Jews, not towards the Gentiles. The idea that Jesus rejected the Jews and
transferred the Old Testament 'promises' to the Gentiles was a later invention of the
Some believed that the Messiah would inaugurate a new
era for the whole world; that the nations of the world would acknowledge the One God and
his Temple in Jerusalem; that the Jews would be revered as the chosen priests of the One
God; and that an era of world peace would begin when, in the words of Isaiah's wonderful
internationalist vision, the swords would be beaten into plowshares and the wolf would
lie down with lamb. Some, however, did not believe that the coming of the Messiah would
necessarily bring about an era of international peace. There might be many Messiahs - many
more sorrows and comfortings, defeats and victories - for the Jewish people before that
happened. After all, there had been Messiahs before and none had brought everlasting
peace. The vision of Isaiah was acknowledged by every Pharisee, as the word of God but it
was not necessarily attached to the expectation of the coming Messiah who would defeat the
In The Traditions of the Jews, from the
Talmud (treatises Baba Bathra folio 74b, Pesachim folio 32, Bekhoroth folio 57 and
Massektoth Ta'anith folio 31), J.P Stehaln presents a glorious scenario of the Messianic
era - without Jesus Christ as the Messiah:
when the Messianic era arrives. After the return of the
Jews from all nations and parts of the world
the Messiah, we are told in the Talmud,
will entertain them at a gorgeous banquet, where they will be seated at tables and regaled
with wine from Adam's wine-cellar. The first course is to consist of a roasted ox named
Behemoth, so immense that every day it eats up the grass upon a thousand hills; the second
of a monstrous fish Leviathan; the third of a female Leviathan boiled and pickled; the
fourth of a gigantic roast fowl known as Barjuchne, of which the egg alone was so enormous
that when it fell out of the nest it crushed three hundred tall cedars and the white
overflowed threescore villages. This course is to be followed up by "the most
splendid and pompous Dessert," that can be procured, including fruit from the Tree of
Life and "the Pomegranates of Eden which are preserved for the Just."
"At the end of the banquet "God will entertain the
company at a ball"; He Himself will sit in the midst of them, and everyone will
point Him out with his finger, saying: "Behold, this is our God: we have waited for
Him, we will be glad and rejoice in His salvation." 31.
Sin and Salvation
"For all have sinned, and come short of the glory
From "The Differences between Judaism and
Christianity, we see the great partition between Jewish and Christian thought on sin
"Judaism does not accept the notion of original sin,
the idea that people are bad from birth and cannot remove sin by themselves but need an
act of grace provided by the sacrificial death of Jesus as atonement for all of humanity's
sins. For Christians, there are no other forms of salvation other than through
Dr. Epstein goes on to explain that Jewish thought
about sin and atonement. The sinner may seek forgiveness from God through human works:
"He [Jesus] also did not absorb the sins of
people. For Jews, sins are removed not by Jesus' atonement but by seeking forgiveness.
Jews seek forgiveness from God for sins against God and from other people (not just God)
for sins against those people. Seeking forgiveness requires a sincere sense of repenting
but also seeking directly to redress the wrong done to someone. Sins are partially removed
through prayer which replaced animal sacrifice as a way of relieving sins. They are also
removed by correcting errors against others. " 33.
Hyam Maccoby explains:
"... There was no concept of a Suffering Messiah who would die
on the cross to purge mankind of sin
. To the Jews salvation was a physical not a
purely spiritual concept. The Messianic age, to the Jews, was to be the culmination of
human history on earth. 34.
Also, regarding prayer Maccoby believes that it is
possible for man to approach God in a sinless condition:
The belief in the efficacy of prayer was very strong
among the Pharisees
. Only the most concerted beam of concentration, directed from
Gethsemane to God, could obliterate the traces of the sins of Israel, and bring about the
hour of redemption. Jesus alone was not sufficient
This explains why Jesus
narrowed down his company to the Twelve on that night. He wanted the company of those
on whom he could most rely, for the power of sinless prayer would be far more
important than the strength of mere number." 35.
Heaven and Hell
The writings of Dr. Epstein present the Jews' overly
spiritualized and less severe view of the afterlife:
"...Traditionalists gave the name Gehenna to the place where
souls were punished. Many Jewish thinkers noted that since, essentially, God is filled
with mercy and love, punishment is not to be considered to be eternal. There are,
similarly, many varying conceptions of paradise, such as that paradise is the place where
we finally understand the true concept of God. It is also possible that there is no
separate Heaven and Hell, only lesser or greater distance from God after death. In
addition, punishment might be self-determined on the basis of suffering in kind the
suffering the person brought about. That is, Judaism doesn't have a clear sense of Heaven
and Hell, with different places in Hell for different punishments. Rather, the idea is
that God uses the afterlife to provide ultimate justice and for the wicked to seek some
sort of final redemption." 36.
Note Scripture says:
"For when ye were the servants of sin, ye were free
from righteousness. What fruit had ye then in those things whereof ye are now ashamed? For
the end of those things is death. But now being made free from sin, and become servants to
God, ye have your fruit unto holiness, and the end everlasting life. For the wages of sin
is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord. "
"And as it is appointed unto man once to die, but
after this the judgment.
Oneness Doctrine & the
Dr. Epstein summarizes the Jewish doctrine of
"oneness" as opposed to the "Trinity" or Christian doctrine of three
Persons in one God.
"Judaism insists on a notion of monotheism, the idea that there
is one God. As Judaism understands this idea, God cannot be made up of parts, even if
those parts are mysteriously united. The Christian notion of trinitarianism is that
God is made up of God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit. Such a view, even
if called monotheistic because the three parts are, by divine mystery, only one God, is
incompatible with the Jewish view that such a division is not possible. The Jewish
revolutionary idea is that God is one. This idea allows for God's unity and uniqueness as
a creative force. Thus, for Jews, God is the creator of all that we like and all that we
don't. There is no evil force with an ability to create equal to God's. Judaism sees
Christianity's trinitarianism as a weakening of the idea of God's oneness."
Peter Michas, of Messengers of Messiah, asserted in
an email discussion this belief in the "oneness" doctrine.
Yet the minute I saw the Hebrew thinking of the oneness
and the rest of it, it was never unclear to me again." 38.
In his book, THE ROD OF AN ALMOND TREE IN GOD'S
MASTER PLAN, Peter. Michas expands upon his approval of the Hebrew viewpoint of God and
"The unity of Yeshua HaMashiach with God the Father and the
Holy Spirit has never been clearly understood from the doctrine of the Trinity..."
"To understand the true relationship of God the Father, God the
Son, and God the Holy Spirit, it is essential to preserve the concept of oneness..."
"The aspect of the Father may be simply understood as
the Will of God. The aspect of the Son may be understood as the Word of God. The aspect
of the Spirit of the Holy One may be understood as the Power of God..." 41.
"To say God is three 'persons' opens the door to
misunderstanding God. God is Spirit and cannot be reduced to the concept of a
"The Spirit of the Holy One is the very essence
of the power of God the Father and not some separate entity." 43.
Peter Michas refers to the Godhead as three
"aspects" and the Holy Spirit as an "essence" rather than a Person. It
is already established by the Jewish people themselves that the Hebrew teachings reject
the doctrine of three Persons in one God. They do not believe God would manifest in the
flesh as Jesus Christ nor do they believe that He is God. Their oneness doctrine is that
there cannot be a Father, Son and Holy Spirit, which means the rejection of Jesus Christ
as divine Savior and Lord.
There is no Trinity concept in Judaism, unless,
however, one embraces the Jewish Kabbalah.
"M. Vulliaud quotes Isaac Meyer's assertion that, "the
triad, of the ancient Cabala is Kether, the Father; Binah, the Holy Spirit or the Mother;
and Hochmah, the Word or the Son." But in order to avoid the sequence of the
Christian Trinity this arrangement has been altered in the modern Cabala of Luria and
Moses of Cordovero, etc." 44.
The Jewish Encyclopdia clarifies that the
Cabalistic trinity is not to be confused with Christianity.
"... The Jewish Encyclopdia
goes on to say
that what appears to be Christian in the Cabala is only esoteric doctrine." 45.
2 John 7:
"For many deceivers are entered into the world, who
confess not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh. This is a deceiver and an
2 John 9:
"Whosoever transgresseth, and abideth not in the
doctrine of Christ, hath not God. He that abideth in the doctrine of Christ, he hath both
the Father and the Son."
Christians & the Chosen People
Jewish people characterize Christians in terms
different from what we may think.
Avi ben Mordechai states that Jews are specifically
called to prostelyze:
He said to go out into all the world (as you go) and make
talmidim of all the goyim.
we are His talmidim or students of His Oral
Traditions which is the proper definition of the term "Gospel." We are to
follow His Mishnah and Gemara, i.e., His Talmud, and take it to the goyim, teaching them
to observe all that He commanded us!
Isn't this precisely the ministry of Peter Michas,
Jacob Prasch and other Hebrew Roots teachers: taking the Talmud to the goyim. The term
"goyim" which Mr. Mordechai uses needs to be understood in its historical
context. Citing information from the Kabbalistic book, the Zohar, a part of the Jewish
mysticism which Avi ben Mordechai teaches, we note:
the Chosen People
forms the basis of all Talmudic
and Cabalistic writings.
According to the Zohar, "All Israelites will have a
part in the future world," and on arrival there will not be handed over like the
goyim (or non-Jewish races) to the hands of the angel Douma and sent down to Hell.5. Indeed
the goyim are even denied human attributes." 47.
According to The Emek ha Melek, the work of
the Cabalist Naphtali, a disciple of Luria, the goyim are of the devil:
Thus the Zohar again explains that the words of the
Scripture "Jehovah Elohim made man", mean that He made Israel. 6. The
seventeenth-century Rabbinical treatise Emek ha Melek observes: " Our Rabbis of
blessed memory have said: "Ye Jews are men because of the soul ye have from the
Supreme Man (i.e, God). But the nations of the world are not styled men because
they have not, from the Holy and Supreme Man, the Neschama (or glorious soul) but they
have the Nephesch (soul) from Adam Belial, that is the malicious and unnecessary man,
called Sammael, the Supreme Devil." 7" 48.
Another way of saying or spelling goyim, is Goi.
Rev. I. B. Pranaitis, in his online work, The Talmud Unmasked, notes
that this term has been removed from recent editions:
"Goi - Race, or people. The
Jews also call a man a Goi - a gentile; they call a gentile woman a Goiah. ... It is
mostly applied to non-Jews, or idolators. In Jewish books which treat of Idolatry,
worshippers of idols are often called by this single word Goi. For this reason, in more
recent editions of the Talmud the use of the word Goi is purposely avoided and other words
for non-Jews are substituted.
It is well known that in the Jewish language, the Jews call
Christians among whom they live, Goim. Nor do the Jews deny this.
Sometimes in their popular magazines they say that this word means
nothing harmful or evil. But the contrary can be seen in their books
written in the Hebrew
language. For instance, in Choschen Hammischpat (34, 22), the name Goi is used in a
"Traitors and Epicureans and Apostates are worse than
Indeed the whole idea of gentiles or
"goyim" studying the Jewish oral law as suggested by Jacob Prasch, Peter Michas,
Avi ben Mordechai and others, is in direct disobedience to the proclamations in the
Talmud. Even a Christian who is found studying the Law of Israel merits death. Sanhedrin
"Rabbi Jochanan says: A Goi who pries into the Law is guilty to
death. "Even a Christian who is found studying the Law of Israel merits death."
It seems very perplexing indeed that leaders of the
Hebrew Roots movement would direct our thoughts to the teachings of the sages in the
Talmud, Mishna and Midrash, when these same sages have been teaching the Jewish people to
destroy the writings of the Christians including the New Testament.
"Shabbath 116a. Jews must destroy the books of the Christians,
i.e. the New Testament."
The organization, Jews for Judaism, "the
Worlds foremost countermissionary organization", insinuates that the
Jews are not fooled by Christians who assume a Jewish image to proselytize them. Even Jews
recognize the great divide between Judaism and Christianity.
Though Hebrew Christianity claims to be a form of
Judaism, it is not
It deceptively uses the sacred symbols of Jewish observance (i.e.
community Passover seders, menorahs, messianic services, etc.) as a cover to convert Jews
to Christianity, a belief system antithetical to Judaism
is not a form of Judaism and its members, even if they are of Jewish birth, cannot be
considered members of the Jewish community. Hebrew Christians are in radical conflict
with the communal interests and the destiny of the Jewish people. They have crossed an
unbreachable chasm by accepting another religion.
practice of any other religious tradition has been
understood to lead to the loss of rights to full participation in the Jewish
Our history has clearly shown that when confronted with a group of Jews
which has adopted another faith and seeks to convert others, we must stand firm in
asserting that this other faith is not Judaism and that its adherents have forfeited their
privileges as Jews. Jewish tradition believes that the opportunity to return to
participation in the Jewish community is always open. When this occurs, all privileges are
This repudiation of those who apostatize from
Judaism is stronger in the Talmud teachings of the Oral law of the sages. Hilkhoth Akum
(X, 2) states that defectors must be killed.
"These things [supra]
are intended for idolaters. But Israelites also, who lapse from their religion and become
epicureans, are to be killed, and we must persecute them to the end. For they afflict
Israel and turn the people from God." 51.
Christians or converted Jews who affect a Jewish
demeanor or compromise Christian doctrine to appeal to the Jewish mindset are surrendering
the precious pearl of Jesus Christ who alone leads to salvation. The ecumenical approach
does not lead Jews to Jesus Christ, but patronizes their religion of dead works, and
results in the Christian's acceptance of religion on Jewish terms.
"Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith
Christ hath made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage. Behold, I
Paul, say unto you, that if ye be circumcised, Christ shall profit you nothing. For I
testify again to every man that is circumcised, that he is a debtor to do the whole law.
Christ is become of no effect unto you, whosoever of you are justified by the law; ye are
fallen from grace. For we through the Spirit wait for the hope of righteousness by faith.
For in Jesus Christ neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision; but faith
which worketh by love. Ye did run well; who did hinder you that ye should not obey the
truth? This persuasion cometh not of him that calleth you.
Contemporary Jewish thought reflects the same
aversion to Jesus Christ as historical Judaism:
"Jews vary about what they think of Jesus as a man. Some
respect him as an ethical teacher who accepted Jewish law, as someone who didn't even see
himself as the messiah, who didn't want to start a new religion at all. Rather, Jesus is
seen by these Jews as someone who challenged the religious authorities of his day for
their practices. In this view, he meant to improve Judaism according to his own
understanding not to break with it." 52.
Hyam Maccoby sums up Jewish thought regarding Jesus
"With the composition of the Gospels, then, a fictitious
Jesus was created, suitable for the needs of the Hellenistic Gentile-Christian Church.
The Prophet King, human and Jewish, who was revered but not worshiped by the
Jewish-Christian Church was turned into a Divine Sacrifice. Jesus, who was, in
reality, an apocalyptic Pharisee rabbi who claimed the titles of Prophet and King, was
turned into a pagan god." 53.
Dr. Epstein concludes:
"Whatever the Jewish response is, one point is crucial. No
one who is Jewish, no born Jew and no one who converts to Judaism, can believe in Jesus as
the literal son of God or as the messiah. For the Jewish people, there is no God but
We could elaborate further on the Jewish thought
regarding the New Testament, the writings of Paul, who was viewed as a heretic, and the
disciples. We could expand the idea that many Jews believe that James and Peter were
Pharisaic Rabbis, who believed in the Jewish idea of the Messiah-- that Jesus was not
We could expand on the theory that James, believed
to have been the head of the Nazarene movement, was not in any way in conflict with the
teachings of the Pharisees, but was devout in promoting them. We could expand on the
Jewish idea that Paul, not Jesus, is viewed as the originator of Christianity, of the
concept of Jesus being divine, and that notion came from Greek paganism. We could, but one
only has to go to Jewish sites and see that their beliefs are diametrically opposed to
Christianity. Sadly, we would also see the denial of the virgin birth and condemnation of
all connected to Christ. They are devout in their convictions.
While the Hebrew or messianic movements urge us to
embrace "our foundational Hebrew roots", Scripture tells us that our foundation
is none other than Jesus Christ:
I Corinthians 3:11:
"For other foundation can no man lay than that is
laid, which is Jesus Christ. "
If Jewish teachers or teachings cannot entertain the
idea of a divine Christ or Messiah, sin, salvation, eternity, and other issues, what then?
How are we to learn the 'True Meaning' of Scripture from them, unless we reject the very
truths of Jesus Christ, salvation, sin and the rest of the New Testament?
As stated above, "No
one who is Jewish, no born Jew and no one who converts to Judaism, can believe in Jesus as
the literal son of God or as the messiah."
Jewish convictions proclaim a Christian cannot be
considered Jewish or adopt the Jewish beliefs, rituals and ceremonies, and still remain a
Christian. It would be like becoming a Christian Muslim or a Christian Mormon -- an
Romans 2:28-29 : "For he is
not a Jew, which is one outwardly; neither is that circumcision, which is outward in the
flesh: But he is a Jew, which is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart, in
the spirit, and not in the letter; whose praise is not of men, but of God."
"This only would I learn of you, Received ye the
Spirit by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?"
We cannot be both. Cultural heritage and genealogy
cannot take precedence over our faith and obedience to Christ. If it does, we are not
serving Him, as we should.
If the Talmud and other Jewish works are upholding
the doctrines as described above, from the past and today, what business do Christians
have embracing these teachings, rituals and ceremonies and the reasons for them?
Reason tells us that the theology of the Jewish
Rabbis and teachers, which are opposed to the very foundations of our beliefs, influences
every aspect of their sacred books
and their teachings. We need to explore the
instructions within the Talmud further.
Next: To Embrace Hebrew Roots IV: The Talmud & Demonology
All Scripture Quotes from the
Authorized King James Bible
- Jewish Encyclop�dia, article on
Jesus; as Cited in: Nesta H. Webster," Secret Societies and Subversive
Movements", p. 20; Omni Publications, 1964
- Rev. I. B. Pranaitis; The Talmud; Part
One, ch.1, Jesus Christ in the Talmud; holywar.org/txt/talmud_unmasked.html
- cf. Baring-Gould, op.cit., quoting
Talmud, treatise Sabbath, folio 104, (S. Baring-Gould, The Counter Gospels, 1874); 5.
Ibid., p.55, quoting Talmud, treatise Sanhedrim, folio 107, and Sota, folio 47; Eliphas
Levi, La Science des Esprits, pp.32,33. As Cited in Nesta H. Webster, op.cit., p..20
- Rev. I. B. Pranaitis; op.cit. Part
One, Ch. 1, Jesus Christ in the Talmud
- Andrew Gould, "SOME DISTURBING
ASPECTS OF THE SO-CALLED "HEBREW ROOTS' MOVEMENT, AND THEIR IMPLICATIONS, 1998
- Rene Guenon, Le Theosophisme, (1921)
p.193, quoting Le Lotus for December, 1887; as Cited in: Nesta H. Webster, op.cit.,p.299.
- Elipha Levi, La Science des Esprits,
p. 40; as Cited in: Nesta H. Webster, Ibid., p.20.
- The book was translated in Latin by
Raymond Martin; German by Luther under the name Schem Hamphorasch; French by Gustave
Brunet, Evangiles Apocryphes; as Cited in: Nesta H. Webster, Ibid., p.21.
- 2. Graetz, Geschichte der Juden, III.
216-52 as Cited in: Nesta H. Webster, Ibid., p. 23
- Nesta H. Webster, Ibid., p.20
- Ibid., p.22.
- Joseph Barclay, The Talmud, pp.38,39;
cf Drach , op.cit I. 167 as Cited Webster, Ibid. p. 18-19.
- Dr. Lawrence J. Epstein; "The
Differences between Judaism and Christianity"; The Conversion to Judaism Home page: http://www.convert.org/differ.htm
- Jews for Judaism,
- Hyam Maccoby; "Revolution in
Judaea: Jesus and the Jewish Resistance"; p. 100; Ocean Books; 1973
- Ibid., p.101-102.
- Ibid.,p. 128.
- Jews for Judaism,
- Hyam Maccoby, op. cit., p.100.
- Jewish Guardian for January 25,1924;
as Cited in: Nesta H. Webster, op.cit.,p. 375.
- Dr. Lawrence J. Epstein, op.cit., http://www.convert.org/differ.htm
- Maccoby, Ibid. , acknowledgements.
- Ibid., p. 147-148
- Ibid., p. 194
- Ibid., p. 149
- Ibid., p. 102-103
- J.P Stehaln, The Traditions of the
Jews, II.215-20, quoting from the Talmud treatises Baba Bathra folio 74b, Pesachim folio
32, Bekhoroth folio 57, Massektoth Ta'anith folio 31. The Zohar also refers to the female
Leviathan (section B�, de Pauly's trans., III.167) Drach shows that amongst the delights
promised by the Talmud after the return to Palestine will be the permission to eat pork
and bacon. --De l'Harmonie entre l'Eglise et la Synagogue, I. 265, 276, quoting treatise
Hullin, folio 17, 82. As Cited in, Pg. 372, "Secret Societies and Subversive
Movements" by Nesta H. Webster; Omni Publications, Eighth edition, 1964.]
- Dr. Lawrence J. Epstein, op.cit., http://www.convert.org/differ.htm
- Maccoby, op. cit., p. 105.
- Maccoby, Ibid., p. 194-195
- Dr. Lawrence J. Epstein, op.cit., http://www.convert.org/differ.htm
- Peter Michas; Ha-Talmidim Trinity
Discussion; also see Rod of the Almond Tree.
- Peter Michas, THE ROD OF AN ALMOND
TREE IN GOD'S MASTER PLAN, WinePress Publishing, (Mukilteo, WA 98275) Chapter 14. p.
- Ibid. p. 256.
- Ibid. p.257.
- Ibid. p.257.
- Ibid. p.257.
- Paul Vulliaud, La Kabbale Juive:
histoire et doctrine, Vol. II. p. 411, as Cited in Nesta H. Webster, op.cit., p.15.
- Jewish Encyclopdia, article on
Cabala, p.478; Cited in: Webster, Ibid. p. 15.
- Avi ben Mordechai, Halacha,
- Zohar, treatise Toldoth Noah, folio
59b, (De Pauly trans., I, 347; 5. Zohar, treatise Lekh-Lekha, folio 94a (De Pauly trans.,
I, 535); as Cited in: Nesta H. Webster, op.cit.,p.13.
- Zohar, treatise Bereschith, folio 25a
(De Pauly trans. I, 161); 7. The Emek ha Melek is the work of the Cabalist Naphtali, a
disciple of Luria; as Cited in Ibid.,p.13
- Rev. I. B. Pranaitis; The Talmud
- Jews for Judaism,
- Pranaitis, op.cit.
- Dr. Lawrence J. Epstein, op.cit., http://www.convert.org/differ.htm
- Maccoby, op. cit., p. 246.
- Dr. Lawrence J. Epstein, op.cit, http://www.convert.org/differ.htm